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Pathogen removal in farm-scale psychrophilic anaerobic digesters processing swine manure

Massé, D., Gilbert, Y., Topp, E. (2011). Pathogen removal in farm-scale psychrophilic anaerobic digesters processing swine manure, 102(2), 641-646. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.08.020

Abstract

This study assessed the efficiency of commercial-scale psychrophilic anaerobic digestion in sequencing batch reactors (PADSBRs) for pathogen removal from pig manure. The impact of treatment cycle length and of hydraulic flow regimes on pathogen removal efficiency was investigated. Two conventionally operated SBRs (BR1 and BR2) and two SBRs simultaneously fed during the draw step (BR3 and BR4) were monitored over a two-year period. PADSBRs significantly decreased the concentration of coliforms, Salmonella, Campylobacter spp., and Y. enterocolitica, respectively from about 106, 103CFUg-1, 103, and 104CFUg-1 to undetectable levels in most samples. Densities of the gram-positive Clostridium perfringens and Enterococcus spp. remained high (105CFUg-1) in the digesters throughout treatment. The PADSBRs maintained the same level of pathogen removal when the treatment cycle length was reduced from 2 to 1 week. Mass balances on volatile fatty acids (VFAs) revealed short-circuits of inlet flow respectively averaging 6.3% and 6.4% for BR3 and BR4, significantly reducing the overall performance of these reactors regarding pathogens removal. The results obtained in this study show the ability of low temperature anaerobic digestion to remove or significantly reduce indicator and pathogen concentration from raw pig manure. © 2010.

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