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Competitive Trade Analysis – Belgium

February 2020

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Belgium sourced a diverse range of agri-food and seafood products from 208 international countries from 2014 to 2018. Key import commodities, in 2018, included dairy, eggs and honey (10.4% of total imports), edible fruit and nuts (9.2%), and beverages, spirits and vinegar (7.9%).

The top three non-European Union (E.U) supplying countries of overall agri-food and seafood imports were Brazil, United States and Côte d'Ivoire in 2018. Canada ranked 13th among non-E.U supplying countries to Belgium in 2018, and registered a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of −7.5% from 2014 to 2018.

Dairy, eggs and honey was Belgium's top agri-food and seafood commodity imports category from the world in 2018, with a value of Can$5.7 billion or 10.4% of overall agri-food and seafood imports. Vegetables recorded the highest CAGR of 6.4% among the top 10 categories from 2014 to 2018, followed by baking-related goods and pasta (5.7% CAGR), fruit and nuts (4.2%) and dairy, eggs and honey (4.1%) over the same period.

Belgium is a mature market, and was the world's 10th-largest importer of agri-food and seafood products in 2018. Belgium's imports from Canada have declined since 2014 and remain relatively marginal in comparison with other countries, such as Belgium's European partners.

Belgium has a diversified list of agri-food and seafood suppliers; however, eight of the top ten primary trading partners are E.U members, leaving just marginal market share for others. Although Canada's exports (less than 1.0% market share in 2018) to Belgium are relatively small, compared to other suppliers, Canada did see a stable increase in six of the top ten commodities.

Once the Canada-European Union Comprehensive economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) fully enters into force, this will provide Canada with preferential market access to 11.4 million (Belgium's total population) consumers in the EU.

Trade overview

Belgium sourced a diverse range of agri-food and seafood products from 208 countries from 2014 to 2018. Key import commodities in 2018 included dairy, eggs and honey (10.4% of total imports), edible fruit and nuts (9.2%), and beverages, spirits and vinegar (7.9%). The top three supplying countries of non-E.U agri-food and seafood imports were Brazil, United States and Côte d'Ivoire in 2018. Canada was ranked 13th among non-E.U supplying countries to Belgium in 2018 and registered a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of −7.5% from 2014-18.

Belgium's top ten non-European Union suppliers of agri-food and seafood products, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 47,863.7 46,283.0 50,765.9 53,170.1 54,200.6 3.2
Brazil 1,643.5 1,288.1 1,383.6 1,341.4 1,397.9 −4.0
United States (U.S) 869.1 881.6 895.7 907.2 862.5 −0.2
Côte d'Ivoire 604.9 776.6 969.8 833.1 607.7 0.1
Colombia 648.2 675.2 637.7 721.0 606.4 −1.7
Ukraine 367.0 240.1 248.7 417.0 572.3 11.8
New Zealand 382.7 379.6 390.4 441.6 534.7 8.7
Costa Rica 429.5 310.2 347.6 482.6 494.5 3.6
India 480.3 490.1 443.4 487.8 483.8 0.2
Australia 479.4 397.4 389.6 562.5 466.9 −0.7
China 384.6 396.6 391.7 422.1 436.8 3.2
Canada (13th) 490.9 512.4 441.8 417.2 360.1 −7.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten non-European Union suppliers of agri-food and seafood products, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Brazil 3.4 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.6 −24.8
United States 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 −12.6
Côte d'Ivoire 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.1 −11.1
Colombia 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.1 −17.0
Ukraine 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1 37.7
New Zealand 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 23.8
Costa Rica 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.1
India 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 −11.0
Australia 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.9 −14.0
China 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.3
Canada (13th) 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 −35.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Agri-food and seafood products supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 47,863.7 46,283.0 50,765.9 53,170.1 54,200.6 3.2
Belgium's imports from Canada 490.9 512.4 441.8 417.2 360.1 −7.5
Supply gap 47,372.9 45,770.6 50,324.1 52,752.8 53,840.5 3.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Dairy, eggs and honey was Belgium's top agri-food and seafood commodity imports category from the world in 2018, with a value of Can$5.7 billion or 10.4% of overall agri-food and seafood imports. Vegetables recorded the highest CAGR of 6.4% among the top 10 categories from 2014 to 2018, followed by baking-related goods and pasta (5.7% CAGR), fruit and nuts (4.2%) and dairy, eggs and honey (4.1%) over the same period.

