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Antixenosis phloem-based resistance to aphids: Is it the rule?

Le Roux, V., Dugravot, S., Brunissen, L., Vincent, C., Pelletier, Y., Giordanengo, P. (2010). Antixenosis phloem-based resistance to aphids: Is it the rule?, 35(4), 407-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01192.x

Abstract

1. The concept of plant defence syndrome states that plant species growing in similar biotic or abiotic constraints should have convergent defensive traits. This article is a first step to test the prediction of this concept, by conducting experiments on wild Solanum species (or accessions) that originated from the Andes. The nature and the tissue localisation of the resistance of five wild Solanum species known to be resistant against the aphids Myzus persicae and Macrosiphum euphorbiae were determined by olfactometry and electrical penetration graph experiments. 2. Volatile organic compounds may contribute to wild Solanum resistance, depending on Solanum accessions and aphid species. Volatiles of S. bukasovii and S. stoloniferum PI 275248 were not attractive to M. persicae, whereas S. bukasovii was repulsive to M. euphorbiae. In contrast, volatiles of S. stoloniferum PI 275248 were attractive for M. euphorbiae. 3. Some wild Solanum species presented a generalised resistance in all plant tissues, so as for S. bukasovii and S. stoloniferum PI 275248 against M. persicae. However, except for S. bukasovii which was susceptible to M. euphorbiae, all tested Solanum species presented a phloem-based antixenosis resistance against the two aphid species. 4. A review of articles focused on the nature of resistance of wild Solanum species against aphids corroborated with our results, i.e. a phloem-based antixenosis resistance against aphids is the rule concerning the system aphids-wild Solanum species. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Royal Entomological Society.

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