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Pseudoalteromonas bacteria are capable of degrading paralytic shellfish toxins

Donovan, C.J., Garduño, R.A., Kalmokoff, M., Ku, J.C., Quilliam, M.A., Gill, T.A. (2009). Pseudoalteromonas bacteria are capable of degrading paralytic shellfish toxins, 75(21), 6919-6923. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01384-09

Abstract

Marine bacterial isolates cultured from the digestive tracts of blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) contaminated with paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) were screened for the ability to reduce the toxicity of a PST mixture. Seven isolates reduced the overall toxicity of the algal extract by ≥90% within 3 days. These isolates shared at least 99% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with five Pseudoalteromonas spp. Phenotypic tests suggested that all are novel strains of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis. Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

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