Evaluation of rumen fatty acid hydrogenation intermediates and differences in bacterial communities after feeding wheat- or corn-based dried distillers grains to feedlot cattle
Aldai, N., Klieve, A.V., Dugan, M.E.R., Kramer, J.K.G., Ouwerkerk, D., Aalhus, J.L., Mckinnon, J.J., Mcallister, T.A. (2012). Evaluation of rumen fatty acid hydrogenation intermediates and differences in bacterial communities after feeding wheat- or corn-based dried distillers grains to feedlot cattle, 90(8), 2699-2709. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3671
The effect of partially replacing rolled barley (86.6% of control diet) with 20% wheat dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS), 40% wheat DDGS, 20% corn DDGS, or 40% corn DDGS (dietary DM basis) on rumen fluid fatty acid (FA) composition and some rumen bacterial communities was evaluated using 100 steers (20 per treatment). Wheat DDGS increased the 11t- to 10t-18:1 ratio (P < 0.05) in rumen fluid and there was evidence that the conversion of trans-18:1 to 18:0 was reduced in the control and wheat DDGS diets but not in the corn DDGS diet. Bacterial community profiles obtained using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and evaluated by Pearson correlation similarity matrices were not consistent for diet and, therefore, these could not be linked to different specific rumen FA. This inconsistency may be related to the nature of diets fed (dominant effect of barley), limited change in dietary composition as the result of DDGS inclusion, large animal-to-animal variation, and possibly additional stress as a result of transport just before slaughter. Ruminal densities of a key fiberdigesting bacteria specie that produces 11t-18:1 from linoleic and linolenic acids (Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens), and a lactate producer originally thought responsible for production of 10t,12c-18:2 (Megasphaera elsdenii) were not influenced by diet (P > 0.05). © 2012 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
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