The phosphoproteome of Fusarium graminearum at the onset of nitrogen starvation
Rampitsch, C., Subramaniam, R., Djuric-Ciganovic, S., Bykova, N.V. (2010). The phosphoproteome of Fusarium graminearum at the onset of nitrogen starvation, 10(1), 124-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200800399
Fusarium graminearum grown under stress, such as nutrient deprivation, activates, among others, the trichothecene pathway that produces the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol and its derivatives. The kinase inhibitor staurosporine reduced the production of trichothecenes by 39% compared with control in vitro. On the other hand, phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid increased the amount by 72% compared with the control in vitro. This suggests that phosphorylation events are involved in the signalling pathway, leading to the activation of the trichothecene pathway. Three approaches were used to study the phosphoproteome of F. graminearum under nitrogen-limiting conditions: 2-DE (2-DE: IEF x SDS-PAGE) in combination with MS protein identification; SDS-PAGE in combination with off-line IMAC and TiO2 enrichment and gel electrophoresis LC-MS analysis; and a gel-free approach using strong anion exchange chromatography, IMAC and LC-MS. A total of 348 phosphorylation sites localized in 301 peptides from 241 proteins were identified. By 2-DE, 20 phosphoproteins were identified, nine of which underwent changes during the time course examined. Using gel electrophoresis LC-MS 231 phosphopeptides were identified from three samples (ten gel slices each) at time points of nitrogen starvation t = 0, 6, and 12 h. The gel-free analysis added 70 peptides from 65 proteins to the total. Proteins of unknown function and enzymes of known function comprised the largest groups overall. Ten protein kinases and seven transcription factors were identified. This is the first reported phosphoproteome of F. graminearum. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
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