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Statistical Overview of the Canadian Fruit Industry 2017

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Overview

Despite its northern latitude and short growing season, a wide range of fruits are grown commercially in Canada, including apples, tender fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, plums, prunes and cherries), grapes, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries and raspberries. Southern Ontario and southwest British Columbia, which each enjoy about 180 frost-free days every year, produce much of the fruit grown in the country, while Quebec regions and the Maritimes also have significant fruit production, despite having only about 120 frost-free days per year. A number of these fruits are native to Canada, such as cranberries, blueberries, Saskatoon berries and labrusca grapes. Fruits accounted for 16.8% of total cash receiptsFootnote 1 for edible horticulture in Canada in 2016.

The farm gate valueFootnote 2 of the Canadian fruit sector decreased by 4.6% from 2016 to $1.04 billion in 2017, largely due to a drop in cranberry and blueberry production. Cranberry value decreased by 27.2% to $114.9 million, reflecting a production decline of 30.3% in 2017. Blueberry value fell 20.1% to $203.4 million, driven by a 24.1% drop in production. Despite a 3.7% decrease in apple value to $224.6 million in 2017, apples ranked first in terms of value, ahead of blueberries, which had been the leading fruit crop since 2013.

Grapes were the third most important fruit crop in terms of value ($158.8 million, 15.3%), followed by strawberries ($128.2 million, 12.3%). Strawberry farm gate value increased by 18.1% in 2017 due to an increase in production and price, surpassing the cranberry farm gate value. Strawberry value and production have been increasing for five consecutive years, mainly owing to the adoption of new varieties and an increase in yields. Cranberries were followed by sweet cherries ($88.2 million, 8.5%), which recorded the largest increase (+45.8%) in value over 2016.

With a total marketed production of 345,568 tonnes, apples continue to lead the fruit sector, representing 41.5% of the total marketed production of Canadian fruit in 2017. Blueberries are the second most important fruit crop in terms of marketed production (160,246 tonnes, 19.3%), followed by cranberries (125,568 tonnes, 15.1%), grapes (89,443 tonnes, 10.7%) and strawberries (28,372 tonnes, 3.4%).

2017 marked the second consecutive year of decrease in value of Canadian exports of fresh fruitFootnote 3 after a steady growth over the previous decade. The value of Canadian exports of fresh fruit decreased by 12.6% from 2015 to $695 million in 2017, mainly due to a decrease in the country’s exports of blueberries (−12.7%), sweet cherries (−10.7%) and cranberries (33.1%). Blueberries continue to be Canada’s top fruit export by volume and by value, accounting for 59.0% of export dollars and 46.5% of export tonnage. Furthermore, frozen blueberries represented 63.2% of total blueberry export dollars and 75.2% of blueberry export tonnage in 2017. The United States remains Canada’s top export destination, accounting for 88.4% of all fruit exports by value in 2017.

For the 15th year in a row, Canadian fresh fruit imports continued to increase. Canada imported $6.58 billion of fresh fruit in 2017, up 1.6% from the previous year and up 140.0% over the last 15 years. In 2017, the top three fruit imports by dollar value were grapes (10.3%), bananas (9.0%) and strawberries (8.6%). In terms of tonnage, the top three imported fruits were bananas (21.4%), apples (7.8%) and grapes (7.3%). Canada’s leading source country for fruit imports continues to be the United States, accounting for 43.3% of import value, followed by Mexico with 15.5%, Chile with 5.7% and Guatemala with 5.1%.

The Canadian fruit industry continues to be innovative, with 2017 seeing the launch of 135 new products, ranging from new varieties to new packaging.

1. Production

1.1 Number of fruit farms[1] by province

2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 36 44 26
Prince Edward Island 153 173 175
Nova Scotia 907 971 890
New Brunswick 372 379 415
Quebec 1,273 1,414 1,495
Ontario 1,892 1,548 1,362
Manitoba 124 94 75
Saskatchewan 149 112 90
Alberta 227 151 137
British Columbia 3,196 3,367 3,180
Canada 8,329 8,253 7,845

Note:

  • [1] Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing fruits and on which fruit production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Agriculture (CANSIM Table 004-0200)

1.2 Total fruit area[1] by commodity – hectares

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Blueberries[2] 74,245 75,943 77,651 79,328 78,428
Apples 17,887 17,975 17,843 17,676 17,378
Grapes[3] 12,671 12,736 12,582 12,627 12,517
Cranberries 6,982 7,143 7,277 7,517 8,189
Strawberries 4,272 4,214 4,185 4,110 3,939
Peaches 2,957 2,860 2,762 2,664 2,562
Raspberries 2,714 2,571 2,429 2,314 2,140
Cherries, sweet 2,033 2,081 2,128 2,176 2,097
Saskatoon berries 1,183 1,158 1,136 1,122 1,066
Cherries, sour 1,115 1,097 1,080 1,063 1,007
Pears 922 912 902 894 835
Plums and prunes 666 659 656 645 626
Nectarines 330 306 340 336 323
Apricots 140 142 144 146 133
Other fruits n/a 1,465 1,545 1,571 1,445
Total 128,117 131,262 132,660 134,189 132,685

