Statistical Overview of the Canadian Vegetable Industry, 2018

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Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gateFootnote 1 value (FGV), trade, and innovation in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms. A separate report for potatoes is prepared annually.

Overall, Canada’s field vegetable production volume decreased by 3.2% from 2017 to 2,123,985 metric tonnes in 2018. Field tomatoes topped the production of field vegetables with 492,835 metric tonnes (23%), followed by carrots with 347,340 metric tonnes (16%), and dry onions with 228,460 metric tonnes (11%). Ontario remained the largest producing province accounting for 43% of Canada’s total production of field vegetables, followed by Quebec with 38%.

Despite the decline in production volume, the value of field vegetables rose 2.5% in 2018 to $1.2 billion. Together, carrots, tomatoes, dry onions, lettuce, sweet corn, broccoli and peppers represented more than half of the total value of field vegetables grown in Canada. Carrots recorded the highest value ($129.9 million), followed by tomatoes ($105.5 million), dry onions ($94.6 million), lettuce ($82.9 million), sweet corn ($76.4 million), broccoli ($74.4 million) and peppers ($68.8 million). Kale is an emerging commodity in Canada. According to data from the Census of Agriculture, the cultivated area for kale increased 389.9% from 2011 to 2016. In 2018, farmers cultivated 252.0 hectares of kale, with a farm-gate value of $5.5 million.

Canadian mushroom growers produced 125,565 metric tons of mushrooms, up 4.4% compared with 2017, marking the third year-over-year increase. The total value of Canadian mushrooms rose 4.9% from 2017 to $552.3 million, mainly due to the production increase. Prices were relatively stable compared with the previous year. Ontario and British Columbia are the leading producing provinces of mushrooms in Canada, together accounting for over 90% of total production.

Farm gate value for the greenhouse vegetable sector totaled over $1.5 billion in 2018, an increase of 5.2% from 2017, largely due to an increase in the value of cucumbers. In 2018, Ontario continued to lead the greenhouse vegetable sector representing 63.2% of total farm gate value, British Columbia and Quebec followed with 19.3% and 9.4%, respectively. Tomatoes were the largest contributor to greenhouse farm gate value, accounting for 37.4% ($565 million) of the total; cucumbers and peppers followed at 29.7% ($449 million) and 28.3% ($428 million) respectively.

Total Canadian vegetable exports, comprising field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables, and mushrooms, grew by 7.9% to $1.9 billion in 2018. The United States remained Canada’s largest purchaser, importing 97.8% of Canada’s total vegetable exports.

The greenhouse sector is a significant contributor to the Canadian value of exported vegetables. In 2018, greenhouse products accounted for 51.2% of total vegetable exports.

Due to the seasonal nature of field vegetable production in Canada, imports are an integral component of the Canadian fresh vegetable market and often necessary to fulfill Canadian demand year-round. In 2018, Canada imported approximately $3.6 billion in vegetables (field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms), with approximately $2.2 billion (60.1%) coming from the United States; Mexico was the second largest source of Canadian imports, with approximately $1.0 billion import value. The top vegetables in terms of quantity (including field and greenhouse) imported were lettuce, cabbages, tomatoes, and peppers. The top United States (U.S.) imports were lettuce, cabbages, and broccoli/cauliflower whereas imports from Mexico consisted primarily of tomatoes, peppers, and cucumber/gherkins.

The vegetable industry is continually introducing innovative varieties and products to meet changing consumer preferences. In 2018, approximately 274 new products were launched in Canada ranging from new varieties to new packaging. The top claims of new products included kosher, microwaveable, ease of use, organic, and ethical/ecological (that is environmentally friendly packaging).

1. Production

1.1. Number of field vegetable farms[1][2] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 68 112 78
Prince Edward Island 54 299 250
Nova Scotia 125 140 177
New Brunswick 69 280 236
Quebec 857 974 1,172
Ontario 1,526 1,531 1,856
Manitoba 97 189 196
Saskatchewan 43 108 115
Alberta 124 277 299
British Columbia 669 912 1,135
Canada 3,632 4,822 5,514

Notes:

  • 1. Includes melons.
  • 2. Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0403-01 Farms classified by farm type

1.2. Number of greenhouse vegetable[1][2] farms by province

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Atlantic provinces 52 54 52 52 51
Quebec 240 242 247 250 238
Ontario 310 315 323 330 325
Prairie provinces 95 100 107 101 102
British Columbia 140 150 160 154 150
Canada 837 861 894 889 866

Notes:

  • 1. Includes specialized greenhouse fruits.
  • 2. Excludes mixed operations (vegetables, flowers and plants) and cannabis operations.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0019-01 Estimates of specialized greenhouse operations, greenhouse area, and months of operation

1.3. Planted area of field vegetables by province (hectares)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 306 302 306 278 249
Prince Edward Island 722 719 726 812 766
Nova Scotia 1,715 1,722 1,797 2,152 2,114
New Brunswick 710 697 678 647 606
Quebec 37,957 37,802 37,749 37,288 37,165
Ontario 54,379 53,619 54,165 50,362 50,637
Manitoba 634 1,251 1,280 1,393 1,603
Saskatchewan 292 313 320 266 343
Alberta 4,219 3,468 3,949 3,228 3,505
British Columbia 6,396 6,150 5,922 5,858 5,923
Canada[1] 110,036 109,835 109,520 103,943 103,220

Note:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.4. Planted area of field vegetables by province - percent share, 2018

