Language selection

Search

Statistical overview of the Canadian maple industry, 2018

For your convenience, this report is available in the following format:
PDF (786 KB)

Overview

The Canadian maple syrup industry accounts for approximately 71% of the world’s maple syrupFootnote 1 production. As such, Canada is the leading global producer of maple products, with 91% originating from within Quebec, 5% from Ontario and 3% from New Brunswick. The United States is the second largest world producer accounting for approximately 27% of global production, with 47% originating from Vermont, 19% from New York and 13% from MaineFootnote 2.

A cold, harsh winter and a short spring in many parts of the country drove down maple syrup production in Canada in 2018. The harvest fell 21.7% from 2017 to 9.8 million gallons in 2018—the lowest level of production since 2015. The total value of maple products decreased 22.2% from 2017 to $384.4 million in 2018, mainly as a result of decreased production. The price of syrup was relatively unchanged at $39.24/gallon, compared with $39.49/gallon in 2017.

Production was down in every maple-producing province except Ontario and Nova Scotia. Ontario production rose 9.4% to 465,000 gallons, the highest production in the province since 2011, due to a longer season. Nova Scotia produced 55,000 gallons of maple syrup in 2018, 12,000 gallons more than in 2017 when production was low due to unfavourable weather conditions.

Quebec produced 8.9 million gallons of maple syrup in 2018, down 22.4% from the previous year. In New Brunswick, production fell 34.5% to 361,000 gallons over the same period. In Quebec, production was hurt by unusually late snow and cold, while the decrease in New Brunswick was the result of a long and severe winter followed by a short spring.

Canada is the world’s largest exporter of maple products, with exports valued at $406 million in 2018, up 6% from 2017 and 31% over the last five years. Quebec accounted for 97% of Canadian maple product exports and New Brunswick for 2%, with the remaining maple-producing provinces accounting for less than 1% of total exports. In 2018, 62% of Canadian exports went to the United States, 11% to Germany and 5% to Japan, with the other export destinations accounting for 22% of total exports.

1. Production

1.1. Number of maple farms by province

Number of maple farms[1] by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0
Prince Edward Island 11 17
Nova Scotia 152 187
New Brunswick 191 212
Quebec 7,639 7,863
Ontario 2,673 3,003
Manitoba 67 81
Saskatchewan 24 29
Alberta 7 0
British Columbia 82 76
Canada 10,847 11,468

Note:

  1. Number of farms includes all farms reported maple taps, and not exclusively farms in which maple syrup production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0423-01 Maple taps

1.2. Number of maple taps by province

Number of maple taps by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador x 0
Prince Edward Island 9,693 9,760
Nova Scotia 372,452 446,300
New Brunswick 1,896,773 2,285,785
Quebec 40,632,512 42,529,033
Ontario 1,508,651 1,713,022
Manitoba 8,251 5,961
Saskatchewan 5,917 1,490
Alberta x 0
British Columbia 3,609 4,009
Canada 44,440,024 46,995,360

Note:

  • X: Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0423-01 Maple taps

1.3. Maple syrup production by province (thousands of gallons)

Maple syrup production[1] by province (thousands of gallons[2])
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Nova Scotia 29 19 48 43 55
New Brunswick 502 430 528 551 361
Quebec 8,584 8,090 11,185 11,493 8,914
Ontario 368 369 398 425 465
Canada 9,484 8,908 12,160 12,512 9,796

Note:

  1. Maple products such as taffy, sugar and maple butter have been converted to syrup equivalent.
  2. Conversion factors: 1 gallon of syrup equals 10.0 pounds of maple sugar. One gallon of syrup weighs 13.24760 pounds. One gallon of syrup equals 10.4 pounds of taffy. The conversion of maple taffy to syrup varies with the density of syrup that year.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

1.4. Maple syrup production by province - percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Description of above image

Maple syrup production by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 91%
  • Ontario: 5%
  • New Brunswick: 3%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (× 1,000)

1.5. Gross value of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Gross value[1] of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Nova Scotia 1,779 1,176 3,200 2,473 3,069
New Brunswick 30,580 24,415 22,023 22,003 13,715
Quebec 323,000 306,500 435,600 444,647 343,700
Ontario 25,863 26,151 23,286 24,947 23,913
Canada 381,222 358,242 484,109 494,070 384,397

Note:

  1. The gross value of maple products includes maple sugar, maple syrup, maple taffy and maple butter.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (×1,000)

1.6. Gross value of maple products by province - percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Description of above image

Gross value of maple products by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 89%
  • Ontario: 6%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0354-01 Production and value of maple products (×1,000)

