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Impact of dietary fat on murine gut microbiota and fatty liver

Shang, Y., Derakhshani, H., Sarna, L.K., Siow, Y.L.., Khafipour, E., and O, K. (2016) Impact of dietary fat on murine gut microbiota and fatty liver. Experimental Biology 2016, April 2-6, 2016 San Diego, USA, FASEB J. 30(1 Suppl): 1258.1

Abstract

Overconsumption of fat-rich diets is a potential risk for obesity and metabolic disease such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Gut microbiota is an important factor that plays a role in regulating energy homeostasis and body weight control. An obesity-associated gut microbiota can be induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Dietary intervention is one of the approaches for obesity management. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of dietary fat intervention on the composition of gut microbiota. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a control (10% kcal fat) or a HFD (60% kcal fat) for 7 weeks. A third group of mice was fed a HFD for 5 weeks followed by a control diet for 2 weeks (HFD + Control). DNA was extracted from cecal and colonic mucosa samples for amplification of V4 region of bacterial 16S rRNA genes and subjected to Illumina sequencing. Bioinformatics analyses were performed using QIIME. Statistical difference was determined by one-way ANOVA and Permutational MANOVA at P < 0.05. At the end of 7 week trial, body weight gain of the control or the HFD+Control group was significantly lower than that of the HFD. Significant differences were observed on richness, abundance, diversity and functional properties of the gut microbiota in cecal and colonic mucosa between the control and the HFD group. The HFD+Control diet partially shifted microbiota profile to the control and reduced hepatic lipid accumulation. In conclusion, our results suggested that 5-week HFD induced obesity-associated microbiota. Withdrawal of HFD could prevent excess body weight gain and attenuated fatty liver while only partially restored the composition, diversity and profile of gut microbiota.

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