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Canada: Outlook for Principal Field Crops, 2021-02-17

Canada: Outlook for Field Crops (PDF version, 226 KB)

Historical Data

This report is an update of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s (AAFC) January outlook report for the 2020-2021 crop year and provides AAFC’s preliminary look at the upcoming 2021-2022 crop year. For most crops in Canada, the crop year starts on August 1 and ends on July 31, although for corn and soybeans, the crop year starts on September 1 and ends on August 31.

For 2020-2021, the outlook incorporates information from Statistics Canada’s (STC) survey of Canadian farms on Stocks of Principal Field Crops, which was released on February 5, 2021 and provides data on the 2020 stocks of principal field crops in Canada as of December 31, for both on farm and commercial storage.

Total field crop supply in Canada is forecast to increase to 115.9 million tonnes (Mt) based on record crop production. Total carry out stocks are forecast to decrease to 11.8 Mt, as exports are expected to remain strong and increase by 11%. Grain prices in Canada are forecast to continue to be supported by the expected relatively low value of the Canadian dollar and robust world demand.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded to field crops is forecast to increase marginally, with the area seeded to coarse grains, oilseeds and pulses expected to increase, while the wheat (excluding durum) area is expected to decrease. Production of grains, oilseeds and pulse and special crops are forecast to decrease slightly due to a return to trend yields, resulting in expected total field crop production decreasing to 97.1 Mt. In general, prices are expected to remain relatively strong, but decrease from their current levels as world production is expected to increase.

The economic outlook for the world and Canadian grain markets is expected to continue to be impacted by the domestic and international uncertainty caused by COVID-19. STC will conduct the 2021 Field Crop Area Survey in March, which will collect information from farmers on their crop planting intentions for grains, oilseeds and special crops and be published on April 27.

Total Grains and Oilseeds: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 27,568 27,490 27,913
Area harvested (kha) 26,242 26,419 26,811
Yield (t/ha) 3.32 3.42 3.32
Production (kt) 87,125 90,444 89,035
Imports (kt) 2,957 2,426 2,612
Total supply (kt) 104,606 106,171 102,346
Exports (kt) 44,827 50,230 47,440
Total Domestic Use (kt) 46,478 45,241 43,606
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 13,302 10,700 11,300
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Pulses and Special Crops: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 3,911 4,000 4,025
Area harvested (kha) 3,804 3,949 3,947
Yield (t/ha) 1.99 2.16 2.03
Production (kt) 7,559 8,527 8,015
Imports (kt) 328 344 323
Total supply (kt) 9,425 9,767 9,403
Exports (kt) 7,217 7,300 7,005
Total Domestic Use (kt) 1,312 1,402 1,358
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 896 1,065 1,040
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
All Principal Field Crops: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 31,479 31,490 31,938
Area harvested (kha) 30,046 30,368 30,758
Yield (t/ha) 3.15 3.26 3.16
Production (kt) 94,685 98,971 97,050
Imports (kt) 3,286 2,770 2,935
Total supply (kt) 114,031 115,938 111,749
Exports (kt) 52,044 57,530 54,445
Total Domestic Use (kt) 47,789 46,643 44,964
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 14,198 11,765 12,340
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Wheat

Durum

For 2020-2021, Statistics Canada is reporting durum production at 6.57 Mt, a +31% change year over year thanks to an increase in seeded area (+16%), harvested area (+21%) and a 9% increase in yields to 2.86 t/ha, the second highest on record since 2016-2017. Total supply is estimated at 7.3 Mt, 6% more than last year and 2% more than the last five year average.

The average quality of the durum harvested is higher than for 2019-20 and also above the last five year average. According to Canadian Grain Commission’s sample survey analysis to January 6, 2021, over 80% of the durum was graded No. 1 and 2. The protein content averaged 13.8%, lower than for 2019-20, but on par with the last five year average.

Thanks to strong international demand, in particular from Europe and North Africa, exports of durum continue to move briskly, with volumes in January outpacing 2019/2020 volumes by 15%. Forecasted exports for 2020-2021 were raised slightly from the January report, to 5.45 Mt, a record high if realized. Domestic use is forecast at 0.9 Mt because of an increase in food use; while carry out stocks are forecast at 0.9 Mt, the third lowest over the past 10 years and 35% less than the average stocks over the last five years. This month’s domestic use and stocks incorporates the most recent supply and disposition figures from Statistics Canada February 5 release.

According to the International Grains Council (IGC), world supply is expected to fall this year (-2%) with increased production in North America offset by lower world carry-in stocks (-14% y/y) compounded by poor harvest and supplies in Europe and North Africa. Use is expected to increase slightly (+1%) to 35.5Mt, while carry-out stocks are expected to drop 13% y/y to 7.7 Mt. If realized, this would be the fourth lowest ending stocks on record over the last 10 years and 17% less than the last five year average.

The average Canadian crop year producer price for Saskatchewan No. 1 Canadian Western Amber Durum (CWAD) 13% protein is forecast at $280/tonne, underpinned by continued strength in international demand and prices.

For 2021-2022, total supply is projected to remain relatively flat (-1%) as an increase in seeded area is offset by tight carry-out stocks and a return to average yields. Exports are forecast to reach 5Mt, down 8% year over year, on a decline in international demand, in particular from Europe. Total domestic use is forecast to remain relatively stable as a decline in human consumption is offset by an increase in feed use, as overall quality returns to average levels. Carry out stocks are forecast at 1.3 Mt, in line with the last five year average.

