Canada's hatching eggs industry
... at a glance
- In 2019, there were 240 broiler hatching egg producers. 93.8% of these producers were members of the Canadian Hatching Egg Producers (CHEP). CHEP's current province members consist of British-Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. Other producing provinces that are not part of CHEP include New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
- In Canada, there were 46 broiler hatcheries, 11 turkey hatcheries and 16 laying egg hatcheries in 2019. Approximately 9 of these hatcheries produced both broiler and layer chicks.
- In 2019, Canadian broiler hatcheries set a total of 953.7 million eggs for broiler stock, and total domestic hatching egg production reached 821.2 million eggs.
- 91.4% of the broiler hatching egg production came from the six provincial members of CHEP. Ontario and Quebec production totaled 57.1% of the Canada total.
- In 2019, broiler hatching egg producers generated $375 million in sales equal to 0.6% of farm cash receipts in Canada. The average annual price paid to hatching egg producers increased by 3.7%, from 55.52¢ per saleable chick in 2018 to 57.57¢ per saleable chick in 2019.
- In 2019, Canada exported over 40.7 million hatching eggs of different species, worth $71.5 million, to 27 countries. The United States was the largest market with 58% of exports, worth $41.5 million. Other countries included Russia, Turkey and France.
- Canada imported over 144 million hatching eggs worth more than $60 million. 132.1 million of these hatching eggs were imported for broiler production worth $48.3 million. These imports originated exclusively from the United States.
- The allocation of hatching eggs, under the supply management system, relies on both domestic production and a predictable level of imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). In 2019, the TRQ import level allowed for an access amount of 169,878,857 eggs equivalent into the Canadian market. One broiler chick import is equivalent to 1.27 eggs.
- Canada’s global access commitment for broiler hatching eggs and chicks is equivalent to 21.1% of the current year’s anticipated production (per the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)) or Canada’s World Trade Organization commitment of 7,949,000 dozen eggs equivalent, whichever is greater. No new access was granted for this sector under CUSMA , as this commitment replicates the market access that was previously provided under NAFTA.
- As per CUSMA, the combined annual access level is subdivided into separate and distinct access levels for broiler hatching eggs and for chicks: respectively 17.4% and 3.7% of Canadian domestic broiler hatching egg production in egg-equivalent chicks.
- Under the CPTPP, 500,000 dozen eggs equivalent in market access are available for 2020.
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