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Statistical Overview of the Canadian Maple Industry, 2019

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Overview

The Canadian maple syrup industry accounts for approximately 75% of the world's maple syrup production, with 91% of the Canadian production originating from Quebec, 4% from New Brunswick, and 4% from Ontario. The United States is the second largest world producer accounting for approximately 24% of global production, with 50% of U.S production originating from Vermont, 20% from New York, and 12% from Maine.

Despite a cold, late spring in Eastern Canada, the 2019 maple harvest rose by 35% from a year earlier to a record high 13.2 million gallons, due to higher yields and more taps. The 2019 production increase followed 2018's cold, harsh winter and short spring, which affected much of the country, and drove down Canadian maple syrup production that year, notably in Quebec and New Brunswick. The total value of maple products in 2019 rose by 34% year over year to $517.5 million. This increase was mostly attributable to higher production since prices remained relatively stable at $39.19 per gallon in 2019, down 17 cents from a year earlier.

Production was up in every maple-producing provinces. Quebec harvested 12 million gallons, up 35% from a year earlier. Production was also robust in New Brunswick (+66% to 598 thousand gallons), Ontario (+8% to 502 thousand gallons) and Nova Scotia (+27% to 70 thousand gallons).

Canada is also the world's largest exporter of maple products, with exports valued at $430 million in 2019, up 6% from 2018. Quebec accounted for 97% of Canadian maple product exports for 2019. In that year, Canadian maple products were exported to 68 different countries around the world; 62% of the exports were destined to the United States, 10% to Germany, 5% to Japan, 5% the United Kingdom, 5% to Australia and 4% to France, with the other export destinations accounting for the remaining 9% of total exports.

The COVID-19 pandemic emerged just as the 2020 maple syrup season was commencing. Maple syrup producers cited losses due to the shutdown of sugar shacks during the short, busy season, as well as decreased demand from the foodservice/hospitality industry. In addition, various maple syrup events, such as the Elmira Maple Syrup Festival - the world's largest one-day maple syrup festival - had been cancelled, which normally attracts tens of thousands of attendees. Due to COVID-19 measures related to physical distancing and reduced staff levels, producers had also reported delays in having their maple syrup graded. The full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maple syrup production will be addressed in the next report to be released in 2021.

1. Production

1.1. Number of maple farms[1] [2] by province

Number of maple farms by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0
Prince Edward Island 2 1
Nova Scotia 36 48
New Brunswick 108 111
Quebec 4,674 4,776
Ontario 416 391
Manitoba 6 6
Saskatchewan 0 2
Alberta 0 0
British Columbia 5 5
Canada 5,248 5,340

Notes:
[1] The last Census of Agriculture was conducted in 2016. The next Census of Agriculture will occur in 2021.
[2] Number of farms includes all farms reported maple taps, and not exclusively farms in which maple syrup production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0166-01 Farms classified by farm type

1.2. Number of maple taps[1] by province

Number of maple taps by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador x 0
Prince Edward Island 9,693 9,760
Nova Scotia 372,452 446,300
New Brunswick 1,896,773 2,285,785
Quebec 40,632,512 42,529,033
Ontario 1,508,651 1,713,022
Manitoba 8,251 5,961
Saskatchewan 5,917 1,490
Alberta x 0
British Columbia 3,609 4,009
Canada 44,440,024 46,995,360

Notes:
[1] The last Census of Agriculture was conducted in 2016. The next Census of Agriculture will occur in 2021.
X: Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0423-01 Maple taps

1.3. Maple syrup production[1] by province (thousands of gallons[2])

Maple syrup production by province (thousands of gallons)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Nova Scotia 19 48 43 55 70
New Brunswick 430 528 551 361 598
Quebec 8,090 11,185 11,493 8,914 12,033
Ontario 369 398 425 465 502
Canada 8,908 12,160 12,512 9,796 13,204

Notes:
[1] Maple products such as taffy, sugar and maple butter have been converted to syrup equivalent.
[2]Conversion factors: 1 gallon of syrup equals 10.0 pounds of maple sugar. One gallon of syrup weighs 13.24760 pounds. One gallon of syrup equals 10.4 pounds of taffy. The conversion of maple taffy to syrup varies with the density of syrup that year.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

1.4. Maple syrup production by province - percent share, 2019

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Maple syrup production by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 91%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Ontario: 4%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

1.5. Gross value[1] of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Gross value of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Nova Scotia 1,176 3,200 2,473 3,069 3,847
New Brunswick 24,415 22,023 22,003 13,715 23,217
Quebec 306,500 435,600 444,570 344,834 463,889
Ontario 26,151 23,286 24,947 23,913 26,535
Canada 358,242 484,109 493,992 385,531 517,489

Note:
[1] The gross value of maple products includes maple sugar, maple syrup, maple taffy and maple butter.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

1.6. Gross value of maple products by province - percent share, 2019

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Gross value of maple products by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 90%
  • Ontario: 5%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

2. Trade

2.1. Exports

2.1.1. Maple products[1] exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Maple products exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 23 211 3
Nova Scotia 515 558 520 129 210
New Brunswick 17,648 17,168 10,808 9,664 10,811
Quebec 338,976 362,324 369,001 394,830 417,486
Ontario 2,155 773 171 356 963
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 47 0 0 50 0
Alberta 1 194 118 1 74
British Columbia 200 391 702 419 393
Canada[2] 359,542 381,408 381,342 405,661 429,944