World durum supply is forecast to increase in 2021-22, with an increase in seeded area and production in Europe and North Africa. Global use and trade is expected to return to average pre-pandemic levels, barring any disruptions from new Covid variants or a third wave.

The average Canadian crop year producer price for durum is forecast to decline over 2021-2022, due to higher production at the world, Canadian and US levels.

Durum [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,980 2,302 2,430
Area harvested (kha) 1,902 2,295 2,369
Yield (t/ha) 2.62 2.86 2.66
Production (kt) 4,977 6,571 6,302
Imports (kt) [b] 96 30 25
Total supply (kt) 6,906 7,338 7,277
Exports (kt) [c] 5,268 5,450 5,000
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 216 230 215
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 464 485 539
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 901 938 977
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 737 950 1,300
Average Price ($/t) [g] 270 280 270
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Crop year average prices: Wheat (No.1 CWRS, 13.5% protein) and Durum (No.1 CWAD, 13% protein), both are average Saskatchewan producer spot prices. Barley (No. 1 feed, cash, I/S Lethbridge), Corn (No.2 CE, cash, I/S Chatham), Oats (US No. 2 Heavy, CBOT nearby futures); Rye (No. 1 CW, cash, I/S Saskatoon); Canola (No. 1 Canada, cash, Track Vancouver); Flaxseed (No. 1 CW, cash, I/S Saskatoon); Soybeans (No. 2 CE, cash, I/S Chatham)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Wheat (excluding durum)

For 2020-2021, total supply of Canadian wheat is forecast at 33.5 Mt. According to Statistics Canada, 2020-21 wheat production is reported at 28.6 Mt, the second highest on record since 2013-2014 and 14% greater than the last five year average.

The average quality for CWRS wheat harvested in terms of grades is higher than 2019-20, and also better than the last five year average. According to the Canadian Grain Commission’s sample survey analysis to January 6, 2021, over 80% of the CWRS wheat graded No. 1 and 2, 8% graded No. 3 and another 8% was graded as feed. The protein content for grades 1 and 2 averaged 13.3%, lower than for 2019-20 (13.5%), and also slightly below the last five year average (13.4%).

Exports are forecast at 21 Mt, 10% more than the previous year and 18% more than the last five year average, underpinned by continued strong demand from China. Domestic use is revised up to 7.6 Mt on higher food use, while carry-out stocks are revised downward to 5.0 Mt. This month’s domestic use and stocks incorporates the most recent supply and disposition figures from Statistics Canada February 5 release.

According to the USDA, the global outlook for wheat this month is for greater supplies, increased consumption, higher exports and continued tightening of stocks. Compared to WASDE’s January report, overall supply was raised 0.8 Mt to 1,073.5 Mt on higher production in Kazakhstan offsetting lower production estimates from Pakistan and Argentina. Trade was revised upward to 194.8 Mt (+1.1 Mt), with higher exports forecast for the European Union, the United Kingdom and Kazakhstan. Chinese demand continues to remain strong with forecasted imports revised upwards to 10 Mt.

Global consumption is forecast to increase to 769.5 Mt (+9.8 Mt) based on higher feed and residual use in China, and increased food, seed and industrial use in India. Ending stocks were tightened another 9 Mt to 304.22 Mt, with China holding the bulk at 51%. Excluding China, world ending stocks are forecast at 149.2 Mt, relatively stable with 2019-2020.

For the US, the forecasted supply for 2020-2021 remains unchanged from the January report at 81 Mt, 5% less than 2019-20, due to a 5% decline in both carry-in stocks and production. Carry out stocks are forecast at 22.8 Mt, down 19% year over year.

Average Canadian producer prices for Saskatchewan for No. 1 Canadian Western Red Spring (CWRS) 13.5% protein are forecast at $240/tonne, up 10$/tonne compared to last month, underpinned by strong nearby futures, and tightening stocks as China continues its aggressive purchasing behavior. Other market influences include labour disruptions in Argentina and uncertainty about the effect of Russian export taxes.

For 2021-2022, seeded area is revised downward to 7.5 Million hectares, as competition for land increases with ongoing strength in the prices for most crops expected to continue through 2021. Assuming average yields, production is projected to decrease 8% year over year, for a total supply of 31.5 Mt. Exports are revised downward to 19 Mt on uncertainty surrounding China maintaining its current aggressive purchasing behavior. Domestic use is revised downward to 7.5 Mt and the forecast for ending stocks remains unchanged at 5Mt.

According to the IGC 5 year projections, the forecast for 2021-2022 is for larger production, supplies and ending stocks, underpinned by larger production in South America and Europe and large carry-in stocks in China. On January 12, the USDA reported that the area seeded to winter wheat, the major wheat type in the US, is estimated at over 12.9 Million hectares, 5% higher than 2020 and 2% more than in 2018. Assuming average yields, US supply is projected to increase about 3% over 2020-21.

Average Canadian producer prices for wheat for the crop year are forecast at $235/tonne, with downward pressure if projected global supplies are realized.

