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AgriInvest: Canadian Agricultural Partnership – Program Handbook

Section 1 - Introduction

Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) is a five-year policy framework for Canada's agricultural and agri-food sector (2018-2022).

CAP includes an effective suite of Business Risk Management programs that:

AgriInvest is one of the Business Risk Management programs under CAP.

The federal and provincial/territorial governments cost share AgriInvest on a 60/40 basis.

This Handbook gives you general information about AgriInvest and explains the main program rules.

For more detailed program information, see the AgriInvest Program Guidelines.

If the information in the Program Guidelines and this Handbook differ, the Program Guidelines take precedence.

How do you contact us?

You can call the program toll free at 1-866-367-8506 or contact AgriInvest Administration.

Section 2 - AgriInvest overview

AgriInvest is a self-managed producer-government savings account designed to help producers:

Each year, you can make a deposit into your AgriInvest account and receive a matching contribution from the federal and provincial/territorial governments.

Your AgriInvest account grows as you:

Your AgriInvest account consists of two funds:

You can withdraw funds from your AgriInvest account whenever you want.

Withdrawals are made from Fund 2 first. These funds are included in income for tax purposes.

Once the Fund 2 balance is zero, withdrawals are made from Fund 1. These withdrawals are not taxable.

Section 3 - Steps to participate

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Step 1 - Complete your AgriInvest Form

Send your completed AgriInvest form by the deadline.

These deadlines apply even if you have an appeal or audit in progress. You can make your deposit on the next business day if your deadline falls on a Saturday, Sunday or statutory holiday

If you send your form after the initial deadline, we will reduce your maximum matchable deposit by 5% for each month (or part of a month) past the initial deadline up to the final deadline.

We will process your form and send you a Deposit Notice showing you how much you can deposit into Fund 1 of your account.

To see how your deposit is calculated, go to How is your deposit calculated?

Step 2 - Make your AgriInvest deposit at your financial institution

Make your deposit to your AgriInvest account at your financial institution. You have 90 days from the date we issue your Deposit Notice to make a deposit.

You can only make one deposit by the deadline shown on your Deposit Notice. If you deposit less than your maximum matchable deposit, you cannot make up for it later.

When your financial institution confirms that you made your deposit, we will:

For information on how to make a deposit see How do you make your deposit?

Step 3 - Withdraw your funds when you need them

You can withdraw funds from your AgriInvest account any time. Funds are withdrawn from your account in the following order:

  1. Fund 2 – government contributions and interest (included in income for income tax purposes)
  2. Fund 1 – your deposits (not taxable)

Each year in February, we will send you an annual Statement of Account showing all of your account transactions for the year, including any taxable withdrawals you made.

Section 4 - Participation overview

Who can participate?

Participants include:

To participate in AgriInvest you must:

Who cannot participate?

The following individuals or entities cannot participate in AgriInvest:

Am I eligible to participate?

Generally, you are eligible for AgriInvest if you earn income from producing primary agricultural products such as:

If you farm as a landlord you are eligible only if you are in a joint venture with the tenant and your share of the allowable purchases is reasonable for your share of the allowable income.

If you farm as a custom feedlot operator, you are eligible based on the value of allowable commodities you produce (or purchase) and feed to livestock.

Agricultural products that you produce and process on your farm may also be eligible. Some processing examples include:

For more information on eligible processed commodities, see Is your production eligible?

You may also need to comply with certain conditions set by your province or territory to receive government contributions. For more information on cross compliance, see What is cross compliance?

What's not eligible for AgriInvest?

The following production is not eligible for AgriInvest:

For more information on eligibility, see Is your production eligible?

Filing a form

If you are an individual producer or a partner in a partnership, you use the same form to file for AgriInvest as you do to file your income tax. All other participants listed on page 7 complete a different form. To see which form you need to complete, see What form do you complete for AgriInvest?

When you complete your form you must use the same method of accounting (cash or accrual) that you use to file your income tax.

