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DNA barcoding and morphology reveal three cryptic species of Anania (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Pyraustinae) in North America, all distinct from their European counterpart

Yang, Z., Landry, J.F., Handfield, L., Zhang, Y., Alma Solis, M., Handfield, D., Scholtens, B.G., Mutanen, M., Nuss, M., Hebert, P.D.N. (2012). DNA barcoding and morphology reveal three cryptic species of Anania (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Pyraustinae) in North America, all distinct from their European counterpart, 37(4), 686-705. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00637.x

Abstract

Anania coronata (Hufnagel), a Holarctic species of pyraustine crambid moth, has long been treated as having two geographically separated subspecies - the nominotypical Anania coronata in the Palaearctic Region and Anania coronata tertialis (Guenée) in the Nearctic Region. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analysis of mitochondrial DNA barcodes both recover four well-supported, reciprocally monophyletic groups within Anania coronata. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of genital structures reveal diagnostic differences that correspond to the four barcode lineages. On the basis of both molecular and morphological evidence, we conclude that Anania coronata is actually a complex of four species. Anania coronata (Hufnagel) is restricted to Europe, whereas three species occur in North America: Anania tertialis (Guenée), Anania plectilis (Grote & Robinson) and Anania tennesseensis sp.n. Yang. © 2012 The Authors. Systematic Entomology © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society.

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