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Molecular identification and characterization of the new 16SriX-J and cpn60 UT IX-J phytoplasma subgroup associated with chicory bushy stunt disease in Saudi Arabia

Pérez-López, E., Omar, A.F., Al-Jamhan, K.M., Dumonceaux, T.J. (2018). Molecular identification and characterization of the new 16SriX-J and cpn60 UT IX-J phytoplasma subgroup associated with chicory bushy stunt disease in Saudi Arabia, 68(2), 518-522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.002530

Abstract

© 2018 IUMS. Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a perennial plant (Asteraceae) that grows wild in pasture fields in Saudi Arabia. Chicory plants displaying symptoms typically induced by phytoplasmas, such as bushy phenotype and stunt, were observed in the Mulayda region, Qassim governorate, Saudi Arabia. In this study we examined samples taken from three symptomatic chicory plants and confirmed the presence of phytoplasma DNA. Analysis of the 16S rRNA-encoding sequences showed that the plants were infected with a phytoplasma from the pigeon pea witches’-broom group (16SrIX). Sequencing of the 16S rRNAencoding gene and the partial cpn60 sequence, computer-simulated RFLP analysis, and phylogenetic analysis of both markers revealed that the phytoplasma identified was representative of a new 16SrIX-J and cpn60 UT IX-IJ subgroup. The present study identified chicory plants as a novel host for phytoplasma strains within the pigeon pea witches’-broom phytoplasma group, and expanded the known diversity of this group.

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