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Statistical Overview of the Canadian Vegetable Industry 2019

(PDF Version, 1,0 MB)

Prepared by:
Crops and Horticulture Division
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
August 2020

Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gateFootnote1 value (FGV), trade, and innovation in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms. A separate report for potatoes is prepared annually.

It is anticipated that 2020 marketed production of field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms will be impacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to late-arriving or reduced levels of seasonal agricultural workers, some vegetable producers have noted a reduction in their 2020 field vegetable planting and harvesting plans. In addition, several field and greenhouse vegetable operations have faced COVID-19 outbreaks among workers, which has further impacted production, and ongoing concerns about access to labour could have an additional impact on harvest plans. Finally, due to the year-round nature of mushroom operations, growers have adjusted production due to reduced demand from the foodservice industry. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on field vegetable, greenhouse vegetable and mushroom production will be addressed in the next report to be released in 2021.

Overall, Canada’s field vegetable production volume was up 1.2%  to 2,183,525 metric tonnes in 2019, due to higher yields. In 2019, total vegetable yields were up 1.5% from a year earlier and 6.0% above the 10-year average. Farmers reported higher yields for beets (+15.7%), beans (+7.6%), peppers (+6.7%) and asparagus (+6.4%) in 2019. Conversely, yields were down for parsnips (-7.3%) and rutabagas and turnips (-5.0%). Field tomatoes topped the production of field vegetables (22%), followed by carrots (16%), and dry onions (11%). Ontario remained the largest producing province accounting for 58% of Canada’s total production of field vegetables, followed by Quebec with 30%.

Total farm-gate value of field vegetables rose 3.0% to $1.3 billion in 2019, due to higher yields and prices. Farm-gate prices were up for celery (+13.2%), regular radishes (+12.8%), rutabagas and turnips (+10.8%) and parsnips (+10.3%). Farmers also received better prices for watermelon (+7.1%), tomatoes (+6.2%), cauliflower (+5.4%) and broccoli (+5.3%).

Together, carrots, dry onions, tomatoes, cabbage, lettuce, sweet corn, broccoli and peppers represented more than half of the total value of field vegetables grown in Canada. Carrots recorded the highest value ($133.3 million), followed by dry onions ($110.1 million), tomatoes ($109.0 million), cabbage ($88.2 million), lettuce ($82.2 million), broccoli ($78.1 million), sweet corn ($73.1 million), and peppers ($72.1 million).

Canadian mushroom growers produced 132,114 metric tons of mushrooms in 2019, up 5.2% compared with 2018, which represented the fourth consecutive year-over-year increase. Improved growing mediums and the use of nutrient-rich spawn have contributed to the production increases since 2016. The total value of mushrooms rose 6.5% to $589 million in 2019, mainly due to production increases. Prices have remained relatively stable since 2016. Ontario and British Columbia are the leading producing provinces of mushrooms in Canada, together accounting for over 90% of total production.

Total sales of greenhouse vegetables rose 5.0% to $1.6 billion in 2019, continuing the annual increases that began in 2013. Ontario (65.0%), British Columbia (19.2%), Quebec (9.3%) and Alberta (5.4%) were responsible for most of the greenhouse vegetable sales. Tomatoes were the largest contributor to greenhouse farm gate value, accounting for 37.1% ($586 million) of the total; cucumbers and peppers followed at 30.6% ($486 million) and 27.8% ($442 million) respectively.

Total Canadian vegetable exports, comprising field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables, and mushrooms, grew by 10.3% to $2.2 billion in 2019, due mainly to the increase of export value for mushrooms (+21.9%) and greenhouse vegetables (10.9%).  Greenhouse vegetables were the largest contributor to vegetable export value, accounting for 51.3% of total vegetable exports, followed by field vegetables (33.8%) and mushrooms (14.9%). The United States remained Canada’s largest purchaser, importing 97.3% of Canada’s total vegetable exports.

Due to the seasonal nature of field vegetable production in Canada, imports are an integral component of the Canadian fresh vegetable market and are often necessary to fulfill Canadian demand year-round.  In 2019, Canada imported over $3.9 billion in vegetables (field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms), with approximately $2.3 billion (59.4%) coming from the United States. Mexico was the second largest source of Canadian imports, with approximately $1.1 billion (28.2%) in import value. The top vegetables in terms of value (including field and greenhouse) imported were lettuce (12.1%), cabbages (10.6%), tomatoes (10.3%), peppers (9.7%) and onions (6.0%). In terms of quantity, the top imported vegetables consisted of tomatoes (10.5%), onions (10.2%), lettuce (9.3%), cabbages (9.3%) and peppers (7.2%). The top U.S. imports were lettuce, cabbages, and broccoli/cauliflower whereas imports from Mexico consisted primarily of greenhouse vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, and cucumber/gherkins).

The vegetable industry is continually introducing innovative varieties and products to meet changing consumer preferences. In 2019, approximately 241 new products were launched in Canada. New product launch type involved new variety/range extension (44%), followed by new packaging (32%), new products (21%) and relaunch (3%). The top claims of new products included kosher, microwaveable, ease of use, organic, and ethical/ecological (i.e. environmental-friendly packaging).

1. Production

1.1. Number of field vegetable farms[1],[2] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 68 112 78
Prince Edward Island 54 299 250
Nova Scotia 125 140 177
New Brunswick 69 280 236
Quebec 857 974 1,172
Ontario 1,526 1,531 1,856
Manitoba 97 189 196
Saskatchewan 43 108 115
Alberta 124 277 299
British Columbia 669 912 1,135
Canada 3,632 4,822 5,514

Notes:

1. Includes melons.

2. Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0403-01   Farms classified by farm type

1.2. Number of greenhouse vegetable[1],[2] farms by province

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Atlantic provinces 54 52 52 51 49
Quebec 242 247 250 238 235
Ontario 315 323 330 325 315
Prairie provinces 100 107 101 102 94
British Columbia 150 160 154 150 145
Canada 861 894 889 866 838

Notes:

1. Includes specialized greenhouse fruits.

2. Excludes mixed operations (vegetables, flowers and plants) and cannabis operations.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0019-01   Estimates of specialized greenhouse operations, greenhouse area, and months of operation