Notes:
[1] Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

2.1.2. Maple products exports by province - percent share, 2019

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Maple products exports by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 97%
  • Ontario: 3%

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

2.1.3. Maple products[1] exports by province - volume (kilograms)

Maple products exports by province - volume (kilograms)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 55 22 44 501
Prince Edward Island 0 0 2,111 27,387 254
Nova Scotia 55,554 62,237 49,940 14,436 19,297
New Brunswick 2,004,193 1,940,942 1,304,800 1,169,415 1,339,734
Quebec 39,803,755 42,917,697 44,427,902 47,078,513 49,178,196
Ontario 301,011 110,150 23,329 52,487 135,161
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 7,316 0 0 4,610 0
Alberta 77 24,001 20,471 89 12,708
British Columbia 17,791 37,176 70,997 36,581 34,319
Canada[2] 42,189,697 45,092,258 45,899,572 48,383,562 50,720,170

Notes:
[1] Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

2.1.4. Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 229,168 236,279 236,104 250,484 266,559
Germany 31,035 40,043 40,721 44,872 42,121
Japan 26,324 25,756 22,945 22,233 23,441
United Kingdom 16,177 16,584 17,733 18,567 21,698
Australia 12,088 15,650 17,627 17,500 18,832
France 12,212 13,049 12,743 13,436 16,705
Denmark 5,302 6,137 5,127 6,327 7,510
South Korea 4,504 4,152 3,903 5,303 4,720
Netherlands 3,636 3,647 3,659 4,325 4,032
Belgium 2,276 3,126 3,647 3,332 3,400
Others 16,821 16,985 17,133 19,282 20,925
Total 359,542 381,408 381,342 405,661 429,944
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

2.1.5. Top maple products export destinations - percent share, 2019

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Top 10 maple products exports destinations – percent share

  • United States: 62%
  • Germany: 10%
  • Japan: 6%
  • United Kingdom: 5%
  • Australia: 4%
  • France: 4%
  • Others: 9%

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

2.1.6. Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)

Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 26,838,226 27,886,052 28,588,821 30,218,926 32,121,874
Germany 3,549,035 4,540,965 4,622,930 5,003,007 4,867,966
Japan 2,664,895 2,679,569 2,489,628 2,410,106 2,506,567
United Kingdom 2,285,402 2,442,606 2,430,610 2,422,084 2,467,531
Australia 1,615,260 1,958,243 2,179,867 2,130,864 2,114,086
France 1,488,270 1,594,766 1,579,595 1,654,308 2,103,193
Denmark 760,544 868,629 730,988 908,839 994,561
South Korea 494,818 471,750 484,602 670,121 528,207
Netherlands 404,083 390,935 388,048 482,083 433,496
Belgium 229,536 319,853 377,755 339,242 334,156
Others 1,859,628 1,938,890 2,026,728 2,143,982 2,248,533
Total 42,189,697 45,092,258 45,899,572 48,383,562 50,720,170
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, September 2020)

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Maple products available[1] for consumption[2] (kilograms per person)

Maple products available for consumption (kilograms per person)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Maple Sugar 0.35 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.36

Notes:

[1] Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports.

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks.

[2] Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants, or losses during preparation.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. United States national statistics for maple syrup

4.1. United States maple syrup production by state (thousands of gallons)

United States maple syrup production by state (thousands of gallons)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Vermont 1,410 1,900 2,000 1,940 2,070
New York 601 707 760 806 820
Maine 553 675 715 539 520
Wisconsin 215 235 207 225 270
Michigan 135 124 150 165 195
New Hampshire 154 176 160 163 148
Pennsylvania 186 163 165 142 157
Others 207 204 228 219 0
United States 3,461 4,184 4,385 4,199 4,180
Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

4.2. United States maple syrup production value by state (thousands of US dollars)

United States maple syrup production value by state (thousands of US dollars)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Vermont 46,530 57,000 54,000 54,320 57,960
New York 25,242 31,320 29,640 26,114 26,404
Maine 15,484 20,250 24,096 21,668 14,664
New Hampshire 9,148 9,715 6,960 9,144 6,704
Wisconsin 7,117 7,873 6,500 7,290 8,775
Michigan 7,358 5,555 7,680 6,419 9,477
Pennsylvania 5,933 5,118 5,660 5,538 5,495
Others 10 10 11 11 0
United States 126,820 147,240 145,346 141,825 129,479
Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

5. World data

5.1. Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
United States 228,988 236,408 236,165 250,548 266,617
Germany 25,358 29,688 30,120 36,683 37,602
United Kingdom 22,784 25,500 25,610 25,264 31,417
Japan 33,936 29,962 29,449 27,428 28,783
France 13,623 13,784 16,121 16,349 23,512
Australia 17,632 17,533 20,866 19,985 22,021
Canada[1] 13,622 21,980 17,078 14,780 14,710
Netherlands 13,084 16,918 17,077 19,659 11,528
Denmark 6,900 6,810 7,150 8,522 8,470
Italy 3,946 6,747 4,648 5,772 7,236
Others 57,019 61,323 65,617 69,260 71,373
Total 436,892 466,653 469,901 494,251 523,268

Note:
[1] 100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (September 2020)

6. Key resources

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