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Canada: Outlook for Principal Field Crops, 2021-03-18

Canada: Outlook for Field Crops (PDF version, 232 KB)

Historical Data

This report is an update of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s (AAFC) February outlook report for the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 crop years. For most crops in Canada, the crop year starts on August 1 and ends on July 31, although for corn and soybeans, the crop year starts on September 1 and ends on August 31.

For 2020-2021, the outlook incorporates recent information from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) and the USDA Outlook Conference.

Despite record crop production, carry-out stocks for grains and oilseeds and for all principal field crops are expected to decrease significantly, driven lower by record exports. Grain prices in Canada are forecast to be supported by an expected continuation of robust international demand, as well as a general tightening of world and domestic grain supplies.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded to field crops is forecast to increase marginally as producers react to strong crop prices. Total field crop production is forecast to decrease slightly though, due to a return to trend yields. In general, prices are expected to remain relatively strong, but decrease somewhat as world production is expected to increase and the value of the Canadian dollar forecast to strengthen.

The economic outlook for the world and Canadian grain markets is expected to continue to be impacted by the domestic and international uncertainty caused by COVID-19. The next AAFC Outlook for Principal Field Crops is scheduled to be released on April 20, 2021. Statistics Canada will conduct the 2021 Field Crop Area Survey in March, which will collect information from farmers on their crop planting intentions for grains, oilseeds and special crops and be published on April 27, 2021.

Total Grains and Oilseeds: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 27,568 27,490 27,913
Area harvested (kha) 26,242 26,419 26,893
Yield (t/ha) 3.32 3.42 3.32
Production (kt) 87,125 90,444 89,342
Imports (kt) 2,643 2,326 2,612
Total supply (kt) 104,292 106,071 101,814
Exports (kt) 44,827 50,690 47,450
Total Domestic Use (kt) 46,164 45,521 43,544
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 13,302 9,860 10,820
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Pulses and Special Crops: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 3,911 4,000 4,025
Area harvested (kha) 3,804 3,949 3,947
Yield (t/ha) 1.99 2.16 2.03
Production (kt) 7,559 8,527 8,015
Imports (kt) 328 357 323
Total supply (kt) 9,425 9,780 9,398
Exports (kt) 7,217 7,305 7,005
Total Domestic Use (kt) 1,312 1,415 1,358
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 896 1,060 1,035
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
All Principal Field Crops: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 31,479 31,490 31,938
Area harvested (kha) 30,046 30,368 30,840
Yield (t/ha) 3.15 3.26 3.16
Production (kt) 94,685 98,971 97,357
Imports (kt) 2,972 2,683 2,935
Total supply (kt) 113,717 115,851 111,212
Exports (kt) 52,044 57,995 54,455
Total Domestic Use (kt) 47,475 46,936 44,902
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 14,198 10,920 11,855
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Wheat

Durum

For 2020-21, Statistics Canada reported production of durum at 6.57 million tonnes (Mt), 32% more than the previous year due to a 16% increase in seeded area and a 5% increase in yields. Total supply is estimated at 7.3 Mt, 6% more than last year and 2% more than the last five year average. As per the Canadian Grain Commission’s sample survey analysis to January 6, 2021, the average protein content of grades 1 and 2 durum was 13.8%, down from 2019-20 (14.1%), but relatively on par with the last five year average. Over 80% of all durum was classified within the top 2 grades.

Exports of durum continue to move swiftly to Europe, and have been revised upwards to 5.6 Mt on the strong export pace seen to date. Carry out stocks were reduced to 0.86 Mt, the second lowest over the past 10 years and 38% less than the last five year average.

IGC world projections for durum were revised this month, pointing to lower supplies and demand. World durum supply was revised downward to 42.7 Mt (-1%) on reductions in Australian and Kazakhstani production, further compounding poor harvests in Europe, Mexico and North Africa. This represents a 2% drop in supply over 2019-2020 and is 4% lower than the last five year average. Total demand was also trimmed 2% to 34.8 Mt on lower feed and seed use, while exports remained relatively unchanged (+ / -0.5%) at 8.3 Mt. Although closing stocks were revised upwards to 7.95 Mt (+3%), they remain 10% below 2019-20 and 14% lower than the last five year average. Tight supplies are expected to continue supporting strong import demand and pricing for durum.

The average Canadian crop year producer price for Saskatchewan No. 1 Canadian Western Amber Durum (CWAD) 13% protein is forecast at $290/tonne.

For 2021-22, total supply is projected to drop 2% due to tight carry-out stocks, lower acreage and a return to average yields. Exports were trimmed slightly to 4.8 Mt on projected competition from Europe, whose climactic conditions to date have been favourable and point to an expected increase in production. Total domestic use is forecast to increase 22% as a slight decline in human consumption is offset by a larger increase in feed use as overall quality returns to average levels. Carry out stocks are forecast to increase to healthier levels at 1.3 Mt, relatively in line with the average over the last 3 to 5 years.

World durum supply is forecast to increase in 2021-22 with an increase in production in Europe and North Africa. In response, the USDA is forecasting a decline in U.S. seeded acreage due to the increased competition from these regions. Global use and trade is expected to return to pre-pandemic levels, barring any disruptions from new Covid-19 variants.

The average Canadian crop year producer price for durum is forecast at $270/tonne in the short term, with downward pressure should 2021-22 healthy world supplies be realized.