Notes:

  • [1] Total area includes bearing and non-bearing area.
  • [2] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.3. Total fruit area by commodity – percent share, 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Total fruit area by commodity – percent share

  • Blueberries: 59%
  • Apples: 13%
  • Grapes: 10%
  • Cranberries: 6%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 9%

1.4 Total fruit area[1] by province – hectares

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 53 49 140 36 327
Prince Edward Island 121 99 5,544 5,735 5,466
Nova Scotia 20,059 20,086 19,976 19,335 18,412
New Brunswick 14,542 15,793 17,050 18,402 17,534
Quebec 40,101 41,263 41,749 42,285 43,711
Ontario 20,666 20,737 20,607 19,855 19,739
Manitoba 267 290 236 242 245
Saskatchewan 552 748 753 785 561
Alberta 768 912 885 321 790
British Columbia 24,368 24,811 24,502 25,064 24,944
Canada[2] 128,117 131,262 132,660 134,189 132,685

Notes:

  • [1] Total fruit area includes bearing and non-bearing area.
  • [2] The total may not add up due to data unavailability of certain commodities in certain provinces.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.5. Total fruit area by province – percent share, 2017

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Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Total fruit area by province – percent share

  • Quebec: 33%
  • British Columbia: 19%
  • Ontario: 15%
  • Nova Scotia: 14%
  • New Brunswick: 13%
  • Others: 6%

1.6 Fruit farm gate value[1] by province – thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 815 602 491 689 921
Prince Edward Island 621 13,878 10,346 10,065 5,904
Nova Scotia 48,758 64,638 72,181 59,250 56,459
New Brunswick 32,899 37,402 47,254 36,553 24,270
Quebec 180,682 244,928 235,146 277,337 229,946
Ontario 279,687 228,839 222,069 280,300 274,583
Manitoba 1,771 1,507 1,705 2,189 2,789
Saskatchewan 1,086 887 742 1,318 2,241
Alberta 2,394 2,630 3,135 2,333 1,870
British Columbia 307,567 338,041 399,244 401,351 429,111
Canada[2] 879,910 953,989 1,005,182 1,089,913 1,039,515

Notes:

  • [1] The "farm gate" value is the pricing point of production, excluding charges for transport or delivery.
  • [2] The total may not add up due to data unavailability of certain commodities in certain provinces.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.7. Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share, 2017

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Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 41%
  • Ontario: 26%
  • Quebec: 22%
  • Nova Scotia: 6%
  • New Brunswick: 2%
  • Others: 3%

1.8. Fruit marketed volume by province – metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 108 431 79 116 443
Prince Edward Island 159 10,970 8,822 12,899 10,780
Nova Scotia 59,263 66,793 67,838 66,374 62,287
New Brunswick 19,907 30,631 45,407 49,956 37,993
Quebec 214,074 273,637 249,499 307,496 228,701
Ontario 300,102 236,552 181,673 268,939 210,147
Manitoba 498 384 510 532 569
Saskatchewan 303 254 219 348 467
Alberta 529 458 634 331 435
British Columbia 236,081 278,984 289,145 294,789 276,999
Canada[1] 853,471 908,205 846,576 1,005,946 832,046
  • [1] The total may not add up due to data unavailability of certain commodities in certain provinces.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.9. Fruit marketed volume by province – percent share, 2017

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Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

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Fruit marketed volume by province – percent share

  • British Columbia: 33%
  • Quebec: 28%
  • Ontario: 25%
  • Nova Scotia: 7%
  • New Brunswick: 5%
  • Others: 2%

1.10 Fruit farm gate value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Apples 219,714 212,885 200,598 233,146 224,607
Blueberries[1] 196,581 268,739 282,636 254,513 203,353
Grapes[2] 157,627 116,428 122,800 161,917 158,774
Strawberries 81,546 86,939 100,998 108,534 128,184
Cranberries 94,360 114,800 123,801 157,933 114,921
Cherries, sweet 47,082 51,775 63,378 60,330 88,167
Peaches 28,703 30,622 34,647 32,802 39,770
Raspberries 27,476 33,759 34,948 37,952 36,135
Pears 8,326 7,587 9,184 9,081 11,512
Plums and prunes 6,263 5,957 6,038 5,375 9,796
Nectarines 4,257 5,426 6,127 7,646 6,522
Cherries, sour 4,327 3,713 3,986 4,575 5,163
Saskatoon berries 2,373 1,812 2,400 1,981 2,480
Apricots 1,275 1,458 2,087 2,217 1,783
Other fruits n/a 12,089 11,554 11,911 8,348
Total 879,910 953,989 1,005,182 1,089,913 1,039,515

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blue berries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • n/a = Not available.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.11. Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share, 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share

  • Apples: 22%
  • Blueberries: 20%
  • Grapes: 15%
  • Strawberries: 12%
  • Cranberries: 11%
  • Others: 20%