Belgium's top ten agri-food and seafood commodity imports from the world, Can$ millions
HS code Commodity 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Total agri-food and seafood imports 47,863.7 46,283.0 50,765.9 53,170.1 54,200.6 3.2
04 Dairy, eggs and honey 4,819.4 4,287.4 4,535.4 5,535.6 5,659.1 4.1
08 Fruit and nuts 4,250.3 4,336.3 4,765.1 5,035.2 5,009.2 4.2
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,677.8 3,602.2 3,788.0 3,948.3 4,268.2 3.8
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,773.8 3,199.7 3,809.2 3,422.5 3,185.4 3.5
20 Preserved foods and beverages 2,897.7 2,461.2 2,619.9 2,645.7 2,794.3 −0.9
07 Vegetables 2,163.4 2,257.7 2,788.5 2,820.6 2,775.5 6.4
10 Cereals 2,561.1 2,418.2 2,620.5 2,670.7 2,769.8 2.0
12 Oil seeds 2,503.1 2,334.4 2,668.5 2,465.6 2,659.2 1.5
23 Food waste and animal feed 2,527.6 2,462.7 2,599.5 2,682.1 2,614.7 0.9
19 Baking related goods and pasta 2,083.0 2,105.3 2,380.0 2,483.1 2,598.3 5.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Top 10 agri-food and seafood imports

1. Dairy, eggs and honey

Belgium's top ten suppliers of dairy, eggs and honey, Can$ millions
 Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 4,819.4 4,287.4 4,535.4 5,535.6 5,659.1 4.1
Netherlands 1,673.1 1,508.9 1,766.6 2,341.5 2,419.1 9.7
France 1,236.1 1,106.7 1,120.6 1,224.0 1,260.0 0.5
Germany 1,018.9 835.8 803.3 782.8 753.8 −7.3
United Kingdom 182.6 157.5 178.7 289.1 375.6 19.8
Italy 159.1 138.5 156.7 177.4 200.1 5.9
Ireland 154.1 123.8 108.8 231.3 172.5 2.9
Denmark 74.7 60.6 64.4 77.6 92.8 5.6
Spain 35.3 29.5 41.6 59.7 53.6 11.0
Luxembourg 20.0 40.3 50.6 61.3 53.2 27.8
New Zealand 52.7 38.2 24.9 39.5 48.5 −2.1
Canada (34th) 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 16.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of dairy, eggs and honey, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 34.7 35.2 39.0 42.3 42.8 23.1
France 25.7 25.8 24.7 22.1 22.3 −13.2
Germany 21.1 19.5 17.7 14.1 13.3 −37.0
United Kingdom 3.8 3.7 3.9 5.2 6.6 75.2
Italy 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.5 7.3
Ireland 3.2 2.9 2.4 4.2 3.1 −4.7
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 5.8
Spain 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.0 30.1
Luxembourg 0.4 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.9 129.3
New Zealand 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.9 −21.1
Canada (34th) 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 100.00

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Dairy, eggs and honey supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 4,819.4 4,287.4 4,535.4 5,535.6 5,659.1 4.1
Belgium's imports from Canada 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 16.3
Supply gap 4,818.8 4,287.4 4,535.4 5,535.6 5,658.1 4.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five dairy, eggs and honey imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
040690 Cheese 1,198.1 1,085.7 1,187.1 1,289.3 1,343.9 2.9
040510 Butter 479.6 408.6 414.4 683.3 733.9 11.2
040150 Milk and cream of a fat content > 10% 308.5 176.5 177.3 446.6 570.7 16.6
040120 Milk and cream of a fat content of > 1% but <= 6% 631.6 521.8 528.9 553.0 543.4 −3.7
040610 Fresh cheese 258.9 249.2 283.4 306.2 353.4 8.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top dairy, eggs and honey imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
040690 Cheese Netherlands (43.3) France (32.2) Germany (10.6) N/A
040510 Butter Netherlands (41.4) United Kingdom (16.5) France (14.5) N/A
040150 Milk and cream of a fat content > 10% Netherlands (77.0) France (8.1) Germany (6.1) N/A
040120 Milk and cream of a fat content of > 1% but <= 6% Netherlands (53.1) France (21.6) Germany (20.8) N/A
040610 Fresh cheese France (29.6) Germany (25.1) Italy (21.5) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

