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Canada's food security dependencies

May 2020

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Canada is the 6th largest importer of agri-food and seafood products in the world after the European Union (EU), the United States (U.S.), China, Japan, and United Kingdom (UK). Canada recorded imports of Can$52.1 billion in 2019.

Canada is a net exporter of agri-food and seafood products. In 2019, Canada's agri-food and seafood trade surplus was Can$16.2 billion. Canada's agri-food and seafood imports increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.6% from 2015 to 2019.

In 2019, the top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to Canada represented Can$40.3 billion or 77.3% of total imports. Canada is largely dependent on agri-food and seafood imports from the U.S., which have been steady while imports from other countries have increased in value and market share. Other top suppliers to Canada are the EU, Mexico, China, and Thailand. The top five imports to Canada from 2015 to 2019 were wine, baked goods, food preparations, coffee, and pet food.

Trade overview

Canada is a net exporter of agri-food and seafood products. In 2019, Canada's agri-food and seafood trade surplus was Can$16.2 billion. Canada's agri-food and seafood imports increased at a CAGR of 2.6% from 2015 to 2019.

In 2019, the top five agri-food and seafood suppliers to Canada represented Can$40.3 billion or 77.3% of total imports. Top supplying countries were the U.S., the EU, Mexico, China, and Thailand. Top five imports to Canada were wine, baked goods, food preparations, coffee, and pet food.

Canada's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 47,096.3 48,372.2 49,001.1 50,324.3 52,163.8 2.6
United States 27,768.9 27,967.4 27,737.7 28,062.8 28,722.2 0.9
Mexico 2,116.0 2,463.4 2,687.7 2,741.6 3,096.5 10.0
China 1,432.1 1,555.2 1,607.8 1,663.4 1,773.7 5.5
Italy 1,099.6 1,204.5 1,284.6 1,403.6 1,415.4 6.5
France 965.5 1,022.3 1,099.2 1,218.6 1,273.3 7.2
Thailand 750.9 767.6 759.3 771.7 817.1 2.1
Chile 785.3 797.6 745.6 842.0 815.3 0.9
Brazil 841.3 1,011.6 1,039.2 998.5 798.0 −1.3
India 582.7 518.9 659.7 700.7 716.4 5.3
Spain 398.5 443.6 504.9 585.1 637.3 12.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Agri-food and seafood imports from the U.S. were steady between 2015 and 2019, increasing by a CAGR of 0.9%, with a market share of 55.1%. However, Canada is increasingly sourcing imports from other countries as market share of imports from the U.S. fell by 3.9% between 2015 and 2019 and shares of imports from elsewhere grew, notably Mexico, China and EU countries. This trend is also evident in Canada's import supply gap, which indicates that imports, minus from the U.S., have grown by a CAGR of 4.9% between 2015 and 2019. Among Canada's top fifteen imported products, imports from the U.S. dominate but have largely fallen whereas imports from other countries have increased.

Canada's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, % based on values
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 59.0 57.8 56.6 55.8 55.1 −3.9
Mexico 4.5 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.9 1.4
China 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 0.4
Italy 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.7 0.4
France 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.4 0.3
Thailand 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 0.0
Chile 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 −0.1
Brazil 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.5 −0.3
India 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.2
Spain 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's agri-food and seafood import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 47,096.3 48,372.2 49,001.1 50,324.3 52,163.8 2.6
Imports from top supplier 27,768.9 27,967.4 27,737.7 28,062.8 28,722.2 0.9
Supply gap 19,327.4 20,404.8 21,263.4 22,261.5 23,441.6 4.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top fifteen agri-food and seafood imports from the world, Can$ millions
HS code Commodity HS 4 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Total imports 47,096.3 48,372.2 49,001.1 50,324.3 52,163.8 2.6
2204 Wine 2,296.8 2,349.5 2,446.6 2,586.4 2,586.4 3.0
1905 Baked goods 1,865.0 1,898.6 1,923.6 2,168.6 2,168.6 3.8
2106 Food preparations 1,687.3 1,854.5 1,895.8 2,142.5 2,142.5 6.2
0901 Coffee 1,588.5 1,578.9 1,672.9 1,587.6 1,587.6 0.0
2309 Pet food 1,120.7 1,149.5 1,217.3 1,439.2 1,439.2 6.5
1806 Chocolate 1,233.8 1,276.6 1,306.8 1,349.3 1,349.3 2.3
0810 Fresh berries 1,087.0 1,139.7 1,199.7 1,340.0 1,340.0 5.4
2008 Fruits and nuts 1,070.9 1,042.1 1,084.6 1,205.9 1,205.9 3.0
0709 Fresh vegetables 947.8 1,034.0 1,023.1 1,162.7 1,162.7 5.2
2208 Spirits, liqueurs 903.3 921.3 964.0 1,132.7 1,132.7 5.8
2202 Bottled water 1,097.8 1,117.9 1,130.5 1,107.9 1,117.9 0.5
0306 Crustaceans 1,004.5 1,066.8 992.8 1,048.7 1,053.7 1.2
2103 Sauces/condiments 956.9 1,003.4 996.2 985.1 979.5 0.6
0304 Prepared fish 717.9 747.9 824.8 881.7 908.1 6.1
1602 Prepared meat 863.9 854.1 835.8 830.5 834.6 −0.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Top 15 agri-food and seafood imports

