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Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in China

May 2020

Report content summary

A competitive trade analysis (CTA) is intended to examine major competitors and determine where a company or country compares within an industry or sector.

This CTA highlights agri-food and seafood trade in China and identifies the opportunities and potential growth areas for Canadian exporters.

Included are the top ten agri-food and seafood imports into China. Throughout the report, a series of supply gap analysis demonstrate the areas for potential growth in Canadian exports to China.

China market summary

China was the third largest importer of agri-food and seafood products in the world after the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (E.U.). China recorded imports of Can$198.9 billion in 2019, and Canada's share was 4.8% or Can$9.6 billion.

China is a net importer of agri-food and seafood products. In 2019, China's agri-food and seafood trade deficit was Can$94.7 billion. China's agri-food and seafood imports increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.6% from 2015 to 2019.

In 2019, Canada had an agri-food and seafood trade surplus of Can$8.0 billion with China. China's agri-food and seafood imports from Canada have been increasing at a slightly faster rate than China's imports from the world. This has resulted in a stable supply among most of China's top ten imports.

In 2019, the top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to China represented Can$94.1 billion or 47.2% of total imports. The top five imports to China from 2015 to 2019 were soybeans, frozen beef, baby food, palm oil, and frozen shrimp. The top exports from Canada were soybeans, frozen beef, and baby food with frozen pork increasing significantly between 2015 and 2019.

Trade overview

China is a net importer of agri-food and seafood products. In 2019, China's agri-food and seafood trade deficit was Can$94.7 billion with imports valued at Can$198.9 billion, and Can$104.2 billion in exports. China's agri-food and seafood imports increased at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2015 to 2019. In 2019, Canada had an agri-food and seafood trade surplus of Can$8.0 billion with China.

China's top agri-food and seafood imports in 2019 were soybeans, baby food, frozen boneless beef, palm oil, and frozen shrimp. Key supplying countries were Brazil, the United States (U.S.), Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. Canada ranks 5th among 185 supplying countries to China, and has seen little fluctuation in market share.

China's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood. Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 148,477.7 146,442.3 162,619.5 177,210.7 198,967.9 7.6
Brazil 25,536.8 24,934.2 31,387.1 42,996.4 39,201.3 11.3
United States 31,534.6 31,844.5 31,363.2 20,775.5 18,756.7 −12.2
Australia 10,293.6 8,874.3 11,605.4 13,546.6 14,778.5 9.5
New Zealand 5,624.9 6,004.6 7,804.3 9,233.5 11,807.2 20.4
Canada 6,691.9 7,109.6 8,613.4 10,312.2 9,600.9 9.4
Thailand 6,369.8 5,627.8 5,989.2 7,427.5 9,274.3 9.9
Argentina 6,622.8 5,544.6 4,673.4 2,925.5 8,690.2 7.0
Indonesia 5,200.0 4,957.4 6,088.8 6,692.9 7,752.4 10.5
France 5,079.1 4,326.8 5,027.6 5,553.6 5,992.5 4.2
Russia 2,188.4 2,633.7 2,759.4 4,167.8 4,769.8 21.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

The top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to China accounted for Can$94,114.6 billion or 47.2% of the total imports in 2019. Canada has been a steady supplier of agri-food and seafood to China over the past several years. Imports from Canada increased by 9.4% between 2015 and 2019 to a market share of 4.8% in 2019.

In 2019, Canada ranked 4th for soybeans and 6th for frozen beef import supply into China among global trade partners, supplying China with Can$1.4 billion worth of these two commodities. Other top imports of Canadian agri-food and seafood products to China include frozen shrimp, frozen pork, food preparations, and wine.

In 2019, Canada's import supply gap to China was Can$189.4 billion, which grew by a compound annual growth rate of 7.5% between 2015 and 2019. Excluding products that China doesn't source from Canada, including palm oil, cotton, and greasy shorn wool, Canada's import supply gap was Can$176.2 billion.

