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Crop Profile for Canola in Canada - January 2005 (43 pp) - Synopsis

Canola (family Cruciferae) is a genetic variation of rapeseed developed through traditional breeding by Canadian plant breeders. It was developed specifically for its nutritional qualities, particularly its low level of erucic acid in the oil, low glucosinolates in the meal and its low saturated fat. The seeds are crushed to obtain canola oil, with seeds containing approximately 40% oil. The remainder of the seed is processed into canola meal, which is used as a high protein livestock feed.

The Crop Profile for Canola provides an overview of production and pest management practices for canola in Canada. Information is provided on abiotic factors affecting its growth. The biology of key disease, insect and mite and weed problems is presented as well as cultural, chemical and alternative methods of control. Detailed information is provided in tabular form on pest occurrence, integrated pest management options and registered pesticides available to growers.

Grower issues/ gaps in pest management, identified through stakeholder consultations are described in each of the three main sections (disease, insect and mite and weed) and under each pest description. Research contacts and sources of additional information, are listed at the end of the profile.

Limited crop production and market statistics are provided in the profile to give context to the economic importance of the commodity. For more detailed statistics pertaining to the crop, the reader is referred to Statistics Canada.

The Crop Profile for Canola in Canada is not intended for use as a crop production guide. Detailed information on crop production and pest management in specific regions is available through provincial ministry of agriculture websites and provincial crop specialists.

The Crop Profile for Canola in Canada (full report) is available from Government of Canada Publications.

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