If you have more than one farming operation, you must complete a separate form for each operation that reports farming income (loss) for tax purposes.

If you live and farm in different provinces, or you farm in more than one province, use the form for the province where you earned most of your gross farming income in the past five years.

Section 5 - Deposits

We base your deposit on your Allowable Net Sales (ANS).

What are Allowable Net Sales?

Allowable Net Sales are the gross sales minus purchases of your allowable commodities.

Your gross sales include the following program payments that compensate you for lost production:

Allowable Net Sales calculation example:

Gross sales of allowable commodities (includes allowable program payments)


Purchases of allowable commodities (includes seed, plant, livestock purchases)

- $20,000

Allowable Net Sales


Because AgriInvest benefits are based on Allowable Net Sales, you must determine the point where the sale of your commodity occurred.

The point of sale is determined by the following conditions:

For more information on point of sale, see What is point of sale?

How is my deposit calculated?

You can deposit up to 100% of your Allowable Net Sales and receive a matching government contribution on 1% of your Allowable Net Sales.

Matching government contribution example:

Allowable Net Sales


You can deposit up to 100% of your Allowable Net Sales


You will receive a Matching Government Contribution on 1% of your Allowable Net Sales


Are there deposit limits?

The maximum Allowable Net Sales you can have in a year is $1 million. Based on this limit, the maximum matchable deposit you can make annually is $10,000.

You must have Allowable Net Sales of at least $25,000 to make a deposit. Based on this limit, the minimum deposit you can make is $250.

Maximum and Minimum Deposit Limits

Maximum Allowable Net Sales (ANS)


Maximum Matchable Deposit ($1,000,000 ANS × 1%)


Minimum Allowable Net Sales (for matching government contributions)


Minimum Matchable Deposit ($25,000 ANS × 1%)


If you have more than one operation and they are structured with the effect of avoiding this limit, we may combine them and apply the limit.

How do you make your deposit?

Make your deposit to your AgriInvest account at your financial institution by the deadline on your Deposit Notice.

You can make your deposit on the next business day if your deposit deadline falls on a Saturday, Sunday or statutory holiday.

If you deposit after your deadline, you will not receive matching government contributions.

You can only make one deposit by the deadline shown on your Deposit Notice. If you deposit less than your maximum matchable deposit, you cannot make up for it later.

If you deposit more than your maximum deposit it is an excess deposit and should be withdrawn.

For information on how to open and manage an AgriInvest account at a financial institution, see Managing your account.

Does my account earn interest?

Your deposit begins to earn interest on the date you deposit to your account.

The matching government contributions earn interest from the date the funds are credited to your account. Interest earned on your account goes into Fund 2 and is taxable when withdrawn.

Section 6 - Withdrawals

When can I withdraw my money?

You can withdraw from your AgriInvest account whenever you want.

When you make a withdrawal, the government contributions and interest in Fund 2 of your account are withdrawn first. These funds are taxable.

Once your Fund 2 balance is zero, withdrawals are taken from Fund 1, these funds are included in income for income tax purposes.

If you have excess deposits, these funds are withdrawn first and are not taxable.

We will send you a tax slip each year in February if you have any withdrawals over $100 from Fund 2.

Withdrawals from Fund 2 must be reported as investment income to the Canada Revenue Agency.

Note: Canadian-Controlled Private Corporations deduct income from Fund 2 from investment income and add it to active business income.

Section 7 - Account balance limit

There is a limit to how much you can have in your AgriInvest account.

The maximum account balance limit is 400% of your average Allowable Net Sales from the current and two prior program years.

If you did not report Allowable Net Sales for one or more of these years, we base your limit on the years available.

Maximum account balance limit example:

Year 1 - Allowable Net Sales


Year 2 - Allowable Net Sales


Year 3 - Allowable Net Sales


Total - Allowable Net Sales


Average Allowable Net Sales (Total Allowable Net Sales ÷ 3)


Maximum Account Balance Limit (Average Allowable Net Sales × 400%)


When your account balance is at or near your maximum account balance limit, you must withdraw funds to make room in your account for both your deposit and the matching government contributions.

