Growth of Lactobacillus reuteri NCIMB 30242 during yogurt fermentation and bile salt hydrolysis activity in the product
Champagne, C.P., Raymond, Y., Guertin, N., Martoni, C.J., Jones, M.L. (2016). Growth of Lactobacillus reuteri NCIMB 30242 during yogurt fermentation and bile salt hydrolysis activity in the product, 96(2), 173-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13594-015-0256-z
© 2015, INRA and Springer-Verlag France. The synthesis of bile salt hydrolase has been linked to the health benefit of Lactobacillus reuteri toward lowering blood cholesterol. The aim of this study was to examine the growth and bile salt hydrolysis activity (BSHA) of L. reuteri NCIMB 30242 during milk fermentation with a yogurt starter. There was little growth of L. reuteri during a 4-h co-fermentation with a yogurt culture, and an inoculation of 4.5 × 107 CFU.mL−1 was needed to obtain the 108 CFU.mL−1 target in the product. Enrichment of milk with sugars, minerals, or peptone-based ingredients did not improve growth of L. reuteri. Viable counts of L. reuteri above 1.5 × 108 CFU.mL−1 generated texture defects. Free and microencapsulated (ME) cultures were tested for BSHA in the yogurt drinks. L. reuteri cells which grew during the 4-h lactic fermentation had 40% less BSHA than L. reuteri added directly via the commercial culture. The BSHA of free cells was apparently three times higher than in the ME culture. This study adds data showing that the yogurt production process could affect the functionality of probiotic bacteria.
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