1.3. Planted area of field vegetables by province (hectares)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 302 306 278 249 237
Prince Edward Island 719 726 812 750 808
Nova Scotia 1,722 1,797 2,152 2,157 2,032
New Brunswick 697 678 647 591 541
Quebec 37,802 37,749 37,288 37,453 38,320
Ontario 53,619 54,165 50,362 50,880 48,660
Manitoba 1,251 1,280 1,393 1,578 1,501
Saskatchewan 313 320 266 328 295
Alberta 3,468 3,949 3,228 3,723 3,591
British Columbia 6,150 5,922 5,858 5,798 5,518
Canada[1] 109,833 109,518 103,939 103,912 102,022

Note:

1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0365-01   Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.4. Planted area of field vegetables by province - percent share, 2019

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  • Ontario: 48%
  • Quebec: 38%
  • British Columbia: 5%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 5%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.5. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Corn, sweet 20,033 19,248 17,968 17,551 17,516
Peas, green 12,770 12,782 11,176 11,387 11,493
Beans, green or wax 8,445 8,313 8,179 8,477 8,497
Carrots[1] 9,032 8,940 8,662 8,344 8,442
Tomatoes 7,080 6,938 6,557 6,559 6,216
Dry onions 5,773 5,734 5,776 5,624 5,702
Cabbage[2] 5,914 5,578 5,458 5,912 5,580
Broccoli 4,149 4,276 4,423 4,570 4,550
Lettuce[3] 4,007 4,140 3,975 3,931 3,902
Pumpkins 3,490 3,708 3,427 3,197 3,275
Squash and zucchinis 3,473 3,680 3,300 3,218 3,042
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,719 2,814 2,532 2,433 2,465
Asparagus 2,248 2,351 2,381 2,320 2,431
Peppers 2,701 2,771 2,556 2,514 2,252
Cauliflowers 1,718 1,844 1,860 1,921 1,882
Beets 1,817 1,882 1,928 1,758 1,850
Rutabagas and turnips 1,736 1,736 1,678 1,530 1,522
Radishes[4] 950 963 935 1,144 1,061
Sweet potatoes .. .. .. 726 811
Shallots and green onions 771 756 793 754 806
Celery 891 904 870 802 780
Watermelons 738 674 693 696 718
Spinach 764 748 716 728 701
Brussels sprouts 585 563 600 669 678
Garlic 633 697 658 641 566
Other melons 712 673 572 505 465
Leeks 289 314 321 337 348
Parsnips 379 364 391 367 341
Other fine herbs .. .. .. 295 337
Eggplants .. .. .. 223 241
Rhubarb 204 204 260 216 199
Parsley 168 149 159 153 133
Other vegetables 5,646 5,776 5,139 4,410 3,219
Total[5] 109,833 109,518 103,939 103,912 102,022

Notes:

1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.

3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.

4. Includes Asian radishes.

5. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0365-01   Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.6. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province (square meters)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 5,132 647 5,900 6,539 5,257
Prince Edward Island - - 13,531 14,935 12,169
Nova Scotia 77,992 - 83,556 82,265 87,282
New Brunswick 5,042 121 4,086 4,617 6,983
Quebec 951,534 915,475 1,145,549 1,228,400 1,274,804
Ontario 10,061,143 10,972,697 11,670,213 12,194,927 12,395,943
Manitoba 5,245 496 6,955 8,287 11,530
Saskatchewan 14,139  2,003 15,954 17,300 13,089
Alberta 544,222 547,626 670,984 719,049 741,985
British Columbia 2,881,096 3,088,435 3,222,661 3,136,709 3,032,257
Canada[1] 14,592,933 15,928,094 16,878,194 17,430,846 17,613,713

Notes:

1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0456-01   Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.7. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province - percent share, 2019

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  • Ontario: 71%
  • British Columbia: 17%
  • Quebec: 7%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.8. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (square meters)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 5,513,837 5,990,278 6,356,198 6,579,782 6,459,296
Peppers 4,940,683 5,385,939 5,625,383 5,615,729 5,574,511
Cucumbers 3,739,159 4,005,746 4,321,832 4,559,877 4,841,470
Lettuce 187,343 174,696 209,183 236,813 317,382
Eggplants  .. 90,123 109,631 110,519 107,706
Fine herbs  .. 26,922 90,429 69,737 103,655
Other fruits or vegetables 211,911 194,393 85,214 131,831 97,715
Microgreens and shoots  ..  .. 16,773 69,479 59,480
Chinese vegetables  .. 55,471 48,740 43,396 37,850
Beans (green and wax)  ..  4,526  6,630  6,998  8,914
Sprouts .. ..  8,181  6,685  5,734
Total[1]   14,592,933   15,928,094   16,878,194   17,430,846   17,613,713

Note:

1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0456-01  Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.9. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity – percent share, 2019

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  • Tomatoes: 37%
  • Peppers: 32%
  • Cucumbers: 27%
  • Lettuce: 2%
  • Others: 2%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.10. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by province (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,235 5,795 3,965 3,163 3,094
Prince Edward Island 26,836 26,639 24,818 16,737 9,016
Nova Scotia 51,602 56,190 67,189 54,860 43,974
New Brunswick 7,538 6,771 6,304 5,679 7,548
Quebec 682,869 707,011 687,122 654,102 664,287
Ontario 1,241,767 1,263,445 1,232,398 1,208,156 1,271,514
Manitoba 25,212 29,064 31,424 26,987 20,515
Saskatchewan 3,100 3,042 3,279 1,819 2,680
Alberta 53,181 53,934 57,971 57,285 51,010
British Columbia 79,081 86,364 80,143 77,603 74,623
Canada[2] 2,175,422 2,238,263 2,194,613 2,157,628 2,183,527

Notes:

1. Marketed Production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.11. Marketed production of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2019