The example below shows how much you have to withdraw when you reach your maximum account balance limit.

Reaching the maximum account balance limit example:

Maximum Account Balance Limit (Average Allowable Net Sales × 400%)


Total Account Balance


Maximum Matchable Deposit


Withdrawal required to make room for your maximum matchable government contribution


If you exceed your maximum account balance limit, you must withdraw the excess funds or we may close your account.

Section 8 - Adjustments, appeals and audits

Can the Administration adjust my form?

If we find incorrect information, we will adjust your information and recalculate your benefit.

We may adjust your information for up to six years from the date of your original Deposit Notice.

Any adjustment we start and complete after that time will not change your matchable deposit unless we:

If you participate in AgriStability and we adjust your information, we may also adjust the information for AgriInvest if it affects your matchable deposit.

If the adjustment results in a reduction to your benefit, you must repay any overpaid amount.

Interest charges will begin to accrue 30 days after we issue the overpayment notice. The interest rate is the 90-day federal Treasury Bill rate plus two percent a year, adjusted quarterly.

We may recover your overpayment from future government contributions.

How do I adjust my AgriInvest form?

Complete and send an AgriStability and AgriInvest adjustment form. To obtain your form, see How do you make an adjustment to your form?

You have 18 months from the issue date on your original Deposit Notice to send us an adjustment.

If your adjustment increases your net income or your deposit, you must report the change to the Canada Revenue Agency first. We will adjust your AgriInvest information once you send us your Notice of Reassessment.

Your adjustment must increase or decrease your matchable deposit by $75 or more to be:

We will send you an adjusted Deposit Notice after we process your adjustment.

If your adjustment results in an increased deposit, you will have 90 days to make your deposit.

Any further adjustments to the information you adjusted must be made by the later of:

If we do not accept your adjustment request and you think we did not apply the program rules correctly, you may request an appeal within 90 days of your notice of denial.

When can I request an appeal?

You may request an appeal if:

Some examples of exceptional circumstances are:

If you, your representative or your immediate family member experienced exceptional circumstances, we may accept your form or adjustment after the deadline depending when the event occurred.

Appeals will not be accepted if they create exceptions to program rules outlined in the AgriInvest Guidelines or the Canadian Agricultural Partnership Framework Agreement.

How do I appeal?

Complete an Appeal Submission Form within 90 days from the date we deny your request. In your Appeal you must:

Send your Appeal Submission Form to:

AgriInvest Program Appeals
PO Box 2759 Station Main
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 4B4

For information on the appeals process and for an Appeal Submission Form, see Can you submit an appeal?

Can my AgriInvest information be audited?

We may audit your information at any time.

If the audit results in an increase to your deposit, you may deposit the additional amount by the deadline.

If the audit results in a decrease to your deposit, or you are found to be ineligible, you must repay any benefits you were not entitled to receive.

We may share any information we obtain through the audit with the Canada Revenue Agency.

You are required to comply with our audit request. We will deny your program benefits and you will have to repay any benefits you received if:

Section 9 - Assignments, bankruptcy and estates

Can my AgriInvest benefits be assigned?

Your AgriInvest benefits cannot be assigned to any other program.

What happens if I declare bankruptcy?

If you declare bankruptcy, you may participate through your Trustee in bankruptcy in the program year if you meet the AgriInvest eligibility requirements.

The Trustee will manage your AgriInvest account until the bankruptcy is discharged. We will process any deposits or withdrawals from your account based on instructions from your Trustee.

Your Trustee may access your information subject to the Privacy Act.

Can estates participate?

The estate of a deceased participant may participate if the estate meets the eligibility requirements. The executor/executrix or administrator must notify us in writing of the participant's death.

We will close the estate account and pay the balance to the estate upon the request of the executor/executrix or administrator.

