Oxidative stability in grinds from omega-3 enhanced pork
Juárez, M., Dugan, M.E.R., Larsen, I.L., Thacker, R., Rolland, D.C., Aalhus, J.L. (2011). Oxidative stability in grinds from omega-3 enhanced pork, 91(4), 623-634. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjas2011-059
In order to investigate the effect of enhancing n-3 fatty acid levels in carcasses on the retail and sensory characteristics of pork grinds, as well as the ability of increasing dietary levels of vitamin E to stabilize the increase in PUFA levels from flaxseed supplementation, 81 pigs were used in a 3×3 factorial experiment. Dietary treatments included three lengths of time (0, 3 and 6 wk) of flaxseed supplementation and three levels of vitamin E (40, 200 and 400 mg kg feed-1). α-Tocopherol tissue levels increased with dietary vitamin E supplementation (P<0.001), and fat softness (P=0.018) and total PUFA and n-3 fatty acids (P<0.001) increased with flaxseed supplementation. Most other animal performance, carcass and lean pork quality traits were not affected (P>0.05) by dietary treatments. In ground pork, the increase in TBARS after 6 d in retail was lower (P<0.001) with increasing dietary vitamin E levels. However, vitamin E had no effect (P>0.05) on the higher (P<0.001) TBARS levels observed in grinds from flaxseed fed pigs. The dietary addition of flaxseed negatively modified (P<0.05) all the sensory attributes of both cooked and reheated products. Increasing the fat content of the grinds up to 30% seemed to counteract (P<0.05) the negative effects of feeding flaxseed for 3 wk. Feeding vitamin E was not able to prevent negative effects (P>0.05) observed during retail display in grinds with either increasing fat content or higher n-3 fatty acids from dietary flaxseed. However, increasing dietary vitamin E only showed a protective effect (P<0.05) on retail appearance after long periods of ageing.
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