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  • Ontario: 58%
  • Quebec: 31%
  • British Columbia: 3%
  • Alberta: 2%
  • Others: 6%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.12. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by commodity (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 429,165 501,329 478,960 501,908 481,942
Carrots[2] 376,063 358,852 377,484 356,397 351,165
Dry onions 218,715 215,669 230,314 229,369 241,944
Corn, sweet 219,050 196,993 191,447 187,819 188,007
Cabbage[3] 170,035 179,778 159,441 158,673 151,765
Lettuce[4] 84,670 91,463 86,527 85,719 84,896
Pumpkins 76,981 82,257 82,619 75,732 75,067
Peppers 65,314 68,068 68,075 64,067 63,117
Beans, green or wax 53,464 54,672 51,913 54,988 59,892
Cucumbers and gherkins 54,158 63,589 61,064 56,821 59,316
Squash and zucchinis 49,769 54,690 49,407 51,788 51,295
Peas, green 58,659 57,274 46,001 45,418 47,589
Beets 44,531 39,704 38,637 42,010 45,973
Rutabagas and turnips 48,646 47,853 46,621 45,212 43,670
Broccoli 40,875 42,106 42,432 42,335 41,401
Watermelons 27,879 24,657 26,199 F 32,864
Celery 36,058 37,968 34,967 32,414 31,988
Cauliflowers 30,597 32,685 32,416 28,996 31,056
Shallots and green onions 17,989 17,467 18,407 14,723 16,261
Radishes[5] 16,411 15,726 16,380 14,919 15,524
Sweet potatoes 12,612 13,645
Other melons 17,729 17,723 14,323 14,258 11,564
Asparagus 8,642 9,364 8,865 8,518 9,795
Brussels sprouts 5,990 5,120 6,233 6,331 6,757
Leeks 4,919 5,245 5,413 5,979 6,365
Parsnips 7,565 6,781 8,207 6,855 5,873
Spinach 6,234 5,825 5,442 4,783 4,557
Eggplants .. .. .. 2,388 3,903
Parsley 2,410 2,373 2,936 2,507 1,898
Rhubarb 1,485 1,623 2,522 1,678 1,651
Fine herbs .. .. .. 1,084 1,580
Garlic 1,419 1,409 1,361 1,327 1,207
Total[6] 2,175,422 2,238,263 2,194,613 2,157,628 2,183,527

Notes:

1. Marketed production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.

2. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

3. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.

4. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.  

5. Includes Asian radishes.

6. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

F: Too unreliable to be published.

..  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.13. Farm gate value[1] of field vegetables by province (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,959 6,259 5,486 4,693 5,109
Prince Edward Island 9,772 12,775 12,887 13,475 14,455
Nova Scotia 33,647 36,540 39,192 32,748 32,763
New Brunswick 7,697 8,180 7,665 7,593 7,852
Quebec 416,998 447,473 438,579 456,603 477,776
Ontario 503,050 506,131 527,179 551,929 569,515
Manitoba 25,011 29,194 33,671 30,341 32,588
Saskatchewan 4,096 4,624 5,383 5,628 6,633
Alberta 36,724 35,983 39,840 47,927 44,300
British Columbia 91,833 102,109 101,093 105,904 103,912
Canada[2] 1,133,787 1,189,268 1,210,975 1,256,842 1,294,903

Notes:

1.The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.14. Farm gate value of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2019

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  • Ontario: 44%
  • Quebec: 37%
  • British Columbia: 8%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 8%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.15. Farm gate value of field vegetables by commodity (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Carrots[1] 125,955 128,650 132,805 129,170 133,309
Dry onions 83,827 86,463 91,337 101,940 110,120
Tomatoes 93,025 111,768 109,876 106,820 108,967
Cabbage[2] 83,018 80,678 72,924 91,237 88,225
Lettuce[3] 76,063 84,336 78,997 81,844 82,222
Broccoli 60,980 59,369 72,010 75,850 78,124
Corn, sweet 80,453 75,997 75,879 76,193 73,135
Peppers 55,471 61,770 67,570 68,632 72,127
Asparagus 34,615 38,544 39,711 38,094 44,022
Squash and zucchinis 34,242 39,670 38,163 40,538 42,164
Beans, green or wax 35,685 36,303 35,694 35,620 38,279
Cauliflowers 29,635 30,816 29,236 32,475 36,670
Cucumbers and gherkins 32,591 40,082 35,485  F 35,574
Shallots and green onions 28,248 26,933 32,992 30,851 35,073
Pumpkins 24,886 26,653 28,747 27,944 32,101
Rutabagas and turnips 25,498 27,153 27,010 28,872 30,897
Peas, green 25,085 25,178 23,225 22,127 23,411
Celery 21,086 22,102 19,197 17,816 19,896
Beets 21,557 20,156 21,435 18,734 18,959
Radishes[4] 13,763 13,783 14,865 16,473 18,319
Garlic 15,169 15,682 15,667 15,135 14,245
Watermelons 9,540 10,342 8,401 11,847 13,649
Brussels sprouts 8,930 9,389 12,279 12,593 13,574
Sweet potatoes 12,734 13,507
Leeks 8,231 8,955 9,674 11,066 12,316
Spinach 12,408 12,462 11,700 10,620 10,355
Other melons 10,586 10,344 8,611 9,057 8,724
Parsnips 8,632 8,447 9,509 8,875 8,386
Fine herbs  ..  ..  .. 3,602 5,368
Parsley 4,700 5,215 6,541 6,080 4,971
Eggplants  ..  ..  .. 2,927 4,400
Rhubarb 2,182 2,581 3,654 2,728 2,810
Other vegetables 67,726 69,447 77,783 74,574 61,006
Total[5] 1,133,787 1,189,268 1,210,975 1,256,842 1,294,903

Notes:

1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.

3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce. 

4. Includes Asian radishes.

5. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

F: Too unreliable to be published.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables    

1.16. Greenhouse vegetable[1] production by province (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 3 8 14 25
Prince Edward Island - - 2 448 407
Nova Scotia 3,090 1,248 2,914 2,872 3,088
New Brunswick 29 1 - 45 304
Quebec 6,110 27,938 38,772 41,333 40,995
Ontario 420,081 424,451 438,680 452,009 461,296
Manitoba 152 3 186 205 218
Saskatchewan 189 22 224 209 175
Alberta 22,195 23,150 33,170 37,161 37,844
British Columbia 114,652 90,881 120,864 123,000 119,682
Canada[2] 587,825 604,990 636,723 660,259 664,449

Notes:

1. Does not include lettuce between 2012 and 2015.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.17. Greenhouse vegetable production by province – percent share, 2019