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  • Ontario: 49%
  • Quebec: 36%
  • British Columbia: 6%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 6%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.5. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Corn, sweet 20,819 20,033 19,248 17,968 17,663
Peas, green 13,169 12,770 12,782 11,176 10,837
Beans, green or wax 7,916 8,445 8,313 8,179 8,465
Carrots[1] 9,139 9,032 8,940 8,662 8,344
Tomatoes 7,106 7,080 6,938 6,557 6,559
Cabbage[2] 6,329 5,914 5,578 5,458 5,925
Dry onions 5,812 5,773 5,734 5,776 5,624
Broccoli 4,150 4,149 4,276 4,423 4,570
Lettuce[3] 3,941 4,007 4,140 3,975 3,961
Squash and zucchinis 3,344 3,473 3,680 3,300 3,202
Pumpkins 3,644 3,490 3,708 3,427 3,197
Peppers 2,660 2,701 2,771 2,556 2,516
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,624 2,719 2,814 2,532 2,435
Asparagus 2,147 2,248 2,351 2,381 2,239
Cauliflowers 1,805 1,718 1,844 1,860 1,852
Beets 1,751 1,817 1,882 1,928 1,758
Rutabagas and turnips 1,755 1,736 1,736 1,678 1,475
Radishes[4] 985 950 963 935 1,085
Celery 879 891 904 870 802
Spinach 842 764 748 716 783
Shallots and green onions 787 771 756 793 780
Sweet potatoes N/A N/A N/A N/A 726
Watermelons 786 738 674 693 696
Garlic F 633 697 658 641
Brussels sprouts 604 585 563 600 631
Other melons 723 712 673 572 505
Parsnips 379 379 364 391 367
Leeks 237 289 314 321 337
Rhubarb 194 204 204 260 221
Parsley 132 168 149 159 153
Other vegetables 5,377 5,646 5,776 5,139 4,871
Total 110,036 109,835 109,520 103,943 103,220

Notes:

  • 1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.
  • 3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.
  • 4. . Includes Asian radishes
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.
  • N/A: Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.6. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province (square meters)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,235 5,132 647 5,900 6,502
Prince Edward Island 1,398 N/A F N/A F 13,531 14,564
Nova Scotia 67,577 77,992 N/A F 83,556 83,535
New Brunswick N/A F 5,042 121 4,086 5,677
Quebec 890,937 951,534 915,475 1,145,549 1,228,400
Ontario 9,648,346 10,061,143 10,972,697 11,670,213 12,195,071
Manitoba 835 5,245 496 6,955 9,180
Saskatchewan 12,978 14,139 2,003 15,954 17,765
Alberta 530,301 544,222 547,626 670,984 744,667
British Columbia 3,014,962 2,881,096 3,088,435 3,222,661 3,118,687
Canada[1] 14,216,767 14,592,933 15,928,094 16,878,194 17,438,325

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was surpressed to meet confidentiallity requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • N/A F : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.7. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by province - percent share, 2018

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  • Ontario: 70%
  • British Columbia: 18%
  • Quebec: 7%
  • Alberta: 4%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.8. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (square meters)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 5,540,993 5,513,837 5,990,278 6,356,198 6,598,074
Peppers 4,951,041 4,940,683 5,385,939 5,625,383 5,608,594
Cucumbers 3,544,039 3,739,159 4,005,746 4,321,832 4,592,058
Lettuce 180,694 187,343 174,696 209,183 199,652
Other fruits or vegetables N/A F 211,911 194,393 85,214 131,831
Eggplants N/A F N/A F 90,123 109,631 110,482
Fine herbs N/A F N/A F 26,922 90,429 71,076
Microgreens and shoots N/A F N/A F N/A F 16,773 69,479
Chinese vegetables N/A F N/A F 55,471 48,740 43,396
Beans (green and wax) N/A F N/A F 4,526 6,630 6,998
Sprouts N/A F N/A F N/A F 8,181 6,685
Total[1] 14,216,767 14,592,933 15,928,094 16,878,194 17,438,325

Note:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • N/A F : Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.9. Harvested area of greenhouse vegetables by commodity – percent share, 2018

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  • Tomatoes: 38%
  • Peppers: 32%
  • Cucumbers: 26%
  • Lettuce: 1%
  • Others: 3%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.10. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by province (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,865 4,091 5,751 3,965 3,161
Prince Edward Island 22,022 22,626 20,725 24,818 16,639
Nova Scotia 46,921 45,847 50,118 67,189 54,408
New Brunswick 6,508 5,428 6,721 6,304 5,626
Quebec 638,972 675,811 700,388 687,122 651,516
Ontario 1,167,658 1,226,103 1,257,735 1,232,398 1,181,708
Manitoba 5,294 17,138 19,941 31,424 26,355
Saskatchewan 664 2,248 1,908 3,279 1,873
Alberta 44,311 28,427 48,836 57,971 56,035
British Columbia 67,172 68,338 71,163 80,143 77,827
Canada[2] 2,075,273 2,170,503 2,238,263 2,194,613 2,123,984

Notes:

  • 1. Marketed Production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was sprpressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.11. Marketed production of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2018

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  • Ontario: 55%
  • Quebec: 31%
  • British Columbia: 4%
  • Alberta: 3%
  • Others: 7%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.12. Marketed production[1] of field vegetables by commodity (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 358,494 429,165 501,329 478,960 492,836
Carrots[2] 326,543 376,063 358,852 377,484 347,340
Dry onions 244,829 218,715 215,669 230,314 228,461
Corn, sweet 218,757 219,050 196,993 191,447 187,830
Cabbage[3] 170,704 170,035 179,777 159,441 159,852
Lettuce[4] 82,059 84,670 91,463 86,527 87,015
Pumpkins 81,990 76,981 82,257 82,619 75,742
Peppers 62,289 65,314 68,068 68,075 64,081
Cucumbers and gherkins 66,312 54,158 63,589 61,064 55,464
Beans, green or wax 55,167 53,464 54,672 51,913 52,176
Squash and zucchinis 43,498 49,769 54,690 49,407 51,788
Peas, green 56,880 58,659 57,275 46,001 46,323
Rutabagas and turnips 54,099 48,646 47,853 46,621 42,437
Broccoli 39,579 40,875 42,106 42,432 41,700
Beets 35,014 44,531 39,704 38,637 36,431
Celery 36,425 36,058 37,968 34,967 32,414
Cauliflowers 29,965 30,597 32,685 32,416 28,562
Shallots and green onions 16,072 17,989 17,467 18,407 14,829
Other melons 19,444 17,729 17,723 14,323 14,258
Radishes[5] 13,262 16,411 15,726 16,380 13,856
Watermelons 27,089 27,879 24,657 26,199 F
Sweet potatoes N/A N/A N/A N/A 10,344
Asparagus 7,142 8,642 9,364 8,865 8,518
Parsnips 9,304 7,565 6,781 8,207 6,855
Brussels sprouts 6,153 5,990 5,120 6,233 6,154
Leeks 3,716 F 5,245 5,413 5,979
Spinach 6,097 6,234 5,825 5,442 4,783
Parsley 1,794 2,410 2,373 2,936 2,507
Rhubarb 1,533 1,485 1,623 2,522 1,723
Garlic 1,063 1,419 1,409 1,361 1,327
Total 2,075,273 2,170,503 2,238,263 2,194,613 2,123,984