1.12 Fruit marketed volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Apples 422,969 404,871 345,535 408,404 345,568
Blueberries[1] 109,550 166,603 175,530 211,190 160,246
Cranberries 122,409 160,046 145,141 180,282 125,568
Grapes[2] 104,729 80,121 80,529 105,802 89,443
Strawberries 21,902 22,246 24,676 26,548 28,372
Cherries, sweet 12,274 15,733 17,555 16,688 24,327
Peaches 24,267 23,943 25,066 22,031 24,238
Raspberries 11,048 12,701 10,782 11,670 9,745
Pears 10,293 9,154 8,954 8,285 9,676
Cherries, sour 5,724 4,204 4,056 6,143 5,355
Plums and prunes 3,977 3,990 3,583 3,092 4,626
Nectarines 3,035 3,169 3,387 4,097 3,286
Apricots 654 931 1,096 1,173 942
Saskatoon berries 640 493 686 541 654
Total 853,471 908,205 846,576 1,005,946 832,046

Notes:

  • [1] Includes low bush blueberries and high bush blueberries.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

1.13. Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share, 2017

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Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0009)

Description of above image

Fruit marketed volume by commodity – percent share

  • Apples: 42%
  • Blueberries: 19%
  • Cranberries: 15%
  • Grapes: 11%
  • Strawberries: 3%
  • Others: 10%

2. Innovation

2.1. Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'Fruit', 2013 – 2017

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Source: Mintel

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Number of new products launched in Canada under sub-category 'Fruit', 2013 – 2017

  • 2013: 76
  • 2014: 57
  • 2015: 55
  • 2016: 104
  • 2017: 135

2.2. Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit' by launch type, 2013 – 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

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Number of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit' by launch type, 2013 – 2017

  • New Packaging: 160
  • New Variety/Range Extension: 151
  • New Product: 105
  • Relaunch: 10
  • New Formulation: 1

2.3. Top 10 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category 'Fruit', 2013 – 2017

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Convenient Packaging 16 17 16 32 36 117
Kosher 9 14 16 21 36 96
Low/No/Reduced Sugar 5 13 12 28 21 79
Premium 14 4 12 7 13 50
Economy 19 2 4 12 3 40
Ease of Use 6 10 4 7 13 40
Ethical - Environmentally Friendly Package 16 6 4 9 3 38
Organic 3 6 10 5 7 31
High/Added Fibre 5 1 4 9 11 30
Social Media 1 0 7 12 10 30
Source: Mintel

2.4. Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category ‘Fruit’ 2013 – 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Mintel

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Top 5 claims of new products launched in Canada under the sub-category ‘Fruit’ 2013 – 2017

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Convenient Packaging 16 17 16 32 36
Kosher 9 14 16 21 36
Low/No/Reduced Sugar 5 13 12 28 21
Premium 14 4 12 7 13
Economy 19 2 4 12 3
Source: Mintel

3. Trade

3.1. Canadian fruit trade balance – value, thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Exports
Fresh[1] 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,692
Processed 362,609 424,072 557,200 565,217 586,413
Total 927,609 1,037,939 1,351,844 1,291,529 1,281,105
Imports
Fresh[1] 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,029 6,057,417
Processed 3,521,196 3,757,414 4,150,866 4,158,906 3,730,032
Total 8,153,216 8,853,846 9,901,673 10,122,935 9,787,450
Trade Balance (Export - Imports)
Fresh[1] −4,067,020 −4,482,565 −4,956,162 −5,237,717 −5,362,725
Processed −3,158,587 −3,333,342 −3,593,667 −3,593,689 −3,143,620
Total −7,225,607 −7,815,906 −8,549,829 −8,831,406 −8,506,345

Note:

  • [1] Includes frozen and dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.2. Canadian fruit imports, 2013 – 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

Description of above image

Canadian fruit imports, thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Fresh 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,029 6,057,417
Processed 3,521,196 3,757,414 4,150,866 4,158,906 3,730,032
Total 8,153,216 8,853,846 9,901,673 10,122,935 9,787,450

3.3. Canadian fruit exports, 2013 – 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

Description of above image

Fresh Canadian fruit exports, thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Fresh 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,692
Processed 362,609 424,072 557,200 565,217 586,413
Total 927,609 1,037,939 1,351,844 1,291,529 1,281,105

3.4. Exports

3.4.1. Fruit[1] export value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Blueberries[2][4] 346,878 377,979 469,147 422,398 409,611
Cherries, sweet 40,928 51,742 80,380 77,574 71,762
Cranberries 77,837 66,382 88,972 88,469 59,516
Apples[3] 28,162 41,381 51,335 51,234 51,687
Raspberries[4] 12,856 14,882 13,780 12,899 10,561
Cherries, sour 403 2,770 11,181 5,268 9,156
Strawberries[4] 1,396 2,317 2,843 2,789 5,994
Grapes[3] 2,102 1,186 999 1,147 1,894
Watermelons 2 58 130 440 370
Pears 45 106 110 465 191
Others 54,390 55,063 75,768 63,631 73,950
Total 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,692

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes dried.
  • [4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.4.2. Fruit[1] export volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Blueberries[2][4] 101,155 111,648 131,687 131,838 130,395
Cherries, sweet 6,055 8,542 12,400 9,403 10,071
Cranberries 60,083 59,074 65,131 63,471 50,423
Apples[3] 21,862 42,627 37,339 36,826 35,228
Raspberries[4] 5,801 4,684 3,323 3,645 3,045
Cherries, sour 67 295 1,234 575 1,220
Strawberries[4] 67 295 1,234 575 1,220
Grapes[3] 2,698 1,879 1,641 1,380 3,432
Watermelons 5 242 274 1,094 1,021
Pears 36 98 132 247 140
Others 30,641 29,621 46,705 35,424 43,898
Total 228,764 259,286 300,727 284,522 280,122