To close an estate account, we require:

For more information on estates, see What happens to a deceased participant's account?

Section 10 - AgriInvest account transfers

You may transfer your individual account to a corporation, a surviving spouse or a spouse on separation or divorce. Accounts of entities (for example corporations) cannot be transferred.

Account transfers do not extend your Deposit Notice deadline. You must continue to meet the deposit deadline on any previous Deposit Notices to be eligible to receive matching government contributions.

Once we process your transfer request, we will send an Account Initiation form for your new account.

Individual account to a corporation

If you incorporate your farming operation, you can transfer your individual account to the corporation if you provide:


A deceased participant's AgriInvest Account can only be transferred to a surviving spouse. However, beneficiaries who inherit most of an estate may use the account history.

To transfer an account to a surviving spouse, the executor/executrix or administrator must submit:

Legal separation or divorce

Any account may be divided into two individual accounts based on the terms of the formal separation agreement.

To divide an account you must provide:

For more information on account transfers, see Managing your account.

Section 11 - Account closures

When can I close my account?

You can close your account and withdraw the balance any time. Your financial institution will report the closure to us.

Can the Administration close my account?

We will automatically close your account and tell your financial institution to pay the balance to you if:

Can I reopen my account?

You can open an AgriInvest account any time by sending us a completed form reporting sales and purchases of allowable commodities.

We will send you an Account Initiation Form with your Deposit Notice so you can open a new AgriInvest account at a participating financial institution.

Section 12 - Privacy of your information

By participating in AgriInvest, you allow the Canada Revenue Agency to share your Statement A information with the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food.

You also allow the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food to share your AgriInvest information with provincial/territorial agriculture ministers and federal, provincial and territorial administrators of other farm programs. This includes information on your form or any other information you give us related to your form.

We use the information on your AgriInvest form to:

See the Confidential Information and Participant Consent area on the form for details on the use of your information.

Once you send your AgriInvest program application, the information becomes confidential. We will only use the information as noted on the form or as you direct us.

Personal information is protected under the Privacy Act and is stored in the Personal Information Bank number AAFC PPU 183. Information is protected from disclosure under Section 20 of the Access to Information Act.

Appendix A - AgriInvest terms

Under the Agreement, refers to your AgriInvest account. Each AgriInvest account has two parts: Fund 1 and Fund 2.
Federal or Provincial government or agency that manages the AgriInvest program for your province or territory.
Federal, Provincial and Territorial Agreement for AgriInvest.
Allowable Net Sales (ANS)
Allowable agricultural commodity sales minus allowable commodity purchases
Allowable Net Sales Limit
$1 million for each eligible participant.
The agricultural products (plant or animal) produced by a farming business.
Deposit Notice
A notice sent to participants detailing their Allowable Net Sales, Maximum Matchable Deposit and Maximum Account Balance for the program year.
Farming Income
Income earned from farming as defined by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).
Financial Institution
A Canadian bank, credit union, caisse populaire, Credit Union Central, Fédération, or other institution that has signed an agreement with the Government of Canada to legally hold a participant's AgriInvest account. This includes a credit union or caisse populaire which enters an agreement with the Credit Union Central or Fédération. They must also follow the AgriInvest Financial Institution Master Agreement terms and conditions.
Fund 1
The part of the Account holding all deposits (allowed under the program) made by the participant
Fund 2
The part of the AgriInvest account holding all government contributions and all interest paid on the account (Fund 1 and Fund 2).
Matchable Deposit
The first 1% of a participant's Maximum Matchable Deposit.
Maximum Account Balance
400% of your average Allowable Net Sales for the program year and two preceding program years, except for any years with no calculation under the program for the Allowable Net Sales.
The holder of an AgriInvest account.
AgriInvest as defined in the Canadian Agricultural Partnership policy framework.
Program Forms
The forms prescribed by us to report needed program year information.
Program Year
The year of submission of AgriInvest forms, matching with a participant's fiscal year end.
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