China's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percentage point* change 2015-2019
Brazil 17.2 17.0 19.3 24.3 19.7 2.5
United States 21.2 21.8 19.3 11.7 9.4 −11.8
Australia 6.9 6.1 7.1 7.6 7.4 0.5
New Zealand 3.8 4.1 4.8 5.2 5.9 2.1
Canada 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8 4.8 0.3
Thailand 4.3 3.8 3.7 4.2 4.7 0.4
Argentina 4.5 3.8 2.9 1.7 4.4 −0.1
Indonesia 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9 0.4
France 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.0 −0.4
Russia 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.4 2.4 0.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's agri-food and seafood supply gap, in Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 148,477.7 146,442.3 162,619.5 177,210.7 198,967.9 7.6
Imports from Canada 6,691.9 7,109.6 8,613.4 10,312.2 9,600.9 9.4
Supply gap 141,785.80 139,332.70 154,006.10 166,898.50 189,367.00 7.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten agri-food and seafood imports from the world, Can$ million
HS code Commodity 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 *CAGR % 2015-2019
Total imports 148,477.7 146,442.3 162,619.5 177,210.7 198,967.9 7.6
120190 Soybeans 44,753.1 44,968.5 51,580.9 49,355.2 46,959.4 1.2
020230 Frozen beef 2,571.9 2,913.7 3,506.5 5,509.0 9,537.7 38.8
190110 Baby food 3,245.7 4,071.6 5,265.0 6,351.7 7,072.7 21.5
151190 Palm oil 4,733.2 3,791.8 4,516.4 4,400.3 5,414.8 3.4
030617 Frozen shrimps 571.8 591.5 611.3 1,769.2 5,267.6 74.2
020329 Frozen pork 1,285.2 2,922.0 1,980.0 1,957.1 4,798.9 39.0
520100 Cotton 3,254.6 2,072.1 2,837.2 4,115.5 4,735.2 9.8
210690 Food preparations 1,671.9 1,969.1 2,356.6 3,530.6 4,148.7 25.5
510111 Greasy shorn wool 2,707.1 2,823.6 3,301.8 3,808.7 2,971.6 2.4
220421 Wine, bottled 2,411.1 2,917.9 3,306.4 3,331.8 2,910.4 4.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Top 10 agri-food and seafood imports

1. Soybeans (HS 120190)

Canada was China's 4th largest supplier of soybeans with imports valued at Can$1.3 billion. Imports have more than doubled from 2015 levels and increased by a CAGR of 22.7% between 2015 and 2019. Imports from China's primary source of soybeans, Brazil, have increased, while imports from the U.S. and Argentina have decreased.

China's top ten suppliers of soybean, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 44,753.1 44,968.5 51,580.9 49,355.2 46,959.4 1.2
Brazil 21,706.3 20,300.8 27,261.1 37,553.8 30,600.9 9.0
United States 15,888.4 18,499.2 18,209.5 8,955.4 8,867.3 −13.6
Argentina 5,115.2 4,256.8 3,415.4 812.6 4,729.6 −1.9
Canada 593.0 806.5 1,156.5 1,001.1 1,343.9 22.7
Uruguay 1,275.7 916.8 1,306.5 672.7 1,081.3 −4.1
Russia 173.9 186.2 206.6 338.5 313.5 15.9
Ukraine 0.7 1.9 12.2 0.6 12.0 107.1
Kazakhstan 0.0 0.0 3.6 9.7 9.8 65.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 8.8 10.2 0.6 70.2
China 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 44.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of soybean, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Brazil 48.5 45.1 52.9 76.1 65.2 16.7
United States 35.5 41.1 35.3 18.1 18.9 −16.6
Argentina 11.4 9.5 6.6 1.7 10.1 −1.3
Canada 1.3 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.9 1.6
Uruguay 2.9 2.0 2.5 1.4 2.3 −0.6
Russia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3
Ukraine 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kazakhstan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ethiopia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's soybean supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 44,753.1 44,968.5 51,580.9 49,355.2 46,959.4 1.2
Imports from Canada 593.0 806.5 1,156.5 1,001.1 1,343.9 22.7
Supply gap 44,160.1 44,162.0 50,424.4 48,354.1 45,615.5 0.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

2. Frozen beef (HS020230)

Canada was China's 6th largest supplier of frozen beer with imports valued at Can$112.4 million. China's frozen beef imports from Canada have shrunk by a CAGR of −16.1% since 2015 to a market share of 1.2%. Imports from established and smaller suppliers have grown significantly, with the highest growth coming from the U.S. (804.3%), Ireland (699.3%), and Chile (127.9%).