Durum [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,980 2,302 2,430
Area harvested (kha) 1,902 2,295 2,369
Yield (t/ha) 2.62 2.86 2.66
Production (kt) 4,977 6,571 6,302
Imports (kt) [b] 96 30 25
Total supply (kt) 6,906 7,338 7,187
Exports (kt) [c] 5,268 5,600 4,800
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 216 230 215
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 464 425 629
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 901 878 1,067
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 737 860 1,320
Average Price ($/t) [g] 270 290 270
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Crop year average prices: Wheat (No.1 CWRS, 13.5% protein) and Durum (No.1 CWAD, 13% protein), both are average Saskatchewan producer spot prices. Barley (No. 1 feed, cash, I/S Lethbridge), Corn (No.2 CE, cash, I/S Chatham), Oats (US No. 2 Heavy, CBOT nearby futures); Rye (No. 1 CW, cash, I/S Saskatoon); Canola (No. 1 Canada, cash, Track Vancouver); Flaxseed (No. 1 CW, cash, I/S Saskatoon); Soybeans (No. 2 CE, cash, I/S Chatham)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Wheat (excluding durum)

For 2020-21, Statistics Canada reported production of wheat at 28.6 Mt, the second highest on record since 2013-2014 due to a significant increase in crop yields. Total supply is estimated at 33.5 MT, 5% more than the previous year and 11% more than the last five year average. As per the Canadian Grain Commission’s sample survey analysis to January 6, 2021, the average protein content of grades 1 and 2 CWRS averaged 13.3%, lower than in 2019-20 (13.5%), and also slightly below the last five year average (13.4%). Over 80% of all CWRS was graded within the top 2 grades.

Exports have been revised up from last month to 21.1 Mt, on a continued strong export pace, underpinned by aggressive Chinese demand and the implementation of the Russian export tax limiting shipments from the region. Carry-out stocks are tightened to 4.5 Mt (-0.5 Mt) on higher feed use.

According to the USDA, the global outlook for all wheat (including durum) points to larger supplies, increased demand and a continued tightening of ending stocks. Compared to WASDE’s February report, overall supply was raised to 1,077 Mt (+3.5 Mt) on higher production in Australia. Australia’s record production is estimated at 33 Mt, surpassing the prior record of 31.8 Mt set in 2016-17.

World consumption continues to grow and is now forecast to 775.9 Mt (+6.6 Mt m/m), underpinned by strong Chinese demand for feed, in substitution to corn which remains at a premium. China’s domestic use was revised upward by 5 Mt to a new high of 35 Mt. Global exports for 2020/21 are projected at 197.7 Mt, up 1% month over month and 3% more than 2019/20 if realized. Ending stocks were tightened another 3 Mt to 301.2 Mt on reductions in China. China and India are holding 50% and 9% of total global stocks respectively.

For the US, the forecasted supply for 2020-2021 remains unchanged from the February report at 81 Mt, 5% less than 2019-20; carry out stocks are forecast at 22.8 Mt, down 19% year over year.

Average Canadian producer prices for Saskatchewan No. 1 Canadian Western Red Spring (CWRS) 13.5% protein are forecast at $250/tonne.

For 2021-22, total supplies are forecast at 31 Mt, down 7% year over year due to a decline in harvested area, tight carry-in stocks and a return to average yields. Production is projected at 26.4 Mt, 8% less than the previous year. Compared to last month, exports have been revised upward to 19.1 Mt on continued demand from China and the Russian export tax limiting shipments from the region. Domestic use and carry-out stocks were both trimmed slightly to 7 Mt and 4.9 Mt.

According to the USDA, US production for wheat, including durum, is expected to remain relatively on par with current levels, with an increase in acreage offset by a lower yield. US exports are expected to decline slightly with increased competition globally, in particular from Europe where production is expected to rebound with trends showing an increase to average yields. US ending stocks are forecast to 25.6 Mt by the end of 2021-22 (-5 Mt y/y).

Worldwide, early projections by the IGC are pointing to an increase in world supplies with an increase in harvested areas underpinned by strong prices and favorable planting conditions. World harvested area is projected at 225.9 M ha., up 1% y/y on higher plantings in Europe (+8%) and India (+3%). Production is projected at 790 Mt, up 2% y/y under favorable weather conditions and average yields. Conditions however do remain mixed for winter wheat in Russia, Turkey and the United States due to persistent cold and dry temperatures. Supply projections for 2021/22 could change significantly, once the full effect of over winter losses are evaluated.

On the demand side, use is projected to increase 3% y/y to 777 Mt on continued consumption in China and India; trade is expected to remain at relatively elevated levels but with increased shipments, and competition, from Europe.

Average Canadian producer prices for wheat for the crop year are forecast at $245/tonne, with downward pressure if projected large global supplies are realized.

