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National Agroclimate Risk Report – Spring conditions for May 19 to June 8, 2021

This report provides timely information on the regional agroclimate conditions, risks and impacts across Canada. Reports are produced every three weeks.

National overview

The most significant climate-related risk to agriculture during the reporting period is expanding and intensifying drought across much of southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Surface water shortages, water quality, and poor pasture production in these regions are ongoing issues. Drought in British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec has also emerged as a growing concern.

Below normal temperatures throughout much of Canada's agricultural regions resulted in the delayed emergence of crops, and some localized frost damage was reported in Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec.

The Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) short-term forecast is for warm temperatures from Alberta through to the Maritimes and well above normal temperatures for southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Forecast storm systems this week in the Prairies is not expected to result in widespread improvement in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Very dry conditions are expected for much of eastern Canada where drought is expected to worsen in Ontario and Quebec. Precipitation is needed in most agricultural regions to support seed germination and crop development.

Maps

Canadian Drought Monitor: May 2021 Assessment

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At the end of May, 85% of Canada’s agricultural extent was affected by dry and drought conditions. Ontario and Quebec saw the largest expansion of drought conditions but the most severe drought conditions are found in southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Precipitation from April 1 to June 7, 2021

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20% of farms and 12% of cattle are in regions that have received very low to extremely low precipitation since April 1, 2021. Southern British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec have experienced the largest deficits. Despite significant precipitation in May, long-term deficits continue to be an issue in Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Regional Conditions

Forecast

This report was created with help from our network of Agroclimate Impact Reporter volunteers. Each month, they help us report on current conditions and weather-related risks to Canada’s agriculture sector. Join the network if you are interested in becoming an Agroclimate Impact Reporter.

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