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Allelic variation for the rust resistance gene Lr34/Yr18 in Canadian wheat cultivars

McCallum, B.D., Humphreys, D.G., Somers, D.J., Dakouri, A., Cloutier, S. (2012). Allelic variation for the rust resistance gene Lr34/Yr18 in Canadian wheat cultivars, 183(2), 261-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0519-6

Abstract

The wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) gene Lr34/Yr18 conditions resistance to leaf rust, stripe rust, and stem rust, along with other diseases such as powdery mildew. This makes it one of the most important genes in wheat. In Canada, Lr34 has provided effective leaf rust resistance since it was first incorporated into the cultivar Glenlea, registered in 1972. Recently, molecular markers were discovered that are either closely linked to this locus, or contained within the gene. Canadian wheat cultivars released from 1900 to 2007, breeding lines and related parental lines, were tested for sequence based markers caSNP12, caIND11, caIND10, caSNP4, microsatellite markers wms1220, cam11, csLVMS1, swm10, csLV34, and insertion site based polymorphism marker caISBP1. Thirty different molecular marker haplotypes were found among the 375 lines tested; 5 haplotypes had the resistance allele for Lr34, and 25 haplotypes had a susceptibility allele at this locus. The numbers of lines in each haplotype group varied from 1 to 140. The largest group was represented by the leaf rust susceptible cultivar "Thatcher" and many lines derived from "Thatcher". The 5 haplotypes that had the resistance allele for Lr34 were identical for the markers tested within the coding region of the gene but differed in the linked markers wms1220, caISBP1, cam11, and csLV34. The presence of the resistance or susceptibility allele at the Lr34 locus was tracked through the ancestries of the Canadian wheat classes, revealing that the resistance allele was present in many cultivars released since the 1970s, but not generally in the older cultivars. © 2011 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada.

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