China's top ten suppliers of frozen beef, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 2,571.9 2,913.7 3,506.5 5,509.0 9,537.7 38.8
Brazil 382.8 1,018.5 1,131.2 1,977.9 2,773.1 64.1
Argentina 263.7 301.6 477.6 1,024.7 2,322.0 72.3
Australia 777.1 559.0 687.5 1,020.0 1,804.3 23.4
New Zealand 386.7 344.1 409.1 531.0 1,105.6 30.0
Uruguay 519.0 552.1 646.4 726.0 1,094.9 20.5
Canada 228.0 121.1 103.5 89.5 112.4 −16.2
United States 0.0 0.0 23.3 70.0 86.1 804.3
Ireland 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.3 58.6 699.3
Costa Rica 13.2 9.5 15.1 20.1 50.6 40.0
Chile 1.2 6.9 7.1 10.2 32.8 127.9

Source"Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of frozen beef, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Brazil 14.9 35.0 32.3 35.9 29.1 14.2
Argentina 10.3 10.4 13.6 18.6 24.4 14.1
Australia 30.2 19.2 19.6 18.5 18.9 −11.3
New Zealand 15.0 11.8 11.7 9.6 11.6 −3.4
Uruguay 20.2 19.0 18.4 13.2 11.5 −8.7
Canada 8.9 4.2 3.0 1.6 1.2 −7.7
United States 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.9
Ireland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.6
Costa Rica 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.0
Chile 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's frozen beef supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 2,571.9 2,913.7 3,506.5 5,509.0 9,537.7 38.8
Imports from Canada 228.0 121.1 103.5 89.5 112.4 −16.2
Supply gap 2,343.9 2,792.6 3403 5,419.5 9,425.3 41.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

3. Baby food (HS190110)

Canada was China's 23rd largest supplier of baby food with imports valued at Can$1.4 million. Imports have more than doubled from 2015 levels and increased by a CAGR of 12.2% between 2015 and 2019.

China's top ten suppliers of baby food, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 3,245.7 4,071.6 5,265.0 6,351.7 7,072.7 21.5
Netherlands 1,044.8 1,354.8 1,511.0 2,138.2 2,168.0 20.0
New Zealand 250.8 446.0 887.0 1134.5 1,611.9 59.2
Ireland 524.4 749.4 848.7 947.9 1,027.2 18.3
Germany 389.8 445.8 551.6 642.8 549.1 8.9
France 169.3 177.3 522.8 461.7 506.1 31.5
Denmark 123.3 191.8 283.3 259.3 340.4 28.9
Australia 200.1 220.4 249.3 217.9 319.7 12.4
Switzerland 54.0 91.4 123.0 126.0 130.8 24.8
United States 98.3 91.1 94.5 122.9 126.4 6.5
South Korea 112.0 132.4 78.5 100.3 83.7 −7.0
Canada (23rd) 0.9 0.32 0.15 0.36 1.4 12.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of baby food, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Netherlands 32.2 33.3 28.7 33.7 30.7 −1.5
New Zealand 7.7 11.0 16.9 17.9 22.8 15.1
Ireland 16.2 18.4 16.1 14.9 14.5 −1.7
Germany 12.0 11.0 10.5 10.1 7.8 −4.2
France 5.2 4.4 9.9 7.3 7.2 2.0
Denmark 3.8 4.7 5.4 4.1 4.8 1.0
Australia 6.2 5.4 4.7 3.4 4.5 −1.7
Switzerland 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 0.2
United States 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.2
South Korea 3.5 3.3 1.5 1.6 1.2 2.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's baby food supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 3,245.7 4,071.6 5,265.0 6,351.7 7,072.7 21.5
Imports from Canada 0.906 0.319 0.154 0.363 1.438 12.2
Supply gap 3,244.8 4,071.3 5,264.8 6,348.1 7,071.3 21.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

4. Palm oil (HS151190)

China's top ten suppliers of palm oil, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 4,733.2

