Development of EST-derived simple sequence repeat markers for wheat leaf rust fungus, Puccinia triticina Eriks
Wang, X., Mulock, B., Guus, B., Mccallum, B. (2010). Development of EST-derived simple sequence repeat markers for wheat leaf rust fungus, Puccinia triticina Eriks, 32(1), 98-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07060661003594133
Gene-associated simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed for Puccinia triticina through the data mining of existing EST libraries. Analysis of 7134 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from cDNA libraries off. triticina detected 204 EST-SSRs with a minimum of 12 repeating nucleotides. The majority of EST-SSRs contained short di- or tri-nucleotide repeats. These EST-SSRs were evaluated on 35 P. triticina isolates collected in Canada and 21 EST-SSRs were polymorphic and informative in determining intraspecific genetic diversity. A comparison of virulence and EST-SSR genotypes showed a strong correlation between virulence to Lr2a, Lr2c and Lr17a and EST-SSRs genotypes. The differentiation of the P. triticina population based on EST-SSR genotypes was comparable to that obtained with genomic SSRs, despite differences between two types of SSR markers. Eight of the 21 EST-SSRs produced the cross amplification in Puccinia coronata and Puccinia graminis, suggesting that EST-SSRs are more applicable than genomic SSRs for interspecific analysis. In summary, our study suggests that the data mining of EST databases is a feasible way to generate informative molecular markers for genetic studies of P. triticina. © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2010).
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