3. Fruit and nuts

Belgium's top ten suppliers of fruit and nuts, Can$ millions
 Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 4,250.3 4,336.3 4,765.1 5,035.2 5,009.2 4.2
Netherlands 492.9 589.2 762.2 817.1 883.1 15.7
Colombia 552.9 545.3 527.0 610.4 521.4 −1.5
Spain 395.0 428.1 485.4 489.7 512.7 6.7
Costa Rica 391.6 259.1 284.5 421.9 437.4 2.8
New Zealand 221.4 226.7 253.8 293.9 356.2 12.6
Ecuador 326.4 291.8 254.6 246.1 298.2 −2.2
France 274.2 289.9 317.1 302.0 208.8 −6.6
United States 166.9 234.2 241.2 229.2 208.4 5.7
Germany 194.0 209.2 267.8 265.6 191.6 −0.3
Cameroon 141.2 167.2 180.4 184.8 158.1 2.9
Canada (32nd) 12.2 14.0 12.0 12.8 13.5 2.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of fruit and nuts, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 11.6 13.6 16.0 16.2 17.6 52.0
Colombia 13.0 12.6 11.1 12.1 10.4 −20.0
Spain 9.3 9.9 10.2 9.7 10.2 10.1
Costa Rica 9.2 6.0 6.0 8.4 8.7 −5.2
New Zealand 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.8 7.1 36.5
Ecuador 7.7 6.7 5.3 4.9 6.0 −22.5
France 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.0 4.2 −35.3
United States 3.9 5.4 5.1 4.6 4.2 5.9
Germany 4.6 4.8 5.6 5.3 3.8 −16.2
Cameroon 3.3 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.2 −4.8
Canada (32nd) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 −6.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Fruit and nuts supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 4,250.3 4,336.3 4,765.1 5,035.2 5,009.2 4.2
Belgium's imports from Canada 12.2 14.0 12.0 12.8 13.5 2.6
Supply gap 4,238.1 4,322.3 4,753.1 5,022.4 4,995.7 4.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five fruit and nuts imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
080390 Fresh or dried bananas 1,625.6 1,436.5 1,593.4 1,772.3 1,706.4 1.2
081050 Fresh kiwifruit 225.0 244.7 281.2 342.6 359.1 12.4
080810 Fresh apples 170.0 173.5 179.2 193.4 214.4 6.0
080430 Fresh or dried pineapples 155.1 157.6 160.9 171.6 176.7 3.3
081010 Fresh strawberries 104.2 102.8 123.7 148.1 156.3 10.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top fruit and nuts imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
080390 Fresh or dried bananas Colombia (29.8) Costa Rica (18.5) Ecuador (15.9) N/A
081050 Fresh kiwifruit New Zealand (81.8) Italy (9.8) Netherlands (3.3) N/A
080810 Fresh apples New Zealand (29.0) Netherlands (25.8) France (21.8) N/A
080430 Fresh or dried pineapples Costa Rica (63.6) Netherlands (9.1) Ecuador (8.0) N/A
081010 Fresh strawberries Netherlands (53.7) Egypt (24.1) Spain (18.5) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

3. Beverages, spirits and vinegar

Belgium's top ten suppliers of beverages, spirits and vinegar, Can$ millions
 Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 3,677.8 3,602.2 3,788.0 3,948.3 4,268.2 3.8
France 1,704.5 1,604.4 1,646.5 1,660.9 1,699.6 −0.1
Netherlands 395.6 433.5 509.2 563.8 616.6 11.7
Germany 367.6 382.5 382.7 411.5 490.7 7.5
Austria 156.5 160.2 174.4 221.8 287.9 16.5
Italy 209.4 216.9 225.4 236.2 256.2 5.2
United Kingdom 219.0 169.9 204.5 190.7 217.8 −0.1
Spain 221.7 221.1 197.4 190.9 193.1 −3.4
Portugal 69.6 65.4 67.1 66.1 73.9 1.5
Luxembourg 56.7 59.3 53.0 59.2 73.6 6.7
United States 39.6 40.5 48.2 59.4 62.4 12.0
Canada (32nd) 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.6 51.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of beverages, spirits and vinegar, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
France 46.3 44.5 43.5 42.1 39.8 −14.1
Netherlands 10.8 12.0 13.4 14.3 14.5 34.3
Germany 10.0 10.6 10.1 10.4 11.5 15.0
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.6 5.6 6.7 58.2
Italy 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.4
United Kingdom 6.0 4.7 5.4 4.8 5.1 −14.3
Spain 6.0 6.1 5.2 4.8 4.5 −25.0
Portugal 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 −8.5
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 11.7
United States 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.5 35.2
Canada (32nd) 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.04 300.00

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Beverages, spirits and vinegar supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 3,677.8 3,602.2 3,788.0 3,948.3 4,268.2 3.8
Belgium's imports from Canada 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.6 51.2
Supply gap 3,677.5 3,601.8 3,787.0 3,947.0 4,266.6 3.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five beverages, spirits and vinegar product imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
220210 Waters with added sugar 717.9 739.1 874.9 927.4 1,000.3 8.7
220421 Wine from fresh grapes 924.0 847.9 850.4 889.3 945.7 0.6
220410 Sparkling wine from fresh grapes 388.3 350.6 330.8 368.7 397.0 0.6
220110 Waters without added sugar 342.8 358.1 364.7 359.1 355.0 0.9
220300 Beer made from malt 278.9 227.4 281.7 260.9 256.7 −2.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top beverages, spirits and vinegar imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
220210 Waters with added sugar France (30.1) Austria (27.6) Netherlands (21.2) 0.0
220421 Wine from fresh grapes France (54.7) Italy (10.0) Portugal (6.7) 0.0
220410 Sparkling wine from fresh grapes France (61.2) Spain (23.0) Italy (9.1) 0.0
220110 Waters without added sugar France (84.3) Germany (4.4) Italy (4.1) 0.0
220300 Beer made from malt Netherlands (36.4) Germany (25.1) France (17.0) 0.1
Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

