Small-plot studies comparing pheromone and juice baits for mass-trapping invasive Synanthedon myopaeformis in Canada
Marius Aurelian, V., Evenden, M.L., Judd, G.J.R. (2012). Small-plot studies comparing pheromone and juice baits for mass-trapping invasive Synanthedon myopaeformis in Canada, 145(2), 102-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2012.01322.x
Recent introduction of Synanthedon myopaeformis (Borkhausen) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) into organic apple-growing areas of Canada has stimulated research on semiochemical-based management of this European pest. Replicated, small-plot (0.16 ha) experiments were conducted to compare sex pheromone, 3Z,13Z-octadecadienyl acetate (10 mg), Concord grape juice (300 ml), or their combination, as mass-trapping lures at trap densities equivalent to 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 traps ha -1. Total numbers of male and female moths removed from test plots increased significantly with trap density in all juice-based mass-trapping experiments. In pheromone mass-trapping experiments, however, total catches of males did not increase significantly as trap densities were increased and catches appeared to plateau with 25-50 traps ha -1. With pheromone-based mass-trapping, significantly fewer males were caught in pheromone-baited assessment traps at the centre of each mass-trapping plot than in identical traps in untreated plots. This reduction is indicative of significant trap interference or trap 'shut-down'. Increasing the density of juice-based mass-trapping had no effect on catches of male or female moths in juice-baited assessment traps, indicating a short range of attraction and lack of interference between juice traps. Pheromone- and juice-based mass trapping removed similar numbers of males at each trap density tested, respectively, but summed catches of males and females were greatest with juice baits. Combining pheromone and juice into a single mass-trapping treatment (50 traps ha -1) did not significantly increase catches of males or females relative to either treatment alone. If a practical bisexual mass-trapping system is going to be developed for S. myopaeformis, then identification of volatile kairomones in Concord grape juice may be useful. © 2012 The Netherlands Entomological Society.
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