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  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 18%
  • Quebec: 6%
  • Alberta: 6%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.18. Greenhouse vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 261,677 271,006 279,494 279,433 269,659
Cucumbers 186,306 189,704 206,227 228,764 240,451
Peppers 134,644 135,657 139,060 139,153 140,745
Lettuce 5,198 4,876 6,256 7,049 8,302
Eggplants  .. 2,904 3,456 3,476 3,036
Fine herbs  .. 219 755 572 938
Microgreens and shoots  ..  .. 164 919 569
Chinese vegetables  .. 587 495 442 368
Sprouts  ..  .. 776 405 337
Beans (green and wax)  .. 36 40 47 45
Total[1] 587,825 604,990 636,723 660,259 664,449

Notes:

1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.19. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by province (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 145 42 141 94 133
Prince Edward Island - - 8 1,897 1,902
Nova Scotia 8,433 8,012 7,516 4,793 9,227
New Brunswick 244 29 115 189 1,073
Quebec 36,568 98,861 128,839 143,496 148,162
Ontario 831,591 859,787 917,857 955,527 1,032,326
Manitoba 609 82 975 1,201 1,511
Saskatchewan 1,386 715 708 1,415 952
Alberta 53,584 54,689 69,386 81,003 85,256
British Columbia 296,577 294,435 289,930 296,885 305,413
Canada[1] 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,437,089 1,512,118 1,587,417

Notes:

1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

- : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.20. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 514,251 537,032 555,196 569,574 588,519
Cucumbers 316,495 336,050 395,760 443,018 485,815
Peppers 420,539 409,980 421,873 428,451 441,680
Lettuce 28,769 27,366 32,036 33,941 35,396
Eggplants  .. 7,757 11,531 11,727 10,561
Fine herbs  .. 3,559 8,576 7,066 10,349
Other fruits or vegetables 15,802 7,839 6,047 7,459 7,190
Microgreens and shoots  ..  .. 3,585 8,384 5,684
Chinese vegetables  .. 1,226 1,180 1,076 930
Sprouts  ..  .. 993 1,014 896
Beans (green and wax)  .. 353 313 406 399
Total 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,437,089 1,512,118 1,587,417

Note:

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.21. Area, production and sales[1] of Canadian mushrooms

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Harvested area (thousands of square feet) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 27,613 28,907 29,199 31,965 34,033
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 18,500 16,989 16,989 17,292 22,357
Canada[2] 50,322 50,655 50,764 53,558 60,695
Production (metric tonnes) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 58,360 61,083 63,103 69,196 66,687
Prairie provinces .. x x x x
British Columbia 46,833 46,894 47,325 47,352 56,424
Canada[2] 114,683 118,711 120,253 125,565 132,114
Sales (thousands of Canadian dollars) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 257,466 287,959 311,346 338,350 339,329
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 142,071 171,358 173,785 173,790 207,592
Canada[2] 443,604 506,650 527,570 553,320 589,468

Notes:

1. Regional distribution shown as presented by Statistics Canada.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

x : Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source:  Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0356-01   Area, production and sales of mushrooms

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable" by launch type, 2013–2017

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  • New Variety/Range Extension: 522 (44%)
  • New Packaging: 376 (32%)
  • New Product: 254 (21%)
  • Relaunch: 30 (3%)
  • New Formulation: 2 (0%)

Source: Mintel

2.2. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category “Vegetable”, 2015 – 2019

Claim 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Total
Kosher 32 119 88 133 91 463
Microwaveable 46 64 70 40 22 242
Organic 27 63 53 39 60 242
Ease of Use 38 85 37 39 29 228
High/Added Fiber 11 55 34 59 41 200
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 21 59 28 36 50 194
Ethical - Recycling 16 57 26 36 44 179
Not Specified 18 24 40 50 42 174
Premium 21 32 42 17 13 125
Convenient Packaging 29 36 22 13 19 119

Source: Mintel

2.3. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2015–2019

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Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian vegetable[1] trade balance (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Exports 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,236 1,955,768 2,157,580
Imports 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,552,054 3,611,483 3,927,159
Net trade (exports less imports) -1,719,223 -1,836,693 -1,738,819 -1,655,715 -1,769,578

Note:

1. Includes field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Excludes potatoes.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2. Exports

3.2.1. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by sub-sector (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Greenhouse vegetables 827,500 862,769 964,121 1,001,911 1,107,806
Field vegetables[1],[2] 595,696 637,549 639,112 691,031 729,335
Mushrooms 180,349 213,762 210,003 262,825 320,440
Total 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,236 1,955,768 2,157,580

Notes:

1. Includes frozen.

2. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2.2. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Peppers[1] 361,681 360,058 365,667 391,320 459,379
Tomatoes[1] 326,231 372,351 416,576 392,023 414,806
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 204,399 239,434 268,736 305,824 334,142
Mushrooms 180,349 213,762 210,003 262,825 320,440
Carrots and turnips 62,045 53,715 66,118 72,799 72,242
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 54,259 57,332 49,100 79,306 68,058
Onions and shallots 54,208 54,503 54,033 58,831 55,529
Beans[2] 60,207 60,504 66,621 58,373 57,205
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 32,071 26,662 29,338 32,983 37,455
Lettuce 27,578 28,137 26,879 27,303 33,424
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 15,990 17,398 19,888 16,608 30,502
Sweet potatoes 9,137 17,057 21,917 26,763 30,175
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 16,829 18,981 19,499 24,021 27,453
Peas[2] 24,204 27,873 20,493 19,752 24,074
Corn[2] 34,988 29,627 30,593 27,377 23,285
Asparagus 6,293 8,115 7,922 8,348 11,973
Aubergines (egg-plants) 5,649 6,216 5,926 6,157 7,527
Spinach[2] 10,917 9,238 7,286 7,749 7,107
Celery 4,403 2,514 2,948 4,042 4,842
Brussels sprouts 2,295 1,533 4,794 3,556 4,062
Leeks 2,142 2,208 1,988 1,884 1,914
Garlic 375 483 742 695 525
Other vegetables[2],[3] 107,294 106,377 116,168 127,230 131,460
Total 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,236 1,955,768 2,157,580

