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Sector Trend Analysis - Crustacean Trends in Japan

April 2017

Sector Trend Analysis - Crustacean Trends in Japan (PDF Version, 650KB) | Help with downloadable formats

Contents

Executive summary

In 2016, Japan was the second-largest importer of crustaceans in the world with US$3 billion in import sales. Vietnam, Thailand, and Russia accounted for 53% of imports, while Canada accounted for 7% and was the seventh-largest supplier with US$212.7 million in imports.

Japan's top imports were shrimp and prawns worth US$2.1 billion, followed by crab (worth US$738.2 million), and lobster (worth US$90.4 million). Frozen and processed crustaceans lead in sub-category imports.

Japan is a net importer of crustacean products with exports worth US$24.2 million in 2016, an 8% decline from 2015. The leading export products were crab and other crustaceans which accounted for 84% of exports.

Despite being one of the largest importers of crustaceans, Japan's domestic sales have been on a decline with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -7% in retail volume sales. In 2016, the retail volume sales amounted to 514.6 thousand tons which made up 12% of Japan's fish and seafood sales.

Trade overview

In 2016, Japan was the second largest importer of crustaceans worth US$3 billion, with 41% of imports coming from Vietnam (17% market share), Thailand (12%), and Russia (12%). Although Japan accounts for 13% of the world's crustacean imports, the country saw a decline in imports with a compound annual growth rate of −8.1% from 2012 to 2016.

World imports also saw slow period growth with a compound annual growth rate of −2.1% from 2012 to 2016. Alternatively, China, South Korea, and the United States saw period development with a compound annual growth rate of 13.8%, 6.6%, and 0.2%.

Japan continues to be a net importer of crustaceans with imports of US$3 billion and exports of US$24.2 million in 2016. Most of Japan's exports went to Namibia, the United States, and Hong Kong. Crab accounted for 62% of Japans crustacean exports, followed by other crustaceans (with 22% share) and shrimp (with 14% share). Of all the crustaceans' categories Japan exports to the world, other crustaceans experienced a compound annual growth rate of 14% from 2012 to 2016.

Top 10 markets for crustacean imports in the world, US$ million
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
World total 25,229.8 27,190.8 30,947.2 27,041.2 23,192.7 −2.1% N/A
1. United States 7,252.5 8,200.8 9,974.8 8,753.8 7,301.8 0.2% 31%
2. Japan 4,177.8 3,834.6 3,678.6 3,087.0 2,978.6 −8.1% 13%
3. China 1,134.0 1,437.5 1,671.4 1,861.4 1,904.8 13.8% 8%
4. Spain 1,251.1 1,341.5 1,524.8 1,409.4 1,140.1 −2.3% 5%
5. France 1,258.7 1,341.7 1,440.6 1,229.9 1,035.2 −4.8% 4%
6. South Korea 672.4 683.2 914.1 927.1 868.3 6.6% 4%
7. United Kingdom 879.4 945.1 1,123.6 1,043.0 805.8 −2.2% 3%
8. Canada 848.1 898.2 1,097.8 943.2 766.6 −2.5% 3%
9. Hong Kong 879.1 858.6 795.6 686.0 652.8 −7.2% 3%
10. Italy 744.7 808.0 940.2 803.6 621.1 −4.4% 3%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.
Top 10 crustacean suppliers and their top 3 markets & market share in 2016 US$ million
Country Export value* 1st market 2nd market 3rd market
World total 22,730.93 United States 27% Vietnam 11% Japan 8%
1. China 3,216.41 United States 17% Hong Kong 15% Taiwan 15%
2. India 3,179.63 United States 41% Vietnam 19% Japan 9%
3. Canada 2,421.63 United States 63% China 15% Japan 4%
4. Ecuador 2,158.17 Vietnam 40% United States 22% Spain 10%
5. Thailand 1,871.17 United States 42% Vietnam 22% Japan 7%
6. Indonesia 1,544.5 United States 64% Japan 18% China 3%
7. United States 994.4 Canada 39% China 17% Italy 5%
8. Argentina 947.8 Spain 36% China 22% Italy 12%
9. Netherlands 646.0 Germany 26% Belgium 25% France 13%
10. Denmark 605.4 Sweden 22% United Kingdom 13% Italy 12%
44. Japan 24.15 Namibia 27% United States 24% Hong Kong 11%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Canada's performance

Canada is the third-largest supplier of crustaceans in the world with export sales of US$2.4 billion in 2016, a 14% decrease from the previous year. Despite this, Canada continues to be a net exporter of crustaceans with a surplus of US$1.7 billion in trade. The top markets Canada exported crustaceans to were the United States with export sales of US$1.5 billion, China (US$351.6 million), and Japan (US$107.6 million). The top crustacean products exported to the world were frozen crab (US$709.2 million), frozen lobster (US$ 531.0 million), live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster (US$ 489.2 million), prepared/preserved lobster (US$ 276.0 million), and frozen-cold water shrimp and prawns (US$226.5).