4. Cocoa and cocoa preparations

Belgium's top ten suppliers of cocoa and cocoa preparations, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,773.8 3,199.7 3,809.2 3,422.5 3,185.4 3.5
Netherlands 752.5 806.8 819.9 962.6 1,020.1 7.9
Germany 389.1 412.3 361.2 444.0 530.7 8.1
Côte d'Ivoire 471.0 644.0 805.4 685.8 452.7 −1.0
France 334.4 507.4 870.1 511.2 372.1 2.7
Italy 97.8 112.7 127.6 134.3 140.4 9.4
United Kingdom 59.7 52.3 67.9 85.3 104.0 14.9
Ghana 216.1 219.4 282.3 126.7 84.1 −21.0
Nigeria 31.4 29.4 37.3 61.7 73.9 23.9
Poland 26.1 37.7 26.0 43.4 56.1 21.1
Dominican Republic 36.8 41.0 65.7 40.5 41.1 2.8
Canada (43rd) 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.7 1.4 7.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of cocoa and cocoa preparations, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 27.1 25.2 21.5 28.1 32.0 18.0
Germany 14.0 12.9 9.5 13.0 16.7 18.7
Côte d'Ivoire 17.0 20.1 21.1 20.0 14.2 −16.3
France 12.1 15.9 22.8 14.9 11.7 −3.1
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.9 4.4 24.9
United Kingdom 2.2 1.6 1.8 2.5 3.3 52.1
Ghana 7.8 6.9 7.4 3.7 2.6 −66.1
Nigeria 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.8 2.3 105.3
Poland 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.3 1.8 87.2
Dominican Republic 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.3 −3.0
Canada (43rd) 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.00

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Cocoa and cocoa preparations supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,773.8 3,199.7 3,809.2 3,422.5 3,185.4 3.5
Belgium's imports from Canada 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.7 1.4 7.0
Supply gap 2,772.8 3,198.5 3,808.4 3,420.8 3,184.0 3.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five cocoa and cocoa preparations product imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
180400 Cocoa butter, fat and oil 615.0 645.6 811.3 752.3 792.3 6.5
180100 Cocoa beans 960.8 1,064.9 1,332.2 1,045.5 766.6 −5.5
180690 Chocolate, packings <= 2 kg 380.2 429.8 501.2 513.7 471.4 5.5
180310 Cocoa paste 253.2 338.2 356.8 401.1 386.8 11.2
180620 Chocolate, packings > 2 kg 244.9 269.3 322.5 311.8 367.1 10.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top cocoa and cocoa preparations imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
180400 Cocoa butter, fat and oil Netherlands (53.1) Germany (21.6) France (15.8) 0.0
180100 Cocoa beans Côte d'Ivoire (52.8) Ghana (10.2) Nigeria (9.4) 0.0
180690 Chocolate, packing <= 2 kg Netherlands (39.6) Germany (20.9) France (15.3) 0.1
180310 Cocoa paste Netherlands (69.2) Germany (18.1 France (5.6) 0.0
180620 Chocolate, in blocks, packing > 2 kg France (27.4) Italy (27.3) Netherlands (14.0) 0.3
Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

