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Feeding wheat dried distillers grains with solubles improves beef trans and conjugated linoleic acid profiles

Dugan, M.E.R., Aldai, N., Kramer, J.K.G., Gibb, D.J., Juárez, M., McAllister, T.A. (2010). Feeding wheat dried distillers grains with solubles improves beef trans and conjugated linoleic acid profiles, 88(5), 1842-1847. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2575

Abstract

In western Canada, ethanol is produced mainly from wheat. As the demand for wheat increases, so do grain prices, which in turn creates incentives for feeding reduced-cost distillers coproducts to livestock. Substitution of wheat dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) for barley grain may also create opportunities for enhancing beef fatty acid profiles because reducing starch concomitantly increases dietary fiber and oil and may shift PUFA biohydrogenation toward a healthier trans and CLA profile. To study this potential, heifers were fed diets containing either 0, 20, 40, or 60% wheat DDGS (DM basis) substituted for rolled barley (n = 24; 133-d finishing period). Adding DDGS increased dietary oil (from 1.9 to 3.7%), but dietary fatty acid compositions remained consistent. Feeding increasing amounts of DDGS linearly decreased total diaphragm fatty acids on a milligrams per gram basis (P = 0.031). For both brisket fat and diaphragm, feeding increasing amounts of DDGS caused linear increases in percent- ages of 18:2n-6 (P = 0.001) and total n-6 fatty acids (P = 0.001) but did not change the concentrations of individual or total n-3 fatty acids. Feeding increasing amounts of DDGS did not change the content of total trans MUFA in either brisket fat or diaphragm but led to linear decreases in 10t-18:1 (P = 0.033, brisket fat; P = 0.004, diaphragm) and increases in 11t-18:1 (P = 0.005, brisket fat; P = 0.003, diaphragm). Feeding increasing amounts of DDGS also caused a linear increase in 9c11t-18:2 (P = 0.044, brisket fat; P = 0.023, diaphragm) and total CLA (P = 0.086, brisket fat; P = 0.039, diaphragm). Overall, feeding DDGS enhanced the fatty acid composition of beef by decreasing 10t-18:1 while increasing the major CLA isomer (9c,11t-18:2) and its precursor 11t-18:1. © 2010 American Society of Animal Science.

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