Wheat Except Durum [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 8,145 7,892 7,496
Area harvested (kha) 7,754 7,723 7,346
Yield 3.53 3.71 3.60
Production (kt) 27,371 28,616 26,446
Imports (b) 179 100 100
Total supply (kt) 31,758 33,479 31,446
Exports (kt) [c] 19,081 21,000 19,000
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 3,369 3,500 3,200
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 3,727 3,262 3,469
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 7,915 7,579 7,446
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 4,763 4,900 5,000
Average Price ($/t) [g] 225 240 235
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Crop year average prices: Wheat (No.1 CWRS, 13.5% protein) and Durum (No.1 CWAD, 13% protein), both are average Saskatchewan producer spot prices and are not comparable to CWB pool returns for previous years.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
All Wheat [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 10,125 10,194 9,926
Area harvested (kha) 9,656 10,018 9,715
Yield (t/ha) 3.35 3.51 3.37
Production (kt) 32,348 35,187 32,748
Imports (kt) [b] 275 130 125
Total supply (kt) 38,664 40,816 38,723
Exports (kt) [c] 24,349 26,450 24,000
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 3,585 3,730 3,415
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 4,191 3,746 4,008
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 8,816 8,516 8,423
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 5,499 5,850 6,300
  • [a] Crop year is August-July
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Coarse grains

Barley

For 2020-21, total barley supply in Canada reached a ten-year high at 11.8 million tonnes (Mt), due to good production, despite low carry-in stocks.

Statistics Canada (STC) reported that total exports of barley for the August-December 2020 period increased by 45% compared to the same period a year ago, including a 62% rise in raw barley grain exports and a 5% drop in barley product exports. For the entire crop year, total exports are expected to be 3.6 Mt, 18% higher than last year and the highest level since 2008.

Total domestic use increased by 6% for the August-December 2020 period, largely due to a 6% rise in the volume of animal feed, waste and dockage, in spite of a drop in food use and industrial use, according to STC. For the entire crop year, total domestic use is expected to increase by 2%, driven by strong feed use. Industrial use is expected to recover to some degree, but will be lower than in 2018-19.

Carry-out stocks for the entire crop year are expected to be at a record low, due to robust exports and solid domestic feed use, despite a good supply.

The average price of feed barley for 2020-21 is expected to rise by 10% from 2019-20 to $255/t as a result of strong demand for exports and domestic use, as well as supportive corn prices.

World barley demand for the current crop year was revised up by almost 1.0 Mt in the USDA’s February update of the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report. This upward revision mainly reflected a 1.3 Mt increase in the estimate of China’s consumption, which led to the same amount of increase in China’s imports. Compared with last year, world demand is expected to expand more than 3.0 Mt. Along with a smaller expansion in production, world carry-out stocks are expected to drop slightly, instead of rising as reported in the January update.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to barley in Canada is forecast to increase by 4% to 3.2 million hectares (Mha), as a result of good prices and historically low carry-in stocks. Harvest area is projected to be up by 1% and yields to be down by 3%, using the previous five-year averages, which leads to a 1% decrease in the production forecast. Supply is forecast to drop by 3% from the previous year to 11.4 Mt, but still reach the second highest level since 2010. Domestic use is anticipated to drop on lower feed use. Exports are expected to be lower than the level of the previous year, but still strong, as purchases by Canada’s major barley importers are anticipated to remain strong. In addition, an abundant domestic supply is also supportive for exports. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise on ample supply and reduced exports and domestic use.

The average price of feed barley for 2021-22 is forecast to decrease slightly on forecasts for increased carry-out stocks, as a result of lower demand.

Barley [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 2,996 3,060 3,190
Area harvested (kha) 2,728 2,809 2,848
Yield (t/ha) 3.81 3.82 3.73
Production (kt) 10,383 10,741 10,615
Imports (kt) [b] 63 60 60
Total supply (kt) 11,308 11,757 11,375
Exports (kt) [c] 3,054 3,600 3,500
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 277 298 318
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 6,759 6,889 6,407
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 7,298 7,457 6,975
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 957 700 900
Average Price ($/t) [g] 232 255 250
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Barley (No.1 feed, cash, in-store Lethbridge).
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Corn

For 2020-21, total corn supply in Canada is expected to increase by 1% from last year to 17.8 Mt, the third highest level on record, which is a mixed result of a sharp increase in carry-in stocks, a slight increase in production and a decrease in expected imports.

STC reported that corn imports for the September-December 2020 period decreased by 4% from the same period in 2019, while exports increased almost four-fold, but were still lower than the export levels attained in 2018 and 2017. The amount of human food and industrial use rose by 2% and 1%, respectively, from the same period in 2019 and 2018. The amount of animal feed, waste and dockage dropped by 1%, but was still 22% higher than the prior five-year average. Stocks at December 31 were 3% higher than a year ago, mainly due to a 5% increase in stocks in Ontario.

For the entire crop year, corn imports are expected to be lower than last crop year at 1.7 Mt due to good domestic feed grain supplies. Canadian corn exports are expected to increase to 1.4 Mt, versus 677 thousand tonnes (Kt) last year, largely due to anticipated increase in exports to the EU. Domestic use is predicted to decrease by 1% to 14.1 Mt on lower feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to fall by 10% to 2.3 Mt from the record level of the previous year.

Average price of Chatham corn for 2020-21 is expected to increase by 10% to $215/t, underpinned by stronger US corn prices.