5. Preserved foods and beverages

Belgium's top ten suppliers of preserved foods and beverages, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,897.7 2,461.2 2,619.9 2,645.7 2,794.3 −0.9
Netherlands 448.8 471.9 547.6 629.2 769.0 14.4
Brazil 1,128.0 679.5 733.4 705.4 668.6 −12.3
France 365.4 363.0 346.4 329.4 338.7 −1.9
Germany 281.8 268.6 287.8 292.5 304.5 2.0
Italy 133.4 129.3 134.7 132.3 139.8 1.2
Turkey 88.5 123.5 114.5 102.9 104.7 4.3
Spain 64.5 59.2 68.8 74.3 91.8 9.2
Greece 30.0 32.6 30.5 33.9 34.1 3.3
Costa Rica 24.0 42.8 51.8 37.6 31.0 6.6
Austria 14.6 12.8 17.9 26.4 27.5 17.2
Canada (33rd) 2.2 7.8 3.7 1.9 3.4 12.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of preserved foods and beverages, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 15.5 19.2 20.9 23.8 27.5 77.7
Brazil 38.9 27.6 28.0 26.7 23.9 −38.5
France 12.6 14.8 13.2 12.5 12.1 −3.9
Germany 9.7 10.9 11.0 11.1 10.9 12.0
Italy 4.6 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 8.7
Turkey 3.1 5.0 4.4 3.9 3.8 23.0
Spain 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.3 47.5
Greece 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 17.3
Costa Rica 0.8 1.7 2.0 1.4 1.1 33.7
Austria 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.0 98.0
Canada (33rd) 0.08 0.32 0.14 0.07 0.12 50.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Preserved foods and beverages supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,897.7 2,461.2 2,619.9 2,645.7 2,794.3 −0.9
Belgium's imports from Canada 2.2 7.8 3.7 1.9 3.4 12.0
Supply gap 2,895.5 2,453.4 2,616.2 2,643.8 2,790.9 −0.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five preserved foods and beverages imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
200919 Orange juice 756.7 469.3 468.9 479.9 449.3 −12.2
200912 Orange juice, brix value <= 20 at 20°c 586.7 325.4 398.4 354.3 364.2 −11.2
200819 Nuts and other seeds 139.6 201.2 201.9 183.4 173.3 5.6
200410 Potatoes, frozen 112.4 149.1 131.0 177.3 168.6 10.7
200599 Vegetables, non-frozen 106.4 115.3 147.7 150.5 157.5 10.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top preserved foods and beverages imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
200919 Orange juice Brazil (92.1) Netherlands (4.6) Germany (1.7) 0.0
200912 Orange juice, brix value <= 20 at 20°c Brazil (69.5) Germany (10.4) Netherlands (9.3) N/A
200819 Nuts and other seeds Turkey (27.3) Germany (23.2) Netherlands (16.4) N/A
200410 Potatoes, frozen Netherlands (76.2) France (8.7) Germany (4.0) 0.6
200599 Vegetables, non-frozen Netherlands (38.8) France (37.6) Turkey (5.8) 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

6. Vegetables

Belgium's top ten suppliers of vegetables, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,163.4 2,257.7 2,788.5 2,820.6 2,775.5 6.4
Netherlands 727.4 767.1 935.2 936.1 1,004.9 8.4
France 611.7 622.2 774.3 799.4 718.5 4.1
Spain 231.5 250.5 312.6 328.9 311.1 7.7
Germany 130.5 151.1 204.1 206.8 196.1 10.7
Portugal 58.2 65.2 69.7 64.2 67.4 3.7
Poland 46.6 52.4 52.9 43.3 50.7 2.1
China 41.6 48.8 61.1 60.2 48.6 3.9
Italy 33.0 34.1 43.6 42.3 45.7 8.4
United Kingdom 19.9 20.4 42.0 44.1 33.2 13.6
India 21.3 26.8 30.8 24.5 32.6 11.2
Canada (22nd) 21.2 15.0 12.0 16.9 20.5 −0.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of vegetables, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 33.6 34.0 33.5 33.2 36.2 7.7
France 28.3 27.6 27.8 28.3 25.9 −8.4
Spain 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.7 11.2 4.8
Germany 6.0 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.1 17.1
Portugal 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.4 −9.7
Poland 2.2 2.3 1.9 1.5 1.8 −14.9
China 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.8 −9.3
Italy 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 7.8
United Kingdom 0.9 0.9 1.5 1.6 1.2 29.3
India 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.2 18.2
Canada (22nd) 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 −24.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Vegetables supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,163.4 2,257.7 2,788.5 2,820.6 2,775.5 6.4
Belgium's imports from Canada 21.2 15.0 12.0 16.9 20.5 −0.9
Supply gap 2,142.2 2,242.7 2,776.5 2,803.7 2,755.0 6.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five vegetables imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
070190 Potatoes, fresh or chilled 300.8 323.4 529.8 554.0 601.9 18.9
071080 Frozen vegetables 289.5 304.7 351.0 341.5 340.7 4.2
070200 Tomatoes, fresh or chilled 193.1 182.0 187.8 186.8 130.5 −9.3
070999 Vegetables, fresh or chilled 68.1 77.4 100.2 121.2 113.0 13.5
070960 Fruits of the genus capsicum or pimenta 87.4 106.4 119.9 123.9 107.1 5.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top vegetables imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
070190 Potatoes, fresh or chilled France (50.9) Germany (20.8) Netherlands (18.8) N/A
071080 Frozen vegetables Spain (22.5) France (20.6) Portugal (16.3) N/A
070200 Tomatoes, fresh or chilled Netherlands (57.6) Spain (20.5) France (15.2) N/A
070999 Vegetables, fresh or chilled Netherlands (41.3) France (23.2) Spain (11.7) N/A
070960 Fruits of the genus capsicum or pimenta Netherlands (66.1) Spain (24.1) France (2.5) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