1. Wine (HS 2204)

Canada's top ten suppliers of Wine, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 2,296.8 2,349.5 2,446.6 2,586.6 2,586.4 3.0
France 465.3 486.2 526.4 566.9 587.9 6.0
Italy 462.1 483.5 515.3 540.0 553.2 4.6
United States 509.4 503.9 513.1 535.9 520.4 0.5
Australia 234.9 221.0 216.6 242.7 223.4 −1.2
Spain 125.9 131.7 151.5 163.0 163.5 6.7
New Zealand 100.6 111.6 117.2 124.8 127.7 6.1
Chile 118.6 134.7 124.5 123.6 123.5 1.0
Argentina 116.0 105.9 100.5 103.2 105.6 −2.3
Portugal 58.1 60.4 65.4 72.6 72.6 5.8
South Africa 48.6 52.4 52.7 49.8 44.4 −2.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of wine, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
France 20.3 20.7 21.5 21.9 22.7 2.4
Italy 20.1 20.6 21.1 20.9 21.4 1.3
United States 22.2 21.5 21.0 20.7 20.1 −2.1
Australia 10.2 9.4 8.9 9.4 8.6 −1.6
Spain 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.3 6.3 0.8
New Zealand 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9 0.5
Chile 5.2 5.7 5.1 4.8 4.8 −0.4
Argentina 5.1 4.5 4.1 4.0 4.1 −1.0
Portugal 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 0.3
South Africa 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 −0.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's wine import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 2,296.8 2,349.5 2,446.6 2,586.6 2,586.4 3.0
Imports from top supplier 465.3 486.2 526.4 566.9 587.9 6.0
Supply gap 1,831.5 1,863.3 1,920.2 2,019.7 1,998.5 2.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

2. Baked goods (HS 1905)

Canada's top ten suppliers of baked goods, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,865.0 1,898.6 1,923.6 2,018.0 2,168.6 3.8
United States 1,466.7 1,473.4 1,455.1 1,523.7 1,628.7 2.7
Mexico 59.9 66.0 63.5 56.2 68.1 3.3
Italy 40.5 38.0 42.0 49.3 55.0 8.0
Germany 21.2 27.3 39.0 47.9 45.7 21.1
United Kingdom 44.0 44.6 44.2 41.1 44.2 0.2
China 29.4 32.2 33.0 33.3 37.8 6.5
France 16.7 20.3 29.3 33.0 35.9 21.1
Belgium 20.9 25.4 29.7 31.8 35.2 13.9
India 20.7 21.9 24.6 26.0 29.8 9.5
Philippines 13.2 14.7 15.3 16.7 16.0 4.8

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of baked goods, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 78.6 77.6 75.6 75.5 75.1 −3.5
Mexico 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.8 3.1 −0.1
Italy 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.5 0.3
Germany 1.1 1.4 2.0 2.4 2.1 1.0
United Kingdom 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.0 −0.4
China 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 0.1
France 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 0.8
Belgium 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 0.5
India 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.3
Philippines 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's baked goods import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,865.0 1,898.6 1,923.6 2,018.0 2,168.6 3.8
Imports from top supplier 1,466.7 1,473.4 1,455.1 1,523.7 1,628.7 2.7
Supply gap 398.3 425.2 468.5 494.3 539.9 7.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

