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Structural characterization of a low-molecular-weight heteropolysaccharide (glucomannan) isolated from Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch

Guo, Q., Cui, S.W., Wang, Q., Hu, X., Kang, J., Yada, R.Y. (2012). Structural characterization of a low-molecular-weight heteropolysaccharide (glucomannan) isolated from Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch, 350 31-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2011.10.020

Abstract

Using 60% (w/v) ammonium sulfate precipitation, a heteropolysaccharide (designated 60S), with relatively low molecular weight (38.7 kDa), was isolated from the seeds of Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch. The structural properties of 60S were elucidated by partial acid hydrolysis, methylation analysis, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and MALDI-TOF-MS. The results of the partial acid hydrolysis and methylation analysis indicated that the main chain of 60S consisted of (1→4)-linked d-Manp and (1→4)-linked d-Glcp in a molar ratio of 1:1.3. Over half of the glucosyl residues in the main chain were branched at the O-6 position. The terminal sugar residues were mainly composed of T-Araf, T-Arap, T-Galp, T-GlcpA, and T-Glcp. Besides, 3-Araf and 2-Galp were also observed in comparable amounts. Based on all the aforementioned results and the data obtained by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy as well as MALDI-TOF-MS, a structure of 60S is proposed as follows: R could be one or some of -(3-α-Araf) n-(A), T-α-Galp (B), T-α-Glcp (C), T-Araf (H) or T-Arap. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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