Identification, distribution, and molecular characterization of the apple aphids aphis pomi and aphis spiraecola (hemiptera: Aphididae: aphidinae)
Foottit, R.G., Lowery, D.T., Maw, H.E.L., Smirle, M.J., Lushai, G. (2009). Identification, distribution, and molecular characterization of the apple aphids aphis pomi and aphis spiraecola (hemiptera: Aphididae: aphidinae), 141(5), 478-495. http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/n09-037
Morphometric techniques, DNA mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (COI) barcoding, and microsatellite flanking region sequences were used to assess the reliability of suggested morphological characters in distinguishing the green apple aphid (Aphis pomi De Geer) from the spirea aphid (Aphis spiraecola Patch), and to assess variation within these species. Both molecular approaches clearly distinguished two groups corresponding to the morphologically defined species. Differences in the length of the distal rostral segment and the number of lateral tubercles were found to be robust indicators of species membership, performing as well as multivariate approaches. Among A. pomi samples, microsatellite flanking region sequences were relatively uniform, whereas A. spiraecola exhibited much variability, which suggests that North American populations of the latter species are genetically much more complex. © 2009 Entomological Society of Canada.
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