3,791.8

4,516.4 4,400.3 5,414.8 3.4
Indonesia 2,755.0 2,219.7 2,856.2 2,928.6 3,770.1 8.2
Malaysia 1,973.5 1,571.4 1,658.4 1,470.1 1,640.7 −4.5
Thailand 0.0 0.2 1.7 1.4 3.4 149.7
Netherlands 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 170.3
Taiwan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Ecuador 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 166.8
Italy 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 −56.1
Mongolia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germany 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 −28.6
Sweden 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of palm oil, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Indonesia 58.2 58.5 63.2 66.6 69.6 11.4
Malaysia 41.7 41.4 36.7 33.4 30.3 −11.4
Thailand 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Netherlands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Taiwan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecuador 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mongolia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germany 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sweden 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's palm oil supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 4,733.2 3,791.8 4,516.4 4,400.3 5,414.8 3.4
Imports from Canada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supply gap 4,733.2 3,791.8 4,516.4 4,400.3 5,414.8 3.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

5. Frozen shrimp (HS030617)

Canada's palm oil supply gap to China, Can$ millionChina's top ten suppliers of frozen shrimp, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 571.8 591.5 611.3 1,769.2 5,267.6 74.2
Ecuador 225.4 127.6 138.9 627.2 2,450.5 81.6
India 77.3 51.6 89.1 271.2 1,198.7 98.5
Thailand 50.0 66.3 89.2 223.4 337.8 61.2
Argentina 67.1 242.4 178.7 370.2 337.0 49.7
Viet-Nam 7.0 10.2 14.5 116.2 336.8 163.1
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 239.9 41,422.0
Malaysia 2.9 7.8 9.9 30.5 94.8 139.2
Indonesia 83.5 36.2 18.4 40.4 69.0 −4.7
Mexico 3.8 2.5 8.3 3.8 57.0 97.3
Peru 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 39.5 6,840.5
Canada (14th) 12.1 6.0 10.4 13.9 9.6 −5.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of frozen shrimp, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Ecuador 39.4 21.6 22.7 35.5 46.5 7.1
India 13.5 8.7 14.6 15.3 22.8 9.3
Thailand 8.7 11.2 14.6 12.6 6.4 −2.3
Argentina 11.7 41.0 29.2 20.9 6.4 −5.3
Viet-Nam 1.2 1.7 2.4 6.6 6.4 5.2
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.6 4.6
Malaysia 0.5 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.3
Indonesia 14.6 6.1 3.0 2.3 1.3 −13.3
Mexico 0.7 0.4 1.4 0.2 1.1 0.4
Peru 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8 0.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's frozen shrimp gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 571.8 591.5 611.3 1,769.2 5,267.6 74.2
Imports from Canada 12.1 6.0 10.4 13.9 9.6 −5.7
Supply gap 559.7 585.5 600.9 1,755.3 5,258.0 75.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

6. Frozen pork cuts (HS020329)

China's top ten suppliers of frozen pork cuts, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,285.2 2,922.0 1,980.0 1,957.1 4,798.9 39.0
Spain 251.6 510.7 427.0 363.7 958.1 39.7
Brazil 7.8 240.6 136.0 401.3 785.7 217.0
Germany 324.2 630.0 341.3 347.4 688.8 20.7
United States 142.5 337.8 217.6 99.0 523.4 38.4
Denmark 194.7 305.3 197.7 164.3 450.7 23.4
Netherlands 43.3 211.8 147.1 134.0 394.1 73.7
Canada 74.2 220.9 170.9 162.8 252.3 35.8
France 108.6 200.2 130.2 122.2 225.4 20.0
Chile 24.9 49.1 35.1 35.9 181.0 64.2
United Kingdom 36.9 59.5 53.7 58.1 138.0 39.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of frozen pork cuts, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Spain 19.6 17.5 21.6 18.6 20.0 0.4
Brazil 0.6 8.2 6.9 20.5 16.4 15.8
Germany 25.2 21.6 17.2 17.8 14.4 −10.8
United States 11.1 11.6 11.0 5.1 10.9 −0.2
Denmark 15.2 10.5 10.0 8.4 9.4 −5.8
Netherlands 3.4 7.3 7.4 6.9 8.2 4.8
Canada 5.8 7.6 8.6 8.3 5.3 −0.5
France 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.3 4.7 −3.8
Chile 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 3.8 1.9
United Kingdom 2.9 2.0 2.7 3.0 2.9 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's frozen pork cuts supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 1,285.2 2,922.0 1,980.0 1,957.1 4,798.9 39.0
Imports from Canada 74.2 220.9 170.9 162.8 252.3 35.8
Supply gap 1,211.0 2,701.1 1,809.1 1,794.3 4,546.6 39.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