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes high-bush and low-bush blueberries.
  • [3] Includes dried.
  • [4] Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.4.3. Canada’s top 10 fruit export destinations – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 392,771 423,323 566,468 508,377 461,059
China 19,815 29,329 43,772 29,490 37,226
Japan 28,764 31,693 34,756 37,941 35,435
Germany 28,332 29,257 32,311 30,139 33,673
Netherlands 14,610 18,003 9,699 7,517 13,346
Belgium 8,627 10,603 12,228 11,623 13,046
Australia 3,868 5,356 5,977 11,592 12,742
Poland 1,380 1,358 2,944 4,856 11,415
Hong Kong 15,672 9,946 7,686 7,905 11,304
France 11,719 10,070 10,503 9,295 9,643
Others 39,442 44,930 68,301 67,578 55,964
Total 565,000 613,868 794,645 726,313 694,854
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.4.4. Canada's top 10 fresh fruit export destinations – volume in metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 179,811 204,805 235,878 216,476 192,478
China 5,076 7,767 7,162 5,829 8,662
Japan 7,354 7,893 8,053 9,336 10,584
Germany 8,907 8,352 10,381 10,174 16,026
Netherlands 5,378 5,773 4,002 3,138 6,041
Belgium 2,342 2,474 3,377 3,629 5,196
Australia 1,291 1,620 1,651 3,196 3,815
Poland 518 680 1,285 2,001 6,142
Hong Kong 1,751 1,693 954 1,422 1,925
France 2,978 2,439 2,975 2,936 3,645
Others 13,359 15,791 25,009 26,384 25,651
Total 228,764 259,286 300,727 284,522 280,165
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.4.5. Value of Canada’s top 5 fruit export destinations – percent share, 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

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Value of Canada’s top 5 fresh fruit export destinations – percent share

  • United States: 66%
  • China: 5%
  • Japan: 5%
  • Germany: 5%
  • Netherlands: 2%
  • Others: 17%

3.4.6. Top 5 fruit export destinations, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 0 0 0 0 24
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 1 1 1
Others 0 0 122 21 0
Total 0 0 123 22 25
Prince Edward Island United States 14,311 5,290 14,910 17,200 8,358
Japan 397 201 379 2,986 3,057
Netherlands 744 979 2,106 1,415 1,094
China 6,216 4,404 3,229 73 582
France 0 1,198 1,021 782 532
Others 1,515 1,898 2,527 1,847 1,722
Total 23,184 13,969 24,173 24,304 15,344
Nova Scotia United States 40,848 61,835 76,600 54,911 38,486
Germany 21,024 21,315 22,429 21,359 18,754
Japan 13,173 10,635 10,717 10,022 9,023
China 4,512 5,036 3,494 3,183 6,872
Poland 889 547 1,796 2,859 6,679
Others 29,205 24,068 22,229 18,292 19,320
Total 109,651 123,436 137,265 110,626 99,133
New Brunswick United States 3,873 7,569 12,257 9,621 5,224
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 6 4 32 50 16
Others 149 33 38 75 0
Total 4,027 7,606 12,327 9,746 5,239
Quebec United States 74,554 78,813 109,043 102,375 89,785
Germany 6,575 6,467 8,971 8,046 13,749
Belgium 5,131 4,493 7,881 6,441 7,269
Switzerland 1,047 500 11,032 10,486 6,703
Japan 5,939 10,625 7,849 8,041 6,609
Others 23,615 28,427 23,146 26,517 34,314
Total 116,860 129,325 167,922 161,906 158,430
Ontario United States 13,886 21,439 28,611 21,422 20,274
Cuba 472 978 1,306 1,018 2,179
Australia 129 177 118 346 656
Poland 0 0 0 32 609
Netherlands 21 34 61 0 565
Others 1,587 3,807 2,539 3,552 1,588
Total 16,096 26,434 32,634 26,369 25,871
Manitoba United States 0 8 0 116 4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 26 0 2
Others 11 143 20 4 0
Total 11 151 45 119 6
Saskatchewan United States 23 49 4 25 103
Germany 0 0 0 0 66
Others 1 0 0 0 0
Total 24 49 4 25 169
Alberta United States 1,415 1,066 205 97 306
Japan 95 0 0 94 66
Taiwan 220 51 0 0 60
Netherlands 0 0 0 0 29
Hong Kong 4 0 0 7 7
Others 261 594 8 150 4
Total 1,996 1,710 214 348 473
British Columbia United States 243,860 247,255 324,838 302,609 298,495
China 7,156 16,549 34,508 22,499 26,338
Japan 9,160 10,091 15,811 16,798 16,680
Hong Kong 15,666 9,883 7,615 7,795 11,198
Australia 1,169 2,215 2,908 8,764 9,743
Others 16,138 25,109 34,259 34,381 27,708
Total 293,149 311,102 419,938 392,847 390,163
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.5. Imports