Notes:

  • 1. Marketed production refers to the total quantity of vegetables sold to the fresh and processing markets.
  • 2. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 3. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.
  • 4. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.
  • 5. Includes Asian radishes.
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.
  • N/A: Not avalaible.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.13. Farm gate value[1] of field vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,526 4,512 5,953 5,477 4,438
Prince Edward Island 6,307 6,853 8,736 11,043 8,613
Nova Scotia 11,577 22,306 13,775 35,685 18,292
New Brunswick 6,912 6,739 7,975 7,666 6,187
Quebec 356,878 401,771 435,255 432,965 455,406
Ontario 461,812 482,556 494,734 499,204 527,586
Manitoba 2,813 13,426 15,633 21,919 19,811
Saskatchewan 2,264 2,839 2,828 1,742 4,948
Alberta 31,767 22,467 30,043 16,844 21,736
British Columbia 77,537 84,724 84,885 96,932 94,527
Canada[2] 1,042,644 1,133,788 1,189,268 1,210,977 1,209,002

Notes:

  • 1.The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.14. Farm gate value of field vegetables by province – percent share, 2018

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  • Ontario: 43%
  • Quebec: 38%
  • British Columbia: 8%
  • Alberta: 2%
  • Others: 9%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.15. Farm gate value of field vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Carrots[1] 110,612 125,955 128,650 132,805 129,882
Tomatoes 80,642 93,025 111,768 109,876 105,520
Dry onions 86,599 83,827 86,463 91,337 94,634
Cabbage[2] 82,575 83,019 80,678 72,924 88,732
Lettuce[3] 69,100 76,063 84,336 78,997 82,879
Corn, sweet 78,064 80,454 75,997 75,879 76,367
Broccoli 54,539 60,980 59,370 72,010 74,393
Peppers 49,559 55,471 61,770 67,570 68,764
Squash and zucchinis 28,998 34,242 39,670 38,163 40,134
Asparagus 27,018 34,615 38,544 39,711 38,111
Beans, green or wax 31,193 35,685 36,303 35,694 38,031
Cucumbers and gherkins 34,490 32,591 40,082 35,485 F
Shallots and green onions 24,650 28,248 26,933 32,992 31,098
Pumpkins 26,451 24,886 26,653 28,747 28,039
Cauliflower 26,730 29,634 30,816 29,236 26,843
Rutabagas and turnips 21,770 25,498 27,153 27,010 25,930
Peas, green 23,213 25,085 25,178 23,225 23,720
Beets 18,957 21,557 20,155 21,435 19,997
Celery 18,638 21,086 22,102 19,197 17,927
Radishes[4] 12,544 13,763 13,783 14,865 15,507
Garlic 11,119 15,169 15,682 15,667 15,282
Brussels sprouts 8,282 8,930 9,389 12,279 13,018
Watermelons 8,621 9,540 10,342 8,401 11,847
Leeks 6,179 8,231 8,955 9,674 11,140
Sweet potatoes N/A N/A N/A N/A 10,548
Spinach 11,566 12,408 12,462 11,700 10,508
Other melons 10,332 10,586 10,344 8,611 8,900
Parsnips 9,937 8,632 8,447 9,509 7,983
Parsley 3,459 4,700 5,215 6,541 5,692
Rhubarb 2,124 2,182 2,581 3,654 2,790
Other vegetables 64,683 67,726 69,447 77,783 84,786
Total 1,042,644 1,133,788 1,189,268 1,210,977 1,209,002

Notes:

  • 1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.
  • 2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.
  • 3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.
  • 4. Includes Asian radishes.
  • F: Too unreliable to be published.
  • N/A: Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.16. Greenhouse vegetable[1] production by province (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 25 10 3 8 14
Prince Edward Island 48 N/A F N/A F 2 448
Nova Scotia 2,670 3,090 1,248 2,914 2,902
New Brunswick 24 29 1 N/A F 51
Quebec 24,030 6,110 27,938 38,772 40,741
Ontario 420,341 420,081 424,451 438,680 452,009
Manitoba 24 152 3 186 207
Saskatchewan 164 189 22 224 209
Alberta 22,433 22,195 23,150 33,170 40,790
British Columbia 124,256 114,652 90,881 120,864 121,686
Canada[2] 596,251 587,825 604,990 636,723 660,535

Notes:

  • 1. Does not include lettuce between 2012 and 2015.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • N/A F: Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.17. Greenhouse vegetable production by province – percent share, 2018

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  • Ontario: 69%
  • British Columbia: 18%
  • Alberta: 6%
  • Quebec: 6%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.18. Greenhouse vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 280,332 261,677 271,006 279,494 279,494
Cucumbers 180,342 186,306 189,704 206,227 230,369
Peppers 130,294 134,644 135,657 139,060 139,155
Lettuce 5,283 5,198 4,876 6,256 5,650
Eggplants N/A N/A 2,904 3,456 3,476
Microgreens and shoots N/A N/A N/A 164 919
Fine herbs N/A N/A 219 755 579
Chinese vegetables N/A N/A 587 495 442
Sprouts N/A N/A N/A 776 405
Beans (green and wax) N/A N/A 36 40 45
Total[1] 596,251 587,825 604,990 636,723 660,535