Canada is the seventh-largest supplier of crustaceans to Japan, with import sales amounting to US$212.7 million in 2016. Over the five year period from 2012 to 2016, Japan's imports of Canadian crustaceans fluctuated resulting in a compound annual growth rate of -4.7% and a market share of 7%.

Top 10 suppliers of Japan crustacean products from the world, US$ millions
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
World total 4,177.8 3,834.6 3,678.6 308.7 2,978.6 −8.1% N/A
1. Vietnam 588.0 651.5 703.8 583.1 507.3 −3.6% 17%
2. Thailand 811.8 623.5 451.9 381.5 361.7 −18.3% 12%
3. Russia 579.1 400.7 421.2 289.0 360.9 −11.1% 12%
4. Indonesia 467.9 509.4 450.1 397.1 351.3 −6.9% 12%
5. India 266.4 344.3 364.8 304.5 311.3 4.0% 10%
6. China 464.7 413.3 358.1 266.5 251.9 −14.2% 8%
7. Canada 257.6 205.5 236.6 236.4 212.7 −4.7% 7%
8. Argentina 116.5 121.8 150.1 125.6 129.8 2.7% 4%
9. United States 134.8 93.7 101.9 124.1 92.5 −9.0% 3%
10. Myanmar 63.7 70.9 71.8 54.5 46.6 −7.5% 2%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.
Crustacean supply gap, US$ millions
Supply 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16
Japan's imports from the world 4,177.8 3,834.6 3,678.6 308.7 2,978.6 −8%
Japan's imports from Canada 257.6 205.5 236.6 236.4 212.7 −5%
Supply gap 3,920.2 3,629.2 3,442.1 72.3 2,766.0 −8%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Consumer trends

Change in eating habits is affecting the consumption of seafood products. The acclimation of westernized diets among Japanese consumers is threatening the volume sales of fish and seafood. As a result, fish and seafood prooducts are eaten less in Japan. This decline in consumption is significant in age groups under 40 but also relevant to older Japanese consumers who also has a preference for western diets.

On average younger Japanses consumers under 40 purchase the lowest in fish and seafood in comparison to older generations (above 40), who are three times more likely to purchase fresh fish and seafood (Euromonitor, 2016). Futhermore, Japanse consumers find fish and seafood to be troublesome to cook at home and some lack the basic understanding of fish and seafood preparation. However, health and wellness trends could potential counterbalance the effect of this trend as Japanese become more aware of the health benefits associated with seafood consumptions. Overall, like in many other sectors, Japanese consumers are demanding more convenient and cheaper fish and seafood products (Euromonitor, 2016).

Retail sales

Crustaceans recorded estimated volume sales of 514.6 thousand tonnes in 2016. Although this growth was marginal with an increase 0.7% from 2015, the per capita consumption of crustaceans resumed to 4.1 kilograms (kg) in 2016 from 3.9kg in 2013.

Crustaceans are forecasted to grow at a negligible compound annual growth rate of 0.3% from 2017 to 2020 with total volume sales amounting to 522.1 thousand tonnes and per capita consumption expected to increase to 4.2kg.

Historic volume sales in tonnes (‘000) of fish and seafoods in Japan, '000 tonnes
Categories 2012 2013 2014 2015 *2016E CAGR Market share
Fish and seafood (total) 4,236.8 4,133.8 4,190.5 4,214.3 4,232.9 0.0% N/A
Crustaceans 528.5 491.5 505.4 511.0 514.6 −0.7% 12%
Fish 2,822.6 2,780.2 2,863.6 2,906.6 2,941.5 1.0% 70%
Molluscs and cephalopods 885.7 862.0 821.4 796.7 776.8 −3.2% 18%
Source: Euromonitor, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Estimate (E)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.
Forecast volume sales in tonnes (‘000) of fish and seafoods in Japan, ‘000 tonnes
Categories 2017F 2018F 2019F 2020F CAGR Market share
Fish and seafood (total) 4,246.4 4,255.5 4,263.0 4,268.3 0.2% N/A
Crustaceans 517.2 519.2 520.8 522.1 0.3% 12.2%
Fish 2,968.0 2,988.7 3,006.7 3,021.7 0.6% 70.8%
Molluscs and cephalopods 761.3 747.6 735.6 724.6 −1.6% 17.0%
Source: Euromonitor, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
Forecast (F)

Trade analysis by category

Japan`s top import category of curstaceans were shrimp and prawns which account for 72% of imports, followed by crab with 25% markets share of imports. Lobster and other crustaceans made up 3%. Shrimp, prawns, and crab continue to be the most commonly purchased crustacean products. However, they are continuing to suffer due to their expensive cost and association to high cholesterol, which is a factor middle aged Japanese consumers are concerned about according to Euromonitor.