7. Cereals

Belgium's top ten suppliers of cereals, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,561.1 2,418.2 2,620.5 2,670.7 2,769.8 2.0
France 1,190.7 1,142.9 1,276.8 1,232.8 1,464.6 5.3
Germany 411.4 402.0 403.6 392.9 308.3 −7.0
Netherlands 219.3 201.5 201.8 235.1 254.2 3.8
Ukraine 124.9 39.2 118.5 121.6 145.0 3.8
Myanmar 24.7 28.7 22.9 75.2 73.8 31.4
Spain 60.6 75.9 78.6 72.2 64.6 1.6
Canada 159.9 151.3 98.6 90.1 63.8 −20.5
United Kingdom 60.3 56.3 66.6 76.1 57.4 −1.3
Italy 47.3 48.2 61.3 56.3 52.0 2.4
Pakistan 40.8 39.5 37.2 33.7 50.4 5.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of cereals, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
France 46.5 47.3 48.7 46.2 52.9 13.7
Germany 16.1 16.6 15.4 14.7 11.1 −30.7
Netherlands 8.6 8.3 7.7 8.8 9.2 7.2
Ukraine 4.9 1.6 4.5 4.6 5.2 7.4
Myanmar 1.0 1.2 0.9 2.8 2.7 174.2
Spain 2.4 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.3 −1.7
Canada 6.2 6.3 3.8 3.4 2.3 −63.1
United Kingdom 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.1 −12.3
Italy 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.6
Pakistan 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.8 14.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Cereals supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,561.1 2,418.2 2,620.5 2,670.7 2,769.8 2.0
Belgium's imports from Canada 159.9 151.3 98.6 90.1 63.8 −20.5
Supply gap 2,401.2 2,267.0 2,521.9 2,580.7 2,706.0 3.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five cereals imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
100199 Wheat and meslin 616.2 579.9 651.1 769.3 678.8 2.5
100590 Maize 437.6 361.3 430.0 460.5 524.0 4.6
100390 Barley 480.0 417.1 456.7 439.7 485.9 0.3
100191 Sowing seed of wheat and meslin 319.5 338.7 445.3 306.6 384.1 4.7
100620 Husked or brown rice 174.3 168.4 186.3 161.8 175.3 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top cereals imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
100199 Wheat and meslin France (69.2) Germany (23.9) Netherlands (3.3) 0.6
100590 Maize France (47.0) Ukraine (27.4) Netherlands (21.4) N/A
100390 Barley France (79.1) United Kingdom (9.1) Denmark (4.2) 0.0
100191 Sowing seed of wheat and meslin France (63.1) Germany (27.0) Netherlands (8.2) N/A
100620 Husked or brown rice Spain (30.8) Pakistan (20.4) India (14.8) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

8. Oil seeds

Belgium's top ten suppliers of oil seeds, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,503.1 2,334.4 2,668.5 2,465.6 2,659.2 1.5
Netherlands 334.3 224.0 270.2 349.6 495.7 10.4
Australia 418.9 323.3 315.1 507.1 400.3 −1.1
Ukraine 212.4 156.5 90.1 252.9 381.7 15.8
France 542.5 404.0 646.4 214.7 206.4 −21.5
Romania 40.9 82.3 214.6 247.8 161.2 40.9
Canada 208.4 214.2 199.9 171.4 140.1 −9.5
Russian Federation 113.5 149.8 153.7 131.3 129.0 3.3
Brazil 12.5 0.0 35.4 1.9 124.5 77.6
Bulgaria 50.5 36.1 116.2 111.9 114.0 22.5
Germany 105.1 184.9 212.3 87.1 91.5 −3.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of oil seeds, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 13.4 9.6 10.1 14.2 18.6 39.6
Australia 16.7 13.9 11.8 20.6 15.1 −10.1
Ukraine 8.5 6.7 3.4 10.3 14.4 69.0
France 21.7 17.3 24.2 8.7 7.8 −64.2
Romania 1.6 3.5 8.0 10.1 6.1 271.8
Canada 8.3 9.2 7.5 7.0 5.3 −36.7
Russian Federation 4.5 6.4 5.8 5.3 4.9 7.1
Brazil 0.5 0.0 1.3 0.1 4.7 836.0
Bulgaria 2.0 1.6 4.4 4.5 4.3 112.4
Germany 4.2 7.9 8.0 3.5 3.4 −18.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Oil seeds supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,503.1 2,334.4 2,668.5 2,465.6 2,659.2 1.5
Belgium's imports from Canada 208.4 214.2 199.9 171.4 140.1 −9.5
Supply gap 2,294.7 2,120.2 2,468.7 2,294.2 2,519.1 2.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five oil seeds imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
120510 Low erucic acid rape or colza seeds 1,324.1 1,576.7 1,380.1 1,338.1 −1.8
120190 Soya beans 188.8 218.0 209.2 380.8 18.5
120400 Linseed 373.9 326.2 259.8 273.3 −7.8
120910 Sugar beet seed, for sowing 53.3 71.9 83.3 84.9 5.3
120600 Sunflower seeds 60.4 68.2 61.8 79.0 4.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top oil seeds imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
120510 Low erucic acid rape or colza seeds Australia (29.8) Ukraine (25.6) Netherlands (16.9) 0.0
120190 Soya beans Brazil (32.0) Canada (24.9) Netherlands (17.3) 24.9
120400 Linseed Russia (45.7) Kazakhstan (32.3) Canada (11.8) 11.8
120910 Sugar beet seed, for sowing Italy (25.5) France (21.7) Netherlands (19.2) N/A
120600 Sunflower seeds France (72.1) Netherlands (16.4) Bulgaria (3.9) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

