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C. A Fascinating Fauna (Continued)

8D. Central and South America

Map showing biogeographic regions. Origins, faunal exchanges and ancient dispersal routes across oceans are presented. Description of this image follows.

The fauna of cicadas in Central and South America is largely endemic (native), but enriched with a few genera from Asia and Australia. South America and Africa are the only regions of the world where Cicadetta is not found.

Cicada species occurring in more than one region of the world are marked with an asterisk (*).

Family cicadidae - Subfamily Cicadinae
Tribe *Cicadini (world-wide)
*Neocicada: 1 species (mostly Mexican)

Tribe *Fidicinini (mostly S. American)
Ariasa: 9 species
Bergalna: 1 species
*Dorisiana: 5 species (also N. American)
Elassoneura: 1 species
Fidicina: 18 species
Fidicinoides: 31 species
Guyalna: 1 species
Hemisciera: 3 species
Majeorona: 6 species
*Ollanta: 2 species (also Caribbean)
Pompanonia: 1 species
Prasinosoma: 3 species
*Proarna: 13 species (also Caribbean)
Tympanoterpes: 5 species

Tribe Hyantiini
Hyantia: 1 species
Mura: 1 species
Quesada: 2 species

Tribe *Moganniini (mostly Asian)
Pachypsaltria: 7 species

Tribe *Tibicenini (mostly northern hemisphere)
*Diceroprocta: 2 species (mostly North American)
Orialella: 2 species
*Tibicen: 2 species (world-wide)

Tribe *Zammarini (New World)
Miranha: 1 species
*Odopoea: 6 species (New World)
Orellana: 3 species
Plautilla: 2 species
Zammara: 15 species
Zammaralna: 1 species

Subfamily *Cicadettinae
Tribe *Carinetini
*Carineta: 70 species (also Caribbean)
Guaranisaria: 3 species
Novemcella: 1 species
Toulgoetalna: 1 species

Tribe *Chlorocystini (southern hemisphere)
Durangona: 1 species

Tribe *Dazini (New-World)
Procollina: 3 species

Tribe *Hemidictyini (also Madagascar)
Hemidictya: 1 species

Tribe *Parnisini (pan-tropical)
Acyroneura: 1 species
Calyria: 6 species
Derotettix: 3 species
Parnisa: 8 species
Prunasis: 1 species

Tribe *Taphurini (southern hemisphere)
*Abroma: 2 species (mostly Asian)
Ahomana: 2 species
Aragualna: 1 species
Chrysolasia: 1 species
Dorachosa: 1 species
Dulderana: 1 species
Elachysoma: 1 species
Imbabura: 1 species
Nosola: 1 species
Prosotettix: 1 species
Psallodia: 1 species
*Selymbria: 4 species (also N. America)
Taphura: 6 species

Subfamily Tibicininae
Tribe Tettigadini
Acuticephala: 1 species
Alarcta: 7 species
Babras: 1 species
Calliopsida: 1 species
Chonosia: 4 species
Coata: 1 species
Mendozana: 2 species
Onoralna: 1 species
Psephenotettix: 2 species
Tettigades: 23 species
Tettigotoma: 1 species

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