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • N/A: Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.19. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 83 145 42 141 143
Prince Edward Island 155 N/A F N/A F 8 1,897
Nova Scotia 7,503 8,433 8,012 7,516 4,793
New Brunswick 90 244 29 115 295
Quebec 82,678 36,568 98,861 128,839 142,296
Ontario 796,226 831,591 859,787 917,857 955,487
Manitoba 87 609 82 975 1,217
Saskatchewan 873 1,386 715 708 1,480
Alberta 52,114 53,584 54,689 69,386 88,783
British Columbia 290,743 296,577 294,435 289,930 291,961
Canada[1] 1,238,667 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,437,089 1,511,251

Notes:

  • 1. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • N/A F: Not available or too unreliable to be published.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.20. Farm gate value of greenhouse vegetables by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 507,098 514,251 537,032 555,196 565,005
Cucumbers 314,069 316,495 336,050 395,760 449,028
Peppers 389,700 420,539 409,980 421,873 428,257
Lettuce 27,800 28,769 27,366 32,036 31,597
Eggplants N/A N/A 7,757 11,531 11,727
Microgreens and shoots N/A N/A N/A 3,585 8,384
Other fruits or vegetables N/A 15,802 7,839 6,047 7,639
Fine herbs N/A N/A 3,559 8,576 7,155
Chinese vegetables N/A N/A 1,226 1,180 1,076
Sprouts N/A N/A N/A 993 1,014
Beans (green and wax) N/A N/A 353 313 367
Total 1,238,667 1,295,856 1,331,163 1,437,089 1,511,251

Note:

N/A: Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0456-01 Production and value of greenhouse vegetables

1.21. Area, production and sales[1] of Canadian mushrooms

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Harvested area (thousands of square feet) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 32,789 27,613 28,907 29,199 31,965
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 18,501 18,500 16,989 16,989 17,292
Canada[2] 55,290 50,322 50,655 50,764 53,558
Production (metric tonnes) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 64,445 58,360 61,082 63,103 69,195
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 46,603 46,833 46,894 47,325 47,352
Canada[2] 122,057 114,682 118,711 120,252 125,565
Sales (thousands of Canadian dollars) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 267,284 257,466 287,959 311,346 338,350
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 138,692 142,071 171,358 173,785 173,790
Canada[2] 454,605 443,604 506,650 527,570 553,320

Notes:

  • 1. Regional distribution shown as presented by Statistics Canada.
  • 2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
  • x : Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0356-01 Area, production and sales of mushrooms

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category "Vegetable", 2014–2018

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  • 2014: 170
  • 2015: 158
  • 2016: 283
  • 2017: 229
  • 2018: 274

Source: Mintel

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable" by launch type, 2014–2018

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  • New Variety/Range Extension: 42%, 470
  • New Packaging: 33%, 368
  • New Product: 21%, 228
  • Relaunch: 4%, 45
  • New Formulation: 0%, 3

Source: Mintel

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2014 – 2018

Claim 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total
Kosher 52 32 119 88 133 424
Microwaveable 39 46 64 70 41 260
Ease of Use 33 38 85 37 40 233
Organic 29 27 63 53 39 211
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 27 21 68 38 36 190
Ethical - Recycling 27 16 66 36 36 181
High/Added Fiber 3 11 55 34 59 162
Premium 25 21 32 42 17 137
No Additives/Preservatives 25 28 24 33 19 129
Convenient Packaging 23 29 36 22 13 123
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category "Vegetable", 2014–2018

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Description of this image precedes in section 2.3.

Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian vegetable[1] trade balance (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Exports 1,337,969 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,216 1,955,765
Imports 2,817,291 3,325,255 3,552,770 3,553,563 3,615,372
Net trade (exports less imports) −1,479,322 −1,721,711 −1,838,691 −1,740,346 −1,659,607

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.2. Exports

3.2.1. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes[1] 316,733 326,231 372,351 416,576 392,008
Peppers[1] 296,403 361,681 360,058 365,667 391,320
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 179,585 204,399 239,434 268,739 305,824
Mushrooms 135,589 180,349 213,762 210,003 262,825
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 36,405 54,259 57,332 49,100 79,306
Carrots and turnips 47,606 62,045 53,715 66,118 72,799
Onions and shallots 40,707 54,208 54,503 54,033 58,831
Beans[2] 50,887 60,207 60,504 66,621 58,373
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 23,023 32,071 26,662 29,338 32,983
Corn[2] 21,433 34,988 29,627 30,593 27,377
Lettuce 22,168 27,578 28,137 26,879 27,310
Sweet potatoes 574 9,137 17,057 21,917 26,763
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 7,013 16,829 18,981 19,477 24,021
Peas[2] 31,047 24,204 27,873 20,493 19,752
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 12,149 15,990 17,398 19,888 16,608
Asparagus 5,762 6,293 8,115 7,922 8,348
Spinach[2] 9,172 10,917 9,238 7,286 7,754
Aubergines (egg-plants) 4,617 5,649 6,216 5,926 6,157
Celery 3,099 4,403 2,514 2,948 4,042
Brussels sprouts 500 2,295 1,533 4,794 3,556
Leeks 2,395 2,142 2,208 1,988 1,884
Garlic 285 375 483 742 695
Other vegetables[2],[3] 90,818 107,294 106,377 116,168 127,230
Total 1,337,969 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,216 1,955,765

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Includes frozen.
  • 3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.2.2. Canada's fresh vegetable exports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes[1] 146,803 135,553 155,637 167,213 151,867
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 112,815 119,622 137,951 141,252 145,093
Peppers[1] 111,432 113,063 133,265 124,830 123,036
Carrots and turnips 89,275 89,771 80,190 98,396 94,596
Cabbages, kohlrabi ad kale 56,645 63,074 68,624 64,622 83,768
Onions and shallots 58,276 81,618 62,220 65,029 66,872
Mushrooms 31,082 32,502 37,559 38,172 46,012
Sweet potatoes 1,347 11,664 22,860 30,286 36,870
Beans[2] 37,527 36,468 34,281 39,672 35,200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 9,741 21,606 27,188 26,701 32,618
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 19,880 23,048 21,497 20,812 21,721
Corn[2] 17,452 26,949 19,770 21,476 19,517
Lettuce 18,413 19,166 18,173 18,038 16,033
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 12,741 14,070 16,200 19,786 14,625
Peas[2] 29,652 17,244 19,483 12,274 11,550
Celery 5,457 5,155 4,126 4,571 5,506
Aubergines (egg-plants) 1,560 1,582 1,874 1,675 2,028
Spinach[2] 3,309 3,412 2,546 1,768 1,888
Asparagus 1,439 1,329 1,495 1,421 1,648
Brussels sprouts 203 857 663 1,850 1,315
Leeks 1,737 635 738 706 671
Garlic 24 69 169 226 189
Other vegetables[2],[3] 81,801 88,291 82,810 87,655 93,162
Total 848,610 906,748 949,318 988,430 1,005,784