9. Food waste and animal feed

Belgium's top ten suppliers of food waste and animal feed, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,527.6 2,462.7 2,599.5 2,682.1 2,614.7 0.9
Netherlands 1,444.8 1,330.0 1,346.6 1,315.1 1,346.6 −1.8
France 469.4 429.2 436.0 450.8 458.5 −0.6
Germany 162.6 137.2 134.6 161.3 184.7 3.3
United States 90.2 143.1 192.2 194.1 164.5 16.2
Argentina 73.6 123.2 132.6 130.0 84.4 3.5
United Kingdom 29.7 27.4 41.7 59.9 52.1 15.1
Italy 30.1 24.5 28.2 36.2 41.1 8.1
Canada 21.6 29.2 29.5 42.9 41.0 17.5
Brazil 19.9 54.2 90.7 71.5 36.3 16.3
Poland 12.3 11.5 19.7 22.2 30.0 25.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of food waste and animal feed, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
Netherlands 57.2 54.0 51.8% 49.0 51.5 −9.9
France 18.6 17.4 16.8 16.8 17.5 −5.5
Germany 6.4 5.6 5.2 6.0 7.1 10.0
United States 3.6 5.8 7.4 7.2 6.3 76.2
Argentina 2.9 5.0 5.1 4.9 3.2 11.0
United Kingdom 1.2 1.1 1.6 2.2 2.0 70.1
Italy 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.6 31.9
Canada 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.6 84.7
Brazil 0.8 2.2 3.5 2.7 1.4 75.9
Poland 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 134.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Food waste and animal feed supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,527.6 2,462.7 2,599.5 2,682.1 2,614.7 0.9
Belgium's imports from Canada 21.6 29.2 29.5 42.9 41.0 17.5
Supply gap 2,506.0 2,433.5 2,569.9 2,639.2 2,573.7 0.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five food waste and animal feed imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
230990 Preparations used in animal feeding 727.5 702.7 826.2 902.1 949.0 6.9
230910 Dog or cat food 637.2 653.1 719.4 760.0 649.8 0.5
230400 Oilcake, from the extraction of soya-bean oil 690.1 693.5 643.5 608.8 560.3 −5.1
230320 Beet-pulp, bagasse 94.4 92.7 110.8 97.9 109.3 3.7
230630 Oilcake, from the extraction of sunflower seeds 82.8 82.9 74.9 74.9 71.4 −3.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top food waste and animal feed imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
230990 Preparations used in animal feeding Netherlands (63.0) France (14.0) United States (11.5) 0.1
230910 Dog or cat food Netherlands (29.2) France (25.4) Germany (18.5) 6.1
230400 Oilcake, from the extraction of soya-bean oil Netherlands (70.0) Argentina (13.7) Brazil (6.0) N/A
230320 Beet-pulp, bagasse France (65.1) Netherlands (15.8) United Kingdom (7.7) N/A
230630 Oilcake, from the extraction of sunflower seeds Netherlands (51.9) Ukraine (28.5) Argentina (10.5) N/A

