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SSR-based linkage map of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and mapping of QTLs underlying fatty acid composition traits

Cloutier, S., Ragupathy, R., Niu, Z., Duguid, S. (2011). SSR-based linkage map of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and mapping of QTLs underlying fatty acid composition traits, 28(4), 437-451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-010-9494-1

Abstract

Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seeds contain nearly 50% oil which is high in linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid). In this study, a genetic linkage map was constructed based on 114 expressed sequence tag-derived simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in addition to five single nucleotide polymorphism markers, five genes (fad2A, fad2B, fad3A, fad3B and dgat1) and one phenotypic trait (seed coat color), using a doubled haploid (DH) population of 78 individuals generated from a cross between SP2047 (a yellow-seeded Solin™ line with 2-4% linolenic acid) and UGG5-5 (a brown-seeded flax line with 63-66% linolenic acid). This map consists of 24 linkage groups with 113 markers spanning ~833. 8 cM. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis detected two major QTLs each for linoleic acid (LIO, QLio. crc-LG7, QLio. crc-LG16), linolenic acid (LIN, QLin. crc-LG7, QLin. crc-LG16) and iodine value (IOD, QIod. crc-LG7, QIod. crc-LG16), and one major QTL for palmitic acid (PAL, QPal. crc-LG9). The mutant allele of fad3A, mapped to the chromosomal segment inherited from the parent SP2047, underlies the QTL on linkage group 7 and was positively associated with high LIO content but negatively associated with LIN and IOD. This fad3A locus accounted for approximately 34, 25 and 29% of the phenotypic variation observed in this DH population for these three traits, respectively. The QTL localized on linkage group 16 explained approximately 20, 25 and 13% of the phenotypic variation for these same traits, respectively. For palmitic acid, QPal. crc-LG9 accounted for ~42% of the phenotypic variation. This first SSR-based linkage map in flax will serve as a resource for mapping additional markers, genes and traits, in map-based cloning and in marker-assisted selection. © 2010 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada.

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