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Includes frozen.
  • 3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.2.3. Top 5 vegetable[1] export destinations by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States Peppers 296,339 361,415 359,674 364,667 390,344
Tomatoes 315,874 324,282 368,278 410,927 385,912
Cucumbers 179,344 204,342 239,405 268,724 305,795
Mushrooms 132,491 162,191 194,274 202,175 255,800
Cabbages 36,286 54,004 57,210 48,888 79,044
Others 354,110 463,531 447,301 478,835 496,306
Total 1,314,445 1,569,764 1,666,141 1,774,216 1,913,201
Netherlands Sweet potatoes 0 5,561 12,702 17,486 20,818
Mushrooms 188 1,097 1,286 1,390 442
Carrots and turnips 0 0 0 0 44
Onions and shallots 54 34 0 0 0
Others 0 0 0 0 0
Total 242 6,692 13,988 18,876 21,305
Japan Tomatoes 642 1,539 3,478 4,625 5,308
Mushrooms 2,659 14,082 16,380 3,379 4,106
Peppers 0 0 15 532 719
Peas 1,640 253 523 361 127
Leguminous vegetables 0 0 0 0 1
Others 19 17 0 105 347
Total 4,960 15,891 20,395 9,002 10,608
Israel Sweet potatoes 0 351 717 1,307 2,159
Others 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 351 717 1,307 2,159
Norway Sweet potatoes 0 0 0 146 1,633
Others 0 0 0 19 0
Total 0 0 0 166 1,633

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.2.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] export destinations (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 1,314,445 1,569,764 1,666,141 1,774,216 1,913,201
Netherlands 242 6,692 13,988 18,876 21,305
Japan 4,960 15,891 20,395 9,002 10,608
Israel 0 351 717 1,307 2,159
Norway 0 0 0 166 1,633
France 328 2,013 1,633 1,978 1,490
Hong Kong 386 1,096 792 941 1,292
Taiwan 343 428 796 1,207 789
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 540 615 637 617 612
Switzerland 0 362 476 236 449
Others 16,725 6,333 8,504 4,671 2,227
Total 1,337,969 1,603,544 1,714,079 1,813,216 1,955,765

Note:

  • 1. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.2.5. Top vegetable export destinations by province (Canadian dollars)

2014 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador France 1,577 3,569
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 276 0
Total 1,853 3,569
Prince Edward Island United States 1,266,931 1,007,112
Jamaica 21,033 45,551
Trinidad and Tobago 81,094 35,410
Iceland 68,750 23,100
Others 54 9,341
Total 1,437,862 1,120,514
Nova Scotia United States 13,602,995 14,585,242
United Kingdom 0 68,315
France 37,507 40,079
Trinidad and Tobago 0 26,410
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3,524 6,302
Others 13,200 0
Total 13,657,226 14,726,348
New Brunswick United States 1,118,535 558,017
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 15,342 22,670
France 1,778 1,610
Saint Lucia 11,756 0
Others 4,763 0
Total 1,152,174 582,297
Quebec United States 190,526,588 297,368,660
Netherlands 0 20,265,502
Israel 0 2,158,780
Norway 0 1,633,204
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 510,118 583,088
Others 782,559 746,863
Total 191,819,265 322,756,097
Ontario United States 853,398,521 1,246,279,067
Japan 634,176 2,855,528
Netherlands 53,688 552,865
Barbados 75,499 248,257
Bermuda 184,996 210,871
Others 3,069,087 189,210
Total 857,415,967 1,250,335,798
Manitoba United States 3,078,587 1,935,428
United Arab Emirates 0 127,967
Germany 0 61,022
Netherlands 0 44,481
Japan 657,505 2,602
Others 1,064,411 11,920
Total 4,800,503 2,183,420
Saskatchewan United States 1,368,037 1,126,243
Thailand 677,809 311,021
Mexico 0 141,837
Japan 562,859 126,684
China 2,465,350 123,286
Others 3,069,127 79,201
Total 8,143,182 1,908,272
Alberta United States 9,544,196 11,995,367
Mauritius 0 15,651
Japan 0 13,225
India 1,080,002 0
Colombia 1,015,629 0
Others 1,342,793 0
Total 12,982,620 12,024,243
British Columbia United States 240,540,527 338,345,552
Japan 3,105,729 7,610,181
France 177,521 1,193,606
Hong Kong 79,995 1,119,578
Taiwan 209,436 788,992
Others 2,444,711 1,066,737
Total 246,557,919 350,124,646
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.3 Imports

3.3.1. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Lettuce[1] 359,731 457,880 419,745 447,921 442,558
Tomatoes[1] 356,847 399,311 463,969 431,634 416,007
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 281,599 373,824 384,075 374,848 380,638
Peppers[1] 267,827 300,601 374,098 323,104 345,062
Onions and shallots 160,087 171,702 202,016 178,541 193,407
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 106,004 137,133 149,790 189,110 188,533
Spinach[2] 131,345 156,597 157,799 161,440 161,815
Carrots and turnips 126,839 144,920 154,466 141,621 153,245
Asparagus 92,135 99,817 104,213 111,090 110,184
Beans[2] 78,872 92,467 94,222 94,275 101,300
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 82,830 105,304 91,169 103,972 97,215
Peas[2] 71,305 76,749 83,113 85,695 90,379
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 75,610 76,552 84,373 88,245 88,346
Celery 66,175 88,799 89,861 91,787 85,828
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 61,200 67,030 67,686 74,870 74,248
Sweet potatoes 47,056 59,170 62,736 60,359 66,596
Mushrooms 30,735 35,416 33,744 37,738 52,355
Garlic 36,889 48,659 68,727 62,929 48,606
Aubergines 29,661 32,669 36,757 37,362 35,379
Yams 29,102 31,956 34,714 35,413 31,057
Brussels sprouts 19,282 21,798 24,191 28,067 27,333
Leeks 11,997 12,976 13,940 11,717 11,547
Sweet corn[2] 8,195 9,242 10,124 14,840 10,650
Other vegetables[2],[3] 284,403 322,195 345,245 365,413 399,665
Total 2,815,726 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,551,990 3,611,954