2. Trade

2.1 Exports

2.1.1 Maple products exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Maple products[1] exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 219 0 0 23 211
Nova Scotia 239 515 558 520 129
New Brunswick 12,002 17,648 17,168 10,808 9,664
Quebec 295,013 338,942 362,324 369,001 394,819
Ontario 1,909 2,155 773 171 356
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 47 0 0 50
Alberta 1 1 194 118 1
British Columbia 239 200 390 702 419
Canada[2] 309,621 359,508 381,407 381,342 405,650

Notes:

  1. Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
  2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, October 2019)

2.1.2. Maple products exports by province - percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Description of above image

Maple products exports by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 97%
  • Others: 3%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNet, October 2019)

2.1.3. Maple products exports by province - volume (kilograms)

Maple products[1] exports by province - volume (kilograms)
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 55 22 44
Prince Edward Island 40,582 0 0 2,111 27,387
Nova Scotia 27,459 55,554 62,237 49,940 14,436
New Brunswick 1,526,978 2,004,193 1,940,942 1,304,800 1,169,415
Quebec 36,407,717 39,800,066 42,917,697 44,427,902 47,077,600
Ontario 323,894 301,011 110,150 23,329 52,487
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 7,316 0 0 4,610
Alberta 53 77 24,001 20,471 89
British Columbia 22,633 17,791 37,136 70,997 36,581
Canada[2] 38,349,316 42,186,008 45,092,218 45,899,572 48,382,649

Notes:

  1. Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.
  2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, October 2019)

2.1.4. Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 195,680 229,168 236,279 236,104 250,484
Germany 25,890 31,035 40,043 40,721 44,872
Japan 29,624 26,324 25,756 22,945 22,233
United Kingdom 12,267 16,177 16,584 17,733 18,567
Australia 10,025 12,088 15,650 17,627 17,500
France 9,974 12,212 13,049 12,743 13,436
Denmark 4,812 5,302 6,137 5,127 6,327
Korea, South 3,434 4,504 4,152 3,903 5,303
Netherlands 2,905 3,636 3,647 3,659 4,325
Belgium 2,034 2,276 3,126 3,647 3,332
Others 12,977 16,787 16,984 17,133 19,271
Total 309,621 359,508 381,407 381,342 405,650

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, October 2019)

2.1.5. Top maple products export destinations - percent share, 2018

Description of this image follows.
Description

Top maple products exports destinations – percent share

  • United States: 62%
  • Germany: 11%
  • Japan: 5%
  • United Kingdom: 5%
  • Australia: 4%
  • France: 3%
  • Others: 10%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNet, October 2019)

2.1.6. Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 24,518,587 26,838,226 27,886,052 28,588,821 30,218,926
Germany 3,177,017 3,549,035 4,540,965 4,622,930 5,003,007
United Kingdom 1,680,317 2,285,402 2,442,606 2,430,610 2,422,084
Japan 3,256,293 2,664,895 2,679,569 2,489,628 2,410,106
Australia 1,462,429 1,615,260 1,958,243 2,179,867 2,130,864
France 1,262,005 1,488,270 1,594,766 1,579,595 1,654,308
Denmark 685,271 760,544 868,629 730,988 908,839
Korea, South 400,586 494,818 471,750 484,602 670,121
Netherlands 323,307 404,083 390,935 388,048 482,083
Belgium 208,253 229,536 319,853 377,755 339,242
Others 1,375,251 1,855,939 1,938,850 2,026,728 2,143,069
Total 38,349,316 42,186,008 45,092,218 45,899,572 48,382,649
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, October 2019)

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Maple products available for consumption (kilograms per person)

Maple products available[1] for consumption[2] (kilograms per person)
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Maple Sugar 0.30 0.35 0.32 0.32 0.34

Note:

  1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

    Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

    Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

    Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks

  2. Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants, or losses during preparation.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. World data

4.1. Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
United States 195,649 228,988 236,408 236,165 250,548
Germany 22,900 25,358 29,688 30,120 36,679
Japan 34,568 33,936 29,962 29,449 27,428
United Kingdom 18,233 22,784 25,500 25,610 25,264
Australia 13,880 17,632 17,533 20,866 19,985
Netherlands 7,114 13,084 16,918 17,077 19,772
France 12,278 13,623 13,784 16,117 16,334
Canada[1] 12,494 13,622 21,980 17,078 14,780
Denmark 5,692 6,900 6,810 7,148 8,521
Poland 2,998 3,549 5,021 5,474 6,894
Others 47,016 57,271 62,761 64,669 67,769
Total 372,822 436,747 466,364 469,773 493,976

Note:

  1. 100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (October 2019)

5. Key Resources

Report a problem on this page
Please select all that apply:

Date modified: