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Anaerobic digestion of paunch in a CSTR for renewable energy production and nutrient mineralization

Nkemka, V.N., Marchbank, D.H., Hao, X. (2015). Anaerobic digestion of paunch in a CSTR for renewable energy production and nutrient mineralization, 43 123-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.05.016

Abstract

© 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. A laboratory study investigated the anaerobic digestion of paunch in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) for the recovery of biogas and mineralization of nutrients. At an organic loading rate (OLR) of 2.8gVSL-1day-1 with a 30-day hydraulic retention time (HRT), a CH4 yield of 0.213Lg-1VS and CH4 production rate of 0.600LL-1day-1 were obtained. Post-anaerobic digestion of the effluent from the CSTR for 30days at 40°C recovered 0.067Lg-1VS as CH4, which was 21% of the batch CH4 potential. Post-digestion of the effluent from the digestate obtained at this OLR is needed to meet the stable effluent criteria. Furthermore, low levels of soluble ions such as K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ were found in the liquid fraction of the digestate and the remainder could have been retained in the solid digestate fraction. This study demonstrates the potential of biogas production from paunch in providing renewable energy. In addition, recovery of plant nutrients in the digestate is important for a sustainable agricultural system.

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