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Production of a refined biooil derived by fast pyrolysis of chicken manure with chemical and physical characteristics close to those of fossil fuels

Monreal, C.M., Schnitzer, M. (2011). Production of a refined biooil derived by fast pyrolysis of chicken manure with chemical and physical characteristics close to those of fossil fuels, 46(7), 630-637. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03601234.2011.594377

Abstract

The chemical and physical properties of raw biooils prevent their direct use in combustion engines. We processed raw pyrolytic biooil derived from chicken manure to yield a colorless refined biooil with diesel qualities. Chemical characterization of the refined biooil involved elemental and several spectroscopic analyses. The physical measurements employed were viscosity, density and heat of combustion. The elemental composition (% wt/wt) of the refined biooil was 82.7 % C, 15.3 % H, 0.2 % N and 1.8 % O, no S. Its viscosity was 0.006 Pa.s and a heat of combustion of 43 MJ kg -1. The refined biooil fraction contains n-alkanes, ranging from n-C 14 to n-C 27, alkenes varying from C 10:1 to C 22:1, and long-chain alcohols. The refined biooil makes a good diesel fuel due to its chemical and physical properties. © 2011 Crown Copyright.

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