3. Food preparations (HS 2106)

Canada's top ten suppliers of food preparations, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,687.3 1,854.5 1,895.8 2,015.0 2,142.5 6.2
United States 1,486.3 1,640.3 1,650.0 1,684.2 1,794.4 4.8
China 19.8 19.0 21.9 40.4 42.2 20.9
Sweden 21.0 30.5 33.8 31.9 30.1 9.5
Switzerland 15.9 17.1 21.6 23.5 29.1 16.3
United Kingdom 19.9 14.9 19.4 16.7 23.6 4.4
Singapore 1.1 0.9 0.9 31.6 21.1 109.0
Germany 13.3 19.4 18.3 18.8 19.3 9.8
France 6.6 6.5 13.2 18.5 19.3 30.7
Taiwan 8.3 9.4 11.5 15.1 19.1 23.3
Mexico 9.3 6.5 7.5 9.3 15.8 14.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of food preparations, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 88.1 88.5 87.0 83.6 83.8 −4.3
China 1.2 1.0 1.2 2.0 2.0 0.8
Sweden 1.2 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.4 0.2
Switzerland 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4 0.5
United Kingdom 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1 −0.1
Singapore 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.6 1.0 0.9
Germany 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.1
France 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5
Taiwan 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.4
Mexico 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's food preparations import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,687.3 1,854.5 1,895.8 2,015.0 2,142.5 6.2
Imports from top supplier 1,486.3 1,640.3 1,650.0 1,684.2 1,794.4 4.8
Supply gap 201.0 214.2 245.8 330.8 348.1 14.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

4. Coffee (HS 0901)

Canada's top ten suppliers of coffee, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,588.5 1,578.9 1,672.9 1,561.4 1,587.6 0.0
United States 663.6 620.6 556.6 545.2 502.1 −6.7
Colombia 234.2 235.9 300.7 262.0 251.0 1.8
Brazil 190.5 176.6 188.4 175.2 176.4 −1.9
Switzerland 37.0 36.5 73.7 74.6 115.4 32.9
Guatemala 120.5 130.4 125.6 104.8 108.4 −2.6
Italy 43.8 47.0 53.7 57.8 62.9 9.5
Peru 56.0 54.9 62.2 66.5 62.7 2.9
Honduras 35.1 39.2 54.5 41.5 48.9 8.6
Indonesia 40.2 43.0 44.7 36.6 40.7 0.3
Mexico 20.1 23.6 29.6 26.7 29.1 9.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of coffee, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 41.8 39.3 33.3 34.9 31.6 −10.2
Colombia 14.7 14.9 18.0 16.8 15.8 1.1
Brazil 12.0 11.2 11.3 11.2 11.1 −0.9
Switzerland 2.3 2.3 4.4 4.8 7.3 −0.8
Guatemala 7.6 8.3 7.5 6.7 6.8 0.5
Italy 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.7 4.0 1.2
Peru 3.5 3.5 3.7 4.3 4.0 −0.1
Honduras 2.2 2.5 3.3 2.7 3.1 0.1
Indonesia 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.6 0.9
Mexico 1.3 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.8 5.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's coffee import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,588.5 1,578.9 1,672.9 1,561.4 1,587.6 0.0
Imports from top supplier 663.6 620.6 556.6 545.2 502.1 −6.7
Supply gap 924.9 958.3 1,116.3 1,016.2 1,085.5 4.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

5. Pet food (HS 2309)

Canada's top ten suppliers of pet food, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,120.7 1,149.5 1,217.3 1,238.9 1,439.2 6.5
United States 1,003.0 1,032.7 1,068.8 1,078.1 1,240.2 5.5
China 27.0 23.7 32.1 34.2 51.5 17.6
Thailand 22.8 23.7 25.0 31.5 35.2 11.5
France 16.7 17.7 20.2 25.5 21.2 6.1
United Kingdom 2.0 0.2 1.0 1.5 14.1 62.8
Netherlands 6.6 7.7 9.3 9.5 12.1 16.4
Italy 1.0 2.0 2.7 6.1 8.6 72.4
Belgium 3.9 4.7 6.6 7.1 8.2 20.3
Malaysia 12.7 9.8 17.9 13.2 7.5 −12.4
Germany 1.8 1.6 3.9 4.5 6.7 38.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of pet food, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 89.5 89.8 87.8 87.0 86.2 −3.3
China 2.4 2.1 2.6 2.8 3.6 1.2
Thailand 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.5 0.5
France 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.1 1.5 0.0
United Kingdom 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.8
Netherlands 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.2
Italy 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.5
Belgium 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2
Malaysia 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.1 0.5 −0.6
Germany 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's pet food import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,120.7 1,149.5 1,217.3 1,238.9 1,439.2 6.5
Imports from top supplier 1,003.0 1,032.7 1,068.8 1,078.1 1,240.2 5.5
Supply gap 117.7 116.8 148.5 160.8 199.0 14.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