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2.3. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 119,622 137,951 141,252 145,093 157,358
Tomatoes[1] 135,553 155,637 167,213 151,872 151,920
Peppers[1] 113,063 133,265 124,830 123,036 134,762
Carrots and turnips 89,771 80,190 98,396 94,596 101,397
Cabbages, kohlrabi ad kale 63,074 68,624 64,622 83,768 71,609
Onions and shallots 81,618 62,220 65,029 66,872 61,490
Mushrooms 32,502 37,559 38,172 46,012 52,193
Sweet potatoes 11,664 22,860 30,286 36,870 42,236
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 21,606 27,188 26,706 32,618 36,838
Beans[2] 36,468 34,281 39,672 35,200 34,264
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 14,070 16,200 19,786 14,625 23,771
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 23,048 21,497 20,812 21,721 23,658
Corn[2] 26,949 19,770 21,476 19,517 17,297
Lettuce 19,166 18,173 18,038 16,033 16,657
Peas[2] 17,244 19,483 12,274 11,550 13,645
Celery 5,155 4,126 4,571 5,506 7,910
Aubergines (egg-plants) 1,582 1,874 1,675 2,028 2,399
Asparagus 1,329 1,495 1,421 1,648 2,087
Spinach[2] 3,412 2,546 1,768 1,887 1,442
Brussels sprouts 857 663 1,850 1,315 1,349
Leeks 635 738 706 671 701
Garlic 69 169 226 189 107
Other vegetables[2],[3] 88,291 82,810 87,655 93,162 91,851
Total 906,748 949,318 988,434 1,005,788 1,046,939

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2.4. Top 5 vegetable[1] export destinations by commodity (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States Peppers 361,415 359,674 364,667 390,344 458,415
Tomatoes 324,282 368,278 410,927 385,912 408,916
Cucumbers and gherkins 204,342 239,405 268,722 305,795 334,097
Mushrooms 162,191 194,274 202,175 255,800 304,250
Carrots and turnips 61,919 53,629 66,040 72,592 72,175
Others 455,616 450,882 461,705 502,745 521,133
Total 1,569,764 1,666,141 1,774,235 1,913,188 2,098,986
Netherlands Sweet potatoes 5,561 12,702 17,486 20,818 23,765
Mushrooms 1,097 1,286 1,390 442 816
Onions and shallots 34 0 0 0 0
Carrots and turnips 0 0 0 44 0
Total 6,692 13,988 18,876 21,305 24,581
Japan Mushrooms 14,082 16,380 3,379 4,106 11,958
Tomatoes 1,539 3,478 4,625 5,308 4,731
Beans 0 0 105 0 2,575
Peppers 0 15 532 719 722
Asparagus 0 0 0 0 59
Others 0 1 0 0 0
Total 15,891 20,395 9,002 10,608 20,148
Israel Sweet potatoes 351 717 1,307 2,159 2,678
Peas 0 0 0 0 18
Total 351 717 1,307 2,159 2,696
France Mushrooms 1,564 915 1,316 1,218 1,667
Beans 72 249 73 165 54
Tomatoes 1 7 22 27 26
Peppers 20 22 18 25 24
Leeks 8 8 9 9 10
Others 348 432 539 46 36
Total 2,013 1,633 1,978 1,490 1,816

Note:

1. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2.5. Top 10 vegetable[1] export destinations (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 1,569,764 1,666,141 1,774,235 1,913,188 2,098,986
Netherlands 6,692 13,988 18,876 21,305 24,581
Japan 15,891 20,395 9,002 10,608 20,148
Israel 351 717 1,307 2,159 2,696
France 2,013 1,633 1,978 1,490 1,816
China 1,830 3,890 1,129 178 1,748
Norway - - 166 1,633 1,735
Taiwan 428 796 1,207 804 943
Hong Kong 1,096 792 941 1,292 934
India 567 290 182 -   647
Others 4,913 5,437 4,213 3,111 3,347
Total 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,236 1,955,768 2,157,580

Note:

1. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.2.6. Top vegetable export destinations by province (CAN$)

2015 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 26,724 9,179
France 908 1,603
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1,533 0
Total 29,165 10,782
Prince Edward Island United States 2,131,892 1,402,119
Germany 0 24,535
Guyana 0 16,268
Jamaica 23,249 8,167
Others 163,431 0
Total 2,318,572 1,451,089
Nova Scotia United States 19,037,440 15,622,013
Trinidad and Tobago 0 80,417
France 25,623 38,473
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4,940 4,559
Japan 0 3,972
Others 20,350 0
Total 19,088,353 15,749,434
New Brunswick United States 1,371,391 849,861
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 29,883 27,946
France 653 1,701
Taiwan 0 100
Trinidad and Tobago 37,349 0
Total 1,439,276 879,608
Quebec United States 258,030,285 312,755,286
Netherlands 5,561,069 23,765,267
Israel 350,544 2,677,868
Norway 0 1,734,703
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 574,988 534,730
Others 1,190,547 517,741
Total 265,707,433 341,985,595
Ontario United States 997,351,389 1,382,912,426
Japan 846,818 5,496,127
Taiwan 0 763,101
Bermuda 194,583 247,925
Australia 0 163,030
Others 945,337 636,839
Total 999,338,127 1,390,219,448
Manitoba United States 2,169,102 841,594
Venezuela 0 19,358
Hong Kong 0 8,000
Barbados 0 4,869
Total 2,169,102 873,821
Saskatchewan India 270,251 209,325
Thailand 748,821 202,830
Malaysia 157,142 173,414
United States 463,890 121,061
China 285,848 89,005
Others 753,606 286,179
Total 2,679,558 1,081,814
Alberta United States 6,040,562 6,507,499
Suriname 0 19,809
Mauritius 0 2,489
Others 42,599 0
Total 6,083,161 6,529,797
British Columbia United States 283,141,639 377,965,011
Japan 15,011,748 14,618,720
France 1,545,693 1,647,200
China 1,517,179 1,631,573
Netherlands 1,097,071 815,502
Others 2,378,222 2,121,071
Total 304,691,552 398,799,077
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3. Imports

3.3.1. Canada's fresh vegetable imports by sub-sector (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Greenhouse vegetables 369,810 460,392 383,735 332,631 331,052
Field vegetables[1],[2] 2,911,437 3,050,730 3,124,625 3,219,510 3,536,541
Mushrooms 41,520 39,649 43,694 59,342 59,566
Total 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,552,054 3,611,483 3,927,159

Notes:

