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CPTPP benefits for Canadian canola and soy exporters

Overview of the CPTPP

The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) offers Canadian beef and pork exporters preferential access and tariff reductions to key global markets.

Through this free trade agreement, Canada forms a trading bloc with 10 other countries that represent almost 500 million consumers and 13.5% of global GDP. So far, seven CPTPP signatories have ratified the Agreement:

On December 30, 2018, the CPTPP entered into force between Canada and the first five countries to ratify the agreement (Australia, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand and Singapore). On January 14, 2019, the CPTPP entered into force between Canada and Vietnam.

The remaining signatories are Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Malaysia and Peru. The CPTPP will enter into force 60 days after a signatory notifies the CPTPP Depository that it has completed its ratification procedures.

Snapshot of key markets and CPTPP outcomes by product

Sources for all: CPTPP Agreement; Statistics Canada - CATSNET Analytics.

Canola

Note: This includes canola seed, canola oil and canola meal.

Market Canada's exports in 2019 (C$) CPTPP tariff reductions and outcomes)
Japan 1.1 billion Canola seeds and canola meal: Previously duty-free before the CPTPP. Canola oil: Tariffs will gradually be reduced from up to 13.20 yen per kilogram to zero by April 1, 2023.
Mexico 628.1 million Canola seeds, oil and meal: Previously duty-free before the CPTPP.
Chile 117.8 million
Malaysia 43.9 million
Vietnam 5.3 million Canola seeds: Duty free. Tariffs were previously 5% before the CPTPP. Canola oil: Tariffs of 5% for crude and certain refined canola oil will be eliminated by January 1, 2022, and by January 1, 2024 for other refined canola oils (high acid). Canola meal: Previously duty-free before the CPTPP.
Rest of CPTPP 4.8 million Australia, Brunei, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore: CPTPP tariff reductions and outcomes will vary by market and product.

Soy

Note: This includes soy beans, soybean oil, soybean flour, and soybean meal/cake.

Market Canada's exports in 2019 (C$) CPTPP tariff reductions and outcomes)
Japan 270.6 million Soy beans and soybean meal: Previously duty-free before the CPTPP. Soybean oil: Tariffs will gradually be reduced from up to 13.20 yen per kilogram to zero by April 1, 2023. Soybean flour: Duty-free. Tariffs were 4.2% before the CPTPP.
Vietnam 59.7 million Soybeans: Previously duty-free before the CPTPP. Crude soybean oil: Tariffs will gradually be reduced from 5% to zero by January 1, 2022. Refined soybean oil: Tariffs will gradually be reduced from 15% to zero by January 1, 2024. Soybean meal: Duty-free. Tariffs were up to 2% before the CPTPP. Soybean flour: Duty-free. Tariffs were 8% before the CPTPP.
Malaysia 40.4 million Soybeans, soybean oil and other soy products: Duty free upon EIF or previously duty-free. Tariffs were up to 5% before the CPTPP.
Rest of CPTPP 18.7 million Australia, Brunei, Chile, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore: CPTPP tariff reductions and outcomes will vary by market and product.

Additional information

Exporters looking for detailed information on all CPTPP outcomes and tariff reductions across all products and markets are encouraged to consult the Consolidated TPP Text, and the tariff schedules of Chapter 2 – National Treatment and Market Access for Goods, in particular.

Rules of origin, origin procedures and tariff rate quotas

Rules of origin

Rules of origin specify the amount of production that must be undertaken on a product in Canada, or a CPTPP market, for it to be considered "originating" and eligible for CPTPP's preferential tariff treatment.

The rules of origin applicable to canola and soy vary on a by-product and by-preparation basis. Exporters are strongly encouraged to research the specific rules applicable to their products and chosen export destinations.

Canola and soy must be wholly obtained from a plant or plant good grown, cultivated, harvested, picked, or gathered in the CPTPP territory. For example, canola seeds obtained from Canadian canola fields would meet the rules of origin.

Vegetable oils, including canola and soybean oils, can be produced using non-CPTPP oilseeds as long as those inputs are crushed in the CPTPP territory. However, the refining of crude vegetable oils from non-CPTPP inputs is usually insufficient to be considered originating.

Origin procedures

Origin procedures are used to administer the rules of origin and enable the trade community to take advantage of the preferential tariff treatment afforded under CPTPP.

Importers may seek preferential treatment under the agreement, based on a certification of origin completed by the exporter, producer or importer. The certification of origin does not follow a prescribed format, but is required to contain a minimum set of data. This data can be placed on any commercial document, including the invoice.

Customs officials may require an importer to provide supporting documents or other information to support the certification of origin. Upon written request by an importer, exporter or producer, CPTPP countries will issue an advance written binding ruling with respect to the tariff classification and originating status of a product prior to import.

Additional information

Details can be found in the text of the CPTPP agreement:

Requirements and considerations when exporting to certain CPTPP markets

While the CPTPP expands global opportunities for Canadian companies through tariff elimination and preferential tariff treatment, exporters should note that the CPTPP does not change the import requirements set by each individual market. These may include, but are not limited to, labelling, packaging needs, the level of additives allowed, and others.

Before exporting to a CPTPP market, exporters are encouraged to work with their importer to understand the regulatory and market access requirements that may apply to their products.

Exporters should also consult the following resources should they have questions or require information on other potential impediments to trade that may be applicable to their products in one or more CPTPP countries:

Support for exporters interested in CPTPP markets

Canadian exporters are also encouraged to take advantage of the following resources when they consider CPTPP opportunities:

CPTPP for Agri-Food Exporters
Find out what the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) is and how it can benefit your exports to its markets.

Single window for market access services
Contact AAFC's Market Access Secretariat at aafc.mas-sam.aac@canada.ca for questions about CPTPP or accessing one of its markets.
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