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Escherichia coli O157:H7 Lineages in Healthy Beef and Dairy Cattle and Clinical Human Cases in Alberta, Canada.

Sharma, R., Stanford, K.I.M., Louie, M., Munns, K., John, S.J., Zhang, Y., Gannon, V.P.J., Chui, L., Reade, R., Topp, E., and McAllister, T.A. (2009). "Escherichia coli O157:H7 Lineages in Healthy Beef and Dairy Cattle and Clinical Human Cases in Alberta, Canada.", Journal of Food Protection, 72(3), pp. 601-607.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and distribution of Escherichia coli O157:H7 lineage-specific polymorphism assay (LSPA) 6 genotypes from cattle (n = 313) and clinical human (n = 203) isolates from northern and southern Alberta, Canada, to understand possible associations of genotypes with host and geographic location. The majority of cattle isolates (feedlot and dairy) typed as LSPA-6 111111 (72.2%), with proportionately higher LSPA-6 222222 (19.4%) than other LSPA-6 genotypes (10.7%). Clinical human isolates also typed primarily as LSPA-6 111111 (90.1%), but a higher percentage of genotypes (6.8%) other than LSPA-6 222222 (3.1%) was observed. A significantly higher frequency of LSPA-6 111111 in southern Alberta cattle (P < 0.0001) and a significant difference in LSPA-6 genotypes between human versus feedlot cattle from northern Alberta (P < 0.0001) were detected. LSPA-6 211111 genotype was third and second most common in cattle and humans, respectively, and several new LSPA-6 genotypes (n = 19) were also discovered. Despite avoiding over-representation of isolates from specific farms or outbreaks, higher strain diversity among cattle by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE; 50 genotypes) in contrast to human (9 PFGE genotypes) isolates was observed. The majority of cattle (74.4%) and human (90.6%) isolates were susceptible to the antimicrobials tested. Within resistant cattle isolates, sulfisoxazole-tetracycline resistance was common (62.5%) and was accounted for by the presence of sull and sul2, and tet(A) and tet(B) determinants. An association between LSPA-6 and PFGE genotypes but not between geographic location and PFGE genotype for both hosts was evident.

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