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Include frozen.
  • 3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.3.2. Canada's fresh vegetable[1] imports by commodity (metric tonnes)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes[1] 213,738 201,511 217,651 212,834 227,932
Onions and shallots 189,190 171,624 196,947 190,255 198,067
Lettuce[1] 188,932 192,614 191,181 191,892 184,853
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 179,979 176,936 182,595 169,557 178,352
Peppers[1] 122,079 122,807 134,036 133,457 141,152
Carrots and turnips 112,327 111,916 121,210 114,979 117,072
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 77,994 75,206 98,517 105,024 110,097
Celery 92,017 89,506 87,975 86,860 87,730
Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce) 95,009 89,538 88,192 87,463 86,989
Sweet potatoes 45,839 55,628 62,734 66,242 72,403
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 51,123 49,683 54,723 56,589 55,578
Cucumbers and gherkins[1] 54,775 50,609 54,653 54,407 54,361
Spinach[2] 45,061 43,680 44,193 46,588 46,585
Beans[2] 34,599 41,468 36,270 38,449 40,530
Aubergines 24,862 24,147 24,950 25,095 25,253
Asparagus 22,482 18,183 19,224 20,118 23,737
Peas[2] 18,103 18,515 19,122 19,414 21,645
Garlic 17,735 18,428 18,352 18,647 21,391
Yams 19,476 18,744 19,986 20,296 17,127
Mushrooms 8,915 8,228 7,347 8,805 11,450
Brussels sprouts 7,804 7,707 7,617 9,318 10,467
Sweet corn[2] 5,022 5,006 5,962 13,966 8,646
Leeks 6,890 6,077 6,244 5,623 5,348
Other vegetables[2],[3] 200,350 205,385 214,080 223,375 239,736
Total 1,834,301 1,803,146 1,913,762 1,919,254 1,986,504

Notes:

  • 1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.
  • 2. Include frozen.
  • 3. Includes provisionally preserved.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.3.3. Top 5 import vegetable import sources by commodity Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States Lettuce 355,011 448,998 414,448 441,105 431,637
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 245,842 320,469 323,162 314,194 314,628
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 102,025 128,385 139,212 162,324 166,065
Spinach 119,820 143,459 143,988 144,800 145,298
Carrots and turnips 112,362 126,466 127,515 119,305 125,289
Others 868,476 963,022 986,300 982,200 989,410
Total 1,803,537 2,130,798 2,134,625 2,163,927 2,172,327
Mexico Tomatoes 232,849 274,367 337,534 308,156 297,814
Peppers 162,358 169,376 237,016 209,896 226,372
Cucumbers and gherkins 56,536 56,499 62,518 70,392 72,685
Asparagus 40,429 47,444 56,766 65,946 70,572
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 32,407 49,103 55,024 55,540 58,916
Others 216,556 253,721 276,763 304,911 317,503
Total 741,135 850,510 1,025,621 1,014,841 1,043,861
China Garlic 20,151 28,758 44,093 40,436 29,472
Peas 10,512 9,864 9,590 11,029 9,049
Arrowroot and salep 4,400 5,827 6,579 6,338 6,381
Carrots and turnips 2,841 3,825 4,579 4,362 6,184
Spinach 3,722 3,418 3,731 4,260 4,290
Others 28,393 34,291 39,358 42,072 44,663
Total 70,018 85,984 107,929 108,497 100,040
Italy Mushrooms 600 592 580 776 1,156
Chicory 55 24 127 208 203
Lettuce 20 4 48 90 94
Globe artichokes 3 0 8 54 39
Witloof chicory 0 6 36 36 31
Others 761 692 800 727 525
Total 1,438 1,318 1,599 1,890 2,047
France Leeks 2,197 1,822 2,180 1,537 2,145
Onions and shallots 510 389 1,031 901 558
Beans 160 1,373 1,074 767 445
Garlic 23 22 23 99 209
Mushrooms 170 225 202 327 219
Others 3,204 3,535 3,675 3,346 3,623
Total 6,263 7,366 8,184 6,978 7,199

Remarque:

Source: Statistics Canada. CATSNET, May 2019)

3.3.4. Top 10 vegetable import sources (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 1,803,537 2,130,798 2,134,625 2,163,927 2,172,327
Mexico 741,135 850,510 1,025,621 1,014,841 1,043,861
China 70,018 85,984 107,929 108,497 100,040
Peru 47,512 51,184 48,336 46,502 42,008
Spain 23,659 43,726 51,107 32,992 40,314
Guatemala 20,460 25,465 23,566 30,798 39,458
Honduras 9,996 16,463 19,295 19,953 21,113
India 15,692 16,478 15,118 16,882 12,515
Dominican Republic 5,613 5,456 14,190 9,912 11,794
Netherlands 7,899 8,607 9,261 9,577 10,336
Others 70,206 88,095 101,724 98,108 118,186
Total 2,815,726 3,322,767 3,550,772 3,551,990 3,611,954
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