1. Includes frozen.

2. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3.2. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (CAN$ ‘000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Lettuce[1] 457,880 419,745 447,931 442,602 474,795
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 373,824 384,075 374,847 380,288 416,936
Tomatoes[1] 399,311 463,969 431,632 415,925 405,449
Peppers[1] 300,601 374,098 323,100 345,091 380,170
Onions and shallots 171,702 202,016 178,611 193,407 237,064
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 137,133 149,790 189,110 188,497 200,744
Spinach[2] 156,597 157,799 161,440 161,818 159,593
Carrots and turnips 144,920 154,466 141,627 153,365 151,637
Celery 88,799 89,861 91,787 85,828 145,098
Asparagus 99,817 104,213 111,090 110,172 110,142
Beans[2] 92,467 94,222 94,277 101,283 107,992
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 105,304 91,169 103,974 97,213 106,918
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 76,552 84,373 88,245 88,327 90,338
Peas[2] 76,749 83,113 85,693 90,375 89,332
Sweet potatoes 59,170 62,736 60,359 66,582 75,094
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 67,030 67,686 74,870 74,234 74,548
Sweet corn[2] 56,644 66,406 75,121 68,333 70,559
Garlic 48,659 68,727 62,931 48,607 60,493
Mushrooms 35,416 33,744 37,738 52,357 53,441
Aubergines 32,669 36,757 37,362 35,362 41,269
Yams 31,956 34,714 35,413 31,054 39,856
Brussels sprouts 21,798 24,191 28,067 27,330 33,677
Leeks 12,976 13,940 11,717 11,510 13,963
Other vegetables[2],[3] 274,793 288,962 305,113 341,923 388,051
Total 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,552,054 3,611,483 3,927,159

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Includes Frozen

3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3.3. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes[1] 201,511 217,651 212,523 227,536 211,739
Onions and shallots 171,624 196,947 179,212 187,087 206,695
Lettuce[1] 192,614 191,181 191,899 185,022 188,513
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 176,936 182,595 169,557 176,504 188,449
Peppers[1] 122,807 134,036 133,457 141,148 145,948
Carrots and turnips 111,916 121,210 114,980 117,158 113,064
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 75,206 98,517 105,024 110,086 110,575
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 89,538 88,192 87,465 86,991 90,017
Celery 89,506 87,975 86,871 88,271 81,669
Sweet potatoes 55,628 62,734 66,242 72,402 68,564
Sweet corn[2] 55,520 56,407 64,505 58,542 60,005
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 49,683 54,723 56,589 55,579 57,660
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 50,609 54,653 54,407 54,341 52,879
Spinach[2] 43,680 44,193 46,588 46,620 45,934
Beans[2] 41,468 36,270 38,450 40,529 42,530
Aubergines 24,147 24,950 25,095 25,253 26,212
Asparagus 18,183 19,224 20,118 24,015 23,424
Peas[2] 18,515 19,122 19,414 21,643 21,312
Garlic 18,428 18,352 18,648 21,391 20,683
Yams 18,744 19,986 20,296 17,128 19,443
Mushrooms 8,228 7,347 8,805 11,450 11,296
Brussels sprouts 7,707 7,617 9,318 10,466 10,470
Leeks 6,077 6,244 5,623 5,348 6,397
Other vegetables[2],[3] 154,870 163,636 172,820 189,898 215,807
Total 1,803,146 1,913,762 1,907,904 1,974,410 2,019,285

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Includes Frozen

3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3.4. Top 5 import vegetable import sources by commodity (CAN$ ‘000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States Lettuce 448,998 414,448 441,115 431,675 457,969
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 320,469 323,162 314,193 314,623 329,342
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 128,385 139,212 162,324 166,004 167,123
Onions and shallots 109,857 137,552 117,023 122,495 157,955
Spinach 143,459 143,988 144,800 145,310 141,973
Others 979,631 976,262 984,464 992,267 1,079,015
Total 2,130,798 2,134,625 2,163,919 2,172,374 2,333,377
Mexico Tomatoes 274,367 337,534 308,154 297,761 281,735
Peppers 169,376 237,016 209,891 226,371 242,247
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 49,103 55,024 55,540 58,571 76,435
Asparagus 47,444 56,766 65,946 70,559 74,121
Cucumbers and gherkins 56,499 62,518 70,392 72,669 68,943
Others 253,721 276,763 304,911 317,297 364,754
Total 850,510 1,025,621 1,014,834 1,043,227 1,108,235
China Garlic 28,758 44,093 40,436 29,472 39,130
Peas 9,864 9,590 11,029 9,049 11,378
Arrowroot and sale 5,827 6,579 6,338 6,381 6,537
Carrots and turnips 3,825 4,579 4,362 6,184 6,246
Spinach 3,418 3,731 4,260 4,290 4,786
Others 34,291 39,358 42,072 44,747 53,349
Total 85,984 107,929 108,497 100,124 121,426
Italy Mushrooms 592 580 776 1,160 1,295
Chicory 24 127 208 203 245
Olives 53 22 29 29 84
Witloof chicory 6 36 36 31 28
Globe artichokes 0 8 54 39 25
Others 643 826 787 590 422
Total 1,318 1,599 1,890 2,051 2,099
France Leeks 1,822 2,180 1,537 2,145 2,403
Spinach 1,280 2,017 1,936 1,990 1,617
Onions and shallots 389 1,031 937 558 661
Garlic 22 23 99 209 295
Mushrooms 225 202 327 219 175
Others 3,628 2,731 2,177 2,078 2,279
Total 7,366 8,184 7,013 7,200 7,430
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3.5. Top 10 vegetable import sources (CAN$ ‘000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 2,130,798 2,134,625 2,163,919 2,172,374 2,333,377
Mexico 850,510 1,025,621 1,014,834 1,043,227 1,108,235
China 85,984 107,929 108,497 100,124 121,426
Spain 43,726 51,107 32,992 40,347 60,033
Guatemala 25,465 23,566 30,798 39,452 48,859
Peru 51,184 48,336 46,502 42,016 41,235
Honduras 16,463 19,295 19,953 21,072 27,707
Belgium 11,089 7,777 7,162 11,369 18,841
Ecuador 3,044 4,166 5,581 7,731 15,545
India 6,175 8,176 9,739 11,468 15,467
Others 98,329 120,174 112,076 122,303 136,434
Total 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,552,054 3,611,483 3,927,159
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