3.5.1. Fruit[1] import value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Grapes[2],[6] 527,554 552,992 634,313 652,554 625,999
Bananas[6],[7] 423,047 472,249 530,030 541,833 548,085
Strawberries[3] 409,686 430,890 471,072 506,087 519,790
Raspberries[3],[8] 299,836 344,992 386,436 372,840 398,113
Apples[6] 296,099 286,255 266,062 357,801 303,723
Avocados 150,012 177,983 198,813 230,820 290,736
Blueberries[3],[4] 241,813 238,933 243,113 292,552 282,428
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 177,437 200,618 266,844 273,878 278,051
Oranges[5],[6] 187,419 216,565 228,867 240,646 253,400
Almonds 191,786 237,087 300,185 266,992 245,826
Others 1,727,332 1,937,868 2,225,073 2,228,025 2,311,267
Total 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,029 6,057,417

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [3] Includes frozen.
  • [4] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [5] Includes temple oranges.
  • [6] Includes dried.
  • [7] Includes plantains.
  • [8] Includes loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.5.2. Fruit[1] import volume by commodity – metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Grapes[2],[6] 212,479 201,202 206,793 197,339 204,361
Bananas[6],[7] 557,569 571,294 579,440 587,978 598,138
Strawberries[3] 147,738 127,197 126,388 129,601 135,229
Raspberries[3],[8] 47,046 50,513 49,685 45,488 47,263
Apples[6] 235,147 223,499 214,006 240,755 219,158
Avocados 57,488 61,087 70,020 77,872 79,892
Blueberries[3],[4] 63,798 58,254 46,413 58,687 60,824
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 129,711 123,240 145,966 145,821 152,871
Oranges[5],[6] 197,960 182,276 188,493 206,587 182,840
Almonds 25,275 25,096 23,702 28,485 29,640
Others 1,069,645 1,052,384 1,047,683 1,088,393 1,088,049
Total 2,743,856 2,676,043 2,698,591 2,807,007 2,798,266

Notes:

  • [1] Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.
  • [2] Includes table grapes and wine grapes.
  • [3] Includes frozen.
  • [4] Includes high-bush blueberries and low-bush blueberries.
  • [5] Includes temple oranges.
  • [6] Includes dried.
  • [7] Includes plantains.
  • [8] Includes loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.5.3. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 2,295,903 2,504,928 2,693,051 2,689,133 2,620,797
Mexico 514,443 586,507 694,352 787,973 940,309
Chile 400,766 358,352 391,123 407,884 347,285
Guatemala 158,993 201,584 239,770 266,910 311,364
Costa Rica 205,251 218,141 216,535 240,358 238,696
South Africa 98,813 105,399 122,078 130,036 158,269
Peru 63,054 92,309 119,925 132,084 149,677
Turkey 121,496 132,626 182,051 194,045 148,146
Viet Nam 64,490 73,554 106,823 121,185 137,259
Morocco 61,139 58,570 115,919 125,082 136,251
Others 647,671 764,461 869,181 869,339 869,365
Total 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,029 6,057,417
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.5.4. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – volume in metric tonnes

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 1,158,467 1,086,481 1,064,497 1,104,886 1,018,351
Mexico 292,868 284,084 307,501 328,933 347,295
Chile 143,747 110,418 108,444 111,537 109,126
Guatemala 205,847 226,371 244,229 280,398 332,326
Costa Rica 255,393 250,631 218,594 249,817 258,839
South Africa 72,184 71,174 75,313 70,935 80,018
Peru 33,234 45,939 48,079 46,747 52,680
Turkey 23,972 25,834 24,229 28,808 28,135
Viet Nam 11,763 12,581 14,443 13,979 13,776
Morocco 34,702 30,825 58,736 60,374 75,931
Others 511,678 531,704 534,527 510,591 481,790
Total 2,743,856 2,676,043 2,698,591 2,807,007 2,798,266
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

3.5.5. Top 5 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – percent share by value, 2017

Description of this image follows.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

Description of above image

Value of top 5 sources of Canada’s fresh fruit imports – percent share

  • United States: 43%
  • Mexico: 16%
  • Chile: 6%
  • Guatemala: 5%
  • Costa Rica: 4%
  • Others: 26%