Wheat Except Durum [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 8,145 7,892 7,496
Area harvested (kha) 7,754 7,723 7,346
Yield 3.53 3.71 3.60
Production (kt) 27,371 28,616 26,446
Imports (b) 179 100 100
Total supply (kt) 31,758 33,479 30,996
Exports (kt) [c] 19,081 21,100 19,100
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 3,369 3,500 3,200
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 3,727 3,612 3,019
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 7,915 7,929 6,996
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 4,763 4,450 4,900
Average Price ($/t) [g] 225 250 245
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Crop year average prices: Wheat (No.1 CWRS, 13.5% protein) and Durum (No.1 CWAD, 13% protein), both are average Saskatchewan producer spot prices and are not comparable to CWB pool returns for previous years.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
All Wheat [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 10,125 10,194 9,926
Area harvested (kha) 9,656 10,018 9,715
Yield (t/ha) 3.35 3.51 3.37
Production (kt) 32,348 35,187 32,748
Imports (kt) [b] 275 130 125
Total supply (kt) 38,664 40,816 38,183
Exports (kt) [c] 24,349 26,700 23,900
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 3,585 3,730 3,415
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 4,191 4,036 3,648
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 8,816 8,806 8,063
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 5,499 5,310 6,220
  • [a] Crop year is August-July
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Coarse grains

Barley

For 2020-21, Canadian barley exports are projected at 3.7 million tonnes (Mt), 21% higher than last year and the highest level since 2007-08. Statistics Canada (STC) reported that total exports of barley for the first half of the crop year increased by 41% compared to the same period a year ago, including a 58% rise in exports of raw barley grain and an 8% drop in exports of barley product. With respect to the export destinations, about 91% of the overseas sales of raw barley grain were shipped to China and the rest to Japan and the US. For barley products, approximately 50% went to the US, 40% went to Japan and Mexico, the remaining went to other overseas markets.

Total domestic use is projected to increase by 2%, driven by strong feed use. Industrial use is expected to decrease slightly. Carry-out stocks are projected to decline to 0.6 Mt, a record low, based on expected robust exports and solid domestic feed use, despite a good supply at the beginning of the crop year.

The average price of feed barley for 2020-21 is expected to rise by 12% from 2019-20 to $260/t, as a result of strong demand for exports and domestic use, as well as supportive corn prices.

In the March update, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) revised up the 2020-21world barley production estimate by more than 2.0 Mt, largely owing to a 2.0 Mt increase in 2020-21 Australian barley production estimate, compared to the February estimates. The world demand estimate was revised up by more than 1.6 Mt based on increased consumption estimates for Saudi Arabia, Australia and Algeria. World carry-out stocks are expected to be at a four-year high.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to barley in Canada is forecast to increase by 4% from 2020-21 to 3.2 million hectares (Mha), as a result of good prices and historically low carry-in stocks. With projections for harvest area to be up by 4% and yields to be down by 3%, production is forecast to rise by 2%. Supply is forecast to drop by 1%, but will still be the second highest level since 2010. Exports are expected to be lower than the previous year, but still strong, as purchases by Canada’s major barley importers are anticipated to remain strong. Domestic use is anticipated to drop on lower feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise but still be considered historically tight.

The average price of feed barley for 2021-22 is forecast to decrease slightly, based on an anticipated increase in carry-out stocks as a result of lower demand. In addition, forecasts for a lower 2021-22 corn price in the US is expected to pressure Canadian barley prices.

Barley [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 2,996 3,060 3,190
Area harvested (kha) 2,728 2,809 2,930
Yield (t/ha) 3.81 3.82 3.73
Production (kt) 10,383 10,741 10,923
Imports (kt) [b] 63 60 60
Total supply (kt) 11,308 11,757 11,583
Exports (kt) [c] 3,054 3,700 3,500
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 277 268 288
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 6,759 6,919 6,994
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 7,298 7,457 7,283
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 957 600 800
Average Price ($/t) [g] 232 260 250
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Barley (No.1 feed, cash, in-store Lethbridge).
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Corn

For 2020-21, corn imports are projected at 1.6 Mt, 14% lower than in 2019-20. Corn exports are predicted at 1.4 Mt, increasing from 677 thousand tonnes (Kt) last year. STC reported that corn imports for the first five months of the current crop year decreased by 9% from the same period in 2019-20. As for the exports, STC reported an almost four-fold increase for the first five months of the current crop year, compared with the level for the same period in 2019-20, but still lower than the level attained in 2018-19. About 55% of the exports were destined to the EU, with 20% to the US and the rest to other countries.

Domestic use for 2020-21 is predicted to increase by 1% to 14.1 Mt due to rising feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to fall by 14% to 2.2 Mt from the record level in the previous year.

The average price of Chatham corn for 2020-21 is expected to increase by 15% to $225/t, underpinned by stronger US corn prices, but partially offset by a negative price basis.

The USDA did not make any revisions to the 2020-21 US corn supply and usage forecasts. However, the corn production estimate for India for 2020-21 was revised up by 1.7 Mt, which is mostly behind a more than 2.0 Mt increase in the world corn production estimate and a more than 1.0 Mt increase in the world corn carry-out stock estimate, compared to the February updates. World corn carry-out stocks were pegged at a five-year low.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to corn in Canada is forecast to decrease by 3% from 2019-20 to 1.4 Mha, as some corn area is forecast to shift to oilseeds. Production is forecast to decrease by 2% to 13.3 Mt on a projection of lower harvested area. Imports are expected to increase given the predictions for lower domestic supply and the appreciation of the Canadian currency making US corn more attractive. Supply is projected to drop by 2% from 2020-21, mainly due to lower carry-in stocks and production. Exports are projected to remain stable. Domestic use is projected to fall on reduced feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to decrease by 5% to 2.1 Mt.

The average price of corn for 2021-22 is forecast to drop by 4% to $215/t, following the predictions for lower US corn prices and a negative price basis.

The 2021-22 corn production in the US was projected at 15.15 billion bushels (Bbu) by the USDA in its 97th annual Agricultural Outlook Forum. It is 7% above the level of the previous year, based on projections for increased planted area and improved yields. If realized, the US will have the largest corn crop output on record. Total US corn use in 2021-22 was forecast to rise by 3.4% from a year ago on growth in domestic use, including feed consumption and ethanol production, and continued strength in exports. Projected ending stocks would increase by 3.3%, but remain tight and represent the second lowest level in the past seven years, which, together with the forecast for increased total use, results in a virtually unchanged stock-to-use ratio. The average farm price is expected to decrease slightly to US$4.20/bu, due to expectations for a recovery in grain production in the world’s major exporting and importing countries.

Corn [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,496 1,440 1,400
Area harvested (kha) 1,451 1,402 1,362
Yield (t/ha) 9.24 9.67 9.77
Production (kt) 13,404 13,563 13,308
Imports (kt) [b] 1,870 1,600 1,800
Total supply (kt) 17,254 17,723 17,308
Exports (kt) [c] 677 1,400 1,400
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 5,303 5,300 5,300
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 8,698 8,808 8,492
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 14,017 14,123 13,808
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 2,560 2,200 2,100
Average Price ($/t) [g] 195 225 215
  • [a] Crop year is September-August.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Corn (No.2 CE, cash, in-store Chatham).
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Oats

For 2020-21, total exports of raw oat grain and oat product are projected at 2.9 Mt, 11% higher than last year and the highest level on record. STC reported an increase of 21% and 19%, respectively, for the exports of oat grain and oat product for the first half of the current crop year, compared to the same period a year ago. About 72% of the exports of oat grain were shipped to the US and 31% to Mexico, with the rest to other countries. Compared to the same period over the past few crop years, the shares of oat grain exports to the US and Mexico declined while the shares to Chile, Peru and China have increased. For oat product, approximately 83% of the exports went to the US and 10% went to Mexico, with the remaining to other overseas markets. Compared with the same period over the past few crop years, the share of exports of oat product to the US declined while the shares to other countries increased.

Total domestic use for 2020-21 is expected to increase by 7%, largely due to a forecasted increase in feed use. Carry-out stocks for the entire crop year are expected to fall to an almost record low level, due to robust exports and solid domestic feed use, despite an ample supply at the beginning of the current crop year.

For the crop year to date, the average cash oat prices in the Prairie provinces have increased by 4%, 8% and 2%, respectively, for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, and the upward trends are expected to continue for the rest of the crop year. The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) oat futures price for 2020-21 is expected to rise by 2% from last year to $280/t, close to the highest level on record, supported by solid demand in North America and strong price prospects for other crops.

The estimate for world oat usage was revised up, as more oats is anticipated to go to the feed supply chain. World oat carry-out stocks are expected to hit a four-year high.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to oats in Canada is forecast to decrease by 3%, approaching 1.5 Mha, due to strong acreage competition from other crops, despite good oat prices and tight stocks. Production is forecast to decrease by 7% to 4.2 Mt based on projections for lower harvested area and yield. Supply is forecast to drop by 7% to 4.7 Mt, largely due to lower production. Domestic use is anticipated to fall on lower feed use. Exports are expected to fade due to expectations for an increase in global supplies and an appreciation of the Canadian dollar. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise due to reduced total use, despite lower supply.

The average price of oats for 2021-2022 is forecast to decrease on an anticipated drop in demand, but still remain strong.

Oats [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,459 1,554 1,500
Area harvested (kha) 1,171 1,245 1,220
Yield (t/ha) 3.61 3.62 3.48
Production (kt) 4,227 4,576 4,240
Imports (kt) [b] 13 14 15
Total supply (kt) 4,637 5,015 4,655
Exports (kt) [c] 2,615 2,900 2,600
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 143 140 140
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 1,324 1,450 1,414
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 1,597 1,715 1,555
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 426 400 500
Average Price ($/t) [g] 274 280 270
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Oats (US No.2 Heavy, Chicago Board of Trade (CBoT) nearby futures)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Rye

For 2020-21, Canadian rye exports are estimated to fall by 9% to 150 Kt, based on the current export pace. The majority of the exports were shipped to the US. STC reported that Canadian rye exports for the first half of the current crop year decreased by 9% from the volume in the same period a year ago.

Domestic feed use for 2020-21 is expected to increase significantly due to relatively cheap prices and good supplies. Carry-out stocks are projected to rise sharply due to a bumper crop that increased domestic supply by 37% from last year and was the highest level since 2006.

Rye prices are expected to fall by 17% from 2019-20, due to ample supplies in Canada, the US and around the world.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to fall rye in Canada increased to 240 thousand hectares (Kha), versus 237 Kha for a year ago. It is also the highest level since 2006-07. Production and total supply are projected to be at record high levels. Exports are projected to remain the same as the previous year. Domestic use is anticipated to increase due to ample supply and expectations for increased feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to increase due to plentiful supply. Average price of rye for 2021-22 is forecast to decrease on the prediction for larger supply.