Japan imports of crustacean products from the world, US$ millions
Category 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 4,177.8 3,834.7 3,678.7 3,087.1 2,978.7 −8.1% N/A
Shrimp and prawns 2,972.4 2,947.6 2,751.9 2,272.5 2,138.7 −7.9% 71.8%
Crab 1,070.4 761.7 813.1 718.5 738.2 −8.9% 24.8%
Lobster 116.9 108.6 94.8 85.0 90.4 −6.2% 3.0%
Other crustaceans 18.1 16.7 18.8 11.1 11.3 −11.0% 0.4%
Source: Euromonitor, 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Shrimp and prawns

Japan's imports of shrimp and prawns products from the world, US$ millions
Category (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 2,972.4 2,947.6 2,751.9 2,272.5 2,138.7 −8% N/A
Frozen shrimp and prawns (030617) 1,908.0 1,940.4 1,814.3 1,465.0 1,413.0 −7% 66.1%
Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns (160521) 805.9 770.2 716.9 643.2 559.4 −9% 26.2%
Frozen coldwater shrimp and prawns (030616) 226.6 213.2 202.7 155.3 153.7 −9% 7.2%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted shrimp and prawns (030627) 30.3 23.6 17.8 8.7 12.1 −20% 0.6%
Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns (in air tight containers) (160529) 1.59 0.19 0.25 0.30 0.39 −29% 0.0%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted cold-water shrimp and prawns (030626) N/D N/D N/D 0.72 N/D N/D N/D
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
Japans imports of shrimp and prawn products from Canada, in US$ millions
Category (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 88.78 74.41 79.56 74.37 69.30 −6% N/A
Frozen coldwater shrimp and prawns (030616) 80.89 68.89 71.29 65.61 63.64 −6% 91.8%
Frozen shrimp and prawns (030617) 4.23 1.79 0.45 1.20 3.03 −8% 4.4%
Prepared or preserved shrimp and prawns (160521) 3.66 3.73 7.82 7.56 2.63 −8% 3.8%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted shrimp and prawns (030627) N/D N/D N/D N/D 0.01 0% 0.0%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2017
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Crab

Japan's imports of crab products from the world, US$ million
Species (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 1,070.4 761.7 813.1 718.5 738.2 −9% N/A
Frozen crab (030614) 638.6 425.9 495.6 484.6 517.6 −5% 70%
Prepared/preserved crab (160510) 294.5 255.7 237.9 206.8 192.3 −10% 26%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crab (030624) 137.4 80.1 79.6 27.1 28.3 −33% 4%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.
Japan's imports of crab products from Canada, US$ million
Species (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 130.97 90.08 110.11 119.15 92.75 −8.3% N/A
Frozen crab (030614) 130.23 89.25 109.73 118.80 92.62 −8.2% 99.9%
Prepared/preserved crab (160510) 0.65 0.82 0.37 0.32 0.13 −33.6% 0.1%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crab (030624) 0.09 0.09 0.02 0.03 N/D N/D 0
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Lobster

Japan's imports of lobster products from the world, US$ million
Categories (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 116.9 108.6 94.8 84.9 90.4 −6.2% N/A
Frozen lobster (030612) 21.1 22.3 28.0 26.2 32.9 11.8% 36%
Frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish (030611) 54.8 48.4 32.6 29.7 28.5 −15.1% 32%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster (030622) 23.4 24.7 24.8 21.4 18.1 −6.2% 20%
Prepared or preserved lobster (160530) 0.9 1.7 2.1 2.6 6.4 63.4% 7%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted rock lobster and other sea crawfish (030621) 16.8 11.3 6.8 4.5 3.6 −32.1% 4%
Frozen norway lobster (030615) 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.9 321.5% 1%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.
Japan's imports of lobster products from Canada, US$ million
Category (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 37.8 41.0 46.9 42.9 50.6 8% N/D
Frozen lobster (030612) 20.8 21.2 26.7 24.8 32.3 12% 64%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted lobster (030622) 16.0 18.2 18.3 16.5 14.6 −2% 29%
Prepared or preserved lobster (160530) 0.9 1.5 1.9 1.5 3.7 44% 7%
Frozen rock lobster and other sea crawfish (030611) 0.1 N/D N/D N/D N/D 0% 0%
Frozen lobster (030612) N/D N/D N/D 0.1 N/D 0% 0%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

Other crustaceans

Japan's imports of other crustacean products from the world, US$ million
Type (HS) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* CAGR 2012-16 Market share
Total 18.07 16.74 18.82 11.06 11.34 −11.0% N/A
Frozen crustaceans (030619) 11.52 11.35 13.30 6.84 6.87 −12.1% 61%
Prepared or preserved crustaceans (160540) 6.12 5.10 5.17 4.08 4.28 −8.6% 38%
Live, fresh, chilled, dried, salted crustaceans (030629) 0.44 0.29 0.35 0.14 0.19 −18.6% 2%
Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2016
Harmonized System (HS)
Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
Not applicable (N/A)
No data (N/D)
*Note: Partial data from November to December 2016.

For more information

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Sector Trend Analysis - Crustacean Trends in Japan
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