6. Chocolate (HS 1806)

Canada's top ten suppliers of chocolate, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,233.8 1,276.6 1,306.8 1,324.5 1,349.3 2.3
United States 756.9 789.8 794.0 767.8 781.5 0.8
Switzerland 75.6 80.4 86.0 90.1 99.0 7.0
Mexico 72.8 71.8 73.8 78.5 86.7 4.5
Germany 52.3 50.4 56.4 71.3 70.8 7.9
Belgium 53.8 56.5 60.6 59.4 64.3 4.5
France 44.4 46.2 47.4 52.4 54.3 5.2
Italy 25.8 31.3 39.8 45.0 44.8 14.7
United Kingdom 49.2 46.3 44.7 37.8 35.3 −8.0
Poland 20.6 20.1 24.0 32.2 22.8 2.6
Netherlands 7.3 9.6 12.2 13.7 14.1 18.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of chocolate, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 61.4 61.9 60.8 58.0 57.9 −3.5
Switzerland 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.8 7.3 1.2
Mexico 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.4 0.5
Germany 4.2 4.0 4.3 5.4 5.2 1.0
Belgium 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.8 0.4
France 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.0 4.0 0.4
Italy 2.1 2.5 3.0 3.4 3.3 1.2
United Kingdom 4.0 3.6 3.4 2.9 2.6 −1.4
Poland 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.4 1.7 0.0
Netherlands 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's chocolate import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,233.8 1,276.6 1,306.8 1,324.5 1,349.3 2.3
Imports from top supplier 756.9 789.8 794.0 767.8 781.5 0.8
Supply gap 476.9 486.8 512.8 556.7 567.8 4.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

7. Fresh berries (HS 0810)

Canada's top ten suppliers of fresh berries, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,087.0 1,139.7 1,199.7 1,257.3 1,340.0 5.4
United States 688.8 679.0 665.1 675.5 670.5 −0.7
Mexico 217.3 258.4 329.4 334.2 390.5 15.8
Peru 4.3 20.2 36.6 59.2 86.3 111.3
Chile 80.2 85.1 68.7 76.7 68.8 −3.8
New Zealand 18.3 19.4 18.3 27.8 28.7 11.8
Italy 18.4 20.1 19.0 14.1 18.5 0.1
Argentina 18.2 14.9 9.1 8.9 12.1 −9.8
Viet-Nam 7.6 9.0 9.1 9.7 10.8 9.1
Spain 6.5 5.5 9.2 8.7 10.1 12.0
China 4.0 4.0 4.9 6.3 5.8 9.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of fresh berries, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 63.4 59.6 55.4 53.7 50.0 −13.4
Mexico 20.0 22.7 27.5 26.6 29.1 9.1
Peru 7.4 1.8 3.1 4.7 6.4 −1.0
Chile 0.4 7.5 5.7 6.1 5.1 4.7
New Zealand 1.7 1.7 1.5 2.2 2.1 0.4
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.1 1.4 −0.3
Argentina 1.7 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.9 −0.8
Viet-Nam 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.1
Spain 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.2
China 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's fresh berries import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,087.0 1,139.7 1,199.7 1,257.3 1,340.0 5.4
Imports from top supplier 688.8 679.0 665.1 675.5 670.5 −0.7
Supply gap 398.2 460.7 534.6 581.8 669.5 13.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