Rye [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 175 237 240
Area harvested (kha) 103 146 159
Yield (t/ha) 3.25 3.34 3.21
Production (kt) 333 488 510
Imports (kt) [b] 3 2 2
Total supply (kt) 386 530 612
Exports (kt) [c] 165 150 150
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 19 24 24
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 140 235 287
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 180 279 311
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 40 100 150
Average Price ($/t) [g] 210 175 170
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Rye (No.1 Canada Western, cash, in-store Saskatoon)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Mixed Grains [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 145 166 148
Area harvested (kha) 68 67 69
Yield (t/ha) 2.84 3.49 2.74
Production (kt) 192 233 188
Imports (kt) [b] 0 0 0
Total supply (kt) 192 233 188
Exports (kt) [c] 0 0 0
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 0 0 0
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 192 233 188
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 192 233 188
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 0 0 0
  • [a] August-July crop year
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Coarse Grains: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area Seeded 6,271 6,457 6,477
Area harvested (kha) 5,520 5,669 5,740
Yield (t/ha) 5.17 5.22 5.08
Production (kt) 28,539 29,601 29,169
Imports (kt) [b] 1,950 1,676 1,877
Total supply (kt) 33,777 35,258 34,346
Exports (kt) [c] 6,510 8,150 7,650
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 5,743 5,732 5,752
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 17,113 17,644 17,376
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 23,284 23,808 23,145
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,982 3,300 3,550
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Oilseeds

Canola

For 2020-21, canola supplies tightened by 9% from last year, to 22.0 Mt, on a 29% decline in carry-in and a 5% drop in output. Demand for Canadian canola remains strong, with exports and crush running 32% and 5% ahead of last year respectively, supporting forecasts for a 10.9 Mt export program and a 10.2 Mt domestic crush. Carry-out is forecast to drop sharply from last year, down 78% to 0.7 Mt, for a very tight stocks-to-use ratio of 3% vs 15% last year and the 5 year average of 14%.

Canola prices, simple average, track Vancouver are estimated at $700/t, surpassing the previous record of $650/t set in 2012-13. Canadian prices are supported by sharply higher world oilseed, vegetable oil and protein meal prices which in turn are supported by a sharp increase in Chinese and European import buying as the former country rebuilds its hog herd and the latter supplements a short fall in production.

For 2021-2022, seeded area in Canada is forecast to increase by 4%, to 8.8 million hectares, (Mha), while harvested area rises to 8.7 Mha, as farmers expand canola area at the expense of wheat, forages and summerfallow. The late winter moisture situation for canola across western Canada is decidedly mixed with the eastern and western 3rds of the prairies dry, and the middle 3rd having normal to above normal moisture. The majority of Canada’s canola is grown across the northern prairies where current moisture conditions are significantly more favourable compared to the southern half. Early, pre snow-melt moisture conditions have a limited impact on crop yields compared to the moisture received from spring showers. For 2021-22, normal spring moisture conditions are currently assumed.

Canola yields are projected at 2.32 tonnes per hectare (t/ha), up from the 2.25 t/ha achieved in 2020-21. Production is forecast to rise by 8% to 20.2 Mt, the third highest level on record. Total supply is forecast to tighten to 21.0 Mt on sharply lower carry-in stocks, which more than offsets the rise in production.

Exports are forecast to fall by 5% to 10.4 Mt, as tighter domestic supplies limit Canada’s ability to service strong world demand for vegetable oils and protein meals. Domestic crush is forecast to decline to 9.7 Mt, while carry-out stocks remain unchanged at a very tight 0.7 Mt, for a stock-to-use ratio of 3%. Canola prices are forecast to decline slightly to $650/t, track Vancouver, under pressure from an expected easing of US soybean prices for the upcoming crop year.

Canola [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 8,481 8,410 8,750
Area harvested (kha) 8,456 8,320 8,698
Yield (t/ha) 2.32 2.25 2.32
Production (kt) 19,607 18,720 20,150
Imports (kt) [b] 155 100 100
Total supply (kt) 24,197 21,950 20,950
Exports (kt) [c] 10,042 10,900 10,400
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 10,129 10,200 9,700
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 834 90 99
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 11,025 10,350 9,850
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,131 700 700
Average Price ($/t) [g] 484 700 650
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Canola (No.1 Canada, cash, Track Vancouver)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Flaxseed

For 2020-21, supplies increased by 17%, to 0.66 Mt, versus 0.57 Mt last year, due to increased production and marginally higher carry-in stocks. Exports are estimated up by 55%, to 0.54 Mt on strong European buying, as the EU’s traditional supplier Kazakhstan switches to supplying China instead. Total domestic use is expected to fall by 54%, to 71,700 t, on sharply lower feed waste and dockage. Carry-out stocks are forecast down 21% to 0.05 Mt while flaxseed prices rally sharply to $715/t, versus $518/t in 2019-20 and the 5 year average of $477/t.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to flaxseed in Canada is forecast to rise by 22% to a six-year high of 0.46 Mha, on support from the 2020-21 price rally. The shift into flaxseed is expected to be constrained by low spring soil moisture, and by competition for crop area from alternate crops, such as lentils. Flaxseed production is forecast at 0.68 Mt, assuming an area loss of 2% prior to harvest and five year average yields of 1.5 t/ha. Total supply is forecast to increase by 11%, to 0.74 Mt, as the decline in carry-in moderates the forecasted rise in output.

Exports are forecast down by 7% from 2020-21, to 0.50 Mt, on reduced Chinese, European and United States buying. Total domestic use is forecast to rise by about 53% to 0.11 Mt, on higher feed, waste and dockage. Carry-out stocks are forecast to increase by 150% to 0.13 Mt while prices for flaxseed decline by 9% to $650/t for 2021-22.