The USDA revised upward the US corn export forecast for the current crop year by 50 million bushels. The US corn carry-out stocks were lowered by the same amount to a seven-year low. The marketing year weighted average price received by farmers was pegged at US$4.30 per bushel, revised up by US$0.10 per bushel, resulting in an increase of US$0.74 per bushel from last year.

Global demand was revised downward by 2.5 Mt, including an upward revision of 2.0 Mt for China and a downward revision of 2.5 Mt for the EU. World carry-out stocks were revised higher but still pegged at a six-year low.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to corn in Canada is forecast to decrease by 3% from 2019-20 to 1.4 Mha, as some corn area is forecast to shift to oilseeds. Production is forecast to decrease by 2% to 13.3 Mt on forecasts for lower harvested area, and imports are expected to increase accordingly. Supply is projected to drop by 2% from 2020-21, mainly due to lower carry-in stocks and production. Exports are projected to remain stable. Domestic use is projected to fall on reduced feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to decrease by 4% to 2.2 Mt.

The average price of corn for 2021-22 is forecast to drop by 2%, as the expected higher US corn price is more than offset by the appreciation of Canadian dollar.

Corn [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,496 1,440 1,400
Area harvested (kha) 1,451 1,402 1,362
Yield (t/ha) 9.24 9.67 9.77
Production (kt) 13,404 13,563 13,308
Imports (kt) [b] 2,184 1,700 1,800
Total supply (kt) 17,568 17,823 17,408
Exports (kt) [c] 677 1,400 1,400
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 5,303 5,300 5,300
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 9,012 8,808 8,492
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 14,331 14,123 13,808
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 2,560 2,300 2,200
Average Price ($/t) [g] 195 215 210
  • [a] Crop year is September-August.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Corn (No.2 CE, cash, in-store Chatham).
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Oats

For 2020-21, total oat supply in Canada increased by 8% to 5.0 Mt, the third highest level on record, due to improved production and higher carry-in stocks.

STC reported that total exports of oats for the August-December 2020 period increased by 25% compared to the same period a year ago, including a 26% rise in oat grain exports and a 21% rise in oat product exports. For the entire crop year, total exports are expected to be 2.8 Mt, 7% higher than last year and the second highest level on record.

Total domestic use increased by 10% for the August-December 2020 period, largely due to a 15% rise in the volume of animal feed, waste and dockage, in spite of a drop in food use. For the entire crop year, total domestic use is expected to increase by 7%, driven by strong feed use.

Carry-out stocks for the entire crop year are expected to be in the tight range, due to robust exports and solid domestic feed use, despite a good supply.

For the crop year to date, the average cash oat prices in the Prairie provinces have increased by 1%, 6% and 1% for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, respectively, and the upward trends are expected to continue for the rest of the crop year. The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) oat futures price for 2020-21 is expected to rise slightly from last year to $275/t, the second highest level on record, supported by solid demand in North America and strong prices for other crops, despite abundant supplies in North America and major exporting countries around the world.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to oats in Canada is forecast to decrease by 3%, approaching 1.5 Mha, due to strong acreage competition from other crops, despite good oat prices and tight stocks. Production is forecast to decrease by 7% to 4.2 Mt due to lower harvested area and yield as predicted using the previous five-year averages. Supply is forecast to drop by 5% to 4.8 Mt, largely due to lower production more than offsetting the rise in carry-in stocks. Domestic use is anticipated to fall on lower feed use. Exports are expected to fade due to expectations for an increase in global supplies and an appreciation of the Canadian dollar. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise due to reduced total use, despite lower supply.

The average price of oats for 2021-2022 is forecast to decrease on anticipated weaker demand.

Oats [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,459 1,554 1,500
Area harvested (kha) 1,171 1,245 1,220
Yield (t/ha) 3.61 3.62 3.48
Production (kt) 4,227 4,576 4,240
Imports (kt) [b] 13 14 15
Total supply (kt) 4,637 5,015 4,755
Exports (kt) [c] 2,615 2,800 2,500
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 143 140 140
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 1,324 1,450 1,414
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 1,597 1,715 1,555
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 426 500 700
Average Price ($/t) [g] 274 275 270
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Oats (US No.2 Heavy, Chicago Board of Trade (CBoT) nearby futures)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Rye

For 2020-21, total rye supply in Canada increased by 37% from last year to 530 Kt, the highest since 2006.

STC reported that Canadian rye exports for the August-December 2020 period decreased by 8% compared to the same period a year ago, while domestic use increased by 35%, reflecting a 42% increase in feed use.

For the entire crop year, exports are estimated to fall by 15% to 140 Kt, based on the current export pace. Domestic feed use is expected to increase significantly due to relatively cheap prices and good supplies. Carry-out stocks are projected to rise sharply due to bumper supplies. Rye prices are expected to fall by 17% from 2019-20, due to ample supplies in Canada, the US and around the world.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to fall rye in Canada increased to 240 thousand hectares (Kha), versus 237 Kha for a year ago. It is also the highest level since 2006-07, which combined with trending higher yield, might result in production and total supply at record high levels in the last thirty years. Exports are projected to remain the same as the previous year. Domestic use is anticipated to increase due to ample supply and expectations for increased feed use. Carry-out stocks are forecast to increase due to plentiful supply. Average price of rye for 2021-22 is forecast to decrease on predictions for larger supply.