8. Fruits and nuts (HS 2008)

Canada's top ten suppliers of fruits and nuts, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,070.9 1,042.1 1,084.6 1,137.5 1,205.9 3.0
United States 700.1 666.0 692.1 728.8 760.1 2.1
Thailand 79.8 81.1 81.2 78.5 86.1 1.9
China 78.6 81.2 77.5 86.1 85.6 2.2
Mexico 36.6 36.6 47.5 54.4 56.1 11.2
Viet-Nam 24.6 25.3 23.2 26.5 30.8 5.7
South Korea 16.4 17.8 23.6 21.7 26.8 13.1
Greece 6.8 12.3 13.8 15.4 23.8 36.7
Philippines 26.4 18.9 21.2 19.2 20.5 −6.2
Lebanon 7.2 8.2 10.2 10.4 11.2 11.7
India 12.2 10.3 10.8 9.6 10.1 −4.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of fruits and nuts, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 65.4 63.9 63.8 64.1 63.0 −2.4
Thailand 7.5 7.8 7.5 6.9 7.1 −0.4
China 7.3 7.8 7.1 7.6 7.1 −0.2
Mexico 3.4 3.5 4.4 4.8 4.7 1.3
Viet-Nam 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.6 0.3
South Korea 1.5 1.7 2.2 1.9 2.2 0.7
Greece 0.6 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.4
Philippines 2.5 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.7 −0.8
Lebanon 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.2
India 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 −0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's fruits and nuts import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,070.9 1,042.1 1,084.6 1,137.5 1,205.9 3.0
Imports from top supplier 700.1 666.0 692.1 728.8 760.1 2.1
Supply gap 370.8 376.1 392.5 408.7 445.8 4.7

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

9. Fresh vegetables (HS 0709)

Canada's top ten suppliers of fresh vegetables, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 947.8 1,034.0 1,023.1 1,058.7 1,162.7 5.2
United States 501.3 498.6 506.7 513.0 552.3 2.5
Mexico 307.5 390.7 383.4 408.6 449.2 9.9
Spain 30.7 31.9 14.8 19.6 30.6 0.0
Peru 40.5 37.3 36.9 30.9 28.5 −8.4
Honduras 14.3 16.8 17.7 19.3 25.8 15.8
Dominican Republic 13.6 12.0 14.0 10.2 9.6 −8.5
South Korea 6.0 6.6 7.7 8.1 9.4 12.1
Netherlands 1.1 7.3 4.1 5.5 7.6 61.7
China 6.8 6.8 7.2 7.6 7.5 2.7
Nicaragua 2.7 6.1 5.8 5.8 7.2 27.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of fresh vegetables, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 52.9 48.2 49.5 48.5 47.5 −5.4
Mexico 32.5 37.8 37.5 38.6 38.6 6.1
Spain 3.2 3.1 1.5 1.9 2.6 −0.6
Peru 4.3 3.6 3.6 2.9 2.5 −1.8
Honduras 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.2 0.7
Dominican Republic 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.0 0.8 −0.6
South Korea 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.2
Netherlands 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6
China 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0
Nicaragua 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's fresh vegetables import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 947.8 1,034.0 1,023.1 1,058.7 1,162.7 5.2
Imports from top supplier 501.3 498.6 506.7 513.0 552.3 2.5
Supply gap 446.5 535.4 516.4 545.7 610.4 8.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

10. Spirits and liqueurs (HS 2208)

Canada's top ten suppliers of spirits and liqueurs, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 903.3 921.3 964.0 1,046.5 1,132.7 5.8
United Kingdom 221.6 225.4 232.7 245.6 269.8 5.1
United States 207.9 207.4 209.3 247.7 261.5 5.9
France 132.4 132.1 141.0 142.3 146.9 2.6
Ireland 83.0 84.6 91.6 97.2 110.8 7.5
Mexico 57.1 61.3 69.2 75.7 88.3 11.5
Sweden 33.9 36.9 37.1 39.1 39.4 3.8
Italy 24.7 25.9 28.4 28.2 32.4 7.0
China 2.6 3.0 8.2 18.0 22.5 71.1
Germany 16.3 14.7 14.8 14.5 17.2 1.3
Netherlands 7.8 8.8 8.2 8.7 13.2 14.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of spirits and liqueurs, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
UK 24.5 24.5 24.1% 23.5 23.8 −0.7
United States 23.0 22.5 21.7 23.7 23.1 0.1
France 14.7 14.3 14.6 13.6 13.0 −1.7
Ireland 9.2 9.2 9.5 9.3 9.8 0.6
Mexico 6.3 6.7 7.2 7.2 7.8 1.5
Sweden 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5 −0.3
Italy 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.9 0.2
China 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.7 2.0 1.7
Germany 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 −0.3
Netherlands 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's spirits and liqueurs import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 903.3 921.3 964.0 1,046.5 1,132.7 5.8
Imports from top supplier 221.6 225.4 232.7 245.6 269.8 5.1
Supply gap 681.7 695.9 731.3 800.9 862.9 6.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

