Evolution of porosity, shrinkage and density of pasta fortified with pea protein concentrate during drying
Mercier, S., Villeneuve, S., Mondor, M., Des Marchais, L.P. (2011). Evolution of porosity, shrinkage and density of pasta fortified with pea protein concentrate during drying, 44(4), 883-890. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2010.11.032
The aim of this work was to study the impact of fortification with commercial pea protein concentrate on the evolution of the moisture content, density, shrinkage and porosity of pasta made from durum wheat semolina during drying. Pasta were processed from durum wheat semolina enriched with pea protein concentrate at 0, 5, 10 and 15 g 100-g-dry matter-1 and dried at low (40 °C) and high (80 °C) temperature. Moisture content, density, shrinkage and porosity and effective moisture diffusivity coefficients were linked through theoretical development. It enabled to study the behaviour of the properties as a function of drying time. The results showed that drying temperature has a greater effect on the studied properties than enrichment with pea protein concentrate. Drying at 80 °C increased radial and total shrinkage compared to drying at 40 °C, but no differences were observed for longitudinal shrinkage. Pasta dried at 80 °C were denser and overall less porous, but had greater internal porosity. The volumetric percentage of water lost during drying replaced by air within the pasta matrix was lower at 80 °C. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that the gluten network of pasta dried at 80 °C seems denser and more continuous. Effective moisture diffusivity coefficients of pasta dried at 80 °C were higher at 5 and 10 g 100-g-dry matter-1 enrichment level compared to the control. © 2010.
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