Technical note: Vitamin D-fortified Cheddar type cheese produced from concentrated milk
Boivin-Piché, J., Vuillemard, J.C., St-Gelais, D. (2016). Technical note: Vitamin D-fortified Cheddar type cheese produced from concentrated milk, 99(6), 4140-4145. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-10567
© 2016 American Dairy Science Association. The technological challenge related to cheese fortification with vitamin D is the loss of a large proportion of vitamin D during the wheying-off step. The use of ultrafiltration (UF) to concentrate the milk before vitamin D enrichment and cheese manufacturing could be a way to reduce the volume of whey and consequently the vitamin D losses in cheese whey. Control (1.0×) and concentrated milks (1.4× and 1.8×) were fortified with vitamin D at a concentration of 450 IU per gram of milk. The 1.8× cheese milk concentration reduced slightly the vitamin D loss during the draining step (19.8%) compared with the control cheese (25.5%) and vitamin D remained stable during Cheddar cheese processing and ripening.
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