Preceding crop and phosphorus fertilization affect cadmium and zinc concentration of flaxseed under conventional and reduced tillage
Grant, C.A., Monreal, M.A., Irvine, R.B., Mohr, R.M., McLaren, D.L., Khakbazan, M. (2010). Preceding crop and phosphorus fertilization affect cadmium and zinc concentration of flaxseed under conventional and reduced tillage, 333(1), 337-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0349-7
Field studies were conducted over 4 years at two locations in Manitoba, Canada to evaluate effects of preceding crop, tillage and phosphorus (P) fertilization on Cd and Zn concentration in oilseed flax (linseed-Linum usitatissimum L.). Canola (Brassica napus L.) and spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were grown under conventional and reduced tillage with three rates of monoammonium phosphate. Flax was seeded the year following the spring wheat or canola, with or without P fertilizer, and Cd and Zn concentration and accumulation were determined in the flax tissue at 5 weeks and in the mature seed. Flax following canola had lower Zn concentration and accumulation and higher Cd concentration and Cd:Zn ratio in the tissue and seed relative to flax following wheat. Phosphorus fertilization tended to increase Cd concentration and Cd:Zn ratio and decrease Zn concentration in the tissue and seed. Effects of tillage and interactions among tillage, preceding crop, and P fertilization were inconsistent. Changes in flax Cd and Zn concentration may be due to changes in mycorrhizal colonization or by the high concentration of Cd in the decomposing canola residue. Crop sequence and P management can be used to improve flaxseed food quality, by increasing Zn and decreasing Cd concentration. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
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