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

10. Baking-related goods and pasta

Belgium's top ten suppliers of baking-related goods and pasta, Can$ millions
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
World 2,083.0 2,105.3 2,380.0 2,483.1 2,598.3 5.7
France 671.2 659.8 728.4 760.4 733.3 2.2
Netherlands 485.7 471.1 544.7 575.4 600.2 5.4
Germany 341.2 342.8 384.4 378.5 407.6 4.5
Italy 171.1 164.1 164.1 177.0 191.7 2.9
United Kingdom 90.7 102.6 120.4 122.3 141.9 11.8
Poland 58.9 80.3 101.9 109.0 110.3 17.0
Spain 53.6 60.7 79.6 84.2 92.0 14.5
Czech Republic 20.7 21.5 31.1 39.5 54.6 27.5
Turkey 22.6 22.0 28.4 27.4 31.8 8.9
Luxembourg 21.8 23.1 26.0 28.5 27.8 6.2
Canada (33rd) 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.7 −9.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top ten suppliers of baking-related goods and pasta, % share
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Percentage point* change 2014-2018
France 32.2 31.3 30.6 30.6 28.2 −12.4
Netherlands 23.3 22.4 22.9 23.2 23.1 −0.9
Germany 16.4 16.3 16.2 15.2 15.7 −4.2
Italy 8.2 7.8 6.9 7.1 7.4 −10.2
United Kingdom 4.4 4.9 5.1 4.9 5.5 25.5
Poland 2.8 3.8 4.3 4.4 4.3 50.2
Spain 2.6 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.5 37.7
Czech Republic 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.6 2.1 112.1
Turkey 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.2 11.9
Luxembourg 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.9
Canada (33rd) 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.06 0.07 −41.67

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*Percentage point: difference between two percentage values (PP)

Baking-related goods and pasta supply gap, Can$ millions
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
Belgium's imports from the world 2,083.0 2,105.3 2,380.0 2,483.1 2,598.3 5.7
Belgium's imports from Canada 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.7 −9.5
Supply gap 2,080.4 2,102.7 2,377.5 2,481.6 2,596.6 5.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top five baking-related goods and pasta imports, Can$ millions
HS Code Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 CAGR* % 2014-2018
190590 Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits 756.7 787.3 879.6 926.4 968.1 6.4
190531 Sweet biscuits 363.6 344.1 369.1 372.7 413.7 3.3
190410 Prepared foods obtained cereals 130.6 157.2 221.2 235.7 240.5 16.5
190190 Malt extract; food preparations of flour 167.5 152.1 169.3 173.0 174.9 1.1
190120 Mixes and doughs of flour 137.5 136.2 157.9 166.7 167.7 5.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

*CAGR: Compound annual growth rate

Belgium's top baking-related goods and pasta imports and top supplying countries, 2018
HS Code Description Market share % #1 Market share % #2 Market share % #3 Canada's % share
190590 Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits France (29.6) Netherlands (21.3) Germany (19.5) 0.2
190531 Sweet biscuits France (32.2) Netherlands (31.5) Czech (9.0) 0.0
190410 Prepared foods obtained cereals United Kingdom (22.4) France (21.4) Spain (17.4) 0.0
190190 Malt extract; food preparations of flour France (34.4) Netherlands (30.3) Germany (20.5) 0.0
190120 Mixes and doughs of flour France (42.7) Germany (25) Netherlands (14.2) 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, as of October 2019

N/A: not available

Conclusion

Belgium is a mature market, and was the world's 10th largest importer of agri-food and seafood products in 2018 and 7th largest importer in the E.U. Canada ranked as its 13th largest non-E.U supplier in 2018. Belgium's imports from Canada have declined since 2014. They remain relatively marginal compared to other countries, such as Belgium's European partners. This has created a significant supply gap between Belgium and Canada that has been widening at a CAGR of 3.3% from 2014 to 2018. Belgium has a diversified list of agri-food and seafood suppliers; however, eight of the top ten primary trading partners are European Union members, leaving just marginal market share for others. Although Canada's exports (less than 1.0% market share in 2018) to Belgium are relatively small, compared to other suppliers, Canada did see a stable increase in six of the top ten commodities. These commodities were:

  1. Dairy, eggs and honey
  2. Fruit and nuts
  3. Beverages spirits and vinegar
  4. Cocoa and cocoa preparations
  5. Preserved foods
  6. Food waste and animal feed

Once the Canada-European Union Comprehensive economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) fully enters into force, this will provide Canada with preferential market access to 11.4 million (Belgium's total population) consumers in the EU. The agreement will provide opportunities for Canadian producers, processors and exporters by:

  1. Reducing or eliminating tariffs on products imported into the EU
  2. Improving and expanding market access for Canadian products
  3. Providing a competitive advantage with preferential access to EU markets

Find more details: CETA for Agri-Food Exporters

For more information

International Trade Commissioners can provide Canadian industry with on-the-ground expertise regarding market potential, current conditions and local business contacts, and are an excellent point of contact for export advice.

For additional intelligence on this and other markets, the complete library of Global Analysis reports can be found on the International agri-food market intelligence page, arranged by region.

Resources

Competitive Trade Analysis – Belgium
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: Zhiduo Wang

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food (2020).

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