Rye [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 175 237 240
Area harvested (kha) 103 146 159
Yield (t/ha) 3.25 3.34 3.21
Production (kt) 333 488 510
Imports (kt) [b] 3 2 2
Total supply (kt) 386 530 612
Exports (kt) [c] 165 140 140
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 19 24 24
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 140 245 297
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 180 289 321
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 40 100 150
Average Price ($/t) [g] 210 175 170
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Rye (No.1 Canada Western, cash, in-store Saskatoon)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Mixed Grains [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 145 166 148
Area harvested (kha) 68 67 69
Yield (t/ha) 2.84 3.49 2.74
Production (kt) 192 233 188
Imports (kt) [b] 0 0 0
Total supply (kt) 192 233 188
Exports (kt) [c] 0 0 0
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 0 0 0
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 192 233 188
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 192 233 188
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 0 0 0
  • [a] August-July crop year
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Coarse Grains: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area Seeded 6,271 6,457 6,477
Area harvested (kha) 5,520 5,669 5,657
Yield (t/ha) 5.17 5.22 5.10
Production (kt) 28,539 29,601 28,862
Imports (kt) [b] 2,264 1,776 1,877
Total supply (kt) 34,091 35,358 34,338
Exports (kt) [c] 6,510 7,940 7,540
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 5,743 5,762 5,782
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 17,427 17,624 16,799
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 23,598 23,818 22,848
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,982 3,600 3,950
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Oilseeds

Canola

For 2020-21, the canola situation has tightened significantly from last year with supplies estimated 9% lower, at 22.0 Mt, due to a 29% decline in carry-in and a 5% drop in production. This estimate is supported by Statistic Canada’s December 31st stocks report showing a 24% drop in canola stocks from the same time last year, to 12.1 Mt. Demand for Canadian canola remains strong on support from sharply higher world oilseed, vegetable oil and protein meal prices, supported in turn by aggressive Chinese buying as that country rebuilds its hog herd.

Canadian exports are forecast up 8.5% from 2019-20 to 10.9 Mt, the second highest level on record. Domestic crush is forecast to rise by about 1% to 10.2 Mt on support from strong world demand for vegetable oils and protein meals. Carry-out stocks are forecast sharply lower, down 78% to 0.7 Mt for a very tight stocks to use ratio of 3% vs 15% last year and the 5 year average of 14%. Canola prices, simple average, track, Vancouver are estimated at $655/t, surpassing the previous record of $650/t set in 2012-13.

For 2021-2022, seeded area in Canada is forecast to increase by 4%, to 8.8 million hectares (Mha), as farmers expand canola area at the expense of wheat, forages and summerfallow. Harvested area is forecast at 8.7 Mha while yields are projected at 2.32 tonnes per hectare (t/ha), up from the 2.25 t/ha achieved in 2020-21. Production is forecast to rise by 8% to 20.2 Mt, the third highest level on record. Total supply is forecast to tighten to 21.0 Mt on sharply lower carry-in stocks, which more than offset the rise in production.

Exports are forecast to fall by 5% to 10.4 Mt, as tighter domestic supplies limit Canada’s ability to serve the strong world demand for vegetable oils and protein meals. Domestic crush is forecast to decline to 9.7 Mt while carry-out stocks remain unchanged at a very tight 0.7 Mt, for a stock-to-use ratio of 3%. Canola prices are forecast at $600/t, track Vancouver, due to expected easing of US soybean prices.

Canola [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 8,481 8,410 8,750
Area harvested (kha) 8,456 8,320 8,698
Yield (t/ha) 2.32 2.25 2.32
Production (kt) 19,607 18,720 20,150
Imports (kt) [b] 155 100 100
Total supply (kt) 24,197 21,950 20,950
Exports (kt) [c] 10,042 10,900 10,400
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 10,129 10,200 9,700
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 834 90 99
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 11,025 10,350 9,850
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,131 700 700
Average Price ($/t) [g] 484 655 600
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Canola (No.1 Canada, cash, Track Vancouver)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Flaxseed

For 2020-21, supplies are estimated up 17%, to 0.66 Mt, versus 0.57 Mt last year, as the result of higher production and marginally higher carry-in stocks. Exports are forecast to increase by about 55%, to 0.54 Mt due to the combination of strong European buying, as the EU’s traditional supplier, Kazakhstan switches to supplying China instead. Total domestic use is forecast to fall by 54%, to 71,700 t, on sharply lower feed waste and dockage. Carry-out stocks are forecast to fall by 21% to 0.05 Mt while flaxseed prices rally sharply to $680/t, versus $518/t in 2019-20 and the 5 year average of $477/t.

For 2021-22, the area seeded to flaxseed in Canada is forecast to rise by 22% to a six-year high of 0.46 Mha, on support from the 31% rally in prices in 2020-21. The shift into flaxseed area is expected to be limited by agronomic factors, such as low spring soil moisture, and by competition for crop area from alternate crops, such as lentils. Flaxseed production is forecast at 0.68 Mt, assuming an area loss of 2% prior to harvest and five year average yields of 1.5 t/ha. Total supply is forecast to increase by 11%, to 0.74 Mt, as the decline in carry-in moderates the forecasted rise in output.

Exports are forecast down by 7% from 2020-21, to 0.50 Mt, on stronger Chinese, European and United States consumption. Total domestic use is forecast to rise by about 53% to 0.11 Mt, on higher feed, waste and dockage. Carry-out stocks are forecast to increase by 150% to 0.13 Mt. Flaxseed prices are forecast to decline by 19% to $550/t for 2021-22.