3.5.6. Top 5 sources of fruit imports, by province – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador United States 119 195 78 226 77
Russia n/a n/a n/a n/a 16
Sweden n/a 32 n/a n/a 3
Total 119 227 78 226 96
Prince Edward Island n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Nova Scotia Spain n/a 1,577 916 924 1,708
Chile 2,330 2,420 2,090 2,316 1,214
Israel 134 55 n/a 94 1,074
New Zealand 216 621 649 351 821
Peru 105 144 139 796 268
Others 618 848 791 1,449 933
Total 3,403 5,665 4,585 5,930 6,018
New Brunswick United States 50,626 62,923 60,563 70,461 40,042
Guatemala 11,236 9,379 9,284 10,842 14,315
Honduras 1,330 3,331 3,733 2,546 4,693
Costa Rica 8,796 7,990 6,540 4,427 3,152
Chile 7,485 5,785 3,595 4,645 3,075
Others 10,393 11,853 14,992 12,927 16,515
Total 89,866 101,260 98,707 105,849 81,792
Quebec United States 131,171 128,013 136,329 129,633 128,367
Chile 95,461 94,635 107,140 106,316 95,958
Morocco 25,743 27,179 58,046 66,156 88,294
Costa Rica 60,622 66,062 56,337 62,984 65,073
Guatemala 35,524 39,747 55,361 55,205 64,978
Others 276,775 350,484 448,333 421,827 355,196
Total 625,296 706,119 861,546 842,121 797,865
Ontario United States 1,291,385 1,372,623 1,497,576 1,490,458 1,457,890
Mexico 321,634 367,570 429,231 487,016 563,599
Chile 204,380 171,932 183,658 188,846 167,302
Costa Rica 99,423 102,774 110,699 124,386 124,443
Turkey 27,557 34,008 29,978 78,398 114,963
Others 491,768 564,694 677,376 693,861 744,867
Total 2,436,147 2,613,600 2,928,518 3,062,966 3,173,062
Manitoba United States 30,464 31,805 33,589 32,957 31,412
Mexico 10,441 11,787 14,843 14,825 30,089
Guatemala 15,210 14,554 16,760 14,331 13,838
Costa Rica 7,483 8,349 7,819 5,946 4,609
Chile 9,238 7,044 7,544 5,316 1,150
Others 4,923 6,827 5,320 3,745 2,916
Total 77,760 80,366 85,876 77,119 84,015
Saskatchewan United States 25,294 18,792 17,833 16,321 15,425
Mexico 8,532 7,415 5,966 8,656 12,125
Guatemala 5,902 7,263 7,514 8,235 7,895
Chile 4,705 1,944 4,585 3,384 1,827
Costa Rica 2,791 2,460 2,052 1,888 1,774
Others 3,186 6,355 4,259 6,258 5,604
Total 50,410 44,229 42,209 44,742 44,650
Alberta United States 218,709 255,509 306,943 302,818 324,447
Mexico 59,688 65,791 79,340 110,605 154,563
Guatemala 14,185 14,773 15,218 22,808 28,532
Ecuador 35,911 39,472 43,720 42,456 28,133
Costa Rica 10,268 10,807 11,301 17,515 13,170
Others 37,180 39,749 41,905 42,924 33,228
Total 375,941 426,101 498,428 539,127 582,073
British Columbia United States 548,134 635,068 640,140 646,258 623,137
Mexico 99,067 114,832 145,603 151,347 171,385
Guatemala 22,044 53,568 58,573 59,071 78,489
Chile 57,163 55,225 62,950 76,317 64,892
China 52,005 49,849 60,492 63,947 60,672
Others 194,665 210,323 263,103 289,009 289,357
Total 973,077 1,118,865 1,230,860 1,285,950 1,287,932
n/a = Not available.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2018)

4. Consumption

4.1. Fresh fruits available[1] for consumption per person in Canada – kg per person

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Bananas 14.75 15.43 15.61 15.68 15.70
Melons total[2] 10.21 10.41 10.15 10.61 10.88
Apples 10.74 10.92 11.46 10.96 10.16
Oranges[3] 9.02 9.01 8.31 9.04 9.43
Watermelons 6.05 6.10 6.09 6.35 6.37
Grapes 4.67 4.81 4.45 4.61 4.29
Mandarins 3.55 3.49 3.29 3.87 3.83
Strawberries 3.83 3.70 3.12 3.13 3.18
Pineapples 3.28 3.31 3.36 2.89 3.09
Melons, musk and cantaloups 2.42 2.54 2.34 2.51 2.71
Cranberries 1.98 1.78 2.75 2.22 2.57
Avocados 1.32 1.53 1.61 1.83 2.01
Pears 2.21 2.14 2.16 2.09 1.92
Other fresh melons 1.68 1.70 1.68 1.72 1.75
Lemons 1.40 1.43 1.52 1.70 1.72
Dates 1.30 1.38 1.48 1.50 1.53
Guavas and mangoes 1.46 1.60 1.52 1.44 1.44
Peaches 1.15 1.18 1.08 1.13 1.12
Blueberries 1.18 1.28 1.06 0.77 1.08
Grapefruits 1.23 1.19 1.12 1.11 1.01
Other berries 1.07 1.07 1.16 1.13 0.97
Limes 1.09 1.34 1.05 0.68 0.97
Cherries 1.15 0.79 0.92 0.68 0.72
Nectarines 0.69 0.75 0.63 0.61 0.66
Plums total 0.67 0.71 0.60 0.55 0.61
Kiwis 0.61 0.53 0.48 0.55 0.58
Papayas 0.41 0.47 0.42 0.41 0.42
Figs 0.38 0.42 0.42 0.39 0.38
Coconuts 0.31 0.32 0.36 0.36 0.33
Apricots 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.12
Wintermelons 0.05 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.05

Notes:

  • [1] Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.
  • [2] Melons total include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.
  • [3] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