Flaxseed (excluding solin) [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 379 377 460
Area harvested (kha) 339 371 449
Yield (t/ha) 1.43 1.56 1.50
Production (kt) 486 578 675
Imports (kt) [b] 22 20 10
Total supply (kt) 568 662 735
Exports (kt) [c] 350 540 500
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] N/A N/A N/A
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 138 52 90
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 155 72 110
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 64 50 125
Average Price ($/t) [g] 518 715 650
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Flaxseed (No.1 Canada Western, cash, in-store Saskatoon)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • n/a: not available
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Soybeans

For 2020-2021, domestic supplies of soybeans are estimated up 4% from last year, to 7.4 Mt, versus 7.1 Mt last year, as a result of a marginal increase in carry-in stocks and a 3%, or 0.2 Mt, increase in production. Soybean imports are estimated up slightly to 0.4 Mt for the current crop year, versus the 0.24 Mt imported for 2019-20.

Canadian exports of soybeans are forecast to rise by 23%, to 4.4 Mt for the current crop year, on strong world demand and increased domestic supplies. Domestic processing of soybeans is forecast to increase by 9% from last year to a historically normal 1.9 Mt, on good crush margins and strong demand for vegetable oils and protein meal. Soybean prices are estimated to increase by 39%, to $585/t, versus the simple average of $420/t earned in 2019-20.

The factors to watch for the remainder of the crop year are:

  1. South American harvest progress and shipping pace,
  2. strength of Chinese buying,
  3. US import demand for Brazilian soybeans and
  4. US plantings for 2021-22.

For 2021-2022, planted area in Canada is forecast to increase by 12%, to 2.3 Mha, in response to high prices, with gains in area limited by concerns over low sub soil moisture, short growing season in western Canada and attractive prices for competing crops. Assuming 5-year average yields, production is forecast at 6.6 Mt, versus 6.4 Mt in 2020-21 and 6.1 Mt grown in 2019-2020.

Total supply is forecast to increase to 7.6 Mt as the rise in production and slightly higher imports more than offset lower carry-in stocks. Exports are forecast to increase by 14% to 5.0 Mt on continued strong world demand, with shipments headed to a diverse group of countries. Domestic processing is forecast to remain stable at 1.9 Mt. Carry-out stocks are forecast to fall to 0.23 Mt, versus 0.50 Mt for 2020-21 and the 5 year average of 0.57 Mt. Soybean prices are forecast to fall by $35/t to $550/t, under pressure from an expected easing of US prices.

The United States is unlikely to rebuild its soybeans stocks despite a sharp rise in planted area and production, based on the USDA’s Agricultural Outlook Forum projections. The area planted to soybeans is projected to increase by 6.9 Million Acres (Mac), to 90 Mac, while yields rise slightly to 50.8 bushels per acre. Total soybean production is projected at 4.5 Billion Bushels (Bbu), implying supplies of about 4.7 Bbu, taking beginning stocks and imports into account. By comparison, US total soybean supplies for 2020-21 were marginally higher but slightly under 4.7 Bbu.

Demand for US soybeans is expected to fall marginally on a projected 50 Mbu drop in exports, resulting in a slight recovery in ending stocks of 0.15 Bbu versus 0.12 Bbu for 2020-21 and 0.53 Bbu for 2019-20. The US farm-gate season average price for soybeans is projected at US$11.25/bu versus US$11.15/bu for 2020-21 and US$8.57/bu for 2019-20. This higher US price will support world prices for soybeans, including Canada.

Soybeans [a] : March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 2,313 2,052 2,300
Area harvested (kha) 2,271 2,041 2,292
Yield (t/ha) 2.71 3.12 2.88
Production (kt) 6,145 6,359 6,600
Imports (kt) [b] 242 400 500
Total supply (kt) 7,087 7,385 7,600
Exports (kt) [c] 3,576 4,400 5,000
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 1,742 1,900 1,900
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 930 385 275
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 2,885 2,485 2,375
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 626 500 225
Average Price ($/t) [g] 419 585 550
  • [a] Crop year is September-August.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Soybeans (No.2 CE, cash, in-store Chatham)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Total Oilseeds : March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 11,172 10,839 11,510
Area harvested (kha) 11,066 10,732 11,438
Yield (t/ha) 2.37 2.39 2.40
Production (kt) 26,239 25,656 27,425
Imports (kt) [b] 419 520 610
Total supply (kt) 31,852 29,997 29,285
Exports (kt) [c] 13,968 15,840 15,900
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 11,871 12,100 11,600
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 1,903 526 464
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 14,064 12,907 12,335
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,820 1,250 1,050
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Total Grains and Oilseeds : March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 27,568 27,490 27,913
Area harvested (kha) 26,242 26,419 26,893
Yield (t/ha) 3.32 3.42 3.32
Production (kt) 87,125 90,444 89,342
Imports (kt) [b] 2,643 2,326 2,612
Total supply (kt) 104,292 106,071 101,814
Exports (kt) [c] 44,827 50,690 47,450
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 46,164 45,521 43,544
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 13,302 9,860 10,820
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Pulses and special crops

Dry peas

For 2020-21, exports are forecast to rise to 3.8 million tonnes (Mt), with China and Bangladesh ranking as Canada’s top three markets. Canadian dry pea exports to India are expected to fall sharply to marginal levels. Through August to January of this crop year, Canadian dry pea exports total 2.1 Mt, 0.2 Mt higher than the same period in 2019-20. Carry-out stocks are expected to rise, despite firm export demand and increased domestic use. The average price is expected to be higher than 2019-20, with higher yellow and feed pea prices offsetting lower green pea prices.

