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Timothy response to increasing rates of selenium fertilizer in Eastern Canada

Tremblay, G.F., Bélanger, G., Lajeunesse, J., Chouinard, P.Y., Charbonneau, É. (2015). Timothy response to increasing rates of selenium fertilizer in Eastern Canada, 107(1), 211-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj14.0397

Abstract

© 2015 by the American Society of Agronomy, 5585 Guilford Road, Madison, WI 53711. All rights reserved. Selenium is an essential micronutrient given to ruminants by injection or orally or applied as an additive to fertilizers to raise crop Se concentrations in areas with low-Se soils. We determined the response of timothy (Phleum pratense L.) Se concentration to increasing rates (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 g Se ha-1) of a slow-release Se fertilizer (Selcote Ultra) applied in spring of 2010 at three sites in uébec, Canada, and investigated the possibility of predicting forage Se concentration by near-infrared re effictance spectroscopy (NIRS). The response of timothy Se concentration (y, mg kg-1 dry matter, DM) to increasing Se rates (x) was similar at the three sites; averaged across sites, it increased linearly with increasing Se rates at the first (y = 0.012 + 0.0292x; R2 = 0.98) and second harvests (y = 0.052 + 0.0091x; R2 = 0.96) in the year of spring Se application and in the first harvest of the subsequent year (y = 0.012 + 0.0117x; R2 = 0.97). Selenium fertilization did not affect timothy DM yield, fiber concentration, or digestibility. Timothy Se concentration could not be successfully predicted by NIRS. A spring application of 10 g Se ha-1 as a slow-release fertilizer and its residual effect are sufficient to produce timothy with an adequate Se concentration (>0.1 mg kg-1 DM) to prevent deficiency diseases in livestock and allow diet formulation to meet optimal Se levels.

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