Flaxseed (excluding solin) [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 379 377 460
Area harvested (kha) 339 371 449
Yield (t/ha) 1.43 1.56 1.50
Production (kt) 486 578 675
Imports (kt) [b] 22 20 10
Total supply (kt) 568 662 735
Exports (kt) [c] 350 540 500
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] N/A N/A N/A
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 138 52 90
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 155 72 110
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 64 50 125
Average Price ($/t) [g] 518 680 550
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Flaxseed (No.1 Canada Western, cash, in-store Saskatoon)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • n/a: not available
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Soybeans

For 2020-2021, domestic supplies of soybeans are estimated up 4% from last year, to 7.4 Mt, versus 7.1 Mt last year, as a result of a marginal increase in carry-in stocks and a 3%, or 0.2 Mt, increase in production. Statistics Canada estimated Canadian December 31st stocks at 3.7 Mt versus 4.1 Mt for the same date in 2019. Soybean imports are estimated up slightly to 0.4 Mt for the current crop year, compared to the 0.24 Mt imported for 2019-20.

Canadian exports of soybeans are estimated up by 23%, to 4.4 Mt for the current crop year, on combined strong world demand and higher domestic supplies. Domestic processing of soybeans is forecast to increase by 9% from last year to a historically normal 1.9 Mt, on strong crush margins and strong demand for vegetable oils and protein meal. Soybean prices are estimated to increase by 37%, to $575/t, versus the simple average of $420/t earned in 2019-20.

The factors to watch for the rest of the crop year are:

  1. strength of Chinese buying,
  2. South American production,
  3. Brazilian shipping pace,
  4. possible US imports of Brazilian soybeans and
  5. US planting intentions for 2021-22.

For 2021-2022, planted area in Canada is forecast to rise by 12% to 2.3 Mha, on support from high prices with area gains limited by concerns over low sub soil moisture, short growing season in western Canada and attractive prices for competing crops. Assuming 5-year average yields, production is forecast at 6.6 Mt, versus 6.4 Mt in 2020-21 and 6.1 Mt grown in 2019-2020.

Total supply is forecast to increase to 7.6 Mt as the rise in production and slightly higher imports more than offset lower carry-in. Exports are forecast to increase by 14% to 5.0 Mt, with shipments headed to a diverse group of countries. Domestic processing is forecast stable at 1.9 Mt. Carry-out stocks are forecast to fall to 0.23 Mt versus the 0.50 Mt estimated for 2020-21 and the 5 year average of 0.57 Mt.

Soybean prices are forecast to fall by $75/t to $500/t, on an expected easing of US prices.

Soybeans [a] : February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 2,313 2,052 2,300
Area harvested (kha) 2,271 2,041 2,292
Yield (t/ha) 2.71 3.12 2.88
Production (kt) 6,145 6,359 6,600
Imports (kt) [b] 242 400 500
Total supply (kt) 7,087 7,385 7,600
Exports (kt) [c] 3,576 4,400 5,000
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 1,742 1,900 1,900
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 930 385 275
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 2,885 2,485 2,375
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 626 500 225
Average Price ($/t) [g] 419 575 500
  • [a] Crop year is September-August.
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • [g] Specification of crops for crop year average prices: Soybeans (No.2 CE, cash, in-store Chatham)
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Total Oilseeds : February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 11,172 10,839 11,510
Area harvested (kha) 11,066 10,732 11,438
Yield (t/ha) 2.37 2.39 2.40
Production (kt) 26,239 25,656 27,425
Imports (kt) [b] 419 520 610
Total supply (kt) 31,852 29,997 29,285
Exports (kt) [c] 13,968 15,840 15,900
Food and Industrial Use (kt) [d] 11,871 12,100 11,600
Feed, Waste & Dockage (kt) 1,903 526 464
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 14,064 12,907 12,335
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 3,820 1,250 1,050
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada
Total Grains and Oilseeds : February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 27,568 27,490 27,913
Area harvested (kha) 26,242 26,419 26,811
Yield (t/ha) 3.32 3.42 3.32
Production (kt) 87,125 90,444 89,035
Imports (kt) [b] 2,957 2,426 2,612
Total supply (kt) 104,606 106,171 102,346
Exports (kt) [c] 44,827 50,230 47,440
Total Domestic Use (kt) [e] 46,478 45,241 43,606
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 13,302 10,700 11,300
  • [b] Imports exclude products.
  • [c] Exports include grain products but exclude oilseed products.
  • [d] Food and Industrial Use for soybeans is based on data from the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association.
  • [e] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada

Pulses and special crops

Dry peas

For 2020-2021, exports are expected to rise to 3.8 million tonnes (Mt) largely due to higher exports to China and Bangladesh. Carry-out stocks are forecast to rise with the larger supply. The average price is expected to be higher than 2019-2020 levels, with higher yellow and feed pea prices offset by lower green pea prices.

During the month of January, the on-farm price of yellow peas in Saskatchewan rose by $15/t while the green pea price fell by $20/t. This was largely due to solid export demand and despite indications that the seeded area for the winter pulse crop in India is expected to be higher than the previous year. Green dry peas prices are expected to maintain a $5/t premium over yellow dry peas, compared to the $115/t premium that green peas had over yellow peas in 2019-2020.