During the month of February, the on-farm price of yellow peas in Saskatchewan rose by $20/t and the price of green peas increased by $20/t. Monthly dry pea exports have continued at a steady pace. The remaining yellow pea stocks are lower than the previous year at this time. Indications are that there will be another large winter pulse crop in India. Even if a higher-than-average pulse crop in India is realized, Canadian dry pea export demand is expected to remain firm through the remainder of the crop year. Support factors include record demand from China and increased domestic feed pea consumption. Green dry peas prices are expected to be similar to yellow pea prices, compared to the $115/t premium green pea prices had over yellow peas in 2019-20.

US dry pea production is estimated by the USDA at nearly 1.0 Mt, down marginally from 2019-20. This is largely due to improved yields but lower area. As a result, Canadian exports to the US are forecast to be lower than the previous year. For the 2020-21 crop year to-date (August to January), Canadian dry pea exports to the US totaled 30 Kt.

For 2021-22, seeded area is forecast to be marginally higher than 2020-21 at 1.75 Mha because of good returns relative to other crops and solid export demand. Production is forecast to fall to 4.4 Mt with lower area seeded and trend yields. Supply is also expected to fall marginally, despite higher carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be lower than the current crop year and carry-out stocks are expected to fall. The average price in 2021-22 is expected to be lower than the previous year.

Dry Peas [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,753 1,722 1,750
Area harvested (kha) 1,711 1,685 1,715
Yield (t/ha) 2.48 2.73 2.57
Production (kt) 4,237 4,594 4,400
Imports (kt) [b] 82 100 90
Total supply (kt) 4,631 4,927 4,790
Exports (b) 3,708 3,800 3,700
Total Domestic Use (c) 689 827 840
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 233 300 250
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 265 340 315
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Lentils

For 2020-21, exports are forecast to fall marginally to 2.7 Mt. India, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates are currently the top three export markets. Through August to January of this crop year, Canadian lentil exports totaled over 1.3 Mt, up almost 30% from the same period in 2019-20.

Carry-out stocks are forecast to decrease to below 0.2 Mt. The overall average price is forecast to rise sharply due to lower carry-out stocks.

During the month of February, the on-farm price of large green lentils rose by $30/t and the price of red lentils increased by C$5/t in Saskatchewan. Canadian lentil export demand has been slowing but stocks are beginning to tighten, particularly for green lentil types. The price premium for large greens over red lentils is forecast to increase to $150/t versus $105/t in 2019-20.

US lentil production, dominated by the green types, is estimated by the USDA at 336 thousand tonnes (Kt), up 40% from 2019-20. Despite this, Canadian lentil exports to the US to-date (August to January) are similar to last year at this time at 27 Kt.

For 2021-22, area seeded in Canada is expected to be marginally lower at 1.7 Mha, due to solid returns relative to other crops. A lower yield is forecast and production is expected to fall to 2.7 Mt. Supply is expected to fall to 2.9 Mt, with smaller carry-in stocks. Exports are forecast to be lower at 2.5 Mt. Carry-out stocks are expected to remain unchanged. The average price is forecast to decrease from 2020-21, with the assumption of an average grade distribution and discounts for lower grades.

Lentils [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,530 1,713 1,700
Area harvested (kha) 1,489 1,705 1,675
Yield (t/ha) 1.60 1.68 1.61
Production (kt) 2,382 2,868 2,700
Imports (kt) [b] 90 105 75
Total supply (kt) 3,327 3,182 2,925
Exports (b) 2,733 2,700 2,500
Total Domestic Use (c) 385 332 275
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 209 150 150
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 485 630 585
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Dry beans

For 2020-21, exports are expected to be higher than for the 2019-20 crop year with the record supply. The EU and the US are forecast to continue to be the main markets for Canadian dry beans, with smaller volumes exported to Japan, Angola and Mexico. Canadian carry-out stocks are expected to increase sharply. The average Canadian dry bean price is forecast to fall, due to expectations for higher carry-out stocks in North America. To-date (August-February), Canadian white pea bean prices are 10% lower, pinto bean prices are 20% lower and black bean prices are 10% higher than were realized in 2019-20.

US total dry bean production (excluding chickpeas) is estimated by the USDA at a record 1.5 Mt, up 60% from 2019-20. US dry bean production rose for nearly all bean types, while production decreased for cranberry types. This is expected to continue to pressure US and Canadian dry bean prices along with a stronger Canadian dollar for 2020-21.

For 2021-22, the area seeded is forecast to fall from 2020-21 to 160 thousand hectares because of lower potential returns compared to other crops. Production is expected to decrease to 355 Kt due to lower area and yields. Supply is expected to fall, but only marginally, with lower production combining with large carry-in stocks. Exports are forecast to be slightly lower with steady demand from the EU and the US. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise slightly. The average Canadian dry bean price is forecast to fall due to expectations for only marginally lower supply in North America.

Dry Beans [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 160 185 160
Area harvested (kha) 150 183 154
Yield (t/ha) 2.11 2.68 2.31
Production (kt) 317 490 355
Imports (kt) [b] 75 70 75
Total supply (kt) 442 585 570
Exports (b) 361 390 365
Total Domestic Use (c) 56 55 55
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 25 140 150
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 985 870 825
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Chickpeas

For 2020-21, exports are expected to rise slightly from 2019-20, due to increased import demand from the US. Despite this, carry-out stocks are expected to rise sharply. The average price is expected to be higher than last year, due to smaller world supplies of chickpeas, including in North America.