3.3.5. Top vegetable import sources by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador Mexico 0 3
Total 0 3
Prince Edward Island Total 0 0
Nova Scotia Spain 0 1,245
Poland 162 364
Israel 34 166
United Kingdom 1 18
China 0 18
Others 1,088 3
Total 1,284 1,813
New Brunswick United States 18,185 11,633
Mexico 757 487
Peru 661 405
Honduras 84 69
Guatemala 44 8
Others 153 143
Total 19,883 12,746
Quebec United States 88,411 90,468
Spain 8,869 17,236
China 12,664 14,556
Peru 7,247 7,140
Netherlands 2,641 6,048
Others 33,522 50,411
Total 153,354 185,858
Ontario United States 952,081 1,156,914
Mexico 503,172 709,570
Guatemala 14,806 30,517
Peru 28,527 27,877
China 23,792 26,761
Others 72,036 109,641
Total 1,594,414 2,061,280
Manitoba United States 43,249 47,655
Mexico 10,572 20,275
Peru 1,039 305
China 105 182
Guatemala 170 79
Others 197 409
Total 55,331 68,905
Saskatchewan United States 22,360 16,555
Mexico 8,235 10,163
Peru 3,042 57
Nicaragua 16 35
Spain 0 34
Others 190 104
Total 33,843 26,949
Alberta United States 240,449 325,742
Mexico 88,965 130,285
Spain 1,688 3,577
Guatemala 1,918 3,127
Peru 3,564 2,264
Others 3,433 7,027
Total 340,018 472,023
British Columbia United States 438,802 523,345
Mexico 126,366 170,538
China 33,183 58,256
South Korea 2,940 4,633
Peru 3,432 3,960
Others 12,877 21,629
Total 617,599 782,362
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2019)

4. Availability for consumption

4.1. Fresh vegetable available for consumption[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Onions and shallots, fresh 9.17 9.43 8.77 8.97 8.70
Tomatoes, fresh 8.59 8.13 8.15 7.89 8.40
Lettuce, fresh 8.74 8.59 8.65 8.48 8.20
Carrots, fresh 6.79 8.72 7.75 7.20 7.21
Peppers, fresh 4.29 4.51 4.09 4.36 4.33
Cabbage, fresh 4.42 4.36 4.31 4.00 4.27
Cucumbers, fresh 3.52 3.37 3.00 3.18 3.56
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 3.76 3.33 3.35 3.44 3.20
Cauliflower, fresh 2.37 2.29 2.87 2.88 3.00
Corn, fresh 3.29 3.32 3.12 3.01 2.83
Celery, fresh 3.10 3.07 3.07 2.80 2.67
Broccoli, fresh 2.72 2.70 2.70 2.31 2.49
Mushrooms, fresh 2.39 2.32 2.15 2.16 1.99
Chinese cabbage[2], fresh 1.02 1.01 0.96 0.94 1.64
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 1.28 1.33 1.08 0.98 1.10
Potatoes sweet, fresh 1.36 1.40 1.25 1.13 1.07
Beets, fresh 0.79 1.05 0.91 0.98 0.97
Spinach, fresh 0.98 0.95 0.93 0.97 0.94
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.85 0.90 0.91 0.86 0.93
Kale, fresh N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.86
Asparagus, fresh 0.72 0.65 0.68 0.68 0.75
Eggplants, fresh 0.59 0.57 0.57 0.58 0.60
Garlic, fresh 0.50 0.52 0.51 0.51 0.57
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.25 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.34
Peas, fresh 0.22 0.22 0.19 0.31 0.32
Radishes, fresh 0.45 0.44 0.43 0.44 0.32
Parsley, fresh 0.29 0.31 0.29 0.32 0.30
Leeks, fresh 0.24 0.27 0.28 0.27 0.27
Parsnips, fresh 0.27 0.22 0.20 0.23 0.19
Rapini, fresh 0.21 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.18
Okra, fresh 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.17
Manioc, fresh 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.12
Artichokes, fresh 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04
Olives, fresh 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00

Notes:

  • 1. Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.
  • 2. "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.
  • N/A: Data not available for a specific period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4.2. Fresh vegetable available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada (kilograms per person)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Onions and shallots, fresh 4.24 4.37 4.06 4.15 4.03
Tomatoes, fresh 6.31 5.98 5.98 5.80 6.17
Lettuce, fresh 4.83 4.75 4.78 4.69 4.53
Carrots, fresh 3.78 4.86 4.32 4.01 4.02
Peppers, fresh 1.98 2.08 1.88 2.01 2.00
Cabbage, fresh 2.31 2.28 2.25 2.09 2.23
Cucumbers, fresh 1.64 1.57 1.40 1.48 1.66
Pumpkins and squash, fresh 1.34 1.19 1.20 1.23 1.14
Cauliflower, fresh 0.72 0.70 0.88 0.88 0.92
Corn, fresh 0.80 0.81 0.76 0.73 0.69
Celery, fresh 1.60 1.58 1.58 1.44 1.38
Broccoli, fresh 1.29 1.27 1.28 1.09 1.17
Mushrooms, fresh 1.60 1.55 1.44 1.44 1.33
Chinese cabbage[2], fresh 0.53 0.53 0.50 0.49 0.86
Rutabagas and turnips, fresh 0.33 0.34 0.28 0.25 0.28
Potatoes sweet, fresh 0.47 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.37
Beets, fresh 0.44 0.58 0.51 0.55 0.54
Spinach, fresh 0.55 0.54 0.52 0.55 0.53
Beans green and wax, fresh 0.46 0.49 0.50 0.47 0.50
Kale, fresh N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.61
Asparagus, fresh 0.28 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.29
Eggplants, fresh 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.28
Garlic, fresh 0.23 0.24 0.23 0.23 0.26
Brussels sprouts, fresh 0.16 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.22
Peas, fresh 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.17 0.17
Radishes, fresh 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.12
Parsley, fresh 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.15
Leeks, fresh 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.13

Notes:

  • 1. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.
  • 2. "Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.
  • N/A: Data not available a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

