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Supply comparison by species between Canada and the United States

These reports display Canadian and American annual inventory, slaughter, production, imports, exports of hog/pork, sheep/lamb and cattle/beef.

1 - Cattle and beef

List of tables available below

  • Table 1. The Canadian cattle and beef industry as a % of the United States
  • Table 2. Cattle and beef - Canada vs United States
  • Table 3. Cattle and beef trade - Canada vs United States
Table 1. The Canadian cattle and beef industry as a % of the United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cattle and calves inventory 13.05 % 12.63 % 12.32 % 12.26 % 12.07 %
Cattle slaughter 9.29 % 9.17 % 9.27 % 9.58 % 9.84 %
Beef and veal production 9.75 % 9.99 % 10.10 % 10.36 % 10.51 %
Beef and veal exports 30.13 % 30.27 % 29.99 % 29.46 % 33.23 %
Beef and veal imports 13.34 % 13.60 % 12.68 % 13.03 % 11.14 %
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 2. Cattle and beef - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms - Canada 77,780 75,790 74,720 73,650 73,020
Number of farms - United States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Inventory - January 1 - Canada ('000 head) 11,640 11,610 11,535 11,565 11,440
Inventory - January 1 - United States ('000 head) 89,173 91,888 93,625 94,298 94,805
Cattle slaughter - Canada ('000 head) 2,671 2,803 2,985 3,162 3,303
Calves slaughter - Canada ('000 head) 226 237 236 228 213
Cattle Slaughter - United States ('000 head) 28,752 30,578 32,189 33,005 33,555
Calves slaughter - United States ('000 head) 453 488 512 580 587
Beef and veal production - Canada (tonnes) 1,051,280 1,146,680 1,202,880 1,265,790 1,298,260
Beef and veal production - United States (tonnes) 10,786,497 11,474,343 11,912,331 12,223,768 12,351,001
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 3. Cattle and beef trade - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Beef and veal exports - Canada (tonnes) 321,623 359,332 378,870 398,596 438,467
Beef and veal exported from Canada to the United States (tonnes) 230,255 269,793 280,325 294,788 316,715
Percentage of exports of beef and veal from Canada to the United States over the total exported (%) 71.59% 75.08% 73.99% 73.96% 72.23%
Beef and veal exports - United States (tonnes) 1,067,350 1,187,050 1,263,456 1,352,917 1,319,319
Beef and veal exported from the United States to Canada (tonnes) 124,670 116,266 116,561 114,039 99,833
Percentage of exports of beef and veal from the United States to Canada over the total exported (%) 11.68% 9.79% 9.23% 8.43% 7.57%
Beef and veal imports - Canada (tonnes) 203,861 185,776 172,157 177,242 154,421
Beef and veal imports - United States (tonnes) 1,527,837 1,366,092 1,357,593 1,359,909 1,386,712
Live cattle exports - slaughter - Canada (head) 470,952 546,321 489,344 414,844 520,757
Live cattle exports - feeder/calves - Canada (head) 349,200 211,922 146,016 209,464 197,059
Live cattle exports - breeding - Canada (head) 11,135 7,514 5,645 6,879 5,476
Live cattle exports - Canada (head) 831,287 765,757 641,005 631,187 723,292
Live cattle exports - United States (head) 72,559 68,760 193,058 243,795 305,157
Live cattle and calves imports - pure-bred breeding - Canada (head) 3,655 4,399 8,944 5,978 5,558
Live cattle and calves imports - other - Canada (head) 32,192 26,188 131,974 195,686 269,318
Live cattle and calves imports - Canada (head) 35,847 30,587 140,918 201,664 274,876
Live cattle and calves imports - United States (head) 1,984,389 1,708,014 1,806,539 1,898,976 2,042,753
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
2 - Hog and pork