11. Bottled water (HS 2202)

Canada's top ten suppliers of bottled water, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,097.8 1,117.9 1,130.5 1,107.9 1,117.9 0.5
United States 920.6 911.0 922.7 865.8 866.7 −1.5
Switzerland 67.2 71.4 65.4 78.8 80.3 4.6
France 16.9 21.4 23.2 30.7 31.7 17.0
Italy 23.8 23.8 23.1 24.6 27.7 3.9
United Kingdom 2.7 3.9 5.7 9.2 12.7 47.2
South Korea 7.3 8.1 8.8 9.6 9.9 7.8
Netherlands 0.7 1.7 2.4 8.0 9.7 93.5
Austria 1.6 3.2 8.5 10.2 9.7 57.0
Mexico 3.8 4.5 5.7 6.9 9.5 25.6
Germany 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.6 7.1 −0.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of bottled water, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 83.9 81.5 81.6 78.1 77.5 −6.4
Switzerland 6.1 6.4 5.8 7.1 7.2 1.1
France 1.5 1.9 2.1 2.8 2.8 1.3
Italy 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.5 0.3
United Kingdom 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8
South Korea 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.2
Netherlands 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.8
Austria 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Mexico 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5
Germany 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 −0.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's bottled water import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,097.8 1,117.9 1,130.5 1,107.9 1,117.9 0.5
Imports from top supplier 920.6 911.0 922.7 865.8 866.7 −1.5
Supply gap 177.2 206.9 207.8 242.1 251.2 9.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

12. Crustaceans (HS 0306)

Canada's top ten suppliers of crustaceans, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 1,004.5 1,066.8 992.8 1,048.7 1,053.7 1.2
United States 508.4 534.8 406.8 486.3 506.4 −0.1
India 121.8 130.6 153.5 148.1 141.7 3.9
Viet-Nam 114.3 107.5 115.0 121.2 117.3 0.7
China 70.0 70.9 81.4 85.8 76.6 2.3
Thailand 76.8 92.7 85.3 62.9 63.1 −4.8
Indonesia 15.5 15.3 15.2 18.0 24.9 12.7
Canada 25.1 35.7 25.5 18.3 24.8 −0.2
Ecuador 14.7 15.7 20.9 19.2 20.3 8.4
Russia 14.4 8.5 25.3 29.5 18.7 6.8
Peru 5.6 5.4 7.3 10.3 11.5 19.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of crustaceans, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 50.6 50.1 41.0 46.4 48.1 −2.5
India 12.1 12.2 15.5 14.1 13.5 1.4
Viet-Nam 11.4 10.1 11.6 11.6 11.1 −0.3
China 7.0 6.7 8.2 8.2 7.3 0.3
Thailand 7.7 8.7 8.6 6.0 6.0 −1.7
Indonesia 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.7 2.4 0.9
Canada 2.5 3.4 2.6 1.7 2.4 −0.1
Ecuador 1.5 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.9 0.4
Russia 1.4 0.8 2.6 2.8 1.8 0.4
Peru 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's crustaceans import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 1,004.5 1,066.8 992.8 1,048.7 1,053.7 1.2
Imports from top supplier 508.4 534.8 406.8 486.3 506.4 −0.1
Supply gap 496.1 532.0 586.0 562.4 547.3 2.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

13. Sauces/condiments (HS 2103)

Canada's top ten suppliers of sauces/condiments, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 956.9 1,003.4 996.2 985.1 979.5 0.6
United States 832.2 866.9 842.6 808.1 783.6 −1.5
China 18.3 19.7 20.3 23.5 26.5 9.7
Thailand 13.9 14.5 16.1 15.8 15.6 3.0
Italy 9.6 9.6 10.4 13.3 15.6 13.0
United Kingdom 12.5 13.3 13.6 18.3 15.3 5.2
France 12.2 11.0 12.6 13.8 13.2 1.9
Japan 7.5 9.0 9.4 9.9 13.0 14.6
Mexico 6.4 7.2 10.5 11.4 11.4 15.6
Philippines 7.9 8.8 8.3 9.3 11.2 9.0
Germany 3.8 4.9 4.9 6.3 9.1 24.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of sauces/condiments, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 87.0 86.4 84.6 82.0 80.0 −7.0
China 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.7 0.8
Thailand 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.1
Italy 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.6 0.6
United Kingdom 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.6 0.3
France 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 0.1
Japan 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.5
Mexico 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.5
Philippines 0.8 0.9 08 1.0 1.1 0.3
Germany 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9

