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Effect of Rotation on Crop Yield and Quality in an Irrigated Potato System

Mohr, R.M., Volkmar, K., Derksen, D.A., Irvine, R.B., Khakbazan, M., McLaren, D.L., Monreal, M.A., Moulin, A.P., Tomasiewicz, D.J. (2011). Effect of Rotation on Crop Yield and Quality in an Irrigated Potato System, 88(4), 346-359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12230-011-9200-9

Abstract

The productivity of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) systems may be strongly influenced by rotation. A field study consisting of six rotations (potato with canola (PC), wheat (PW), canola-wheat (PCW), oat-wheat (POW), wheat-canola-wheat (PWCW), and canola underseeded to alfalfa-alfalfa-alfalfa (PCAA)) arranged as an RCBD was established on a clay loam in Manitoba, Canada in 1998 and monitored for twelve years to determine effects on potato yield and quality. Higher yields for canola-containing rotations were evident in three years (P < 0.10), but not beyond 2005. From 2007 onward, 2-year rotations produced a markedly lower yield than other rotations. Yields of 3- and 4-year rotations were similar, although PCW and PCAA were most frequently among the higher-yielding rotations. Overall, PC had a lower specific gravity than other rotations. Results suggest 3- and 4-year rotations, particularly PCW and PCAA, helped maintain productivity. Two-year rotations of PC and PW were not sustainable due to declining yields. © 2011 Potato Association of America.

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