US chickpea production is estimated by USDA at 194 Kt, a 32% decrease from 2019-20.

For 2021-22, the area seeded is expected to fall by 17% from 2020-21 because of higher carry-in stocks and lower potential returns relative to other crops. As a result, production is expected to decrease to 170 Kt. Supply, however, is forecast to rise by 5% from 2020-21 due to burdensome carry-in stocks. Exports are forecast to be higher and but carry-out stocks are expected to remain high. The average price is forecast to be lower, due to expectations for larger world chickpea supplies.

Chickpeas [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 159 121 100
Area harvested (kha) 156 120 97
Yield (t/ha) 1.61 1.79 1.75
Production (kt) 252 214 170
Imports (kt) [b] 48 45 50
Total supply (kt) 440 509 535
Exports (b) 105 110 125
Total Domestic Use (c) 85 84 85
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 250 315 325
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 1 2 2
Average Price (d) 490 610 545
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Mustard seed

For 2020-21, exports are forecast to be similar to last year at 110 Kt, and carry-out stocks are forecast to fall significantly. The US and the EU are the main export markets to date for Canadian mustard seed. The average price is forecast to rise from the previous year due to the lower supply and expectations for tight Canadian carry-out stocks.

For 2021-22, the area seeded is forecast to be sharply higher than the previous year. Production is forecast to rise to 145 Kt, with increased area but trend yields when compared to the previous year. Supply is expected to be similar to the previous year due to lower carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be slightly higher and carry-out stocks are forecast to fall. The average price is forecast to be slightly lower than 2020-21, but remain historically high.

Mustard Seed [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 161 104 160
Area harvested (kha) 155 101 155
Yield (t/ha) 0.87 0.98 0.94
Production (kt) 135 99 145
Imports (kt) [b] 7 7 8
Total supply (kt) 214 166 168
Exports (b) 112 110 115
Total Domestic Use (c) 42 41 43
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 61 15 10
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 700 840 800
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Canary seed

For 2020-21, exports are expected to be lower than 2019-20 with decreased demand from the EU, one of the top export markets. Carry-out stocks are expected to be unchanged. The average price is forecast to rise from 2019-20.

For 2021-22, the area seeded is forecast to rise due to competitive returns relative to other crops. Production is expected to increase, assuming trend yields. Supply is forecast to rise to 185 Kt. Exports are expected to be higher than 2020-21, and carry-out stocks are expected to remain tight. The average price is expected to be lower than the 2020-21 level, but remain historically high.

Canary Seed [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 118 111 120
Area harvested (kha) 115 110 117
Yield (t/ha) 1.52 1.46 1.45
Production (kt) 175 161 170
Imports (kt) [b] 0 0 0
Total supply (kt) 186 176 185
Exports (b) 161 150 160
Total Domestic Use (c) 10 11 10
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 15 15 15
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 630 670 630
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Sunflower seed

For 2020-21, exports are forecast to be higher than last year assuming the strong export pace to the US remains. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise, despite increased exports. The US remains Canada’s main export market for sunflower seed. The average price is forecast to fall from 2019-20 due to higher North American supply.

For the US, sunflower seed production is estimated by the USDA to have increased significantly to nearly 1.4 Mt. With a larger US oilseed and confectionery crop, this has pressured Canadian sunflower seed prices.

The world supply of sunflower seed is estimated by the USDA at 55 Mt. This is 9% less than last year, due to lower production in Russia and Ukraine. World exports are expected to fall sharply to 2.8 Mt, with domestic use expected to fall to 51 Mt. Global carry-out stocks are expected to fall by 25% to 1.8 Mt, which may support world sunflower oilseed prices.

For 2021-22, area seeded is anticipated to be lower than 2020-21 due to competition with other crops. Production is forecast to fall to 75 Kt but supply is expected to only fall marginally to 225 Kt. Exports are expected to be lower, and as a result, carry-out stocks are forecast to increase further. The average price is forecast to rise from 2020-21 as similar prices for confectionery sunflowers in Canada and the US combines with higher prices for oil types.

Sunflower Seed [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 31 45 35
Area harvested (kha) 29 45 34
Yield (t/ha) 2.18 2.25 2.21
Production (kt) 63 101 75
Imports (kt) [b] 26 30 25
Total supply (kt) 186 235 225
Exports (b) 37 45 40
Total Domestic Use (c) 45 65 50
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 103 125 135
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 1 1 2
Average Price (d) 620 570 585
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Pulses and Special Crops [a]: March 18, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 3,911 4,000 4,025
Area harvested (kha) 3,804 3,949 3,947
Yield (t/ha) 1.99 2.16 2.03
Production (kt) 7,559 8,527 8,015
Imports (kt) [b] 328 357 323
Total supply (kt) 9,425 9,780 9,398
Exports (b) 7,217 7,305 7,005
Total Domestic Use (c) 1,312 1,415 1,358
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 896 1,060 1,035
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC and STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Historical data

Historical principal field crops data are available in spreadsheet format and can be obtained by emailing aafc.bulletin.aac@canada.ca. Please specify crops, crop years, and preferred file format in your request.

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