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Nitrous oxide emissions from clayey soils amended with paper sludges and biosolids of separated pig slurry

Chantigny, M.H., Pelster, D.E., Perron, M.H., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Parent, L.E., Massé, D., Ziadi, N. (2013). Nitrous oxide emissions from clayey soils amended with paper sludges and biosolids of separated pig slurry, 42(1), 30-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2012.0196

Abstract

Wastes from animal production and from the paper industry are often used as amendments to agricultural soils. Although data exist on the impacts of raw animal wastes on N2O production, little is known regarding the effects of paper wastes and biosolids from treated animal waste. We measured N2O emissions for two consecutive snow-free seasons (mid-May through the end of October) from poorly drained clayey soils under corn (Zea mays L.). Soils were amended with raw pig slurry (PS) or biosolids (four PS-derived and two paper sludges) and compared with soils with mineral N fertilizer (CaNH4NO3) or without N addition (Control). Area-based N2O emissions from the mineral N fertilizer (average, 8.2 kg N2O-N ha-1; 4.2% of applied N) were higher (P < 0.001) than emissions from the organic amendments, which ranged from 1.5 to 6.1 kg N2O-N ha-1 (-0.4 to 2.5% of applied N). The N2O emissions were positively correlated with mean soil NO3 availability (calculated as "NO3 exposure"), which was highest with mineral N fertilizer. In plots treated with organic amendments (i.e., biosolids and raw PS), NO3 exposure was negatively correlated to the C:N ratio of the amendment. This resulted in lower N2O emissions from the higher C:N ratio biosolids, especially compared with the low C:N ratio PS. Application of paper sludge or PS-derived biosolids to these finetextured soils, therefore, reduced N2O emissions compared with raw PS and/or mineral N fertilizers (P < 0.01). © American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.

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