US dry pea production is estimated by the USDA at nearly 1.0 Mt, down marginally from 2019-20. This was largely due to above average yields but lower area. Canadian dry pea exports to the US are moving below last year’s pace, and are forecast at just over 0.1 Mt in 2020-2021.

For 2021-2022, seeded area is forecast to increase marginally from 2020-21 at 1.75 million hectares (Mha) because of good expected returns for yellow pea types when compared to other crops. Production is forecast to decrease to 4.4 Mt, however, supply is expected to fall marginally from 2020-21 due to the decreased production. Exports are expected to be only slightly lower than in 2020-21. Carry-out stocks are expected to decrease. The average price is expected to be lower than in 2020-21, due to lower yellow dry pea prices and higher global supply.

Dry Peas [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,753 1,722 1,750
Area harvested (kha) 1,711 1,685 1,715
Yield (t/ha) 2.48 2.73 2.57
Production (kt) 4,237 4,594 4,400
Imports (kt) [b] 82 95 90
Total supply (kt) 4,631 4,922 4,790
Exports (b) 3,708 3,800 3,700
Total Domestic Use (c) 689 822 840
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 233 300 250
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 265 330 300
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Lentils

For 2020-2021, exports are forecast to decrease to 2.7 Mt despite strong import demand from Turkey and the UAE. With the lower supply and despite a decrease in exports, carry-out stocks are expected to fall, which will continue to support No.1 lentil prices throughout 2020-2021.

During the month of January, the on-farm price of large green lentils in Saskatchewan was unchanged while red lentil prices rose by $25/t. Prices have been supported throughout the crop year by solid export demand and lower world supply. Prices for No.1 large green lentils are expected to maintain a premium of $150/t over No.1 red lentil prices, compared to a $105/t premium in 2019-2020.

For 2020-2021, US lentil production, mostly green types, is estimated at 336 Kt, up 40% from 2019-2020. Canada is a minor exporter to the US. Canadian lentil exports to the US are expected to be similar to 2019-2020, at 60 thousand tonnes (Kt).

For 2021-2022, area seeded in Canada is forecast to fall marginally to 1.7 Mha with good potential returns compared to other crops. Production is forecast to decrease by 6% to 2.7 Mt. Supply is expected to fall to 2.9 Mt because of lower carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be lower than in 2020-2021 at 2.5 Mt. Carry-out stocks are forecast to be similar to the previous year. The overall lentil price is forecast to decrease from 2020-2021 due to the higher world supply and carry-out stocks.

Lentils [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 1,530 1,713 1,700
Area harvested (kha) 1,489 1,705 1,675
Yield (t/ha) 1.60 1.68 1.61
Production (kt) 2,382 2,868 2,700
Imports (kt) [b] 90 100 75
Total supply (kt) 3,327 3,177 2,925
Exports (b) 2,733 2,700 2,500
Total Domestic Use (c) 385 327 275
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 209 150 150
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 485 600 585
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021 which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Dry beans

For 2020-2021, exports are forecast to be higher than 2019-2020. The EU and the US remain the top two export markets. Carry-out stocks are also forecast to increase sharply from 2019-2020 due to the record supply. The average Canadian dry bean price is expected to decrease due to larger supply in North America. To-date, Canadian white pea bean prices are 15% lower, pinto beans are 20% lower and black beans are 5% higher than last year.

US total dry bean production (excluding chickpeas) is estimated by the USDA at a record 1.5 Mt, up 60% from 2019-2020. US dry bean production increased for all bean types with the exception of cranberry bean types, which fell marginally. This, along with a stronger Canadian dollar is expected to continue to pressure Canadian dry bean prices throughout 2020-2021.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded is forecast to decrease due to lower potential returns compared to other crops, particularly soybeans. Production is forecast to fall sharply to 0.36 Mt due to lower expected area and yields. Supply is expected to decrease marginally, despite higher carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be lower than 2020-2021 and carry-out stocks are expected to increase. The average Canadian dry bean price is forecast to decrease due to expectations for similar North American supply and continued strengthening of the Canadian dollar against the US dollar.

Dry Beans [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 160 185 160
Area harvested (kha) 150 183 154
Yield (t/ha) 2.11 2.68 2.31
Production (kt) 317 490 355
Imports (kt) [b] 75 70 75
Total supply (kt) 442 585 575
Exports (b) 361 385 365
Total Domestic Use (c) 56 55 55
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 25 145 155
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 985 860 825
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Chickpeas

For 2020-2021, exports are forecast to be higher than 2019-2020, with Pakistan and the US as the top markets. Carry-out stocks are expected to rise. The average price is forecast to rise sharply due to stronger world demand and lower world supply.

US chickpea production is estimated by USDA at 194 Kt, 32% lower than 2019-2020, due to a large reduction in area. Canadian chickpea exports to the US are forecast to be similar to last year at 30 Kt.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded is forecast to decrease substantially from 2020-2021, largely due to lower potential returns compared to other crops. As a result, production is expected to fall sharply to 170 Kt. Supply, however, is expected to rise from last year due to higher carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to rise from last year and carry-out stocks are still expected to increase. The average price is forecast to be lower than the previous year.

