Modeling sediment and nitrogen export from a rural watershed in Eastern Canada using the soil and water assessment tool
Ahmad, H.M.N., Sinclair, A., Jamieson, R., Madani, A., Hebb, D., Havard, P., Yiridoe, E.K. (2011). Modeling sediment and nitrogen export from a rural watershed in Eastern Canada using the soil and water assessment tool, 40(4), 1182-1194. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2010.0530
Watershed simulation models can be used to assess agricultural nonpoint-source pollution and for environmental planning and improvement projects. However, before application of any process-based watershed model, the model performance and reliability must be tested with measured data. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool version 2005 (SWAT2005) was used to model sediment and nitrogen loads from the Th omas Brook Watershed, which drains a 7.84 km 2 rural landscape in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia, Canada. The Th omas Brook SWAT model was comprised of 28 subbasins and 265 hydrologic response units, most of them containing agricultural land use, which is the main nonpoint nitrogen source in the watershed. Crop rotation schedules were incorporated into the model using field data collected within Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Watershed Evaluation of Beneficial Management Practices program. Model calibration (2004-2006) and validation (2007-2008) were performed on a monthly basis using continuous stream flow, sediment, and nitrogen export measurements. Model performance was evaluated using the coefficient of determination, Nash-Sutcliffefficiency (NSE), and percent bias (PBIAS) statistics. Study results show that the model performance was satisfactory (NSE > 0.4; R2 > 0.5) for stream flow, sediment, nitrate-nitrogen, and total nitrogen simulations. Annual corn, barley, and wheat yields were also simulated well, with PBIAS values ranging from 0.3 to 7.2%. Th is evaluation of SWAT demonstrated that the model has the potential to be used as a decision support tool for agricultural watershed management in Nova Scotia. © 2011 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.
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