Deletion of AcMNPV AC16 and AC17 results in delayed viral gene expression in budded virus infected cells but not transfected cells
Nie, Y., Theilmann, D.A. (2010). Deletion of AcMNPV AC16 and AC17 results in delayed viral gene expression in budded virus infected cells but not transfected cells, 404(2), 168-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2010.03.031
This study investigated the combined function of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus overlapping genes ac16 (BV/ODV-E26, DA26) and ac17. Ac17 is a late gene and the promoter is within the ac16 open reading frame. A double ac16-ac17 knockout virus was generated to assess the function of each gene independently or together. Loss of ac17 did not affect viral DNA synthesis but budded virus (BV) production was reduced. Deletion of both ac16-ac17 resulted in reduced viral DNA synthesis and a further reduction in BV production. In BV infected Sf9 cells, viral gene expression was delayed up to 12. h in the absence of both AC16 and AC17 but not if either gene was present. Cells infected by transfecting viral DNA, by-passing the BV particle, exhibited no delay in gene expression from the double knockout virus. AC16 and AC17 are therefore required for rapid viral gene expression in cells infected by BV. © 2010.
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