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Laboratory studies of insecticide efficacy and resistance in Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) populations from British Columbia, Canada

Smirle, M.J., Zurowski, C.L., Ayyanath, M.M., Scott, I.M., MacKenzie, K.E. (2017). Laboratory studies of insecticide efficacy and resistance in Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) populations from British Columbia, Canada, 73(1), 130-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.4310

Abstract

© 2016 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada Pest Management Science © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry BACKGROUND: Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), control can be improved with better knowledge of insecticide efficacy, timing of sprays and rotations with registered products during the crop year. An efficacy bioassay was applied to study the dose response of adult laboratory-reared SWD collected from a cherry orchard in British Columbia (BC), Canada, to 11 insecticides. RESULTS: Age- and sex-specific toxicities with the most effective insecticide, malathion, determined that older male SWD were significantly more susceptible than females. The selection for polygenic resistance to malathion using repeated exposure to sublethal concentrations with both the original and an additional blueberry-collected population of laboratory-reared SWD determined no significant difference in susceptibility after 30 generations. CONCLUSION: Possible reasons reported in D. melanogaster studies where resistance did not occur after insecticide selection included avoidance and associated microbial complexes. The low level of malathion resistance observed in the selected SWD populations and a field-collected population is useful information in the development of insecticide resistance management programmes. © 2016 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada Pest Management Science © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

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