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Emergence of the global research alliance on agricultural greenhouse gases.

Shafer, S.R., Walthall, C.L.L., Franzluebbers, A.J., Scholten, M., Clark, H., Reisinger, A., Yagi, K., Roel, A., Slattery, B., Campbell, I.D., McConkey, B.G., Angers, D.A., Soussana, J.-F., and Richard, G. (2011). "Emergence of the global research alliance on agricultural greenhouse gases.", Carbon Management, 2(3), pp. 209-214. doi : 10.4155/cmt.11.26  Access to full text

Abstract

At the turn of the millennium, approximately 34% of the Earth’s ice-free land surface was occupied by crops and pasture [1]. Our land currently feeds over 6 bil¬lion people, but by mid-century, it will be expected to feed approximately 9 billion people; either by expand¬ing agricultural land to areas that are currently uncultivated, increasing production from current agricultural land, increasing harvest of aquatic life or a combination. This increasing human pressure on the Earth is of great concern and a key reason why agricultural and natu¬ral resource sciences must be fully engaged to develop solutions for a sustainable future. In response, the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (Alliance) was con¬ceived when government ministers from 21 countries endorsed a joint ministerial statement establishing the alliance during the December 2009 United Nations Conference of Parties in Copenhagen, Denmark [101]. An edited video of the ministerial statement can be viewed at [102]. The Alliance will formally start its work with the expected signing of the charter on 24 June 2011 at the inaugural Alliance Ministerial Summit in Rome, Italy. The Alliance recognizes that productive and efficient agriculture is essential for food security, poverty reduction and sustainable development. It also recognizes that agriculture has an important global role in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while at the same time, needing to overcome the significant technological, social and economic challenges posed by the expected increase in global food demand and impacts of climate change on agricultural production itself.

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