0.5

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's sauces/condiments import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 956.9 1,003.4 996.2 985.1 979.5 0.6
Imports from top supplier 832.2 866.9 842.6 808.1 783.6 −1.5
Supply gap 124.7 136.5 153.6 177.0 195.9 12.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

14. Prepared fish (HS 0304)

Canada's top ten suppliers of prepared fish, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 717.9 747.9 824.8 881.7 908.1 6.1
China 225.0 247.7 254.0 246.3 280.0 5.6
United States 134.0 158.5 185.3 184.7 178.9 7.5
Chile 121.7 89.6 131.5 183.3 154.5 6.1
Viet-Nam 52.5 55.2 56.6 64.4 66.4 6.1
Norway 56.6 46.4 36.8 33.5 55.0 −0.7
Iceland 16.3 19.7 26.0 28.5 31.4 17.8
Peru 10.4 15.9 19.8 17.4 15.9 11.2
Indonesia 11.6 12.8 11.2 15.6 13.5 3.7
United Kingdom 2.5 9.2 8.3 9.4 12.0 47.6
Colombia 9.2 7.1 6.8 7.8 9.6 1.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of prepared fish, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
China 31.3 33.1 30.8 27.9 30.8 −0.5
United States 18.7 21.2 22.5 20.9 19.7 1.0
Chile 17.0 12.0 15.9 20.8 17.0 0.0
Viet-Nam 7.3 7.4 6.9 7.3 7.3 0.0
Norway 7.9 6.2 4.5 3.8 6.1 −1.8
Iceland 2.3 2.6 3.2 3.2 3.5 1.2
Peru 1.5 2.1 2.4 2.0 1.8 0.3
Indonesia 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.5 −0.1
United Kingdom 0.4 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.9
Colombia 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.1 −0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's prepared fish import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 717.9 747.9 824.8 881.7 908.1 6.1
Imports from top supplier 225.0 247.7 254.0 246.3 280.0 5.6
Supply gap 492.9 500.2 570.8

635.4

628.1 6.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

15. Prepared meat (HS 1602)

Canada's top ten suppliers of prepared meat, Can$ millions
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
World 863.9 854.1 835.8 830.5 834.6 −0.9
United States 802.9 772.1 758.2 725.1 702.2 −3.3
Thailand 40.2 40.0 40.6 42.4 47.6 4.3
Brazil 8.0 21.2 13.5 29.7 34.2 44.0
Germany 0.9 6.1 5.4 7.0 15.4 103.5
Hungary 0.0 0.1 1.6 4.5 10.3 423.6
Italy 3.1 3.6 5.2 5.3 7.2 23.2
New Zealand 2.9 3.8 3.7 4.5 6.7 23.4
France 2.2 1.3 1.5

3.8

3.1 9.0
Denmark 0.2 1.0 1.8 3.1 2.3 94.3
Austria 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 1.9 392.9

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's top ten suppliers of prepared meat, % share
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Percent point* change 2015-2019
United States 92.9 90.4 90.7 87.3 84.1 −8.8
Thailand 4.7 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.7 1.0
Brazil 0.9 2.5 1.6 3.6 4.1 3.2
Germany 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.9 1.8
Hungary 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 1.2 1.2
Italy 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5
New Zealand 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5
France 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.1
Denmark 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3
Austria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*Percent point change: difference between 2019 and 2015 values

Canada's prepared meat import supply gap, in Can$ millions
Category 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the world 863.9 854.1 835.8 830.5 834.6 −0.9
Imports from top supplier 802.9 772.1 758.2 725.1 702.2 −3.3
Supply gap 61.0 82.0 77.6 105.4 132.4 21.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2020

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Resources

Canada's food security dependencies
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: Kris Clipsham, Market Analyst

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food (2020).

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