3.3.6. Top vegetable import sources by province (CAN$ ‘000)

2015 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador Mexico 0 0
Total 0 0
Prince Edward Island Total 0 0
Nova Scotia Spain 0 984
Poland 420 420
India 0 211
Israel 0 122
China 0 93
Others 1,041 77
Total 1,462 1,907
New Brunswick United States 24,851 11,912
Mexico 587 346
Peru 1,104 59
Spain 1 43
Honduras 105 28
Others 308 132
Total 26,956 12,521
Quebec United States 88,833 95,366
Spain 15,484 27,061
China 15,556 19,938
Peru 7,215 9,568
Belgium 8,963 7,837
Others 34,560 56,473
Total 170,611 216,243
Ontario United States 1,113,326 1,279,614
Mexico 578,052 739,393
Guatemala 20,441 38,587
China 24,571 32,704
Peru 29,784 28,242
Others 94,104 145,169
Total 1,860,279 2,263,708
Manitoba United States 50,285 47,806
Mexico 13,715 23,093
Peru 812 162
Honduras 119 146
China 42 122
Others 320 735
Total 65,293 72,064
Saskatchewan United States 23,702 16,736
Mexico 8,875 10,717
Canada 98 89
Nicaragua 69 43
China 0 41
Others 4,958 107
Total 37,702 27,734
Alberta United States 306,145 345,513
Mexico 98,277 146,535
Spain 4,354 5,133
Guatemala 1,478 3,577
India 928 1,507
Others 6,082 6,157
Total 417,263 508,422
British Columbia United States 523,656 536,430
Mexico 148,821 185,605
China 45,696 68,202
Korea, South 3,858 6,563
Spain 4,049 2,887
Others 17,121 24,872
Total 743,201 824,560
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, June 2020)

4. Availability for consumption

4.1. Fresh vegetable available[1] for consumption[2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Onions and shallots, fresh 9.43 8.77 8.68 8.45 9.30
Lettuce, fresh 8.59 8.65 8.48 8.20 8.20
Tomatoes, fresh 8.13 8.15 7.88 8.39 7.98
Carrots, fresh, 8.72 7.75 7.20 7.27 6.43
Cabbage, fresh 4.36 4.31 4.00 4.27 4.50
Peppers, fresh 4.51 4.09 4.36 4.33 4.18
Cucumbers, fresh 3.37 3.00 3.18 3.56 3.46
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 3.33 3.35 3.44 3.20 3.17
Cauliflower, fresh 2.29 2.87 2.88 3.01 2.80
Corn, fresh 3.32 3.12 3.01 2.84 2.78
Celery, fresh 3.07 3.07 2.80 2.69 2.43
Broccoli, fresh 2.70 2.70 2.31 2.45 2.38
Mushrooms, fresh 2.32 2.15 2.16 2.13 1.84
Chinese cabbage[3], fresh 1.01 0.96 0.94 1.62 1.69
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 1.33 1.08 0.98 1.17 0.98
Beets, fresh 1.05 0.91 0.98 0.97 0.97
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.90 0.91 0.86 0.89 0.92
Spinach, fresh 0.95 0.93 0.97 0.94 0.92
Potatoes sweet, fresh 1.40 1.25 1.13 1.11 0.89
Kale, fresh .. .. .. 0.86 0.84
Asparagus, fresh 0.65 0.68 0.68 0.75 0.75
Eggplants, fresh 0.57 0.57 0.58 0.62 0.65
Garlic, fresh 0.52 0.51 0.51 0.57 0.54
Radishes, fresh 0.44 0.43 0.44 0.35 0.36
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.34 0.34
Leeks, fresh 0.27 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.30
Parsley, fresh 0.31 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.30
Peas, fresh 0.22 0.19 0.31 0.32 0.27
Okra, fresh 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.18
Rapini, fresh 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.18
Parsnips, fresh 0.22 0.20 0.23 0.19 0.16
Manioc, fresh 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13
Artichokes, fresh 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03
Olives, fresh 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply – Exports – Manufacturing - Waste - Ending stocks

2. Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.

3. "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

 .. Data not available for a specific period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4.2. Fresh vegetable available[1] for consumption adjusted for losses[2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes, fresh 5.98 5.98 5.79 6.17 5.86
Lettuce, fresh 4.75 4.78 4.69 4.54 4.53
Onions and shallots, fresh 4.37 4.06 4.02 3.91 4.30
Carrots, fresh, 4.86 4.32 4.01 4.06 3.59
Cabbage, fresh 2.28 2.25 2.09 2.23 2.35
Peppers, fresh 2.08 1.88 2.01 2.00 1.93
Cucumbers, fresh 1.57 1.40 1.48 1.66 1.61
Celery, fresh 1.58 1.58 1.44 1.39 1.25
Mushrooms, fresh 1.55 1.44 1.44 1.43 1.23
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 1.19 1.20 1.23 1.14 1.13
Broccoli, fresh 1.27 1.28 1.09 1.16 1.12
Chinese cabbage[3], fresh 0.53 0.50 0.49 0.85 0.88
Cauliflower, fresh 0.70 0.88 0.88 0.92 0.85
Corn, fresh 0.81 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.68
Kale, fresh .. .. .. 0.61 0.59
Beets, fresh 0.58 0.51 0.55 0.54 0.54
Spinach, fresh 0.54 0.52 0.55 0.53 0.51
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.49 0.50 0.47 0.49 0.50
Eggplants, fresh 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.29 0.31
Potatoes sweet, fresh 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.38 0.31
Asparagus, fresh 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.29
Garlic, fresh 0.24 0.23 0.23 0.26 0.25
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 0.34 0.28 0.25 0.30 0.25
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.22 0.22
Parsley, fresh 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.15
Peas, fresh 0.12 0.10 0.17 0.17 0.15
Leeks, fresh 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.14
Radishes, fresh 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.13 0.14
Rapini, fresh 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.10 0.10
Manioc, fresh 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.09
Okra, fresh 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09
Parsnips, fresh 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.09
Artichokes, fresh 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Olives, fresh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply – Exports – Manufacturing - Waste - Ending stocks

2. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

3. "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

 .. Data not available a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

5. World production

5.1. World fresh vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 174,787,530 176,823,434 178,158,747 180,945,772 182,256,458
Onions, dry 89,157,147 91,457,876 94,838,690 97,484,228 96,773,819
Cucumbers and gherkins 76,111,305 78,037,657 79,844,838 77,896,545 75,219,440
Cabbages and other brassicas 70,690,783 70,190,424 69,790,058 70,452,635 69,381,555
Eggplants (aubergines) 49,977,219 50,560,709 51,302,856 52,489,150 54,077,210
Carrots and turnips 38,699,228 41,283,861 42,576,346 40,316,041 39,996,287
Chillies and peppers, green 32,150,707 33,189,148 34,567,250 35,988,989 36,771,482
Garlic 25,006,820 26,692,650 26,821,718 27,648,023 28,494,130
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 25,739,353 26,116,050 26,665,074 27,107,482 27,643,932
Lettuce and chicory 24,983,011 26,151,231 27,440,987 27,726,623 27,256,487
Cauliflowers and broccoli 24,350,419 24,415,217 25,162,663 26,077,313 26,504,006
Spinach 24,289,573 25,777,068 26,763,044 25,754,263 26,255,931
Beans, green 21,705,172 23,183,217 23,595,644 24,214,148 24,752,675
Peas, green 17,450,024 19,411,817 19,854,943 20,764,578 21,225,579
Maize, green 10,876,779 11,592,141 11,441,295 11,357,174 11,516,818
Okra 9,822,005 9,266,990 9,355,676 9,579,021 9,872,826
Asparagus 7,877,021 8,572,960 8,754,094 8,951,427 9,108,203
Mushrooms and truffles 8,705,275 9,020,998 9,033,676 8,904,203 8,993,280
Onions, shallots, green 5,042,321 4,992,578 5,171,870 5,140,015 5,468,439
Cassava leaves 2,266,269 2,189,084 2,502,132 2,406,439 2,370,894
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,215,295 2,123,308 2,132,008 2,186,379 2,179,050
String beans 1,861,702 1,856,761 1,920,042 1,960,401 1,873,676
Artichokes 1,575,163 1,454,847 1,418,886 1,670,861 1,678,872
Vegetables, leguminous nes[1] 1,566,857 1,481,714 1,455,600 1,508,375 1,571,704
Vegetables, fresh nes[1] 285,693,443 288,931,169 292,920,885 294,934,038 297,596,674

Note:

1. Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: FAOSTAT (July 2020)

6. World trade

6.1. Top 10 importers of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 9,215,099 10,847,154 10,507,922 11,073,962 12,157,291
Germany 5,916,699 6,323,700 6,644,541 6,891,988 6,873,608
United Kingdom 4,073,820 4,183,710 4,030,214 4,286,384 4,320,282
Canada 3,075,877 3,279,970 3,278,247 3,310,121 3,567,454
France 2,857,337 3,147,188 3,226,330 3,215,355 3,264,411
Netherlands 1,700,753 2,270,485 2,436,070 2,426,831 2,554,462
Russia 1,884,441 1,528,619 1,846,241 1,858,720 1,998,078
Belgium 1,181,372 1,345,654 1,324,609 1,225,779 1,251,043
Italy 965,139 921,491 1,040,880 1,045,036 1,192,134
Poland 699,593 770,854 892,603 972,364 1,129,090
Japan 1,025,732 1,211,572 1,089,244 1,181,194 1,053,748
Total 46,387,831 51,052,663 51,543,551 52,282,476 54,754,169

Note:

1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (July 2020)

6.2. Top 10 exporters of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Mexico 6,364,022 8,017,016 7,744,417 8,308,149 9,341,973
Netherlands 6,484,540 7,657,782 7,855,803 8,344,392 8,642,479
Spain 6,694,953 7,472,356 7,519,188 7,923,744 8,346,923
China 5,215,745 6,630,770 6,268,402 5,421,175 6,590,802
United States 3,499,498 3,693,469 3,639,422 3,717,426 3,918,295
Canada 1,563,885 1,754,322 1,837,273 2,033,187 2,193,158
Italy 1,681,666 1,880,405 1,888,416 2,031,750 1,953,734
France 1,469,508 1,585,353 1,605,197 1,520,100 1,591,181
Morocco 863,583 1,103,398 1,397,424 1,368,536 1,521,436
Belgium 1,143,212 1,211,271 1,225,982 1,100,666 1,181,909
Poland 852,004 917,706 938,275 1,062,663 1,111,135
Total 46,025,994 52,240,809 52,446,338 53,604,621 57,556,657

Note:

1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (July 2020)

6.3. Top 10 selected vegetable[1] imports worldwide (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 10,405,376 11,225,530 11,504,516 11,681,600 11,587,178
Peppers 6,001,998 6,954,248 6,825,263 7,088,248 7,459,749
Onions and shallots 3,615,089 3,666,719 3,517,598 3,598,217 4,391,517
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,929,875 3,236,276 3,275,052 3,586,608 3,558,692
Garlic 2,439,122 3,632,720 3,361,439 2,500,317 2,893,273
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[2] 2,181,893 2,335,529 2,357,210 2,287,628 2,557,412
Lettuce[3] 1,814,365 1,860,589 1,982,971 2,083,349 2,218,870
Asparagus 1,752,957 1,981,354 2,009,268 1,981,163 2,057,824
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,613,441 1,700,553 1,792,767 1,787,527 1,852,754
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,234,036 1,345,055 1,465,912 1,531,673 1,659,032

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

3. Excludes cabbage lettuce.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (July 2020)

6.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] exports worldwide (CAN$ '000)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 10,523,640 11,449,857 11,597,780 11,977,454 11,927,394
Peppers 5,625,426 6,576,777 6,542,358 6,894,623 7,405,561
Onions and shallots 4,142,305 4,385,664 4,099,178 4,480,895 5,331,211
Garlic 3,193,168 4,821,344 4,089,967 2,730,135 3,681,156
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,695,057 3,196,402 3,148,808 3,486,135 3,473,565
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,510,204 1,651,755 1,774,958 1,853,411 2,392,719
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[2] 1,727,575 1,833,223 1,882,730 2,009,014 2,313,314
Lettuce[3] 1,596,337 1,633,727 1,795,349 1,946,359 2,088,055
Carrots and turnips 1,580,436 1,705,749 1,630,224 1,986,828 1,906,807
Asparagus 1,460,275 1,708,411 1,842,801 1,730,873 1,812,137

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

3. Excludes cabbage lettuce.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (July 2020)

7.  Key resources

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