5. World production

5.1. World fresh vegetable production by commodity (metric tonnes)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tomatoes 165,295,864 174,861,783 177,501,042 179,508,401 182,301,395
Onions, dry 84,663,014 89,245,945 91,477,002 94,941,144 97,862,928
Cucumbers and gherkins 73,219,570 76,120,056 78,701,178 80,526,983 83,753,861
Cabbages and other brassicas 68,793,677 71,113,714 70,627,019 71,065,875 71,451,138
Eggplants (aubergines) 48,889,422 49,953,603 50,550,607 51,192,811 52,309,119
Carrots and turnips 38,076,644 38,702,601 40,560,736 41,968,949 42,831,958
Chilies and peppers, green 31,268,030 32,126,171 33,177,009 34,592,680 36,092,631
Garlic 24,248,778 25,027,738 27,005,290 27,251,263 28,164,055
Spinach 23,275,035 24,271,341 25,748,078 26,783,684 27,885,841
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 24,524,733 25,112,771 25,382,626 26,532,482 27,449,481
Lettuce and chicory 24,638,846 24,971,402 26,032,993 26,668,741 26,866,557
Cauliflowers and broccoli 23,382,594 24,514,621 24,393,287 25,055,022 25,984,758
Beans, green 21,365,083 21,728,006 23,331,646 23,597,314 24,221,252
Peas, green 17,428,443 17,444,764 19,433,042 19,861,852 20,699,736
Maize, green 10,997,711 11,928,533 12,464,164 18,841,356 11,727,318
Mushrooms and truffles 9,274,686 9,936,488 10,712,880 9,819,831 10,242,541
Okra 9,672,769 9,825,291 9,266,787 9,410,776 9,641,284
Asparagus 7,935,254 7,844,451 8,576,818 8,761,429 8,950,306
Onions, shallots, green 5,293,967 5,042,431 5,045,582 5,228,616 5,134,362
Cassava leaves 2,573,057 2,265,195 2,168,268 2,475,351 2,353,833
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,193,836 2,214,867 2,103,569 2,122,450 2,168,418
String beans 1,848,380 1,861,497 1,854,534 1,908,423 1,869,301
Vegetables, leguminous 1,610,228 1,565,373 1,490,442 1,476,939 1,511,348
Artichokes 1,609,045 1,574,887 1,454,379 1,422,248 1,505,328
Others vegetables 277,961,078 284,663,545 286,811,741 289,674,294 291,364,958
Source: FAOSTAT (May 2019)

6. World trade

6.1. Top 10 importers of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 7,692,335 9,215,099 10,847,298 10,507,895 11,080,177
Germany 5,465,228 5,916,699 6,323,700 6,644,541 6,782,225
United Kingdom 3,673,477 4,073,820 4,183,710 4,030,214 4,287,083
Canada 2,607,246 3,075,877 3,279,970 3,278,164 3,310,698
France 2,632,894 2,857,337 3,146,383 3,225,923 3,211,978
Netherlands 1,595,511 1,700,753 2,270,485 2,436,070 2,426,228
Russia 2,590,230 1,884,441 1,528,619 1,846,241 1,858,720
Belgium 1,099,397 1,181,372 1,345,654 1,316,549 1,194,764
Japan 967,045 1,014,319 1,204,194 1,079,482 1,179,827
Italy 823,078 965,139 921,491 1,040,880 1,040,333
Others 12,144,523 14,277,240 15,505,721 15,611,768 15,445,266
Total 41,290,965 46,162,095 50,557,225 51,017,728 51,817,299

Note:

  • 1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (June 2019)

6.2. Top 10 exporters of fresh vegetables[1] worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Netherlands 5,905,641 6,484,540 7,657,782 7,855,803 8,340,423
Mexico 5,339,164 6,364,022 8,017,016 7,744,417 8,308,149
Spain 6,209,731 6,694,953 7,472,356 7,519,188 7,923,744
China 3,724,197 5,215,745 6,630,770 6,268,402 5,421,175
United States 3,098,115 3,499,498 3,693,469 3,639,859 3,710,268
Canada 1,329,155 1,563,885 1,754,322 1,837,254 2,033,185
Italy 1,593,753 1,681,666 1,880,405 1,888,416 1,972,454
France 1,420,329 1,469,508 1,585,353 1,579,629 1,490,971
Morocco 859,842 863,583 1,103,398 1,397,424 1,368,536
Belgium 998,088 1,143,212 1,211,272 1,222,893 1,089,759
Others 10,204,566 10,998,948 11,045,751 11,265,640 11,200,738
Total 40,682,582 45,979,559 52,051,894 52,218,926 52,859,402

Note:

  • 1. Does not include potatoes.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (June 2019)

6.3. Top 10 selected vegetable[1] imports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 9,992,284 10,402,918 11,174,950 11,454,356 11,641,497
Peppers 5,607,953 5,996,827 6,932,178 6,798,075 7,066,789
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,771,245 2,929,497 3,233,558 3,270,905 3,571,160
Onions and shallots 2,966,700 3,458,727 3,519,543 3,349,048 3,420,724
Garlic 1,798,918 2,392,671 3,545,874 3,286,274 2,455,624
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 1,798,095 2,179,128 2,323,136 2,347,349 2,277,601
Lettuce 1,534,692 1,812,598 1,852,925 1,979,615 2,063,526
Asparagus 1,534,969 1,752,348 1,978,823 2,006,790 1,978,502
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,346,402 1,601,664 1,689,517 1,777,812 1,777,313
Carrots and turnips 1,215,098 1,488,630 1,543,774 1,362,564 1,697,966

Notes:

  • 1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (June 2019)

6.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] exports worldwide (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tomatoes 10,114,907 10,522,684 11,408,090 11,543,390 11,802,877
Peppers 5,208,676 5,624,563 6,570,381 6,533,045 6,886,706
Onions and shallots 3,250,049 4,139,995 4,356,709 4,077,656 4,414,249
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,596,236 2,694,923 3,189,294 3,141,799 3,472,115
Garlic 2,271,403 3,188,929 4,818,390 4,078,881 2,720,457
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale 1,444,493 1,727,297 1,820,458 1,873,343 1,986,491
Carrots and turnips 1,241,182 1,580,412 1,704,014 1,624,752 1,962,228
Lettuce 1,375,518 1,596,333 1,633,343 1,794,983 1,944,491
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,342,418 1,510,182 1,650,308 1,772,735 1,846,906
Asparagus 1,259,770 1,460,275 1,708,411 1,842,820 1,729,091

Notes:

  • 1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (June 2019)

7. Key resources

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