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Start-up of a sequential dry anaerobic digestion of paunch under psychrophilic and mesophilic temperatures

Nkemka, V.N., Hao, X. (2018). Start-up of a sequential dry anaerobic digestion of paunch under psychrophilic and mesophilic temperatures, 74 144-149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.06.022

Abstract

© 2016 The present laboratory study evaluated the sequential leach bed dry anaerobic digestion (DAD) of paunch under psychrophilic (22 °C) and mesophilic (40 °C) temperatures. Three leach bed reactors were operated under the mesophilic temperature in sequence at a solid retention time (SRT) of 40 d with a new batch started 27 d into the run of the previous one. A total of six batches were operated for 135 d. The results showed that the mesophilic DAD of paunch was efficient, reaching methane yields of 126.9–212.1 mL g−1 volatile solid (VS) and a VS reduction of 32.9–55.5%. The average daily methane production rate increased from 334.3 mL d−1 to 571.4 mL d−1 and 825.7 mL d−1 when one, two and three leach bed reactors were in operation, respectively. The psychrophilic DAD of paunch was operated under a SRT of 100 d and a total of three batches were performed in sequence for 300 d with each batch starting after completion of the previous one. Improvements in the methane yield from 93.9 to 107.3 and 148.3 mL g−1 VS and VS reductions of 24.8, 30.2 and 38.6% were obtained in the consecutive runs, indicating the adaptation of anaerobic microbes from mesophilic to psychrophilic temperatures. In addition, it took three runs for anaerobic microbes to reduce the volatile fatty acid accumulation observed in the first and second trials. This study demonstrates the potential of renewable energy recovery from paunch under psychrophilic and mesophilic temperatures.

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