7. Cotton (HS520100)

China's top ten suppliers of cotton, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 3,254.6 2,072.1 2,837.2 4,115.5 4,735.2 9.8
Brazil 289.6 169.4 156.3 480.3 1,234.8 43.7
Australia 614.6 498.6 631.4 1,182.4 1,083.7 15.2
United States 1,226.0 672.1 1,287.0 1,367.1 973.0 −5.6
India 460.5 254.1 253.1 417.2 500.3 2.1
Uzbekistan 362.5 209.9 223.5 160.6 206.6 −13.1
Benin 21.8 18.9 76.4 39.2 114.4 51.3
Mexico 25.1 24.6 22.8 46.9 92.5 38.5
Sudan 15.2 22.3 31.9 61.6 81.6 52.3
Burkina Faso 21.9 6.6 24.6 48.1 76.1 36.5
Mali 15.7 10.1 4.3 26.9 53.1 35.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of cotton, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Brazil 8.9 8.2 5.5 11.7 26.1 17.2
Australia 18.9 24.1 22.3 28.7 22.9 4.0
United States 37.7 32.4 45.4 33.2 20.6 −17.1
India 14.2 12.3 8.9 10.1 10.6 −3.6
Uzbekistan 11.1 10.1 7.9 3.9 4.4 −6.7
Benin 0.7 0.9 2.7 1.0 2.4 1.7
Mexico 0.8 1.2 0.8 1.1 2.0 1.2
Sudan 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.7 1.2
Burkina Faso 0.7 0.3 0.9 1.2 1.6 0.9
Mali 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.7 1.1 0.6

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's cotton supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 3,254.6 2,072.1 2,837.2 4,115.5 4,735.2 9.8
Imports from Canada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supply gap 3,254.6 2,072.1 2,837.2 4,115.5 4,735.2 9.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

8. Food preparations (HS 210690)

China's top ten suppliers of food preparations, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,671.9 1,969.1 2,356.6 3,530.6 4,148.7 25.5
United States 406.9 454.9 491.3 786.2 967.8 24.2
Australia 157.7 303.7 458.6 837.9 921.4 55.5
Thailand 109.5 146.6 169.1 233.5 313.1 30.1
Japan 101.2 98.1 90.6 233.0 284.1 29.5
Germany 106.5 112.5 207.0 250.9 254.5 24.3
Taiwan 121.9 141.7 148.4 185.0 176.2 9.7
Netherlands 109.8 74.7 82.6 94.4 123.5 3.0
Canada 39.7 60.9 57.4 92.9 113.4 30.0
New Zealand 29.1 40.2 43.2 60.7 89.9 32.6
Hong Kong 32.5 41.1 46.4 86.8 85.8 27.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of food preparations, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 24.3 23.1 20.9 22.3 23.3 −1.0
Australia 9.4 15.4 19.5 23.7 22.2 12.8
Thailand 6.6 7.5 7.2 6.6 7.6 1.0
Japan 6.1 5.0 3.9 6.6 6.9 0.8
Germany 6.4 5.7 8.8 7.1 6.1 −0.3
Taiwan 7.3 7.2 6.3 5.2 4.3 3.0
Netherlands 6.6 3.8 3.5 2.7 3.0 3.6
Canada 2.4 3.1 2.4 2.6 2.7 0.3
New Zealand 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.2 0.5
Hong Kong 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.1 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's food preparations supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 1,671.9 1,969.1 2,356.6 3,530.6 4,148.7 25.5
Imports from Canada 39.7 60.9 57.4 92.9 113.4 30.0
Supply gap 1,632.2 1,908.2 2,299.2 3,437.7 4,035.3 25.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