Chickpeas [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 159 121 100
Area harvested (kha) 156 120 97
Yield (t/ha) 1.61 1.79 1.75
Production (kt) 252 214 170
Imports (kt) [b] 48 45 50
Total supply (kt) 440 509 535
Exports (b) 105 110 125
Total Domestic Use (c) 85 84 85
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 250 315 325
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 1 2 2
Average Price (d) 490 600 545
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Mustard seed

For 2020-2021, exports are forecast to be lower than last year at 110 Kt but carry-out stocks are expected to tighten. The US and the EU currently account for 78% of Canada’s total exports to-date for mustard seed. The average price is expected to increase sharply, due to the tighter expected carry-out stocks in Canada and the US.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded is forecast to rise sharply and production is expected to increase to 145 Kt due to the higher area. Supply is forecast to be marginally higher than the previous year, due to lower carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be higher and carry-out stocks are still expected to decrease. The average price is expected to fall marginally compared to 2020-2021, but remains above the five year average price.

Mustard Seed [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 161 104 160
Area harvested (kha) 155 101 155
Yield (t/ha) 0.87 0.98 0.94
Production (kt) 135 99 145
Imports (kt) [b] 7 7 8
Total supply (kt) 214 166 168
Exports (b) 112 110 115
Total Domestic Use (c) 42 41 43
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 61 15 10
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 700 825 800
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Canary seed

For 2020-2021, exports are forecast to be lower than last year. The EU and Mexico currently account for 55% of the total Canadian canary seed export market. Carry-out stocks are forecast to be unchanged. The average price is forecast to increase to an average of $650/t from $630/t in 2019-2020.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded is expected to increase marginally due to higher returns relative to other crops. Production is forecast to be higher than last year with an increase in seeded area and similar yields. Supply is expected to be higher at 185 Kt. Exports are expected to be higher and carry-out stocks are forecast to remain tight. The average price is forecast to be lower than the 2020-2021 level.

Canary Seed [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 118 111 120
Area harvested (kha) 115 110 117
Yield (t/ha) 1.52 1.46 1.45
Production (kt) 175 161 170
Imports (kt) [b] 0 0 0
Total supply (kt) 186 176 185
Exports (b) 161 150 160
Total Domestic Use (c) 10 11 10
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 15 15 15
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 0 0 0
Average Price (d) 630 650 615
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Sunflower seed

For 2020-2021, exports are expected to be higher than the previous year but carry-out stocks are forecast to rise sharply. The US is Canada’s main export market for sunflower seed and accounts for 95% of Canada’s total exports. The average price is expected to fall from 2019-2020 on lower oilseed prices, due to larger North American sunflower seed supply.

For the US, sunflower seed production is estimated by the USDA to have decreased be 53% to 1.35 Mt. Nearly 1.2 Mt of the US sunflower seed crop is estimated to be oilseed types, higher than last year. US confectionery type production was also higher this year at 166 Kt.

The global supply of sunflower seed is estimated by the USDA at 55 Mt, down 9% from last year. This is largely due to decreased production in Ukraine and Russia. As a result, world exports are expected to decrease by 21% while domestic use is forecast to fall to 51 Mt. World carry-out stocks are expected to tighten to 1.8 Mt and has supported world sunflower seed prices.

For 2021-2022, the area seeded is forecast to fall from 2020-2021 due to expectations for lower returns relative to other crops. Production is forecast to fall to 75 Kt. Supply is expected to decrease marginally despite higher carry-in stocks. Exports are expected to be lower than the previous year but carry-out stocks are expected to rise. The average price in Canada is forecast to be higher than in 2020-2021 as the prices for confectionary type varieties remain similar while prices for oil type varieties are expected to increase slightly.

Sunflower Seed [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 31 45 35
Area harvested (kha) 29 45 34
Yield (t/ha) 2.18 2.25 2.21
Production (kt) 63 101 75
Imports (kt) [b] 26 27 25
Total supply (kt) 186 232 225
Exports (b) 37 45 40
Total Domestic Use (c) 45 62 50
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 103 125 135
Stocks-to-Use Ratio 1 1 2
Average Price (d) 620 570 585
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • [d] Producer price, Free-on-board (FOB) plant, average over all types, grades and markets.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecast by AAFC except for area, yield and production for 2020-2021[f] which are STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
Total Pulses and Special Crops [a]: February 17, 2021
2019-2020 2020-2021[f] 2021-2022[f]
Area seeded (kha) 3,911 4,000 4,025
Area harvested (kha) 3,804 3,949 3,947
Yield (t/ha) 1.99 2.16 2.03
Production (kt) 7,559 8,527 8,015
Imports (kt) [b] 328 344 323
Total supply (kt) 9,425 9,767 9,403
Exports (b) 7,217 7,300 7,005
Total Domestic Use (c) 1,312 1,402 1,358
Carry-out Stocks (kt) 896 1,065 1,040
  • [a] Crop year is August-July.
  • [b] Imports and exports exclude products.
  • [c] Total domestic use equals Food and industrial use plus Feed waste and dockage plus Seed use plus Loss in handling. Total domestic use is calculated residually.
  • kha: kilohectares
  • t/ha: tonnes per hectare
  • kt: kilotonnes
  • $/t: dollars per tonne
  • f: forecasts by AAFC and STC
  • Source: Statistics Canada (STC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Historical data

Historical principal field crops data are available in spreadsheet format and can be obtained by emailing aafc.bulletin.aac@canada.ca. Please specify crops, crop years, and preferred file format in your request.

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