4.2. Fresh fruits available for consumption adjusted for losses[1] in Canada - kg per person

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Bananas 6.95 7.27 7.35 7.38 7.39
Apples 7.07 7.18 7.54 7.21 6.69
Oranges[2] 3.72 3.72 3.43 3.74 3.90
Melons total[3] 3.26 3.32 3.25 3.39 3.47
Grapes 2.78 2.86 2.65 2.74 2.55
Watermelons 2.28 2.29 2.29 2.39 2.40
Strawberries 2.11 2.04 1.72 1.72 1.75
Pears 1.31 1.27 1.28 1.24 1.14
Mandarins 1.00 0.99 0.93 1.09 1.08
Dates 0.82 0.88 0.94 0.95 0.97
Avocados 0.60 0.70 0.74 0.84 0.92
Blueberries 0.98 1.06 0.88 0.64 0.90
Pineapples 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.79 0.85
Guavas and mangoes 0.75 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.74
Melons, musk and cantaloups 0.62 0.65 0.60 0.64 0.69
Other berries 0.73 0.73 0.79 0.77 0.66
Peaches 0.55 0.56 0.51 0.54 0.53
Lemons 0.39 0.39 0.42 0.47 0.47
Limes 0.47 0.58 0.45 0.29 0.42
Other melons 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.35
Grapefruits 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.39 0.35
Plums total 0.38 0.40 0.34 0.31 0.35
Cherries 0.49 0.34 0.39 0.29 0.31
Nectarines 0.33 0.36 0.30 0.29 0.31
Coconuts 0.26 0.27 0.31 0.31 0.28
Figs 0.26 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.26
Kiwis 0.25 0.22 0.20 0.23 0.24
Papayas 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10
Apricots 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.07
Wintermelons 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02
Other citrus 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02
Cranberries 1.35 1.21 1.88 1.51 0.00

Notes:

  • [1] Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.
  • [2] Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.
  • [3] Melons include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and wintermelons.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

5. World data

5.1. Top 10 importers of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 12,834,982 15,440,328 19,666,829 22,203,678 23,568,776
Germany 10,432,593 11,229,029 12,957,314 13,738,618 14,420,650
Netherlands 6,804,054 7,545,549 8,476,956 9,552,580 10,183,218
China 4,201,519 5,668,832 7,618,789 7,779,923 8,288,405
United Kingdom 5,955,344 6,810,759 7,868,366 8,354,457 8,253,161
France 5,563,521 5,817,256 6,542,413 7,189,572 7,506,419
Russia 6,622,378 6,056,450 5,090,661 5,088,038 6,064,090
Canada 4,632,019 5,096,432 5,750,807 5,964,029 6,057,504
Hong Kong 3,794,720 4,323,716 4,801,676 5,705,455 5,441,076
Belgium 3,861,064 4,250,315 4,336,338 4,768,937 5,033,819
Others 41,460,711 46,253,440 53,905,096 56,423,593 58,682,884
Total 106,162,904 118,492,104 137,015,246 146,768,880 153,500,003

Notes:
All data may include processed and unprocessed fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Atlas (April 2018)

5.2. Top 10 exporters of fruit worldwide – value in thousands of Canadian dollars

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 15,002,624 16,444,548 18,486,615 18,641,551 19,266,956
Spain 9,563,252 10,243,873 11,518,820 11,987,781 12,165,229
Netherlands 6,179,886 6,840,740 7,667,259 8,950,137 9,678,931
Mexico 3,474,822 4,576,185 5,916,923 7,337,579 8,565,117
China 4,311,919 4,797,996 6,766,568 7,341,416 6,882,922
Chile 5,210,236 5,140,870 5,917,729 6,646,256 6,296,517
Italy 4,215,332 4,518,386 4,885,721 5,212,171 5,413,892
Turkey 4,108,670 4,820,555 5,618,332 5,154,130 5,096,343
South Africa 2,729,512 3,124,030 3,736,231 3,823,704 4,424,467
Ecuador 2,546,155 3,011,476 3,749,346 3,813,758 4,145,156
Others 46,081,894 45,818,550 50,325,148 53,834,699 55,818,562
Total 103,424,303 109,337,208 124,588,691 132,743,180 137,754,091

Notes:
All data may include processed and unprocessed fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Atlas (April 2018)