9. Greasy shorn wool (HS510111)

China's top ten suppliers of greasy shorn wool, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 2,707.1 2,823.6 3,301.8 3,808.7 2,971.6 2.4
Australia 1,970.7 2,152.7 2,631.8 2,934.3 2,354.6 4.6
South Africa 224.5 237.3 270.1 349.2 228.0 0.4
New Zealand 196.8 161.5 144.2 208.0 157.7 −5.4
Argentina 51.7 59.0 58.4 53.5 45.3 −3.3
Lesotho 8.6 16.6 24.5 31.8 35.0 41.9
Spain 40.2 40.7 39.7 52.8 33.2 −4.7
Uruguay 67.8 42.7 36.0 44.4 31.7 −17.4
United Kingdom 34.8 39.7 18.7 22.8 19.7 −13.3
Chile 21.3 9.5 16.1 23.4 15.5 −7.6
Hungary 5.0 7.1 6.7 7.2 11.9 24.2
Canada (19th) 0.8 0.6 1.0 2.6 1.1 8.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of greasy shorn wool, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Australia 72.8 76.2 79.7 77.0 79.2 6.4
South Africa 8.3 8.4 8.2 9.2 7.7 −0.6
New Zealand 7.3 5.7 4.4 5.5 5.3 −2.0
Argentina 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.4 1.5 −0.4
Lesotho 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.8
Spain 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.1 −0.4
Uruguay 2.5 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.1 −1.4
United Kingdom 1.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 −0.6
Chile 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 −0.3
Hungary 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's greasy shorn wool supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 2,707.1 2,823.6 3,301.8 3,808.7 2,971.6 2.4
Imports from Canada 0.8 0.6 1.0 2.6 1.1 8.5
Supply gap 2,706.3 2,823.0 3,300.8 3,806.1 2,970.5 2.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

10. Wine (HS220421)

China's top ten suppliers of wine, Can$ million
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 2,411.1 2,917.9 3,306.4 3,331.8 2,910.4 4.8
Australia 563.9 722.1 882.4 929.9 1,078.7 17.6
France 1,115.5 1,283.5 1,360.5 1,304.6 842.7 −6.8
Chile 218.5 277.9 345.9 348.5 356.4 13.0
Italy 105.6 151.5 179.3 189.0 176.9 13.8
Spain 144.1 188.9 194.7 201.9 176.0 5.1
United States 65.7 69.7 97.8 89.9 43.9 −9.6
Argentina 25.5 30.8 28.6 33.8 31.8 5.7
Portugal 20.5 25.2 28.8 31.0 31.5 11.4
South Africa 49.1 46.3 31.7 42.1 29.3 −12.1
New Zealand 23.9 27.9 37.5 37.3 27.6 3.7
Canada (14th) 13.1 12.9 18.3 14.8 11.6 −3.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

China's top ten suppliers of wine, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
Australia 23.4 24.8 26.7 27.9 37.1 13.7
France 46.3 44.0 41.2 39.2 29.0 −17.3
Chile 9.1 9.5 10.5 10.5 12.3 3.2
Italy 4.4 5.2 5.4 5.7 6.1 1.7
Spain 6.0 6.5 5.9 6.1 6.1 0.1
United States 2.7 2.4 3.0 2.7 1.5 −1.2
Argentina 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.0
Portugal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.2
South Africa 2.0 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.0 −1.0
New Zealand 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percentage point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's wine supply gap to China, Can$ million
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 2,411.1 2,917.9 3,306.4 3,331.8 2,910.4 4.8
Imports from Canada 13.1 12.9 18.3 14.8 11.6 −3.0
Supply gap 2,402.0 2,905.0 3,288.1 3,317 2,898.8 4.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

For more information

International Trade Commissioners can provide Canadian industry with on-the-ground expertise regarding market potential, current conditions and local business contacts, and are an excellent point of contact for export advice.

For additional intelligence on this and other markets, the complete library of Global Analysis reports can be accessed through the International agri-food market intelligence page.

For additional information on trade shows in China, please contact:

Ben Berry, Deputy Director
Trade Show Strategy and Delivery
Agriculture and agri-food Canada
ben.berry@canada.ca

Resources

Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in China
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: Kris Clipsham, Market Analyst

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