List of tables available below

  • Table 1. The Canadian hog and pork industry as a % of the United States
  • Table 2. Hog and pork - Canada vs United States
  • Table 3. Hog and pork trade - Canada vs United States
Table 1. The Canadian hog and pork industry as a % of the United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Hog inventory 19.45 % 19.78 % 19.53 % 19.37 % 18.60 %
Hog slaughter 18.35 % 17.99 % 17.80 % 17.20 % 16.69 %
Pork production 18.57 % 18.39 % 18.33 % 17.81 % 17.34 %
Pork exports 55.24 % 54.05 % 52.51 % 51.78 % 47.24 %
Pork imports 40.15 % 41.89 % 42.55 % 47.52 % 55.77 %
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 2. Hog and pork - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms - Canada 7,800 8,135 8,210 7,910 7,700
Number of farms - United States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Inventory - January 1 - Canada ('000 head) 13,180 13,630 13,935 14,170 13,960
Inventory - January 1 - United States ('000 head) 67,776 68,919 71,345 73,145 75,070
Hog slaughter - Canada ('000 head) 21,186 21,262 21,595 21,405 21,678
Hog slaughter - United States ('000 head) 115,425 118,220 121,317 124,432 129,913
Pork production - Canada (tonnes) 2,064,140 2,080,880 2,127,600 2,126,060 2,174,050
Pork production - United States (tonnes) 11,113,603 11,313,136 11,604,796 11,936,100 12,536,112
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 3. Hog and pork trade - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Pork exports - Canada (tonnes) 1,177,772 1,249,278 1,286,118 1,262,043 1,262,328
Pork exported from Canada to the United States (tonnes) 446,475 408,609 380,956 346,833 319,846
Percentage of exports of pork from Canada to the United States over the total exported (%) 37.91 % 32.71 % 29.62 % 27.48 % 25.34 %
Pork exports - United States (tonnes) 2,132,135 2,311,277 2,449,159 2,437,423 2,672,320
Pork exported from the United States to Canada (tonnes) 200,989 205,372 208,377 205,568 214,703
Percentage of exports of pork from the United States to Canada over the total exported (%) 9.43 % 8.89 % 8.51 % 8.43 % 8.03 %
Pork imports - Canada (tonnes) 203,193 207,381 215,351 224,602 239,047
Pork imports - United States (tonnes) 506,034 495,090 506,155 472,690 428,627
Live hog exports < 50 kg - Canada (head) 4,614,054 4,738,578 4,769,000 4,499,482 4,311,388
Live hog exports > 50 kg - Canada (head) 1,161,697 933,786 845,207 763,685 800,890
Live hog exports - Canada (head) 5,775,751 5,672,364 5,614,207 5,263,167 5,112,278
Live hog exports - United States (head) 40,601 48,018 59,370 63,888 60,490
Live hog imports - Canada (head) 6,416 2,565 3,145 3,333 5,658
Live hog imports - United States (head) 5,740,375 5,657,037 5,597,074 5,250,340 5,099,909
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
2 - Sheep and lamb

List of tables available below

  • Table 1. The Canadian sheep and lamb industry as a % of the United States
  • Table 2. Sheep and lamb - Canada vs United States
  • Table 3. Sheep and lamb trade - Canada vs United States
Table 1. The Canadian sheep and lamb industry as a % of the United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Sheep and lamb inventory 15.64 % 15.39 % 15.44 % 15.75 % 15.97 %
Sheep and lamb slaughter 25.30 % 24.70 % 24.98 % 23.64 % 23.59 %
Lamb and mutton production 24.68 % 24.12 % 24.51 % 23.04 % 24.91 %
Lamb and mutton exports 8.41 % 5.84 % 6.35 % 5.33 % 4.95 %
Lamb and mutton imports 19.72 % 18.94 % 19.73 % 16.28 % 17.55 %
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 2. Sheep and lamb - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of farms - Canada N/A 9,390 N/A N/A N/A
Number of farms - United States N/A N/A 101,387 N/A N/A
Inventory - January 1 - Canada ('000 head) 824 815 814 829 835
Inventory - January 1 - United States ('000 head) 5,270 5,295 5,270 5,265 5,230
Slaughter - Canada ('000 head) 563 553 544 535 548
Slaughter - United States ('000 head) 2,224 2,238 2,178 2,265 2,322
Meat production - Canada (tonnes) 16,860 16,430 16,120 16,020 16,790
Meat production - United States (tonnes) 68,311 68,130 65,771 69,536 67,404
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture
Table 3. Sheep and lamb trade - Canada vs United States
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Lamb and mutton exports - Canada (tonnes) 150 131 154 127 113
Lamb and mutton exported from Canada to the United States (tonnes) 73 53 82 62 44
Percentage of exports of lamb and mutton from Canada to the United States over the total exported (%) 48.54 % 40.58 % 53.60 % 48.94 % 39.38 %
Lamb and mutton exports - United States (tonnes) 1,779 2,239 2,421 2,386 2,284
Lamb and mutton exported from the United States to Canada (tonnes) 154 101 224 131 101
Percentage of exports of lamb and mutton from the United States to Canada over the total exported (%) 8.66 % 4.51 % 9.25 % 5.49 % 4.42 %
Lamb and mutton imports - Canada (tonnes) 19,118 18,550 22,526 20,138 21,687
Lamb and mutton imports - United States (tonnes) 96,943 97,940 114,176 123,667 123,567
Live sheep exports - Canada (head) 5,513 14,284 5,870 5,746 11,862
Live sheep exported from Canada to the United States (head) 5,509 14,272 5,651 5,745 11,862
Live sheep exports - United States (head) 44,508 51,638 30,379 44,416 23,126
Live sheep exported from the United States to Canada (head) 21,109 112 121 327 109
Live sheep imports - Canada (head) 6,554 175 380 165 126
Live sheep imports - United States (head) 5,674 14,272 5,651 5,745 11,862
Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Beef Grading Agency and Provincial Governments and United States Department of Agriculture

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