5.3. World fruit production by commodity – volume in metric tonnes

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Watermelons 105,257,242 108,078,173 111,507,074 113,708,019 117,022,560
Bananas 107,810,272 110,514,408 111,310,739 115,239,574 113,280,302
Apples 78,625,948 82,820,750 85,500,042 86,222,250 89,329,179
Grapes 68,867,023 76,587,641 74,079,101 76,835,719 77,438,929
Oranges 70,352,735 73,112,597 72,357,244 72,794,288 73,187,570
Mangoes[1] 42,418,914 44,510,869 45,855,908 46,333,037 46,508,697
Plantains 33,295,121 33,705,420 35,068,687 35,713,826 35,063,802
Tangerines[2] 27,769,342 28,842,707 30,551,955 32,968,646 32,792,530
Melons, other[3] 28,628,373 29,723,606 30,146,285 29,974,647 31,166,896
Pears 24,301,149 25,313,039 26,002,517 26,763,031 27,345,930
Pineapples 24,120,521 24,683,553 25,425,281 25,866,692 25,809,038
Peaches and nectarines 21,279,132 21,851,523 22,950,087 24,379,827 24,975,649
Lemons and limes 15,008,334 15,421,905 15,871,808 16,988,425 17,347,153
Papayas 12,013,955 12,358,964 12,698,728 12,077,444 13,050,749
Plums and sloes 10,873,542 11,325,235 11,441,155 11,630,094 12,050,800
Strawberries 7,382,136 7,877,787 8,149,667 8,743,917 9,118,336
Grapefruit and pomelos 8,240,840 8,491,232 8,686,264 8,835,434 9,074,176
Dates 7,430,261 7,517,294 7,600,312 8,139,037 8,460,443
Avocados 4,456,290 4,670,163 5,074,260 5,346,968 5,567,044
Persimmons 4,823,046 4,907,270 5,217,695 5,262,575 5,430,365
Kiwi fruit 3,053,731 3,464,394 3,838,207 4,150,863 4,274,870
Apricots 3,865,025 4,093,243 3,338,757 3,965,406 3,881,204
Cherries 2,189,287 2,276,634 2,154,755 2,253,941 2,317,956
Cashewapples 1,963,628 1,919,403 1,889,934 1,880,195 1,921,459
Cherries, sour 1,161,333 1,386,996 1,331,884 1,329,443 1,378,216
Figs 1,056,036 1,130,940 1,145,611 1,159,215 1,050,459
Raspberries 566,558 584,524 624,166 643,052 795,249
Cranberries 594,539 628,363 638,540 655,279 683,671
Quinces 602,948 676,754 660,233 694,547 677,949
Currants 643,101 685,109 624,567 619,562 655,030
Blueberries 397,793 427,760 511,408 522,363 552,505
Gooseberries 164,672 167,509 170,892 164,031 174,309
Carobs 170,926 152,863 199,727 162,158 158,609
Others 68,888,132 73,747,128 70,919,736 71,641,899 73,334,770
Total 788,271,885 823,655,756 833,543,226 853,665,404 865,876,404

Notes:

  • [1] Includes mangosteens, guavas.
  • [2] Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.
  • [3] Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (April 2018)

5.4. World fruit production by commodity – area in hectares

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Grapes 6,971,403 7,094,262 7,026,156 7,126,536 7,096,741
Bananas 5,274,021 5,286,085 5,318,259 5,446,651 5,494,005
Mangoes[1] 5,438,753 5,582,728 5,713,565 5,303,741 5,425,054
Apples 5,075,039 5,160,561 5,141,398 5,206,832 5,293,340
Plantains 4,686,234 4,715,692 4,737,983 4,795,300 4,687,974
Oranges 3,945,003 4,110,713 4,045,424 3,962,207 3,965,265
Watermelons 3,327,671 3,358,842 3,432,697 3,432,449 3,507,243
Plums and sloes 2,565,813 2,663,137 2,550,515 2,602,782 2,651,122
Tangerines[2] 2,297,564 2,387,667 2,450,177 2,540,498 2,609,121
Peaches and nectarines 1,519,036 1,559,769 1,608,972 1,646,032 1,639,925
Pears 1,565,948 1,591,090 1,575,137 1,590,450 1,584,956
Dates 1,121,587 1,160,096 1,161,048 1,251,998 1,353,159
Melons, other[3] 1,161,596 1,170,064 1,181,743 1,175,831 1,245,841
Lemons and limes 973,439 1,003,349 1,031,221 1,071,924 1,078,845
Pineapples 1,007,623 1,005,484 1,003,556 1,019,024 1,046,901
Persimmons 950,754 975,170 1,011,144 1,012,992 1,029,976
Cashewapples 686,888 680,954 675,605 662,561 665,123
Apricots 532,322 558,924 554,657 563,742 568,014
Avocados 478,170 506,397 536,710 553,457 563,916
Papayas 419,694 423,095 424,368 411,262 441,964
Cherries 404,241 417,500 408,076 419,876 439,692
Strawberries 345,348 369,705 374,012 390,943 401,862
Grapefruit and pomelos 321,528 320,898 348,689 354,625 358,724
Figs 307,504 315,155 312,192 314,908 308,460
Kiwi fruit 186,377 239,628 248,761 263,671 277,527
Cherries, sour 226,256 205,811 208,129 207,300 214,396
Currants 115,158 116,166 116,938 114,589 120,820
Blueberries 82,696 86,521 90,095 105,068 110,928
Raspberries 102,175 92,597 93,103 95,953 106,631
Quinces 72,914 81,705 84,489 89,886 94,238
Carobs 85,575 85,175 74,921 70,679 66,874
Cranberries 37,208 40,260 38,406 39,602 41,574
Gooseberries 29,429 29,080 30,313 29,169 31,395
Others 10,070,501 10,164,901 10,136,572 10,412,232 10,714,302
Total 62,385,468 63,559,181 63,745,031 64,284,770 65,235,908

Notes:

  • [1] Includes mangosteens, guavas.
  • [2] Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.
  • [3] Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (April 2018)

6. Key resources

Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):

All import and export H.S. codes fall under Chapter 08 of the Custom Tariff.

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