Long-term changes in soil phosphorus status related to P budgets under maize monoculture and mineral P fertilization
Messiga, A.J., Ziadi, N., Plénet, D., Parent, L.E., Morel, C. (2010). Long-term changes in soil phosphorus status related to P budgets under maize monoculture and mineral P fertilization, 26(3), 354-364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2010.00287.x
Monitoring soil phosphorus (P) changes under continuous cropping over decades is an important agronomic and environmental issue. The aim was to determine soil P dynamics in the plough layer as a function of cumulative P budgets (Bcum) across extended cropping periods (7, 12, and 17 yr) for four rates of mineral P fertilization. This field experiment was established in 1975 on a slightly alkaline, sandy loamy soil (luvic Arenosol). Soil P was assessed by three P tests: the concentration of P ions in solution (Cp), Olsen (POl), and Mehlich-3 P (PM3). Annual P budget was calculated as P applied minus P exported by the grain. The Bcum values were the sum of annual P budgets. Bcum, Cp, POl, and PM3 values were significantly influenced by cropping periods and P rates. The nine combinations (3 periods × 3 soil P tests) of P dynamics versus Bcum were described by linear regressions. For each soil P test, all means fell on the same regression line for the three cropping periods indicating that the P transformation rates were similar for positive and negative P budgets. Relationships depended on soil test P but did not vary for cropping periods. For this specific soil, we calculated that a change in P budget of 100 kg/ha would change Cp, POl, and PM3 by 0.11 mg/L, 3.3 mg/kg, and 14 mg/kg, respectively. Although this result needs to be confirmed and extended to other soil types, we conclude that a single year of soil sampling after a decade of experimentation would be sufficient to establish the relationship between soil P status and P budgets. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 British Society of Soil Science.
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